Wholesale Login

Apply for Account

Pleasant Run Nursery Plant Library - (WHOLESALE ONLY)

Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z ALL
View as:

    Abelia x grandiflora 'Rose Creek' provides a wonderful presence in the landscape with its plentiful fragrant white flowers and red-tinged stems on new growth. 'Rose Creek' Abelia will bloom beginning in May and last through the summer into September.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    A spreading, rounded shrub, 'Little Richard' Abelia has glossy dark green leaves that sometimes will be tinged bronze. Provides wonderful white, fragrant flowers through the summer until frost.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Tropical looking, Variegated Fiveleaf Aralia offers ivory and green large palmate leaves on a tough dry site tolerant low maintenance plant; somewhat spiny. As wonderful plantsman Fred Spicer of The Chicago Botanic Garden says, "For your Garden of Pain".  New name to be Eleutherococcus.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Acanthus mollis offers unusual pink-mauve flower spikes with white interior petals and purple calyces in July, held 3' to 4' above large shiny leaves. Bear's Breeches needs a shady, moist protected spot in the landscape.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 6

    The pinkish mauve flower spikes with white interiors of Spiny Bear's Breeches look the same as those of Acanthus mollis, but the leaves look more spiny (they aren't) and the plant is more cold tolerant. This plant makes an amazing show for 2 months in the summer on the north side of our house.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Few trees are as showy as the Paperbark Maple, with its cinnamon colored exfoliating bark. The fine-textured leaves have 3 leaflets and change from dark green with silvery undersides in summer to shades of red and bronze in fall. Acer griseum makes a neat oval-shaped small tree which fits into both small and large scale landscapes well.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    October Glory® Red Maple has green leaves following the attractive red flowers which are one of the earliest signs of spring for us in the Northeast. The fall color of October Glory® is a deep rich red and occurs 2 weeks later than other cultivars. This oval-shaped, wet site tolerant tree was found by our father, William Flemer III and has proved to be one of the best cultivars for Southern hot summers.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Redpointe® ('Frank Jr') Red Maple is an attractive introduction of this very adaptable native tree, developed by J Frank Schmidt and Son Nursery in Oregon.  They chose this selection because of its broad but upswept branching pyramidal habit.  Acer rubrum Redpointe® has a strong central leaded and leathery dark green foliage.  The crowning glory is the vivid red early fall color, followed by a regular tidy silhouette in winter.

    Height: 45 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Winter Gold' Snakebark Maple is a small shade loving Asian Maple which is admired for its striking bark color. The green delicate foliage is held on greenish yellow branches in summer. As the leaves turn yellow in fall, the bark takes on colors of orange and gold, set off by vertical white stripes. Acer rufinerve 'Winter Gold' is particularly stunning in winter, where the bark's color deepens to reddish orange on the new growth.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Saucy Seduction™ Yarrow blooms from June to August, with rosy pink flat-topped flowers above fine fern-like leaves.  Achillea millifolium Saucy Seduction™ spreads slowly by rhizomes to form a broad patch eventually, so it works well as a groundcover for dry sites.  The blooms are held on long stems and make an attractive fresh or dried cut flower.  One of the Seduction™ Series, originating in the Netherlands and introduced by Blooms of Bressingham®.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Strawberry Seduction’ has bright red dome-shaped flowers starting in June. The blooms sport bright yellow eyes, and the flowers turn creamy yellow as they mature. The strong stems make them an excellent cut flower, and deadheading will result in a longer blooming season. A Blooms of Bressingham® introduction, and hybridized by Sahin in the Netherlands. All Yarrows are not only deer resistant, but also very dry site tolerant.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The bright yellow flat flowers of 'Moonshine' Yarrow appear in mid to late summer above ferny silvery gray foliage. Salt and dry site tolerant, Achillea x 'Moonshine' is a Blooms of Bressingham® selection.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    The cobalt blue flowers of Azure Monkshood appear in late summer and early fall. Aconitum carmichaelii 'Arendsii' blooms for a long period, and Dr. Alan Armitage says "it's the best late flowering Monkshood in cultivation."

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Dwarf Golden Sweet Flag is a wonderful plant for walkways as well as rain gardens and stream edges, because it is tolerant of foot traffic as well as significant moisture. The evergreen foliage is like tiny thick bladed grass tufts and when crushed, it releases an attractive sweet scent. The tufts slowly expand to make a short yellowish green mat. Although it looks like a grass, Acorus gramineus 'Minimus Aureus' is actually more closely related to the Iris family.

    Height: 4 Inches
    Spread: 8 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Ogon' Sweet Flag has bright yellow stiffly upright leaves that are a vivid addition to a wet site in the shade. The clumps of Acorus 'Ogon' get larger with age. This Sweet Flag is evergreen so it provides great winter interest.  Introduced into the US by Barry Yinger.  Per Diane Guidone formerly of Rumson, NJ, Acorus withstood salt inundation in the recent hurricanes really well.

    Height: 15 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Snakeroot or Cohosh is a spectacular addition to the late summer flower garden with tall, rocket-like spires of ivory white, fragrant flowers which are held high above the green foliage. The bloom period is longer than a month and insects love it (great for nature photographers). Actaea racemosa is best in moist, shady locations.

    Height: 72 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Chocoholic’ Bugbane is shorter than other dark purple Actaeas, but what it lacks in stature it makes up for in the beauty of its foliage. The leaves emerge in the spring as a dark bronzy purple and turn more green by mid summer. The fragrant white flower spikes tower over the foliage in the late summer, attracting all manner of pollinators. This is particularly attractive when paired with shade tolerant gold foliage plants. Consistent moisture is necessary for the best performance.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Five Finger Maidenhair Fern is a lovely woodland native, thriving in moist humus rich soils.  Preferring cool summer temperatures, Adiantum pedatum is hardy all the way to zone 2.  The bright green airy fronds are made more attractive by the shiny wiry black stems.  Since Maidenhair Fern spreads by rhizomes on the surface of moist soils, it can eventually form an excellent woodland groundcover.  This fern will not perform well in full sun or hot summer sites.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 2

    Creamy white flowers on Aesculus parviflora appear in summer on long panicles. Bottlebrush Buckeye offers golden yellow fall color. Aesculus parviflora is a wonderful addition to the landscape to attract hummingbirds. Our neighbor nurseryman Dick Karkalits says it is an absolutely foolproof plant for just about any location, and we agree.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Rogers' Bottlebrush Buckeye has long white panicles that bloom even later than A. serotina. Aesculus parviflora var. serotina 'Rogers' is a wonderful J.C. McDaniel selection. These plants are on their own roots. A. parviflora var. serotina 'Rogers' is wet site tolerant, and the best blooming Bottlebush Buckeye by far.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4

    The Red Buckeye is named for its striking showy 5" red upright flower panicles, which appear on the ends of its branches in May. Aesculus pavia's foliage is dark green in summer, turning to yellow in early fall. It produces the lustrous brown chestnuts that we all loved as children and squirrels go crazy for them. It can be grown as a very large wide shrub or as a small slow growing tree.

    PRN Preferred:  We have selected for cleaner foliage and showier flowers.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    We grow our own selection of Red Buckeye, selected by us from a field of mature trees at Princeton Nurseries.  The characteristics that guided our choices were clean, disease-free foliage, very dark showy 5" upright panicles in May, and a strong tree-form habit.  We propagate our selection 'Splendens' from the seed of the five trees we moved to Pleasant Run Nursery.  The resulting plants have the outstanding qualities of their parents, and we grow them as tree-form.  Aesculus pavia 'Splendens' makes a tough beautiful small tree. Besides the flower display and the attractive dark green summer foliage, the fall color is a clean yellow and the brown chestnuts feed the wildlife.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Black Adder' Anise Hyssop has prolific deep blue bottlebrush flowers from mid summer to fall. Compact habit and excellent hardiness make this a very exciting Agastache. Dry site tolerant with deliciously fragrant foliage. From Coen Jansen.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 6

    'Blue Fortune' Anise Hyssop has blue flowers mid summer to fall, and fragrant foliage. From the Trompenberg Arboretum in Holland. Agastache bloom time is prolonged by dead heading. Loved by butterflies and other insects.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Kudos™ 'Yellow' Anise Hyssop starts blooming in June and will continue to flower almost all summer.  The fragrant yellow flowers are produced in dense spikes over disease resistant fragrant green foliage.  Pollinators love these beautiful flowers, and deadheading after the original flush will keep them coming all summer.  Sharp drainage is critical to overwinter.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 22 Inches
    Zone: 5

    The smoky bluish violet racemes of 'Purple Haze' Anise Hyssop start in July and keep going until fall. Agastache x 'Purple Haze' is a real butterfly and bee magnet, from those plant gurus of North Creek Nurseries. Hybridized by Coen Jansen of the Netherlands.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 6
    The deep purple shiny leaves of 'Black Scallop' ('Binblasca') Bugleweed have ruffled edges. Deep blue flower spikes appear on Ajuga in late spring. From Mike Tristram of the UK.
    Height: 3 Inches
    Spread: 6 Inches
    Zone: 6
    The foliage of Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow' is composed of stunning shades of pink, white and purple, with blue flower spikes adding to the show in late spring.
    Height: 3 Inches
    Spread: 6 Inches
    Zone: 6

    'Catlin's Giant' Bugleweed has bronze leaves that are much larger than other Ajugas, sporting blue flower spikes in late spring. A rapid-spreading evergreen groundcover.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Chocolate Chip' ('Valfredda') Bugleweed has tiny purplish chocolate foliage with violet-blue flower spikes in late spring. This Ajuga makes an excellent groundcover around stepping stones. It came to the US from Italy.

    Height: 2 Inches
    Spread: 4 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Thriller' Lady's Mantle blooms in May and June, producing airy delicate chartreuse yellow flowers held above fuzzy bluish green leaves.  'Thriller' has somewhat larger pleated leaves than the species, and like all Alchemilla mollis, the hairy leaves repel rain water so that the foliage has attractive silver water drops on if after a gentle rain.  'Thriller' performs best in shady, moist conditions.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Millenium' Ornamental Onion blooms in July and August, producing lots of 2" purplish lavender round clusters of flowers like drumsticks on 15" stems. The onion scented leaves are glossy and strap-like, making a thick clump from which the long lasting blooms arise. Many insects and butterflies feed off them but deer and rabbits will not touch them. All Ornamental Onions do well under Black Walnuts. Allium 'Millenium' is the product of Mark McDonough's hard work with Ornamental Onions. 2018 Perennial Plant of the Year.

    PRN Preferred:  A long blooming selection with clean foliage, simply stunning in bloom.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Rising Star' Garden Chives combines beautiful blooms with edible grayish green foliage.  The spherical flowers are lavender purple, and bloom from late spring to early summer.  The spent flower heads are also attractive, and can be added to dried flower arrangements.  Like other edible chives, Allium 'Rising Star' will seed itself readily in not deadheaded.  This ornamental Onion is totally deer resistant, and we introduced by Intrinsic Perennials.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Snowcap' Chives produces delicate white flowers above tubular foliage in early to mid summer.  The bloom period is prolonged if Allium 'Snowcap' is deadheaded, which also keeps it from seeding itself in flowerbeds.  The leaves are edible (this is a cultivar of edible chives), but are not touched by deer or rabbits.  Alliums are bulbs, so 'Snowcap' is easily divided when dormant.  A Mark McDonough introduction.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'In Orbit' Ornamental Onion blooms from June to September, producing large 3" globular flowers of lavender purple.  The "Drumstick" blooms are 16" tall over green, deer repellent foliage.  'In Orbit' Allium is a very attractive cut flower, and the spent flower heads make a lovely addition to dried flower arrangements.  Pollinators flock to all Alliums when they are in bloom.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Allium x cernuum, or nodding Pink Onion, is a tough deer resistant bulb plant which is crowned by multiple pink flower umbels. The blooms appear above the green strap-like leaves in July and August. These are followed by attractive tan seedheads. The clumps increase in size as time goes on and the bulbs can be divided and spread to make a lovely addition to short meadows in mid summer.  Self-seeds vigorously in the garden.  We are grateful to Mark McDonough for helping us with the confusing nomeclature.

    Height: 15 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    ‘Summer Beauty’ Ornamental Onion produces a quantity of flat refined strap-like leaves in spring, topped by soft pink round umbels on long stalks starting in June. Allium x lusitanicum 'Summer Beauty' continues blooming almost all summer, and the dried round seedheads add interest to the winter landscape as well. Try them spray painted cool colors (as our good friend Simple does), or added to dried arrangements. Roy Diblik of Northwind Perennial Farm loves using ‘Summer Beauty’, and told us he had first seen it thriving in someone’s driveway.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Amelanchier laevis has white flowers in early April. The reddish purple fruit of Allegheny Serviceberry is loved by birds. Good reddish orange fall color of Amelanchier laevis makes it a wonderful landscape choice to provide interest for each season. A wet site tolerant plant.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Small white flowers of Amelanchier x grandiflora Autumn Brilliance® emerge from pink buds in April. Apple Serviceberry has berries in June that will turn magenta to purple. Its brilliant red foliage brightens up the landscape in fall. A wet site tolerant plant introduced by nurseryman Bill Wandell of Illinois.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    The delicate light blue flowers of Arkansas Amsonia appear in May. It also has stunning orange and yellow fall foliage. This tough multi-season plant can handle a broad range of site conditions. 2011 Perennial Plant of the Year, and Dr. J.C. Raulston's favorite perennial.

    PRN Preferred:  Excellent fall foliage display, makes an impact when planted in mass.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Storm Cloud' Blue Star is the prettiest Amsonia we have seen, with large terminal clusters of bright sky blue star shaped flowers set off by almost black stems, the stems are particularly showy as they emerge in the spring, looking like thin black Asparagus,  The narrow leaves open to an attractive dark green.  Amsonia 'Storm Cloud' was found in moist shade in Alabama by those extraordinary plantsmen, Tony Avent and Hans Hansen, and they picked a particularly apt name for this beautiful native.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4
    The medium blue blooms of 'Blue Ice' Blue Star Flower appear in May and June, with the darkest flower color of the Amsonias we grow. Fall foliage color is yellow. Found at White Flower Farm by famed plantsman Michael Dodge. This is one of Stephanie Cohen's favorite plants, and it makes a great groundcover.
    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Red October' Big Bluestem is an exciting color breakthrough for this tough native grass.  The leaves are tipped with burgundy and held on tall upright green stems in summer.  The fall the foliage turns a bright scarlet red for several weeks after the first frost.  'Red October' also has red turkey-foot-shaped seed, particularly showy when backlit.  The sturdy upright stems are an attractive tan in winter.  An important food source for winter birds.  Introduced by Intrinsic Perennials.

    PRN Preferred:  Spring foliage emerges with reddish highlights, strong red fall color.

    Height: 60 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Snowdrop Anemone or Windflower blooms in April, with single white flowers on delicate stems above the dissected green foliage.  The single flowers have showy yellow anthers in the cupped center and are lightly fragrant.  Anemone sylvestris spreads by rhizomes to make an attractive underplanting groundcover, and is an excellent naturalizer in woodland settings.  The lovely flower display is followed by interesting wooly seedheads.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Anemone x 'Honorine Jobert' is a Japanese Anemone with tall single white flowers, fall blooming. It prefers moist, humus-rich sites, and will make a large clump in time.  2016 Perennial Plant of the Year.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5

    The semi-double pinkish lavender flowers of 'Pamina' Japanese Anemone appear on compact plants. Fall blooming and showy.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'September Charm' Japanese Anemone has a silvery cast to its tall pinkish rose single flowers. One of the hardiest of the Anemones, it expands gradually to make an impressive group. Fall blooming.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Cinderella' Windflower is another compact beauty from the Pretty Lady™ series of Anemones.  The flowers appear in August and September, with thick textured single soft pink petals.  Anemone 'Cinderella'  has thick short flower stems so the blooms do not flop.  Blooming for an extended time in mid summer to early fall, this introduction from Plants Nouveau also produces interesting fluffy white seedheads after flowering.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Pocahontas' Windflower is a lovely compact introduction from the Pretty Lady™ Series of Anemones.  The large double flowers are a bright bubblegum pink, making quite a show in July, August and September.  The blooms are followed by cottony white seedheads in the fall.  Anemone 'Pocahontas' is a heavy bloomer, so it is showy in the front of a mixed boarder and in late summer containers.  The strong stems make 'Pocahontas' a useful cut flower, as well as resistant to flopping.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Lucky Charm' Windflower blooms in September and October, with dark pink single flowers held on dark purple stems.  The foliage is a dark green, often with purple and plum undersides to the leaves.  Native pollinators and honeybees love the pollen which provides much needed sustenance in fall.  Each plant of Anemone x 'Lucky Charm' will slowly spread to make a compact mounded clump eventually, making it a great candidate for naturalizing in moist shady sites.

    PRN Preferred:  A more compact mound with tons of flowers.  We love that the undersides of the foliage has a purple cast.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Aquilegia canadensis 'Little Lanterns' is a dwarf selection of our native Columbine that has a lot of flower power. 'Little Lanterns' Columbine has downward facing flowers of red and yellow in April and May, a favorite for hummingbirds.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Sun King' Golden Aralia is a very large showy perennial, producing chartreuse yellow compound leaves which hold their striking color all summer. The 2' tall white flower spikes appear in late summer, and are followed by purplish black berries. Barry Yinger found this Aralia in Japan (in a department store's garden section!) and brought it to the US. This is a great plant to light up the back of shady perennial beds.

    Height: 60 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Massachusetts' Bearberry has small shiny evergreen leaves with small pinkish white bell-like flowers in April and May, often followed by red fruits. Arctostaphylos is best in acid soil and sandy, well drained sites.  Grows well in poor infertile soils.  There are large colonies of Bearberry in the NJ Pinelands.  Selected by Bob Tichnor of Oregon from seed collected in Massachusetts. It is also salt tolerant.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' is a deciduous shrub with white flowers in May. The bright red fruit of this Red Chokeberry ripens in late summer and persists into winter. The glossy foliage turns brilliant red in fall. This cultivar forms a suckering colony and is wet site and salt tolerant.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Low Scape® 'Hedger' Black Chokeberry ('UCONNAM166') is a selection of our native Aronia, chosen for its compact upright habit. In mid spring Low Scape® 'Hedger' produces a quantity of showy white racemes held above the lustrous green foliage. During the summer the dense habit makes a good choice for short hedges. In the fall the leaves turn striking shades of orange and red, brightening up the landscape for a prolonged period before dropping. Fruit production is limited, but native pollinators benefit. Developed by Dr. Mark Brand and Dr. Bryan Connolly of U. Conn.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Low Scape® 'Mound' Black Chokeberry ('UCONNAM165') is an unusual Aronia melanocarpa form produced by Drs. Mark Brand and Bryan Connolly of U. Conn.  Low Scape® 'Mound' performs as a groundcover instead of an upright shrub, so it works well as an erosion control plant as well as an edger.  The green spring foliage is topped by lots of attractive white racemes.  The showy flowers are followed by shiny black fruit in late summer, providing important food for wildlife.  The fall color is a deep red, persisting for several weeks.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Viking' Black Chokeberry has glossy dark green leaves which turn a striking red in fall. The white, spring flowers are followed by large purplish black fruit, which birds love (and they are full of anti-oxidants). The site adaptability (Aronia melanocarpa 'Viking' likes both wet and dry conditions) and the suckering habit make it an excellent shrub for reclamation use, as well as an attractive landscape plant. Dr. Mark Brand of Connecticut found this native beauty.

    PRN Preferred:  A good shrub for wetland reclamation plantings, a more compact variety with very large glossy foliage.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Silver Mound' Artemisia is one of the most striking examples of silver leaved perennials.  The fine, feathery foliage makes a tight cushiony mound in dry sites, and retains the attractive habit throughout the summer if periodically given a light trim.  Artemisia 'Silver Mound' does bloom periodically, but the flowers are insignificant and should be removed to maintain the silver cushion look.  The low compact size of 'Silver Mound' makes it a good candidate for rock gardens and summer containers.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Powis Castle' Wormwood has showy silver foliage with a finely textured appearance, and prefers a dry site. The foliage is sharply aromatic.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Miniature Goat's Beard has delicate Astilbe-like spikes of creamy white above deeply cut green foliage, blooming in June. Dr. Alan Armitage feels that Aruncus aesthusifolius is more heat tolerant than the bigger Aruncus, and he's right, from our experience here in New Jersey.  Miniature Goat's Beard often produces attractive fall foliage in shades of bronze and purple.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Goat's Beard has large white Astilbe-like flowers in June, held well above the plant. It prefers moist, shady locations and is particularly gorgeous planted in masses.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Chantilly Lace' hybrid Goatsbeard blooms in late spring and early summer, producing masses of airy creamy white sprays above the attractive green foliage.  Aruncus 'Chantilly Lace' is an excellent addition to shade gardens, with strong vigor and increasing clump size over many years.  This showy native is part of the Proven Winners® perennial program, from Walters Gardens.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 40 Inches
    Zone: 3

    The soft green leaves of Canadian Ginger appear in pairs in spring and are followed closely by weird, hairy, burgundy brown 3-lobed flowers. Asarum canadense spreads rapidly in forest understory sites. Deciduous.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 3

    The lustrous green leaves of European Wild Ginger are evergreen and leathery in texture. The flowers are small, inconspicuous 3 lobed burgundy brown hairy oddities. Spreads well in shady moist sites.

    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The large shiny dark green leaves of Chinese Ginger have heavy silver mottling. The interesting burgundy brown flowers are found beneath the leaves. It is semi-evergreen and slow growing. Prefers a dry site.

    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 6
    Swamp Milkweed is a great addition to wet site gardens, with fragrant white-to-pink milkweed flowers appearing in July and August. The flat cymes are followed by interesting seed pods. Asclepias incarnata is an important Monarch butterfly food source, and it tolerates dry sites as well as wet conditions.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3
    Lovely orange and yellow flowers in June and July, followed by small milkweed pods. Butterfly Weed is an important food source for Monarch butterflies in particular. Must have dry site, seeds well on sunny slopes or gravelly sites.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Mango' Pawpaw is a slow growing tropical looking tree which bears delicious yellow fruit in October.  The fruit is large and smooth skinned, with delicious soft flesh surrounding a few brown seeds.  All Pawpaws are significant hosts for butterflies and moths, and are still commonly found in patches in old farmyards because settlers depended on Asimina triloba for the delicious fruit.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Pennsylvania Golden' Pawpaw is an early ripening form of our largest native fruit. The flesh is yellow and the taste is reminiscent of mango, banana and pineapple. Pawpaw ice cream is one of the greatest desserts we have ever eaten. Asiminas are important hosts for the larvae of the Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly, as well as the Pawpaw Sphinx Moth. Pawpaws are often found colonizing shady riverbanks along the Mid Atlantic and Southern plains.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The soft blue flowers of 'Wood's Light Blue' Fall Aster appear on disease resistant foliage in August to September. Forms a large mat eventually. Hybridized by Ed Wood in Portland, Oregon.
    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Wood's Purple' Fall Aster has magenta purple flowers, disease resistant foliage, and blooms August to September. Forms a large mat eventually. One of the Wood's hybrids.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Eastern Star' White Wood Aster is shorter than the species and has dark burgundy stems to set off the white daisy-like flowers better. 'Eastern Star' blooms in September and October, and tolerates poor soils. An introduction from Canyon Creek Nursery from a plant from coastal Rhode Island (New name is Eurybia divaricata).

    PRN Preferred:  More compact than the species, flowers even in dry shade.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Bluebird' Smooth Aster has lots of showy bluish violet flowers in late summer and early fall over clean foliage. 'Bluebird' is a great introduction from the Mt. Cuba Center in Delaware. Ranked as the #1 Aster in an evaluation study at Mt. Cuba Center. Strong stems do not need staking if cutback somewhat in June. (New name is Symphyotricum laeve)

    PRN Preferred:  Tons of flowers with no staking required.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Lady in Black' Calico Aster is an unusual native Aster because the foliage is just as showy as the flower display.  The narrow leaves start the summer as a deep plum or purple, gradually changing to bronze when 'Lady in Black' blooms in late summer and early fall.  It becomes covered with delicate white daisies with rosy pink centers, complimenting the dark foliage and attracting all types of butterflies and other pollinators.  The open habit can be impproved by cutting plants back to 6" in June.  This native selection was found in Holland. (New name is Smyphyotrichum lateriflorum.)

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 3
    The stunning deep purple daisy flowers of 'Purple Dome' New England Aster appear in August on compact upright plants. A wonderful introduction from a wonderful plantsman, Dr. Richard Lighty, and the Mt. Cuba Center (New name is Symphyotricum novae-angliae).
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3
    'Vibrant Dome' New England Aster is similar in habit to its parent 'Purple Dome', but is somewhat taller, with large brilliant pink flowers in August and September. The other parent is thought to be 'Alma Potschke', and it was found in a garden as a spontaneous seedling. Introduced by our pals at North Creek (New name is Symphyotricum novae-angliae).
    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'October Skies' Aromatic Aster has medium blue flowers in September and October. 'October Skies' is tolerant of dry, poor soil sites. A Primrose Path introduction (New name is Symphyotricum oblongifolium).

    PRN Preferred:  Shorter height and denser growth than the species. Long bloom time.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Masses of delicate clear blue flowers appear on 'Raydon's Favorite' Aromatic Aster in September and October. 'Raydon's Favorite' is tolerant of dry, rocky sites which makes sense because it was found in San Antonio, Texas by Raydon Alexander. One of famed plantsman, Rick Darke's favorites (New name is Symphyotricum oblongifolium).

    PRN Preferred:  A consistantly excellent performer.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Aster tataricus 'Jin-dai' is a Tatarian Daisy with bluish lavender flowers which bloom from September through November. A. 'Jin-dai' sports large tropical leaves all summer. Found in Japan by Rick Darke and Skip March. An exceptional long-blooming, dramatic perennial, with a spreading habit.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Dwarf Chinese Astilbe has pinkish lavender flowers in July, and blooms later than most Astilbes. Makes a large mat eventually, and tolerates drier sites than many Astilbes.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Visions' Chinese Astilbe has vivid pink flowers in July, over attractive lustrous foliage, late blooming.

    PRN Preferred:  Better drought tolerance than most other Astilbes, perfect choice for dry shade.  Compact variety.

    Height: 14 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Visions in Pink’ Chinese Astilbe has upright soft pink flower spikes in June and July. Because of the density of the blooms, the flower display is very impressive. Astilbe chinensis cultivars have lustrous dark green foliage, and are more dry site tolerant than earlier flowering Astilbes. The excellent deer resistance makes this a wonderful addition to the woodland garden.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Visions in White' Chinese Astilbe blooms in June and July, producing dense creamy white spikes over glossy green foliage.  'Visions in White' is exciting because of its good tolerance for drier conditions.  Like other Astilbe chinensis cultivars, 'Visions in White' extends the bloom time for Astilbes into early summer.  Excellent for shade gardens and woodland edges.

    Height: 28 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Bridal Veil’ Hybrid Astilbe blooms throughout May, with lots of gracefully arching white plumes held above light green foliage. Astilbe 'Bridal Veil’ is a good addition to a small shade garden, or is lovely in masses in woodland landscapes.

    PRN Preferred:  Flower spikes are very large and full.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Cappuccino' Hybrid Astilbe produces dark bronze lustrous foliage in early spring, topped by airy white flower spikes in May and June.  The combination is remarkable, and would be showy in mixed spring containers.  After the flowers have faded, the leaves take on green hues for the rest of the summer.  This exciting new color breakthrough would be an excellent addition to shade gardens.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Deutschland' Hybrid Astilbe has lots of white flowers in May and June above light green leaves. A vigorous selection for shady spots, with a strong delightful fragrance.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Erika' Hybrid Astilbe has tall light pink plumes in May and June on reddish stems, bronzy new growth, and an upright habit.
    Height: 32 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Red Sentinel' Hybrid Astilbe has red flowers in May and June on red stems over dark green foliage. A dependable heavy bloomer.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Rheinland' Hybrid Astilbe has fluffy pink flowers in May and June over green foliage. A tough, reliable Astilbe.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Ghost' Lady Fern is a hybrid of A. filix-femina and A. nipponicum 'Pictum'. This fern combines the best of its parents in its brilliant silvery coloring on a light green background. The habit of Athyrium x 'Ghost' is somewhat upright and the color lights up dark spots amazingly. A deciduous clump which slowly widens, 'Ghost' was found in a garden in Richmond, Virginia as a spontaneous seedling.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Emily Rose' Aucuba is a dark green female selection with superior cold tolerance.  The slender lustrous leaves are evergreen , and make a great setting for the large shiny red fruit.  The berries color up in mid to late winter, and are retained well into the summer, providing a log lasting show.  Any male form planted nearby will provide adequate pollination.  Aucuba 'Emily Rose' was an introduction from Hines Nursery of California.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Rozannie' Aucuba is a compact evergreen form which has large, very lustrous green leaves.  They look almost artificial because they are so shiny and perfect.  Even more amazing are the enormous bright red berries which remain on 'Rozannie' for several months.  Since birds (and deer) do not eat the fruit, the show goes on for a long time.  A compact female form, tolerant of a wide range of soils. 

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Aucuba japonica 'Variegata' has shiny green leaves sprinkled with gold spots, and is evergreen. Variegated Japanese Aucuba is often called 'Gold Dust' Aucuba.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Blue False Indigo, also known as Redneck Lupine, has blue pea-like flowers in May and June, A long-lived perennial. 2010 Perennial Plant of the Year. All Baptisias are very roadside salt tolerant and dry site tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  Easy to grow and does not grow too big.

    Height: 40 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Indigo Spires' False Indigo flowers in May and June, producing 12-15" showy spikes of deep violet pea-shaped blooms.  The green stems are very sturdy so the flowers are held upright above the clumps.  Baptisias have deep taproots and become almost shrub-like in size as they mature.  Baptisia 'Indigo Spires' is very tolerant of both dry sites and road salt.  A Walters Gardens introduction. 

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 42 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Carolina Moonlight' False Indigo has buttery yellow pea-shaped flowers in June over clean, bluish green foliage. A great long lived hybrid from Rob Gardner of the NC Botanical Garden in Chapel Hill.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Decadence® 'Vanilla Cream' False Indigo has 10" spikes of vanilla pea-shaped flowers in May and June.  The petioles are dark gray, making an attractive contrast to the opening flowers.  The clean disease free foliage matures to grayish green in summer, making a wide clump topped by dark charcoal round seedheads.  Baptisias are very long lived perennials and are useful in the back of mixed borders as well as in meadows.  From Hans Hansen's Decadence® series.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 42 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Midnight Prairieblues™ False Indigo has very long spike of deep bluish violet pea-shaped flowers on large, vase-shaped plants. The blooming period covers 3 to 4 weeks because of the secondary flowers which follow the long primary blooming stems. Baptisia Midnight Prairieblues™ is another extremely hardy beauty from the extensive work of Dr.Jim Ault and Chicagoland Grows®. The drought tolerance and long life of Baptisias are hard to beat in the perennial world.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Purple Smoke' False Indigo has bluish purple flowers in May and June. A long lived perennial, selected as a chance seedling by Bob Gardner of the NC Botanical Garden. We love the subtlety of the flower color, as well as the clean, shorter foliage.  One of the native plants chosen by Piet Oudolf for the newly planted meadow garden at Delaware Botanic Gardens.

    PRN Preferred:  A slightly shorter variety.  Very drought tolerant once established, subdued bluish flowers work well in a perennial garden.

    Height: 40 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Heritage® ('Cully') Riverbirch is one of the best Birches for the Northeast, from extraordinary plantsman Earl Cully. Beautiful creamy exfoliating bark, disease and borer resistant, wet site tolerant, fast growth habit, we could go on and on...

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Tangerine Dream' Crossvine was a favorite of the late great Dr JC Raulston, who was largely responsible for bringing this beautiful vine into prominence.  The large tubular flowers have showy open faces and are produced in great quantities in May and June.  The color is a spectacular combination of tangerine and ruby red with yellow throats.  Some reblooming happens sporadically, and the flowers are followed by interesting green pendant pods.  The foliage turns shades of bronze in fall, and often remains attractive for most of the winter.  Bignonia capreolata 'Tangerine Dream' is better behaved in size than most Campsis.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Variegated Hardy Orchid blooms in May, producing rosy purple flowers that look like small delicate cattleyas.  The flowers persist for several weeks, and Bletilla striata 'Variegata' continues to add interest to the garden because of the thin white stripes on the broad tropical looking leaves.  Hardy Orchids grow to make good sized clumps in shady location.  They remind us of Prom corsages for pixies.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Blonde Ambition' Blue Grama is a lovely low maintenance native grass which has unusually shaped inflorescences. The orange to straw colored flowers are held horizontally off the stems, so that they look like tiny feathers. This is especially lovely when back lit by afternoon sun. When planted in mass, Bouteloua 'Blonde Ambition' can serve as an infrequently mowed lawn, since it does best in full sun. It was introduced by David Salman of High Country Gardens, and brought to our attention by Steve Castorani of North Creek Nurseries.

    PRN Preferred:  A fun whimsy appeal, what other grass has horizontal seedhead that last well into the winter?

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Heartleaf Brunnera has blue flowers in mid April to June over green foliage. Must have a moist spot. A slow spreader.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3
    'Jack Frost' Heartleaf Brunnera has blue flowers in mid to late spring. The green foliage has a showy silver overlay. Cool shady conditions are best. 2012 Perennial Plant of the Year, introduced by Walters Gardens.
    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Silver Heart' Heartleaf Brunnera blooms in April and May, with cobalt blue flowers held over stunning silver and green heart-shaped leaves.  The leaves are similar to the other new silver-laced cultivars but Brunnera 'Silver Heart' has thicker, more pubescent foliage, so it tolerates our hot East Coast summers better.  All Brunneras perform best with moderate but consistent moisture, and the effect of the large blue flowers over the silver foliage is spectacular in the spring.

    PRN Preferred:  Better, more heat resistant foliage for our East Coast summer conditions.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Black Knight' Butterfly Bush boasts fragrant purplish violet flowers starting in late June. This Buddleia has a vigorous and large habit, and blooms all summer into fall.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Pink Delight' Butterfly Bush boasts fragrant true pink flowers starting in late June.  All Buddleias are named after an English botanist, the Rev. Adam Buddle.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Flutterby Petite® 'Blue Heaven' ('Podaras #8') Butterfly Bush is a new introduction to the groundcover Buddleia world, with blue fragrant flowers all summer over low growing silvery foliage. It is largely sterile, and is a great nectar source for hummingbirds, butterflies and other insects. A Ball Ornamentals introduction from hybridizing work by Peter Podaras.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Pugster® 'Amethyst' ('SMNBDL') Butterfly Bush is a more cold tolerant compact Buddleia, with large lavender purple blooms on short sturdy stems.  Pugster® 'Amethyst' starts blooming in June and keeps on flowering until early fall.  A Spring Meadows introduction, this Buddleia is recommended for use in rock gardens, perennial beds and tighter sites than most Buddleia can handle.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    As many of you are already aware, the threat of Boxwood Blight is increasing in our area. At PRN, we are taking additional steps to provide healthy Boxwoods. First, we only source from growers who can provide Boxwood Compliance Certificates. Additionally, we are limiting access to our Boxwoods at the nursery. This is being done to reduce the risk of spreading the disease to healthy plants. Boxwood Blight is often transmitted through spores carried on shoes and clothing, and resistant but healthy Boxwoods have been shown to carry the disease as well. Customers will be able to view and order Boxwoods from PRN but they will be a “PRN Pull Only”. These extra precautions will keep PRN clean from Boxwood Blight so you can feel reassured that you are purchasing healthy, disease free Boxwoods which will thrive at your job site.

    'Little Missy' Little Leaf Boxwood is an excellent substitute for Buxus 'Justin Brouwers' is areas where Boxwood Blight is increasingly a problem.  The Buxus microphylla cultivars are much more resistant to the effects of the blight, and 'Little Missy', with it's compact mounding habit and diminutive size works well where really small Boxwoods are needed.  The leaves are lustrous dark green and tolerate sun well.  Buxus 'Little Missy' does well with trimming, so it can be used to make knot gardens and short formal hedges.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Dee Runk' Common Boxwood has glossy dark green foliage that makes its conical shape a standout. It is evergreen, disease resistant and slow growing and is an exciting newcomer to the Boxwood scene.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Justin Brouwers' Boxwood has a very tight habit, with dark green foliage that maintains excellent winter color. Since it is so compact and slow growing, it needs virtually no pruning. It performs very well in short formal hedges or as a small neat specimen in rock garden settings. More sun tolerant than many Boxwood cultivars.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Vardar Valley' Common Boxwood is an unusually tough Buxus sempervirens, with excellent insect and disease resistance coupled with attractive green foliage that has a distinctive bluish cast.  It was found by Edgar Anderson of the Arnold Arboretum and Missouri Botanical Garden in 1945, along a river in Macedonia.  After years of observation it was named and released by the Arnold Arboretum because of its proven excellence.  Slow growing and compact, it forms an excellent low maintenance shrub for shady locations.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    A cross between B. sinica var. insularis and B. sempervirens, 'Green Gem' Boxwood is a slow growing round evergreen that combines excellent hardiness with good winter color. An introduction by Sheridan Nurseries of Ontario, Canada.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Green Mountain' Little Leaf Boxwood has a pyramidal shape and small evergreen leaves that show some bronzing in winter. Buxus x 'Green Mountain' is from selections made at Sheridan Nurseries of Ontario.
    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Green Velvet' Boxwood is a very hardy selection from Sheridan Nurseries in Canada. Glossy evergreen foliage on a round maintenance free shrub.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Korean Feather Reed Grass has beautiful airy pinkish inflorescences in September, above strong green foliage. It is shade and moist site tolerant and blooms much later than other Feather Reed Grasses.

    PRN Preferred:  Unsurpassed inflorescenses in the shade, combines with other perennials in mass for a striking impact.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' has tan seedheads, is early blooming and has an upright habit. A 2001 Perennial Plant of the Year, 'Karl Foerster' Feather Reed Grass was named after our friend Tim Foerster's cousin, the great German nurseryman. Winter foliage is a pale tan, and 'Karl Foerster' shows excellent salt tolerance.  Karl Foerster found this lovely spontaneous cross at the Hamburg Botanical Gardens.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Overdam' Feather Reed Grass has green and white foliage and tan upright inflorescences. Thriving in both sun and shade, this is one of our favorite grasses. Winter color is a whitish tan.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4
    The pale blue flowers of Calamintha nepeta 'Blue Cloud' appear during the summer over delicate, aromatic foliage. It reblooms well if cut back after initial blooming. Dry site tolerant. Bees and insects love the flowers.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'White Cloud' Calamint has lots of white flowers from June to October above fragrant oregano-like leaves. A dry site tolerant plant. From Canyon Creek Nursery in California. A great food source for bees and insects.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Early Amethyst' Beautyberry abounds with large quantities of small lilac fruits in the fall. Originally from Brookside Gardens in Maryland.  This is the same plant as C. 'Issai', per Barry Yinger.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Calycanthus floridus has dark maroon flowers in May and June that are often fragrant. Fall color is yellow. Sweetshrub is wet site tolerant, as well as dry shade tolerant.  Calycanthus is distantly related to Magnolias.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Edith Wilder' Sweetshrub is a lovely selection of this adaptable native plant, first appearing at the Scott Arboretum of Swarthmore, PA. The reddish maroon flowers are strongly and consistently fragrant, and are displayed profusely on the upright branches. The foliage is rounder than many of the other forms, and is held at right angles to the stems. Fall color is a good clear yellow. Wet site and dry site tolerant, deer resistant and native, what more could you ask?
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Michael Lindsey' Sweetshrub has reddish brown flowers that are consistently, gorgeously fragrant, blooming for a prolonged period in April and May over dark, lustrous green foliage. Fall color of Calycanthus floridus 'Michael Lindsey' is a clear yellow. Selected by Allen Bush of Holbrook Farm & Nursery in North Carolina. It is also wet site tolerant. Extremely verticillium resistant per Rick Darke.

    PRN Preferred:  Heavy bloomer, fragrant flowers, lustrous foliage with good fall color.  Reblooms sporadically throughout the summer.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Burgundy Spice' Sweetshrub represents a radical color change in Calycanthus foliage, with lustrous deep burgundy leaves throughout the summer.  Richard Hesselein and Daryl Kobesky selected for darker foliage over a number of years, coming up with 2 beautiful purple colored sports.  We chose the best one to name Calycanthus floridus var purpureus 'Burgundy Spice'.  The maroon flowers appear in May and June, and have the classic mango and pineapple fragrance of good Sweetshrub selections.  The fall foliage adds another season of enjoyment, turning attractive shades of yellow and amber.

    PRN Preferred:  The deep burgundy foliage remains all summer, does not fade or bleach out in the sun. 

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Hartlage Wine' Sweetshrub has amazing reddish maroon flowers with yellow centers starting in May and continuing to fall. A very exciting Sweetshrub named after an extraordinary plantsman, Dr. J.C. Raulston, developed by Richard Hartlage and the JC Raulston Arboretum. It used to sport my favorite plant name, xSinocalycalycanthus x raulstonii.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Camellia japonica 'Greensboro Red' has semi-double, trumpet-shaped light red flowers on an upright plant in April and May. The original plant came from England in the early 1800's and was such a favorite in Greensboro, NC, that it was named the 'City Flower'. 'Greensboro Red' Camellia is evergreen and a spring bloomer.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia seed was given to William Flemer III by Dr. John L. Creech of the National Arboretum, who found it in the northernmost reaches of the island of Hokkaido, Japan. From the resulting seedlings, Richard Hesselein picked out 'Hokkaido Red' as the most promising selection.  Its extreme tolerance of cold combines with its plentiful production of bright red trumpet-shaped single flowers for a very extended period starting in late December. The yellow stamens add to the show, and the few hardy insect pollinators still around in the winter love them. Best of all, the glossy evergreen foliage turns a stunning shade of purple all winter. Richard Hesselein has been working with this selection of Camellia japonica to produce a range of flower types that also display the winter foliage coloration and the cold tolerance.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Camellia japonica 'Kumasaka' is a rosy pink peony form blooming in April and May. Evergreen and very cold tolerant. All Camellias are members of the Tea family.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'April Blush' has semi-double blush pink flowers in April and May. An introduction from Dr. Clifford Parks, 'April Blush' is an evergreen spring blooming Camellia.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'April Pink' Camellia has large double shell pink flowers with a very formal, perfect appearance. It is a Dr. Clifford Parks introduction, and one that is new to us. It is spring blooming and evergreen.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'April Rose' has double rosy pink formal flowers and blooms in April and May. 'April Rose' Camellia is an introduction from Dr. Clifford Parks and is evergreen.

    PRN Preferred:  Large perfect double flowers.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'Long Island Pink' has single pink flowers that bloom in the fall and a nice compact habit. 'Long Island Pink' Camellia was found on Long Island, NY and is evergreen.

    PRN Preferred:  A compact neat form, very cold tolerant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Northern Exposure' Camellia blooms for an extended period in late fall and early winter.  The pale pink flower buds open to large white blooms set off by bright yellow stamens.  'Northern Exposure' always sets multiple buds, and since they open progressively over several months, the flower display is a very showy addition to the late fall garden.  Like all Camellias, 'Northern Exposure' has lustrous green evergreen leaves and prefers shade and protection from winter winds.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'Spring's Promise' has single reddish salmon flowers in spring, with some blooms opening consistently in the fall. It has glossy evergreen foliage.

    PRN Preferred:  Blooms in both spring and fall.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Survivor' Camellia blooms in early fall, with large single white fragrant flowers that start out tipped by soft pink on the ends of the petals. It is evergreen and upright in habit. Its name indicates its excellent cold hardiness, and it results from a C. sasanqua and C. oleifera cross made by Dr. Clifford Parks.

    PRN Preferred:  A very cold hardy, reliable bloomer.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'Winter's Joy' has a semi-double fuchsia pink flower on a narrow upright form. Makes a good hedge in shady locations. From Dr. William Ackerman, Camellia x 'Winter's Joy' is fall blooming and evergreen.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The flowers of 'Winter's Snowman' Camellia are a white, semi-double anemone-form. From Dr. William Ackerman, Camellia x 'Winter's Snowman' is fall blooming and evergreen with a narrow upright habit.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Morning Calm' Chinese Trumpetcreeper has huge open-faced flowers that are orange, apricot and yellow. Slower growing and more woody, Campsis grandiflora 'Morning Calm' knows its place in the landscape better than the native form. Introduced by the JC Raulston Arboretum in Raleigh, NC.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Appalachian Sedge is a fine-textured green clump-forming Carex that performs really well in very shady dry woodlands. The habit is arching, like a green fountain, so Appalachian Sedge is particularly attractive in mixed shade containers. 

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Blue Zinger' Glaucous Sedge has beautiful grayish blue foliage that is similar in color to Festuca 'Elijah Blue', but 'Blue Zinger' is much more tolerant of different sites, going from shade to full sun. Carex flacca 'Blue Zinger' spreads rapidly to make a good tight groundcover.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Gray's Sedge is a tall Carex which thrives in wet and shady locations.  The light green semi-evergreen foliage grows 2', and is topped by 3' flower stems.  The blooms rapidly turn to fascinating 1" spiky stars which are attractive in flower arrangements, fresh or dried.  Carex grayi thrives in moist to wet conditions, so it naturally occurs along stream banks and edges of ponds.  It is a striking addition to rain gardens and bioswales, and tolerates full sun if kept moist.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Bunny Blue® ('Hobb') Glaucous Woodland Sedge has steel blue evergreen foliage produced by a neat, easily divisible clump. Carex Blue Bunny® prefers a woodland location, but will tolerate sun if the moisture is good. Because of its bright color and neat habit, it looks particularly attractive when colonizing a shady site (both moist and dry). A selection by Bob and Lisa Head of GardenDebut.com.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Ice Dance' Japanese Grass Sedge has green and white striped foliage. 'Ice Dance' Kan Suge is a great evergreen groundcover that can cover a large, shady area rapidly and easily. The small flowers appear above the foliage in May.  Introduced to the US by Barry Yinger.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Everillo' Weeping Sedge starts the summer season with lime green mounding foliage that rapidly turns a vivid yellowish gold. Like its relatives, 'Evergold', and 'Everest', 'Everillo' is evergreen, so it lights up the garden throughout the year. Carex 'Everillo' was found by Pat Fitzgerald of Ireland, as a naturally occurring sport of 'Evergold'. The graceful, flowing habit of the narrow leaves makes this sedge an excellent addition to mixed containers.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 6

    'Everest' ('CarFit01') Weeping Sedge is a lovely sport of Carex 'Evergold', with ivory white margins bordering the dark green evergreen leaves.  The soft flowing foliage does well in woodland settings and in mixed shade containers, as its bright white stripes make a showy display.  The habit is clumping.  Found in 2006 by Pat Fitzgerald of Ireland.

    PRN Preferred:  More vivid and vigorous than its ‘Evergold’ parent. Foliage arches up from the crown and weeps gracefully.

    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Evergold' Golden Sedge has yellow and green striped evergreen foliage. It is stunning as a container plant. This sedge looks good virtually year-round, and Bruce Crawford of the Rutgers Gardens has found that it is tolerant of full sun and poor soils as well. Wow!

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 5
    Pennsylvania Sedge has fine green leaves which are semi-evergreen, spreading slowly by rhizomes to form a tough groundcover in shady areas. Most effective if planted in mass. It can be used instead of grass in the shade. It is very tolerant of foot traffic as well. Mow infrequently.
    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Seersucker Sedge lives up to its common name with its wide green leaves that are "puckered like Christmas ribbon", as those articulate folks at North Creek Nurseries say. It tolerates moist locations and adds winter interest because this Carex is evergreen.

    PRN Preferred:  We love the unique, seersucker texture of the foliage and the purplish inflorescences.

    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Banana Boat' Creeping Broadleaf Sedge has broad yellow deciduous leaf blades with green margins on a slowly spreading groundcover habit.  The leaf color lights up shady spots, and is showy until the first heavy frosts in fall (this is a deciduous Sedge). Carex siderosticha 'Banana Boat' tolerates moist soils. so it would be a good addition to rain gardens and damp woodland locations.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Prairie Fire' Orange New Zealand Sedge has thin long green blades in summer that take on shades of bronze, orange and red in fall and winter. Evergreen and of striking winter interest. Do not cut back old foliage until May or later. Good drainage is critical for this plant.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 7

    Fastigate European Hornbeam is an excellent tree for urban or formal sites because of its tight, extremely regular form and excellent disease resistance. When young, Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata' is narrow and very upright, but it broadens into a dense tight pyramidal oval as it matures. The leaves are neat and relatively small, and since the form never needs pruning, Carpinus is a maintenance-free tree. Even without foliage, the dense branching makes this an excellent screening tree in winter.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Frans Fontaine' European Hornbeam is more columnar than Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata', but is equally resilient in urban and suburban conditions.  The narrower habit makes Carpinus 'Frans Fontaine' a good candidate for narrower spaces or street tree applications.  The fall color of the tidy foliage is a clear yellow, and winter interest is provided by the upright, densely branched form.  Since all Carpinus varieties are a fall digging hazard, container production makes the planting season much longer.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    American Hornbeam is a tough, beautiful native tree which performs well in a wide variety of site conditions. Its green veined leaves and habit look somewhat like American Beech trees, and its interesting 2" hanging winged seed bracts add to its appeal in summer. It performs very well when transplanted from containers, and can be used in full sun or shade locations as well as sites which are periodically flooded. The fall color is attractive, varying from yellow through orange to reddish purple hues. It can be pruned to make a good tight hedge, like its European cousin, C. betulus.
    Height: 35 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Ball O' Fire™ ('J.N. Globe') Musclewood has a tight round shape, with clean green summer foliage that turns a vivid orange, bronze and red in the fall.  Found in the wild in Wisconsin, Ball O' Fire™ American Hornbeam was named and introduced by Michael Yanney of Johnson's Nursery. The color is more reliable when grown in cooler climates, and the compact size makes this tough, versatile native useful for smaller sites.  The hanging winged fruits also add to Carpinus Ball O' Fire™'s appeal.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Beyond Midnight™ Bluebeard ('CT-9-12') produces abundant deep cobalt blue flowers in late summer to early fall.  The foliage is lustrous and disease resistant, growing on a compact habit.  Caryopteris Proven Winners® Color Choice® Beyond Midnight™ need excellent drainage to thrive, and should not be cut back until spring.  The foliage has an attractive minty fragrance, which may be why deer and rabbits leave it alone.  A good plant for full sun containers.

    PRN Preferred:  The flower color is the deepest blue of any Caryopteris we grow, and the habit is neat and tight.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Longwood Blue' Bluebeard has bluish violet flowers and grayish green aromatic foliage. 'Longwood Blue' blooms later than other Caryopteris, in mid to late summer. Dry site tolerant.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    New Jersey Tea is a tough, adaptable native shrub with pretty white fluffy lilac-shaped flowers in June and July. The flowers have a lovely delicate fragrance.  The fruits of Ceanothus americanus are subtle but interesting 3-sided capsules and the seeds are consumed by turkeys and quail.  It does very well in seashore settings and dry sites.  The name New Jersey Tea was coined during the American Revolution because its leaves were used as a substitute for imported tea.

    PRN Preferred:  An adaptable native with showy fragrant flowers in summer.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Buttonbush is a native deciduous shrub found along rivers, in bogs and in swampy area.  Cephalanthus blooms in June, producing odd round balls of tiny white fragrant flowers displayed on long stalks.  They look like small round pincushions, and butterflies and native pollinators flock to them.  Cephalanthus is so wet site tolerant that it will flourish in standing water, and it is very helpful in preventing stream erosion.  A tough native which adds an interesting element for naturalizing along rivers and woodland edges.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Sugar Shack® ('SMCOSS') Buttonbush is a more compact version of our interesting native Cephalanthus.  The white puffball flowers appear in mid to late summer, attracting butterflies and other pollinators.  The blooms are followed by red mace shaped fruit and burgundy foliage in the fall, providing food for wildlife as well as visual interest.  Cephalanthus is very wet site tolerant (we first saw it while canoeing as little children), so it is an excellent bog, bioswale or rain garden shrub.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Duke Gardens' has dark evergreen foliage and a tight, compact form. 'Duke Gardens' Plum Yew is excellent in shade but will tolerate sun as well. Originally found at The Sarah P. Duke Gardens in North Carolina, as a branch sport of C. 'Fastigiata'.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Fastigiata' has evergreen foliage and a wide columnar habit. It makes a good pillar-like conifer for foundation and formal plantings. Fastigiate Plum Yew is a slow growing alternative to upright Taxus in deer country.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Prostrata' has dark evergreen foliage and looks like Taxus baccata 'Repandens' on steroids. Prostrate Plum Yew loves shady, dry locations. Best substitute for low growing Taxus in deer situations.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Drupacea Plum Yew is a broad, vase-shaped evergreen with coarse, dark green needles, like an enormous Taxus. Slow growing but eventually large, Cephalotaxus is a perfect solution to screening needs in deer country. A dioecious species, the female plants, when pollinated produce walnut-sized, fleshy fruits.  Per Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens, drupacea is the most winter hardy of them all.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Ceratostigma plumbaginoides is a Leadwort or Plumbago with cobalt blue flowers in late summer. The green foliage turns a reddish purple in the fall. The new foliage appears late in the spring.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Cercis canadensis is a classic harbinger of spring, with pinkish lavender pea-shaped flowers covering its branches in April. The green heart-shaped leaves of this Eastern Redbud turn yellow in the fall, and the zigzag branching habit in the winter adds to the appeal of this large shrub or small tree.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Ace of Hearts' Eastern Redbud is a long-awaited dwarf form of Cercis canadensis with magenta pink flowers in April and May. It was found by Paul Woody of North Carolina.
    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Alley Cat' Eastern Redbud has foliage liberally splashed with white, and its striking variegation is stable and scorch resistant.  The dark pink pea-shaped flowers emerge in April just before the leaves begin to show in shades of copper pink and soft green.  As the foliage matures, the white emerges and makes a lovely contrast to the green.  Alan Bush found Cercis 'Alley Cat' in an alley near his home in Kentucky, and gave it to Harald Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery to introduce.

    PRN Preferred:  The best and most reliable variegation in Redbuds.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Appalachia' Red Eastern Redbud has deep reddish purple buds that open to bright neon pink flowers in April and May. Cercis canadensis 'Appalachia' was found by Dr. Max Byrkit in Maryland.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Burgundy Hearts® ('Greswan') Eastern Redbud is a refinement of the 'Forest Pansy' theme, with pinkish lavender April flowers followed by reddish purple lustrous foliage. The heart-shaped leaves hold their dark color longer in the summer, taking on reddish wine tones towards the fall. Introduced by Greenleaf Nurseries.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Forest Pansy' Eastern Redbud has rose purple flowers and reddish purple foliage in April and May changing to bronze by fall. The foliage is strikingly beautiful in spring and early summer.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Lavender Twist™ ('Covey') Eastern Redbud has purplish rose flowers in April and May on an umbrella-shaped crown. Lavender Twist™ is a great introduction from Tim Brotsman, found by him in New York State in the garden of Mrs. Covey.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Royal White' Eastern Redbud is a classic white flowering Cercis which was selected by the late great Dr. JC McDaniel of the University of Illinois. He chose it for the large, plentiful pea-shaped flowers produced abundantly in April. Since the parent tree was found in Bluffs, Illinois, the cold tolerance is excellent. 'Royal White' is vigorous and faster growing than other white forms, and we're glad to be able to keep this tried-and-true selection in circulation.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Ruby Falls' Redbud is a weeping form of 'Forest Pansy', long awaited by avid plantsmen and brought to us by Dr. Dennis Werner of NCSU. The velvety purple foliage is displayed on graceful weeping branches, making a spectacular show in spring and early summer before it ages to greenish bronze. Its rosy purple flowers emerge before the leaves unfold. The name was chosen by 5 year old Porter Neubauer of Tennessee, undoubtedly a great future nurseryman.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The Rising Sun™ ('JN2') Redbud is one of the most stunning plants we have ever seen, with foliage that starts as peachy apricot, maturing through chartreuse-yellow to a final deep green. Since all three color phases are present at the same time in late spring and summer, the effect is spectacular. The blooms are the classic Redbud lavender in April and May.  It was found and introduced by Ray Jackson of Belvidere, Tennessee.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5

    ‘Vanilla Twist’ Eastern Redbud is a cross between C. ‘Royal White’ and C. ‘Covey’, resulting in a weeping, white flowered Cercis. ‘Vanilla Twist’ combines the cold hardiness of one parent with the floriferousness of the other, and is stunning in April and May when covered with the white pea-shaped flowers. This exciting color breakthrough comes from the hard work and dedication of Tim Brotzman of Madison, Ohio (The introducer of C. ‘Covey’).

    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Whitewater' ('NC2007-8')  Redbud combines a more vivid form of variegation with a broadly weeping habit. The pea-shaped flowers in April and May are a deep rose-purple, displayed on the bare branches. They are quickly followed by the heart-shaped leaves which emerge mostly white with green flecks, and mature to mostly green with white flecks. The weeping habit is an exciting addition to the bright variegated foliage.  An unusual cross of 'Silver Cloud' and 'Covey' by Dr. Dennis Werner of NC State.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cercis chinensis 'Don Egolf' has branches that are absolutely covered with pinkish lavender flowers in April, followed by heart-shaped neat glossy foliage. It does not bear seed pods as much as other cultivars. 'Don Egolf' Chinese Redbud is a wonderful plant named after one of the world's greatest plantsmen, Dr. Don Egolf, who is much missed in the plant world.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Pink Pom Poms' Redbud is another beautiful introduction from the work of Dr Dennis Werner of NCSU and Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery.  The double flowered Cercis c. 'Flame' was crossed with Cercis r. Oklahoma, resulting in much bigger, showier double dark pink to purple flowers.  When in  bloom in April and May, 'Pink Pom Poms' is absolutely breath taking, and the huge flower display is not followed by seedpods because the blooms are completely sterile.  The green heart-shaped leaves appear after the blooms, and are glossy and attractive.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The Double Take™ Floweringquince series comes from the work of Dr. Tom Ranney of NCSU's Mountain Research Station in Ashville, N.C. 'Orange Storm' has very large bright orange double flowers on compact thornless plants. The blooms appear in April for an extended period, with some sporadic reblooming in summer.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Dragon's Blood' Floweringquince is a compact thornlessshrub with amazing flower power.  The double blood red flowers are produced in great quantity all along last year's branches in April and May, persisting for a long time since they are primarily sterile.  Chaenomeles 'Dragon's Blood' is not a particularly new cultivar but is very hard to find for some reason.  Dr. Tom Ranney used it with great results as one parent in the crosses that produced his spectacular Double Take™ Series of Floweringquinces.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Northern Sea Oats has showy oat-like seedheads in August over green foliage. Great for dried grass arrangements. Birds and woodland animals love the seeds especially in winter. It seeds itself readily along forest edges.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Our native Turtlehead is a wonderful plant for wet sites and rain gardens. In late summer Chelone glabra produces tall spikes of white flowers which are thought to look like the heads of turtles (use your imagination). The green foliage is clean and disease-resistant. Butterflies love its flowers, especially the Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Hot Lips' Turtlehead has clear pink flowers in July, shiny green foliage, and is wet site tolerant. It spreads slowly to make a large patch eventually, so it can be used as a tall groundcover. This is a wonderful introduction selected by Native Plant guru Dale Hendricks, which he named after a co-worker as a nickname.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Tiny Toruga' ('Armtipp02') Turtlehead is a compact descendant of 'Hot Lips', with the same deep pink flowers which resemble Snapdragon buds.  The leaves emerge in the spring in shades of bronze and turn to deep green as the flowers emerge in July and August.  Chelone 'Tiny Tortuga' colonizes slowly and loves moist to wet areas.  If you studied Spanish in school, you'll recognize 'Tortuga' as 'Turtle', and get the name pun.

    PRN Preferred:  All the great attributes of "Hot Lips" but a more compact form.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Chionanthus retusus 'Tokyo Tower' becomes covered with white panicles in May and June. This Chinese Fringetree is a shiny leaved fastigiate form, with beautiful tan and gold exfoliating bark. Harald Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee brought it back from Japan, under the original name of 'Ivory Tower'.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    White Fringetree has intensely fragrant, fluffy white panicle flowers in May, followed by bird attracting bluish purple fruit if plant is female (dioecious). Although fruit only appears on the female plants, the flowers on the male plants are showier due to their longer petals.  Fall color ranges from a yellowish green to to a bright golden yellow.  Chionanthus virginicus is also wet site tolerant.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Hillside Sheffield Pink' Hardy Mum has shell pink flowers for a long time in late summer and early fall. This tough perennial has been re-introduced by Fred McGourty of Hillside Gardens. The clumps will get bigger every year and works as an effective groundcover and weed suppressor.

    PRN Preferred:  Tons of blooms on a very late blooming perennial. 

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Superstar' Golden Star makes a lovely delicate green carpet in shady and sunny locations. The slightly fuzzy green foliage is studded with lots of bright yellow simple flowers in mid to late spring, with some reblooming when moisture is adequate. Originally named after the American Rock Garden Society's Norman Singer, this native groundcover is both deer resistant and very easy to grow. 'Superstar' was renamed to reflect the fact that the foliage is significantly cleaner and more vigorous, remaining attractive long after the vivid flower display finishes. James Brown, the Carex King of New Moon Nursery, says it's his favorite Chrysogonum.

    Height: 5 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Duchess of Edinburgh' Clematis is a very showy vine, with quantities of double white flowers in May and June. Blooms are large and long lasting.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The rich pink ruffled flowers of Clematis 'Hagley Hybrid' bloom from June to July. The blooms are large and very showy.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Clematis 'Henryi' has large white flowers with brown anthers. Blooms June to August. Our Production Manager, Daryl Kobesky loves this Clematis for the brilliant whiteness of its flower.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The large velvet purple flowers of Clematis 'Jackmanii Superba' bloom in June to September and will rebloom dependably. The classic large purple Clematis.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Clematis 'Multi-Blue' has large dark blue to purple flowers which are double, made even showier by the frilly white tipped stamenoids. Blooms for an extended time starting in June and the flowers persist longer because they're double and therefore sterile.

    PRN Preferred:  Large long blooming flowers.  Once the petals fall the anthers remain for added interest.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The bicolor pink flowers of Clematis 'Nelly Moser' have a darker pink stripe on each petal. Blooms May to June and again in September. Blooms are large and striking.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Clematis 'Rhapsody' has large sapphire blue flowers set off by yellow anthers. Blooms July to August. We have been very impressed with the flower color and length of bloom time.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The deep blue bell-like flowers of Clematis 'Rooguchi' have lighter, upward-curving interiors. A scrambler, not a climber (needs to be fastened to support). Blooms June to September, and one of our favorite vines.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Sapphire Indigo™ Clematis ('Cleminov 51') is a short non-clinging vine with gorgeous purple-blue flowers in June and July.  It can be used as a loose open groundcover, but it works even better if allowed to twine up through small shrubs and sturdy perennials.  The 4" blooms open as an open-faced purple and mature to a beautiful sapphire blue.  Hybridized by INRA in France and introduced into the US by Conard Pyle Nurseries.

    PRN Preferred:  A long blooming sprawler, excellent when used in mixed borders.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Clematis 'The President' has large deep purple flowers. Blooms from June to September. A dependable rebloomer, and a striking vine to run up through shrubs and small trees.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The white fragrant flowers of Sweet Autumn Clematis are prolific. This Clematis grows very rapidly to a large size. Blooms September and October, with small star-like white flowers.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Duchess of Albany' Scarlet Clematis has clear pink bell shaped flower which have a deep rose bar in the centers of petals for a lovely bi-colored effect. Blooms prolifically starting in July through September. Shows more heat tolerance than many Clematis.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6
    The sky-blue bell-like flowers of 'Betty Corning' Italian Clematis bloom July to September. The habit is vigorous and it covers a trellis rapidly. All C. viticellas are highly resistant to Clematis wilt.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Madame Julia Correvon' Italian Clematis blooms for a prolonged period from late June to September, producing a large quantity of 3" bright reddish wine flowers with yellow stamens. The viticella Clematis types flower on new growth, so they do well with a hard pruning in late winter to early spring. As a self-clinging vine, 'Madame Julia Correvon' does very well growing up trellises or winding up small trees or through large shrubs. The roots are happiest in cool shade and the tops prefer full sun.

    Height: 12 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Clematis x durandii has deep blue flowers of 4 petals with creamy, showy anthers, on a non-clinging, scrambling vine. Blooms July and August. Unusual and very striking.
    Height: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Tom's Compact' Summersweet is the most compact we have seen of the Summersweets. This fragrant white flowered beauty was found and introduced by a great nurseryman of our area, Tom Dilatush. We've been waiting a long time to get our hands on Clethra alnifolia 'Compacta' and to top it off, it is wet site and salt tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  Compact dense habit, never needs pruning.  Loved by pollinators.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Ruby Spice' Summersweet has very fragrant dark pink flowers in June and July. It is both wet site and salt tolerant. Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice' was found by Andy Brand of Broken Arrow Nursery in Connecticut.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Sixteen Candles' Summersweet has very fragrant white flowers in June and July. It is both wet site and salt tolerant. Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' was introduced by Dr. Michael Dirr and has an improved upright growth habit and is compact in size.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Sweetfern is a small but widely suckering shrub that energetically colonizes dry, acidic, sterile areas. Foliage is green and fragrant (it's in the Bayberry family), with a fern-like texture. The semi-evergreen leaves turn bronzy green in the winter.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 2
    Lily of the Valley has white extremely fragrant bell-like flowers in May. Convallaria is a good groundcover for tough shady sites. Some orange fruit may appear in fall.
    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 2
    The semi-double yellow flowers of 'Early Sunrise' Tickseed have orange centers. It blooms for an extended period in June and July. Deadheading prolongs the flower display.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Full Moon' Threadleaf Tickseed is an improvement on C. 'Moonbeam' with canary yellow flowers and the same reblooming qualities. An introduction from Darrell Probst, of well-earned Epimedium fame.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Moonbeam' Threadleaf Tickseed has pale yellow flowers and is an excellent repeat bloomer. For best performance, deadhead after first flush of blooms. 1992 Perennial Plant of the Year.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Zagreb' Threadleaf Tickseed has gold flowers, an upright habit, and forms a large vigorous mat eventually. Blooms June to August, especially if deadheaded.

    PRN Preferred:  Very disease resistant foliage, does not flop.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    ‘Mercury Rising’ Tickseed is another exciting result of hybridizer Darrell Probst’s work, with wine red daisy like flowers on a cold-hardy plant. A cross between C. grandiflora and C. verticillata, ‘Mercury Rising’ blooms throughout the summer on a broad mounding habit. The yellow centers are particularly striking in the surrounding velvety petals. Deadheading after the first flush of flowers makes the rebloom showier.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Baton Rouge™ ('Minbat') Tatarian Dogwood is particularly attractive in winter, when the young twigs become a showy scarlet.  The clean green leaves in summer turn to an attractive dark red in the fall.  The creamy flat-topped flower clumps appear in May and June, and are followed by interesting white berries in late summer.  Baton Rouge™ Dogwood forms a large clump eventually because of its suckering habit.  Prune back last year's twigs each winter, as the new growth is the most colorful.  A sport of C. 'Elegantissima', Baton Rouge™ comes from Minier Nursery in France, by the way of Bailey's First Editions™ program.

    PRN Preferred:  Very dark red stems that color up early in fall.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Ivory Halo™ ('Bailhalo') Tatarian Dogwood has brightly variegated leaves that emerge in spring with green centers surrounded by large ivory white margins. The flat topped creamy flowers in May and June are followed by white summer fruit. The fall color is pink and reddish purple, and the winter stem color is dark red and showy. Prune out older canes in the spring to maintain the winter stem show.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Appalachian Spring' Flowering Dogwood has white flowers in April and May and good red fall foliage. 'Appalachian Spring' is resistant to Dogwood Anthracnose! Introduced by the University of Tennessee. Blooms heavily at a young age, but is a slow starter as a young tree.  The parent plant was found in the wild in Maryland, where all the surrounding C. floridas were dead of Anthracnose.

    PRN Preferred:  A more disease resistant native Dogwood cultivar.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cherokee Brave™ ('Comco No. 1') Flowering Dogwood blooms in mid to late spring, producing dark pink bracts with white centers.  The leaves emerge in shades of burgundy in early spring and mature to green in summer.  The fall color is attractive shades of maroon and red, accented by the bright red fall fruit, much prized by wildlife.  Cornus florida Cherokee Brave™ shows good resistance to mildew, which is one of the reasons why Commercial Nurseries of Tennessee selected it.  Cornus florida fruit is an important food source for migrating birds.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Cherokee Chief' Flowering Dogwood has ruby red flowers and reddish new growth in April and May. Cornus florida 'Cherokee Chief' has good resistance to Dogwood Anthracnose. Introduced by Hawkersmith Nursery in Tennessee.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Cherokee Princess' Flowering Dogwood is a vigorous disease resistant selection which has large white flowers followed by bright red bird-attracting fruit. The fall color is a good red, and plantsman Don Shadow says that it is his favorite classic white Dogwood because of its beauty and ease of growth. Introduced by J C Higden of Kentucky.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Greensleeves' Kousa Dogwood has dark green leaves with prominent veins, and is a heavy flowering rapid grower, with excellent red fall color. 'Greensleeves' is a selection by Polly Wakefield of Milton, Mass. A very heavy fruiting Dogwood, and wildlife love the fruit, as do our Labrador Retrievers.

    PRN Preferred:  A very heavy bloomer with excellent fall color and fruit.  Our Production Manager, Daryl Kobesky's favorite Kousa Dogwood.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Pam's Mountain Bouquet' Kousa Dogwood has unusual fused bracts, making the white flower display very showy in May and June.  The habit of this resilient small ornamental tree is spreading, with attractive exfoliating bark.  The clean green summer foliage turns attractive shades of orange and red in fall.  'Pam's Mountain Bouquet' is one of 3 new introductions selected from from hundreds of seedlings by Philip Wadl, Robert Trigiano, Mark Windham and Richard Evans.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Radiant Rose® ('Hanros') kousa Dogwood is ver y similar to 'Miss Satomi', with large bracts of a deeper pink, and somewhat greater cold tolerance.  The lustrous foliage emerges in shades of light bronze, and rapidly matures to large green leaves with a "seersucker" texture.  The pink bracts start appearing in June and deepen in color into July.  They are followed by round red fruit which birds and mammals love, and then comes the scarlet red fall color.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cornus kousa Samaritan® ('Samzam') is a wonderful introduction by Lake County Nursery of Ohio as one of their Biblical Series. Samaritan® has creamy white margins on the green leaves. Flowers in June are white bracts, but the striking variegated foliage is the eye catcher, especially when it turns pink, burgundy and red in the fall. The "Zam" refers to Jim Zampini.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Scarlet Fire® ('Rutpink') Kousa Dogwood is a lovely new introduction from Dr Tom Molnar's work at Rutgers University. The bracts, appearing in June, are a dark strong pink which hold up well in our hot summer weather and often are showy for up to 8 weeks. Cornus kousa Scarlet Fire® is a juvenile bloomer and vigorous grower, with clean disease resistant foliage. The classic red hanging fruit follows the flowers and the fall foliage color is also shades of red. This is the most pink, heaviest flowering Kousa Dogwood we know.

    PRN Preferred:  Plentiful dark pink flowers, heavy bloomer at an early age.  The best pink we have seen.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Snow Tower' Korean Dogwood is an upright form of Cornus kousa, which makes it ideal for a tight space.  The large white flowers (bracts) emerge in late May and June, a little later than most Korean Dogwoods.  The very showy flower display is followed by round red fruit in late summer which are very attractive to birds and mammals.  'Snow Tower' Dogwood has reddish purple fall color, and would make an excellent small street tree with several seasons of interest.  Found by Gary Handy of Handy Nursery in Oregon.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Wolf Eyes' Kousa Dogwood has white flowers in June and variegated white and green foliage with striking red and pink fall color. It is a Manor View Farms selection. It prefers a shady location.  This is Richard Hesselein's favorite variegated Dogwood.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Kintoki' Japanese Cornel Dogwood has small brilliant yellow flowers in March, interesting multi-colored bark, and vivid red fruit in fall. It blooms 2 weeks earlier than Cornus mas and was selected in Japan as an excellent cut flower plant. 'Kintoki' was introduced into the US by Barry Yinger through Brookside Gardens.

    PRN Preferred:  Very showy early yellow blooms, exfoliating bark and brilliant fall color and bright red fruit, a true multi-season plant.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cornus sanguinea Proven Winners® Color Choice® Arctic Sun™ ('Cato') is a variety of Bloodtwig Dogwood that has great winter interest because twigs are bright yellow at base flushing to blood red. Leaves are a good bright yellow in fall. From Andre van Nijnatten, who also brought us 'Winter Flame'.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Winter Flame' Bloodtwig Dogwood, also known as 'Winter Beauty', has yellow fall color which is followed by amazing winter twig color, yellow at base of plant flushing to reddish orange at outer edges. Looks like it is lit by fire all winter. Cut back old wood every year for best effect. From Andre van Nijnatten of the Netherlands.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cornus sericea 'Baileyi' has white flowers followed by bluish fruit. Excellent red fall foliage defoliates to expose reddish purple twigs for winter interest. 'Bailey' Redosier Dogwood is a Bailey Nurseries introduction. It is relatively salt tolerant. Cut the old wood back frequently to maintain the best winter color.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 2

    The light green disease-resistant summer foliage of 'Cardinal' Redosier Dogwood is followed by vivid, cherry red stems in winter. Developed by Dr. Pellet and the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, so you know it's tough. Most effective if the old wood is cut back yearly. It is relatively salt tolerant.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Celestial Shadow' ('Michael Steinhardt') Hybrid Dogwood is a mutation of C. Celestial™ with beautiful yellow and green variegation found, by the ever observant Don Shadow. He has named it after his good friend Michael Steinhardt from NY. The fall color is a spectacular combination of orange and red. Flowers are white and occur during May and June.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Celestial™ ('Rutdan') Hybrid Dogwood has profuse white flowers in May and is sterile. The reddish purple fall foliage and great disease resistance make it one of Dr. Elwin Orton's best introductions.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Buttercup Winterhazel has delicate lemon yellow panicles in March and April. The habit of Corylopsis pauciflora is broad but delicate, with small, neat leaves.

    PRN Preferred:  A smaller neater habit.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Spike Winterhazel has long yellow, very fragrant panicles in March and April. Corylopsis spicata makes a wonderful cut flower branch to bring inside in the late winter.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Veitch Winterhazel is a showy, fragrant addition to the winter garden with primrose yellow, 2" pendant flowers set off by reddish anthers. Corylopsis veitchiana blooms in March on bare branches and then produces foliage that starts out bronzy and turns to green, with glabrous undersides.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Black Velvet' Smokebush produces extremely dark purple leaves in late spring which serve as a perfect setting for the pink smoke-like flowers in June. Cotinus 'Black Velvet' retains its deep foliage color better in the summer heat than most purple Smokebushes. Selected by S. Campbell of Sebastopol, California.

    PRN Preferred:  The deepest purple foliage we’ve seen for a Cotinus, more heat resistant color.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Old Fashioned' Smokebush is a bluish green large leaf form of Cotinus, with new growth emerging in shades of dark pink and purple. The fall color is a combination of pink, orange and red. Fluffy 'smoky' panicles appear in May and June, and are a pale greenish pink. Cotinus 'Old Fashioned' was selected in Holland from many seedlings by nurseryman Henny Kolster.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Royal Purple' Smokebush has pink smoke-like flowers in June and July which are highlighted by brilliant purple leaves, which turn a reddish purple in fall.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    American Smoketree bluish to dark green leaves and unique greenish smoke-like flowers in July.  The fall color is spectacular, with shades of yellow, red and purple hues.  The bark is also a beautiful gray and mature trunks become scaly for additional winter interst.  Cotinus obovatus makes a very large shrub or an attractive small tree.

    PRN Preferred:  As noted by Dr. Dirr "may be the best of the all American shrub/trees for intensity of (fall) color." and we agree.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Grace' Smoketree has pink flowers in June and July with bronze new foliage which turns to purple. Cotinus x 'Grace' has luminous reddish purple fall foliage. From Peter Dummer, formerly at Hillier Nurseries in England.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Winter King' Green Hawthorn has white flowers in late spring, brilliant orange fruit well into the winter, and silver bark. Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' is one of our favorite multi-season small trees. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4
    The bright red flowers of 'Lucifer' Montbretia appear on long arching stems in July. Blooms for an extended time above broad, Iris-like foliage. Excellent cut flower and a hummingbird magnet. Crocosmia 'Lucifer' is a plant that needs good drainage.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Alabama Croton is a very rare semi-evergreen native from the South, which has proved to be surprisingly hardy in zone 6. The light green leathery leaves have striking silver undersides in the summer, and the more mature foliage turns a lovely orange color in the fall. Croton alabamense prefers moist locations in semi-shade, and since it is a member of the Euphorb family, it is consistently deer resistant. The habit is loose and somewhat sprawling, so mix it in with other shrubs. Our first plant came from the generous hands of Rick Lewandowski, followed by a collection of plants from Fred Spicer of the Birmingham Botanic Gardens.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The blackish green evergreen foliage of 'Black Dragon' Japanese Cedar has an interesting irregular texture on an upright plant. Cryptomeria japonica 'Black Dragon' is much slower and smaller than C. 'Yoshino', so excellent for smaller spaces. It is also salt tolerant.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Dwarf Globe Japanese Cedar is a dense rounded evergreen which adds a lot of color to the year-round landscape. The tight needles are a vivid bright green in the summer. In the fall and winter, they turn bluish purple with shades of rust. Since it is both pest resistant and compact, 'Globosa Nana' works well as a foundation evergreen, especially where deer are a problem. Pruning will probably never be needed to keep its neat habit.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Radicans' Japanese Cedar is very similar to Cryptomeria 'Yoshino' in texture, habit and hardiness, but its habit is tighter and darker green, with more resistance to winter leader problems. A very useful and rewarding conifer, one that Doug Webber of Blue Sterling and John Stella both prefer to 'Yoshino'. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Yoshino' Japanese Cedar has dark green foliage and an upright habit. It is surprisingly shade and salt tolerant. It makes a large hedge very rapidly.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cooper Hardy Ice Plant has magenta flowers over silvery evergreen succulent foliage. Delosperma cooperi needs full sun and a dry site. We are impresses with its cold hardiness in our display beds, and it blooms throughout the summer starting in late June into fall.

    Height: 4 Inches
    Spread: 8 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Fire Spinner™ Ice Plant has truly amazing flowers, with multiple flat petals that start orange at the outer edges and end up magenta at the base.  Starting in early June, Fire Spinner™ blooms for a month on every sunny day over the attractive fleshy green succulent foliage.  Found at high altitudes in southern South Africa, Delosperma dyeri Fire Spinner™ was brought to the US by Panayoti Kelaidis of the Denver Botanic Garden.  Rock gardens and green roofs are great places to use this eye opener.

    Height: 2 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5
    Hay-scented Fern has lacy green foliage that will take somewhat dry, relatively sunny sites. Dennstaedtia punctilobula is a deciduous spreader that can handle poor soils well. When the fronds are brushed against, they release the smell of fresh cut hay.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Goldtau' Tufted Hairgrass is a compact form of this lovely cool season native grass.  The name 'Godtau' means 'Golden Dew', which refers to the airy quality of the yellow inflorescences appearing in July to September.  The dark green blades are semi-evergreen and happy in shady locations.   Deschampsia 'Goldtau' is beautiful in mass plantings or mixed with ferns and other woodland perennials.  The fall color of the seedheads is bronze.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Nikko' Slender Deutzia has delicate white flowers in April and May. The low growing neat green leaves turn purple in fall. Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko' makes an excellent flowering groundcover for sun and shade. A wonderful National Arboretum introduction.

    PRN Preferred:  A three season groundcover shrub, a real garden workhorse.  Continues to perform year after year.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Yuki Cherry Blossom® (‘NCDX2’) Slender Deutzia is a color breakthrough by Dr. Tom Ranney of NCSU. Normally a white flowered groundcover shrub, Yuki Cherry Blossom® is covered with delicate soft pink flowers in April and May. The small green leaves are borne on graceful arching branches which root where they touch the ground, making Deutzia x Yuki Cherry Blossom® an excellent low maintenance groundcover. The fall color is bronzy purple, which adds another season of beauty.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Yuki Snowflake® ('NCDX1') Deutzia blooms heavily in April and May, covering this low mounding shrub with a multitude of bell-like white flowers.  The delicate green leaves are held on arching branches which root when touching the soil making Deutzia x Yuki Snowflake® an attractive shade tolerant groundcover.  The foliage turns shades of burgundy in fall and is most colorful when grown in full sud.  A lovely hybrid from the work of Dr Tom Ranney of NC State.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Nikko Blush' Slender Deutzia is a cross made by the US National Arboretum between Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko' and Deutzia x rosea 'Carminea'. The result is a plant long sought by plant lovers, with bright pink buds opening in April and May to abundant soft pink flowers on arching low growing branches. Like 'Nikko', 'Nikko Blush' makes an excellent groundcover, and would be particularly attractive growing down a wall. The fall color is shades of burgundy.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Firewitch' ('Feuerhexe') Cheddar Pinks has shocking pink fragrant flowers, low growing blue foliage, and is an excellent repeat bloomer. The fragrance is wonderful, like so many of the Carnation family. 2006 Perennial Plant of the Year.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 8 Inches
    Zone: 5

    The pink and white flowers of Bleeding Heart have a long bloom period in late spring. Foliage fades away by late summer. This is the classic Bleeding Heart we all remember from our childhoods.  New name is Lamprocapnos spectabilis.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    White Bleeding Heart has white flowers for a long bloom period in late spring. The large pendant flowering stems light up shade gardens beautifully. Foliage fades away by late summer.  New name is Lamprocapnos spectabilis 'Alba'.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'King of Hearts' Fringed Bleeding Heart has red flowers in May over attractive bluish green foliage. It blooms for a long period, and has a neat compact habit. Prefers a well-drained site.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    This selection of Gas Plant produces striking terminal spikes of white to pale pink flowers in late spring or early summer.  The delicate flowers look like floating butterflies, and are fragrant.  The green pinnate foliage is highly disease and pest resistant, probably because of the volatile oils which earn this perennial its common name.  Dictamnus albus 'Albiflorus' is a great addition to the back of the perennial beds, but pick your site carefully because it does not transplant well. and it is very long lived if planted in a well drained location.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Copper' Bush Honeysuckle has sulfur yellow flowers in July, over copper colored new foliage. The fall color is shades of bronze, orange and red.  Diervilla lonicera 'Copper' is a very tough, maintenance-free plant, and tolerates dry shade well. Insects love the flowers.

    PRN Preferred:  A true multi-seasonal plant plus it is native and deer resistant.  That's impressive.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Troja Black' Georgia Bush-honeysuckle lights up the garden in both spring and summer.  The new foliage emerges in shades of burgundy and bronze maturing to a dark green in summer.  The trumpet-like deep yellow flowers appear in June and July on the tips of the new growth.  Diervilla 'Troja Black' attracts hummingbirds, butterflies and moths to its nectar supply.  Fall color is a strong red.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Butterfly' Southern Bush-honeysuckle has delicate bright yellow flowers June to July over green, disease-free foliage. The fall color of Diervilla sessifolia 'Butterfly' is shades of purple. It does well in dry, shady sites. A selection from Pieter Zwijnenburg of Holland.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Firefly™ Nightglow™ ('El Madrigal') Bush-honeysuckle comes from the Blomin' Easy® line of introductions, and is an exciting foliage color break.  The leaves are a dark reddish purple, making a striking setting for the sulfur yellow flowers in June and July.  The leaf color becomes more intensely red in fall before dropping.  The blooms are real pollinator attractants, so this is a good native shrub to light up the garden.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Kodiak® Orange Bush-honeysuckle puts out vivid orange new growth in he spring and summer.  Mature leaves are green, and are topped with bright sulfer yellow flowers throughout the summer, attracting butterflies, pollinators and hummingbirds.  Diervilla is a wonderful native for its compact neat habit and its showy orange red fall color.  Kodiak® Orange is also very versitile, as it does well in sun and shade, average and dry soils, and areas with deer pressure.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Brilliance™ Autumn Fern was selected for its striking new fronds which emerge throughout the spring and summer in shades of salmon, copper and orange.  The semi-evergreen fronds then mature to glossy medium green, adding a bright note to woodland settings.  Since Autumn Ferns spread slowly by rhizomes, they make a good groundcover in shady sites.  Consistent moisture is needed to promote new frond production.

    PRN Preferred:  Bronze new growth all spring and summer.  Looks good throughout most of the winter.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5
    Robust Male Fern has dark green foliage, and does well in deep shade, as well as in sun. Dryopteris filix-mas is a deciduous clump. Highly adaptable because it is relatively sun tolerant.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3
    Evergreen Wood Fern has dark green, leathery foliage and tolerates relatively dry sites. Dryopteris marginalis is an evergreen clump that performs well on forest edges.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 2

    Dixie Wood Fern has shiny green foliage which is large and dramatic. It is a vigorous cross between the Log Fern and the Southern Wood Fern. A large, semi-evergreen clump.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Magnus' Purple Coneflower has pink flowers in June and July. The dried seeds feed Goldfinches in the fall. From the Jelitto Seed Company. 1998 Perennial Plant of the Year.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Pow WowWhite’ Coneflower is a compact, heavily flowering selection with flat white petals surrounding the round orange cones. Since the ‘PowWow’ series does not require vernalization, ‘PowWow White’ and ‘PowWow Wildberry’ start blooming early in summer and keep going well into August. The compact habit and sturdy stems makes this Coneflower an excellent choice for the front of perennial beds and rock gardens. Insects and song birds use Echinacea significantly as a food source.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    ‘PowWow Wildberry’ Coneflower blooms for a very long period starting in June and continuing into August. The vivid rose pink flowers have flat petals surrounding the orange cone and are held up on thick sturdy stems. The ‘PowWow’ series of Echinaceas are from seed, but their compact habit and clear colors are consistent, unlike many seed strains. Introduced by PanAm seeds, and reliably hardy in sunny dry sites in the Northeast.

    PRN Preferred:  Compact habit, overwinters very well.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Rocky Top' Tennessee Coneflower is a nursery-grown selection of the rare native which is on the Endangered Species list for wild plants.  Echinacea 'Rocky Top' was selected from a seed grown population because of its greater vigor and larger pink coneflowers.  The blooms appear above the long narrow leaves in June and July.  It grows best in sunny, well-drained sites.  This rare Southeastern native is a good source of food for both Goldfinches (seed) and butterflies (nectar).

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Leilani' Coneflower starts blooming in July, and produces tall bright yellow non-fading flowers with many horizontal petals surrounding the orange prickly cones.  The flowers appear in great numbers for a long time throughout the summer.  The seedheads in the fall are an important food source for songbirds, and butterflies flock to the fragrant blooms in summer.  Echinacea 'Leilani' is an excellent addition to the back of a perennial border, and is great as a cut flower because of its long sturdy stems.

    PRN Preferred:  Dark yellow flowers, overwinters very well. We have trialed this plant successfully for numerous years and have been very impressed.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Paper Bush has amazingly fragrant clumps of little yellow tubular flowers (it's in the Daphne family!) on the tips of branches from January to March. Long tropical-looking deciduous green leaves, must be in a very protected site (and keep mulch away from the base of the plant) but the winter fragrance of Edgeworthia chrysantha flowers on a warm day makes it worth it.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The beautiful violet flowers of 'Lilafee' Barrenwort are large in size, over neat, delicate foliage in April. Epimediums thrive in dry shade and 'Lilafee' is semi-evergreen. An interesting fact about Epimediums is that they are in the Barberry family (hence deer resistant).

    PRN Preferred:  Heavy bloomer, flower color stands out in spring gardens.

    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Purple Pixie' Barrenwort was found by Dr Richard Lighty in his own garden, as a surprising sport of Epimedium grandiflorum 'Alba'.  The delicate flowers are a deep violet purple with extended white spurs, and they hover over the fine green foliage in April.  'Purple Pixie' makes an excellent semi-evergreen clump in shady dry locations, and the refined, heart-shaped leaves emerge in the spring in shades of burgundy and purple.  'Purple Pixie' performed very well in the Chicago Botanic Garden's Epimedium trials.

    PRN Preferred:  Showy spring foliage topped by purple flowers, received very high ratings in the Chicago Botanic Garden's trials.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Epimedium grandiflorum 'Rose Queen' has rosy pink flowers of large size in April, making it a very showy Barrenwort. It thrives in dry shade and is semi-evergreen. The flowers look like miniature Columbines hovering above the leaves.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Domino' Barrenwort comes from the prolific hybridizing work of Darrell Probost, the 'Epimedium King'.  Epimedium x 'Domino' is a very heavy bloomer in April and May, producing a multitude of airy flowers displayed on burgundy stems.  The blooms have long white spurs which end in rose purple cupped centers.  The spikes emerge from toothed evergreen leaves which are mottled with large burgundy spots.  This is one of Tony Avent's favorite 'Fairy Wings' because of its heavy reliable flower production.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Pink Champagne' Barrenwort blooms heavily in April, producing many long graceful panicles covered with delicate hovering blooms.  The spurs are long and white, surrounding deep pink cups.  The molted evergreen foliage continues the show after the bloom period with dark purple splotches decorating the fine green leaves.  Another striking contribution from the prolific breeding work of Darrell Probost.  Like all Epimediums, this makes an excellent long lived groundcover for dry shade.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Pink Elf' Barrenwort blooms in April, with lots of delicate pink flowers hovering over the fine evergreen foliage.  The spurs are pale pink and the cups are a darker bronzy pink.  The leaves are heart shaped, and new growth in the spring starts out with attractive pinkish flecks.  This interspecies hybrid comes from Robin White and makes an excellent compact groundcover for shady areas.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Frohnleiten' Barrenwort has butter yellow flowers with good strong color in April and May. It does well in dry shade and is semi-evergreen. The new leaves have red veining in spring, which shows up again in the fall.

    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3
    Red Barrenwort has red flowers in April over red-tinged green leaves. It is a vigorous shade groundcover and semi-evergreen. The flowers are relatively large for a Barrenwort.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Galadriel' Barrenwort provides showy red blooms with white spurs and centers in April.  The flowers hover over the emerging red tinged leaves.  Epimediums make excellent slowy spreading groundcovers for shady areas, and Epimediums x 'Galadriel' also adds an attractive fall element with bronzy semi-evergreen leaves.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3
    The white flowers of Young's White Barrenwort appear over small delicate foliage in May. Newly emerging leaves are purple, turning to green as they mature. It is semi-evergreen and slow growing.
    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Purple Lovegrass is a short warm season grass which is best planted in mass.  The effect is stunning when Eragrostis spectabilis comes into bloom in August and September.  The airy panicles are bright shades of reddish purple, making a showy carpet over sandy, dry and infertile soils.  In the fall the foliage takes on shades of reddish bronze.  This tough native provides good erosion control.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 5

    ‘Big Blue’ Sea Holly is an amazingly different color addition to the well-drained garden. It has silvery green thistle-like foliage which is topped by glowing blue stems and flowers. The blooms in June look like tiny blue artichokes, and are held well above the leaves. Thriving in dry sandy sites, Eryngium ‘Big Blue’ is also deer resistant.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Blue Hobbit' Sea Holly produces silvery blue spiky globe flowers on short stems in summer. The blooms are a very unusual shape and color, emerging from a low mound of green basal foliage. All the Eryngiums must have excellent drainage and do best in dry sites. 'Blue Hobbit' is much more compact than other Eryngiums, so it would work well in rock gardens. Butterflies love the odd flowers, and happily, deer do not.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Rattlesnake Master is an interesting oddity for unusual perennials borders, with grayish green spiny leaves from which spring its very tall flower spikes in July and August. The blooms are a pale silvery blue and look somewhat like round thistles. Tolerant of both dry and moist conditions, this dramatic looking native got its name from the formerly held theory that its sap cured rattle snake bites. As Dr. Alan Armitage says so succinctly, "Fat chance". Butterflies love it.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Phantom' Joe Pye Weed was hybridized by Herbert Oudshoorn of Holland to produce a compact but heavily flowering Eupatorium.  The flower clumps emerge wine red in July, and mature to a strong pink.  The shorter size produces stronger stems supporting the showy compound flowers, which are an attractive addition to a cut flower arrangement.  This tough native is a great butterfly attractant in mid to late summer, and it also is deer resistant. (New genus name is Entrochium)

    PRN Preferred:  All the great attributes of a Joe Pye Weed but a more compact form.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Mrs. Robb's Bonnet' Wood Spurge has yellow flower bracts in May and green evergreen foliage. Great for dry sites. The Scott Arboretum of Swarthmore College uses this extensively in dry shade.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    American Beech is one of our most stately native trees, and also one of the most problematic ones to transplant B&B. As a result, we are growing it in containers so everyone can have a chance to marvel at its beauty in their own landscape. The bark is beautiful all year, maintaining its silver-gray color throughout its lifespan. The summer leaves are a large and glossy dark green, often turning an attractive golden bronze in the fall. The juvenile beeches usually retain their foliage throughout the winter, turning to a soft whitish-tan after the fall. When Fagus grandifolia is mature enough to bear fertile nuts, it is a very important food source for birds and mammals.

    Height: 60 Feet
    Spread: 40 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Narrow green leaves emerge from tan culms in late spring, adding to previous season's foliage.  Vase-shaped, clumping, deer resistant and semi-evergreen.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Beyond Blue™ Blue Fescue Grass is a lovely dwarf evergreen grass that thrives in partial shade. The needle like blades are icy blue all year, and are topped by numerous feathery blue seedheads in summer. As the inflorescences mature, they take on shades of tan and persist through the fall. Since Festuca Beyond Blue™ is evergreen and very compact, it makes an excellent addition to mixed containers for summer, fall and even winter enjoyment. It also is striking when used in masses in semi-shade areas.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Chicago Hardy' Fig has proven to be reliable as far north as Chicago with some protection, so it is an excellent choice for the Mid-Atlantic area.  It is thought to be originally named 'Bensonhurst Purple', and the fruit is sweet and green with a light brownish-purple blush.  Without any protection it will periodically die to the ground but will come back reliably.  With winter protection, you get fruit production much earlier in the summer.  The foliage is large, dramatic and subtly fragrant.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The bright pink, Astilbe-like flowers of Queen of the Prairie bloom on tall stems in June and July. Filipendula ‘Venusta’ loves wet spots and will colonize a large area slowly.

    Height: 60 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Dwarf Fothergilla has white fragrant bottlebrush flowers in April and May and its fall foliage is yellow, orange and red. It is wet site tolerant, but also does well in dryer woodland sites.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Fothergilla gardenii 'Suzanne' is a compact form of Dwarf Fothergilla from Dr. Michael Dirr, with beautiful white fragrant flowers in April and May, followed by lovely orange-red fall color. Named after his youngest daughter.

    PRN Prefered:  A true dwarf selection, amazing fall color.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Blue Shadow' Fothergilla has honey-scented white bottlebrush flowers in April and May, followed by dusty blue foliage. Fall color is a beautiful combination of yellow, orange and red. A selection by Gary Handy of Handy Nursery in Oregon.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Mount Airy' Fothergilla has fragrant white bottlebush flowers in April and May and boasts yellow, orange and red fall foliage. Selected by Dr. Michael Dirr at the Mount Airy Arboretum.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The Franklin Tree has white Camellia-like flowers in summer with striking red fall foliage. Franklinia alatamaha needs good organic matter and constant moisture in its planting location. Ours are from seed rather than cuttings and our experience is that Franklinias have more vigor and disease resistance when grown from seed.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Sweet Woodruff has fragrant white flowers in spring over delicate, fragrant leaves and stems that release their odor when crushed. Galium odoratum has a slow creeping habit, and benefits from a summer cutback.
    Height: 9 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Creeping Wintergreen is an evergreen groundcover that thrives in wooded, well drained locations. Gaultheria procumbens prefers acidic soils.  The delicate pink and white bells appear on the stems in early to mid summer and are followed by small red fruit in the fall (much loved by small woodland critters). The leaves when crushed have the lovely scent of wintergreen.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Siskiyou Pink' Wandflower has rose-pink delicate flowers that are suspended over the bronzy-green foliage, June through October. This may not be the longest-lived perennial, but the flower output makes it well worth planting. An introduction from Siskiyou Nursery in Washington State. Cut back when planting to rosette for winter survival.  Needs good drainage to overwinter.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Whirling Butterflies' Wandflower has delicate white flowers that hover over the green foliage all summer, from June to October. Cut back when planting to rosette for winter survival.  Needs good drainage to over-winter, and prefers alkaline soils.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    The fragrant yellow trumpet-shaped flowers of 'Margarita' Carolina Jessamine appear in April and May and are more prolific in full sun, although shade tolerant. Foliage is dark glossy green and semi-evergreen. This Gelsemium is a cold hardy selection sent by Tom Dodd, Jr. of Alabama to Gene Cline of Georgia, who introduced it to the trade.  It was found by Don Jacobs of Eco Gardens and he named it after his wife.

    PRN Preferred:  Early season fragrant blooms completely cover this vine.  A show-stopper when in bloom, quick to establish.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'True Blue' Gentian has large upward-facing cobalt blue flowers on sturdy stems. It blooms in August and September, and does well in average soils. Gentiana 'True Blue' comes from the hybridizing work of Darrell Probst.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Ingwersen's Variety' Bigroot Cranesbill is a wonderful garden Geranium with pale pink flowers in spring and early summer. Leaves have classic Geranium odor. Found by English plantsman, Walter Ingwersen. More heat and shade tolerant than many species. Can be used as a groundcover.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Spotted Cranesbill has deeply incised green leaves in a mounding habit.  The flowers are produced in quantity from late April into June, in shades varying from pale pink to bright lavender-purple.  As a native species of Geranium, it naturalizes well from seed in moist locations in both sun and shade.  It is particularly effective as a loose woodland groundcover, especially when partnered with early spring bulbs, Ferns and Carex.  This is one of Landscape Architect Larry Weaner's staples for his extensive work with natural meadows and woodlands.

    PRN Preferred:  A "must have" for a woodland garden, spreads moderately by seed.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Espresso' Spotted Cranesbill has lavender-pink flowers over beautiful red-brown foliage that ages to bronze-green by late summer. A North Creek Nurseries introduction, found in Landenberg, PA.

    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 4
    The clear white flowers of White Bloody Cranesbill appear in May and June over semi-evergreen foliage. It has good reddish fall color, and makes an attractive groundcover.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Max Frei' Bloody Cranesbill has pinkish purple flowers in May and June, followed by good reddish fall color. Semi-evergreen, and a good low-growing groundcover.

    PRN Preferred:  Dense foliage makes this a good low groundcover.

    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Rozanne' ('Gerwat') Cranesbill has large blue-purple flowers with pale blue centers. It has a somewhat sprawling habit. This Geranium blooms all summer! A Blooms of Bressingham® selection found in England. 2008 Perennial Plant of the Year.

    PRN Preferred:  Tremendously long bloom period, great choice for scrambling up and throught other plants.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Biokovo' Cambridge Geranium is a charming semi-evergreen groundcover which thrives in well drained sunny locations.  The white blooms are tinged with pink at the base of the petals and are enhanced by red calyces.  The flowers are produced in June and July, and hover gracefully over the low green foliage.  The fall and winter color is also attractive, turning shades of bronze and red.  Geranium 'Biokovo' was a natural hybrid found in the Biokovo Mountains of Croatia, so its cold tolerance is excellent.  2015 Perennial Plant of the Year.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 8 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Hakone Grass has graceful green foliage, like miniature bamboo. Soft, airy seedheads form in late summer. Fall and winter foliage color is tan. The tallest of the Hakonechloas, Andrew Bunting of the Chicago Botanic Garden describes it beautifully as "catching (the) wind and flow(ing) like a rolling wave."

    PRN Preferred:  Vigorous but graceful, an excellent shade groundcover.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The bright yellow spiky foliage of Gold Hakone Grass is more upright than H. 'Aureola'. This grass really lights up shady spots, especially when covered with delicate seedheads. This is Bruce Crawford's favorite Hakonechloa for a number of its attributes. Fall and winter color is tan.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 6
    The striking yellow and green foliage of Golden-Variegated Hakone Grass helps make this and 'All Gold' our absolute favorite shade grass. Tan color in fall and winter is preceded by delicate, feathery seed panicles. A 2009 Perennial Plant of the Year, and a slow-spreading groundcover.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Carolina Silverbell is one of our loveliest native trees, becoming covered with 1" white bells hanging from branches in April and May.  The bark is an added element, varying from gray to brown with darker vertical striations.  The flowers are followed by interesting brown 4 winged fruits which are also pendent, persisting into the winter.  Halesia is a difficult B&B transplant, so we have focused on growing landscape sized plants in containers.  Carolina Silverbell grows particularly well in woodland settings and along stream sides.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Jersey Belle' Carolina Silverbell has very large white bell-shaped flowers that hang thickly under the branches in May. Foliage turns an attractive yellow in fall and the bark adds winter interest with its contrasting striations. Halesia carolina (formerly tetraptera) 'Jersey Belle' was named and introduced by Princeton Nurseries.
    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Grafted Witchhazels have often had a serious problem with the suckering of their understock. Our Hamamelis are all budded or on their own roots, specifically to avoid this maintenance problem. We carry a very large selection of beautiful species and cultivars of this essential winter landscape shrub.

    'February Gold' Chinese Witchhazel has bright yellow flowers, set off by red calyces. The fragrance is excellent, as is its habit of dropping its winter leaves well before it flowers. Credit for its reappearance in the gardening world goes to Paul Meyer of the Morris Arboretum of Philadelphia who had received it from our father, William Flemer III, a long time ago.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Sweet Sunshine' Chinese Witchhazel blooms profusely in February and March, with large lemon yellow fragrant flowers on last year's growth. The base of the flower is red, adding to the subtle appeal. The fall foliage color is yellow. The Chinese Witchhazels are generally the most fragrant of all the Hamamelis species.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Wisley Supreme' Chinese Witchhazel has bright yellow fragrant flowers in late winter and beautiful bluish-green disease-free foliage (cleanest leaves of all Hamamelis). Hamamelis mollis 'Wisley Supreme' came from England, named after Wisley Garden.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Amethyst' Vernal Witchhazel has fragrant lavender-purple flowers appearing in late winter and early spring, followed by coppery new growth. Good orange and yellow fall color. Hamamelis vernalis 'Amethyst' is also salt and wet site tolerant. Great as a cut branch in the house for a spring "pick-me-up". Found by Tim Brotzman of Ohio and named by Don Shadow.

    PRN Preferred:  The purple flowers are a very unusual color for Witchhazels.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Angelly' Witchhazel has light yellow fragrant flowers from February through March. It has a compact habit and yellow-orange fall foliage. From J.H.M. Van Heijningen in the Netherlands, and is considered by Tim Brotsman to be one of the best yellow Hamamelis.

    PRN Preferred:  One of the showiest yellow bloomers, compact habit.

    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Arnold Promise' Witchhazel has yellow fragrant flowers in early spring and yellow fall foliage. From the Arnold Arboretum. Hamamelis x intermedia 'Arnold Promise' has a distinctive upright habit.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Barmstedt Gold' Witchhazel has large golden yellow fragrant flowers in late winter. The fall foliage on Hamamelis x intermedia 'Barmstedt Gold' is yellow. This is considered to be one of the finest yellow Witchhazels available, and we agree.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Birgit' Witchhazel is one of the darkest of the winter and spring flowering cultivars, with dark purple fragrant flowers from January to March. Hamamelis x intermedia 'Birgit' was introduced by Mr. de Belder, and Kalmthout Arboretum of Belgium.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Diane' Witchhazel has orange-red fragrant flowers in late winter and orange and yellow fall foliage. On occasion Hamamelis x intermedia 'Diane' will produce yellow flowers in the fall, just to confuse you.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Jelena' Witchhazel has copper-orange fragrant flowers in late winter and yellow-orange fall foliage.  It was named for Jelena de Belder, and has won numerous awards in Europe.  This is our freind Andrew Bunting's favorite Hamamelis.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Sunburst' Witchhazel has large lemon-yellow fragrant flowers in late winter and early spring and yellow fall foliage. An interesting note from Scott Canning of Wave Hill is that winter leaf retention in Witchhazels is a juvenile characteristic, and all Hamamelis outgrow it after 8 or 10 years.
    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Fuego' Sneezeweed is an attractive compact late summer bloomer from the Mariachi™ series hybridized by Arie Blom of the Netherlands.  'Fuego' is covered with vivid orange to yellow daisy-like flowers set off by interesting brown center cones, from July to September.  The compact plants flower heavily, attracting butterflies and other pollinators to the showy display.  A tough, maintenance-free perennial that is very cold tolerant.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    ‘Siesta’ Sneezeweed is another compact introduction from Arie Blom, with bronze cones surrounded by burnt red petals throughout mid-to-late summer. The flower production is excellent especially for its shorter habit.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Sombrero' Sneezeweed is another lovely compact Helenium from Arie Blom's Mariachi™ series.  Blooming profusely in mid to late summer, 'Sombrero' is topped with bright yellow daisy-like flowers with darker yellow domed centers.  The upright compact habit and prolonged bloom period make Helenium 'Sombrero' an excellent choice for mixed sun containers.  It is also a great pollinator attractant in mixed perennial borders.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'First Light' Swamp Sunflower has a solid mass of bright yellow daisy-like flowers in September, which make an amazing fall show. This selection comes by way of New Zealand via Blooms of Bressingham®. Joe Marano of Marano's Garden Center in Fort Washington, PA first showed us this plant.

    PRN Preferred:  Has a compact habit and blooms very late in the summer.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Ox Eye False Sunflower produces masses of 2” bright yellow daisy-like flowers through a good portion of the summer. This prairie native tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, from moist clay to drier meadows and edges of woods. The flowers provide excellent food for finches following the bloom period. Since Heliopsis seeds itself readily in a variety of soils, it is an excellent plant for naturalizing.

    Height: 60 Inches
    Spread: 40 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Josef Lemper' Christmas Rose has white flowers on strong short stems in early February and March, held above glossy evergreen foliage. From Heuger-Blumen of Germany. Hellebores are dry site tolerant and very long lived.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Frostkiss® Glenda's Gloss® ('RD25') Lenten Rose blooms from January through March producing large white blooms with broad purple margins.  The foliage is also attractive, with silver mottling overlaying the lustrous deep green evergreen leaves.  The flowers are held well above the foliage, and slowly take on shades of green as they age.  These are one of the Frostkiss® series hybridized by Rodney Davey of England.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Frostkiss® Moondance™ ('RD20') Lenten Rose has large white blooms starting in February, displayed over attractive evergreen leaves.  The numerous white flowers have chartreuse centers, and as they age, the blooms turn shades of green.  The foliage is a dark lustrous deep green, with an overlay of silver netting.  Another Rodney Davey introduction of England.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Frostkiss® Pippa's Purple® ('RD9') Lenten Rose is crowned with merlot flowers in February to April.  The large blooms have deep purple speckling and the evergreen foliage is a deep green overlaid with silver mottling.  Another beauty from the work of English Hellebore hybridizer, Rodney Davey.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Frostkiss® Reanna's Ruby™ ('RD32') Lenten Rose starts blooming in February, producing large ruby red flowers accentuated by deep green leaves which have attractive silver netting.  The flowers persist into April, and the foliage is evergreen.  An introduction by Rodney Davey of England.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    ‘New York Night’ Lenten Rose is a Hans Hansen introduction from Walters Gardens Honeymoon™ Series. The 3” single flowers are shades of deep purple, grayish black and blackish purple, surrounding soft yellow stamens. Helleborus ‘New York Night’ is a heavy bloomer with lustrous green evergreen foliage.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Rome in Red’ Lenten Rose comes from Hans Hansen’s Honeymoon™ Series breeding program. The single burgundy red blossoms are very large (3”) and showy for a long period in late winter and early spring. They are displayed prominently over the green evergreen foliage. Like other Lenten Roses, Helleborus ‘Rome in Red’ is a very long lived perennial, making an increasing large clump each year.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Spanish Flare’ Lenten Rose comes from the Honeymoon™ Series of Hellebores. The large yellow flowers appear in late winter and early spring, and are made even more striking by the vivid maroon centers around the nectaries. All Hellebore flowers persist for a very long time, changing to greenish hues as they age. Evergreen and dry site tolerant, Helleborus x ‘Spanish Flare’ is a lovely addition to the shade garden. Hybridized by Hans Hansen.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Ivory Prince' ('Walhelivor') Hellebore produces burgundy-pink buds in March which quickly mature to creamy white open flowers.  The blooms last until May, changing to pink and green tones as they age.  The evergreen leathery leaves have silver veins, but should be removed when flowering is well underway as the new growth looks much more attractive by that time of year.  Helleborus x 'Ivory Prince' is a complex hybrid bred in England.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 15 Inches
    Zone: 6

    The white, pink, rose and burgundy flowers of Royal Heritage™ 'Strain' Lenten Rose bloom in winter, from early March to April. An evergreen perennial from the great plantsman John Elsley, formally of Wayside Gardens. Does well in dry sites.

    PRN Preferred:  Very reliable bloomer with excellent foliage.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 5

    ‘Bushing Bridesmaid’ Lenten Rose is part of the Wedding Party™ Series, bred by Hans Hansen. The blooms resulting from this series are all double. ‘Blushing Bridesmaid’ produces double white flowers veined with fine raspberry stripes and edged with dark raspberry picotees. The blooms are large and displayed above clean evergreen foliage.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Confetti Cake’ Lenten Rose is another Wedding Party™ Series contribution from Hans Hansen and Walters Gardens. The 2 ½” blooms are white with an abundance of burgundy speckles surrounding the center of the double flowers. The evergreen foliage makes for an excellent green setting for the floral display.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Camelot' ('Coseh 940') Gold Collection® Ballard Hellebore is a great winter and spring blooming perennial, producing dusty pink buds which open to cream flowers on short strong stems.  The glossy foliage is evergreen and deep green in color, making an attractive, long lived addition to shade gardens throughout the year.  All the HGC Hellebores come from Heuger breeding program in Germany.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Cinnamon Snow' ('Coseh 700') Gold Collection® Ballard Hellebore blooms from December to March.  The buds start pink and open to shades of cream, rose and cinnamon.  As the flowers age, they take on tons of pinkish green.  The dark green evergreen leaves are attractive throughout the year, especially since they are held up on reddish stems.  Hellebores make an excellent long lasting addition to shade and woodland gardens.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Mahogany Snow' ('Coseh 930') Gold Collection® Ballard Hellebore starts blooming in January and continues into March.  The outward-facing white flowers have strong pink backsides to the petals, and are displayed above above lustrous dark green leaves.  The stems of the flowers and foliage are reddish and sturdy.  As the blooms age into spring they take on subtle hues of pink and green, delivering a long stretch of beauty in the perennial shade garden.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Merlin' ('Coseh 810') Gold Collection® Ballard Hellebore adds a colorful element to the winter landscape, bearing soft pink flowers which face upward, displayed on wine-red stems.  As the blooms age over several months they become a deep cranberry color, followed by pinkish-green at the end of the season.  The deer resistant evergreen foliage is a dark glossy green.  Prefers moist but well drained shady locations.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 6

    'Pink Frost' ('Coseh 710') Hybrid Lenton Rose is part of the HGC® (Hellebore Gold Collection®) series, with a multitude of pink flowers in March.  They are displayed above green evergreen leaves which are accentuated by a silver netting, and as they age, their blooms age to a deep rose color.  The flowers last for a very long period, and the sturdy clumps grow larger every year.  An introduction from Heuger Nursery in Germany.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Spring Party' ('Coseh 720') Gold Collection® Ballard Hellebore is one of the taller Heuger hybrids, with 3" outfacing creamy white blooms set off by dark green leaves.  The foliage is evergreen and lightly veined with silver.  The blooming starts in March, and the long lasting flowers slowly age to an attractive light green.  Helleborus 'Spring Party' is a cross between H. niger and H. lividus, which explains the bright white flowers.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Shooting Star' ('Coseh 790') Gold Collection® Hellebore produces dusty rose flower buds in March which open to lovely large white open faced blooms.  In April and May, the sepals age attractively to shades of sage green.  The evergreen foliage adds to year round interest, as the deep green leaves have prominent lighter silvery veins, displayed on dark red stems.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Ice N' Roses White' Gold Collection® Snow Rose is one of the exciting new glandorfensis hybrid series of Hellebores from Heuger in Germany.  The series range from white to dark red, and this selection was chosen for its large number of white outfacing flowers starting in December.  The lustrous evergreen foliage is dark green and looks beautiful in winter containers as well as is shade gardens.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Love Bug' Gold Collection® is a compact evergreen Hellebore from Heuger's exciting breeding program.  The abundant pink buds appear in late winter, opening to white with a blush of soft pink.  The lustrous dark green leaves have silver veining and wine red stems.  Helleborus 'Love Bug' is similar to H. 'Pink Frost', but the form is more compact and floriferous.  The compact habit and long blooming time make 'Love Bug' an excellent candidate for winter containers.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Autumn Minaret' is a very unusual Daylily because of its late bloom time (August and September) and its extreme flower height.  The yellow to orange delicate scapes are somehow old fashioned looking, but they tower above the short green strap-like foliage.  This unsual Daylily blooms for an extended period and actually looks much more like a native wildflower than you expect a Hemmerocallis to look. 

    PRN Prefered:  The natural and late flowering blooms make this one of our favorite daylilies.

    Height: 76 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Bogeyman' Daylily blooms in June, producing large double flowers which are dark purple bordering on black.  The intense color is set off by a hint of a chartreuse eye.  Hemerocallis 'Bogeyman' is considered to be an "early to mid season" bloomer.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Bold Tiger' Daylily has bright orange recurved petals that have a large red eye. Hemerocallis 'Bold Tiger' is a mid season bloomer with some fragrance.

    Height: 28 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Buttered Popcorn' Daylily has huge butter-yellow flowers, and is a very reliable rebloomer. The flowers are large and of thick substance.

    PRN Preferred:  A huge and plentiful flower display, really makes an impact.  Reblooms in fall.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 26 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Chicago Apache' Daylily has big red flowers, and is a mid to late season bloomer. Very noticeable when in bloom.
    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Happy Returns' Daylily has lemon yellow flowers. It is an early flowering rebloomer and is the best of the reblooming yellows, from the great Daylily king, Dr. Darrel Apps.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Hyperion' Daylily is a lovely, old fashioned Daylily that is fragrant. Lily-shaped lemon-yellow flowers are held high above the foliage. A mid-season bloomer.
    Height: 40 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Jen Melon' Daylily has large golden yellow flowers appearing mid to late season in summer.  The 7" flowers are ruffled and attractively recurved, making a wonderful show in the mid summer landscape.  The fragrant blooms attract butterflies and other pollinators.  In the morning as the diploid flowers are opening, they have deeper tones reminiscent of cantaloupe (hence the name 'Jen Melon').  A very showy addition to urban gardens, where its tolerance for poor soils and pollution is very useful.  Hybridized by Oakes.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3
    'Joan Senior' Daylily has large white flowers with green throats. A mid to late season bloomer in an unusual color for the Daylily world.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Jungle Beauty' Daylily has huge black-red diploid flowers with yellow-green throats. It is a Dr. Darrel Apps introduction that keeps its deep color well in the full sun.

    PRN Preferred:  Velvety burgundy flowers seem to absorb light.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Krakatoa Lava' Daylily is spectacular, with large bright orange flowers that have an orange-red halo. A mid to late season bloomer, it has thick petals because it is a tetraploid.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Pandora's Box' Daylily has ruffled cream-colored petals which are set off by a big cranberry-purple eye on thick diploid flowers. Reblooms well.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Pardon Me' Daylily has small red flowers, and is a rebloomer. One of the best of reblooming reds, also from Dr. Darrel Apps.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    We saw this lovely yellow Daylily at Chanticleer Gardens in Wayne, PA (if you haven't visited this wonderful public garden yet, make it a priority). The fragrant simple yellow flowers are very late bloomers and are held on very long stems so they seem to float above the foliage.  Graceful and striking, especially in late afternoon light.  (Formerly listed as 'Voyle's Unnamed Hybrid', for its hybridizer, David Voyles of Ohio).

    PRN Preferred:  Blooms very late when other daylilies have already finished. Very tall stems display the fragrant flowers.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Stella D'Oro' Daylily has small gold flowers, and is a dwarf form. It is a wonderful prolific rebloomer. This Daylily has some shade tolerance as well.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Summer Wine' Daylily blooms in June and July, with large ruffled wine red flowers.  The thick petals emerge from a chartreuse yellow throat, and the combination is very showy.  Hemerocallis 'Summer Wine' was introduced in 1973 and is a diploid, so the petals are thick and substantial.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Seven-Son Flower has fragrant white flowers, followed by striking red calyxes in mid summer and fall. The exfoliating bark of Heptacodium miconioides adds winter interest. A good substitute for a Crapemyrtle in a more northern climate.  We have found Heptacodiums thriving in both Vermont and Maine.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Green Spice' Alum Root has an attractive overlay of silver on its green leaves. Since the veining is purple-red, the effect is eye-catching. Heuchera americana's tolerance of a wide variety of site conditions makes it a very useful addition to shade gardens and the tall, delicate, ivory-green flower spikes add to the visual interest throughout May and into June.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Autumn Bride' Alum Root has chartreuse to ivory flowers in fall, over large fuzzy green leaves. Very showy in a mass planting, as can be seen at Chanticleer Gardens in Wayne, PA. Introduced by Bluemount Nurseries of Maryland.

    PRN Preferred:  A large and vigorous grower, produces lots of flowers in the early fall, very reliable shade perennial.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The beautiful wine-red leaves of Heuchera x 'Fire Chief' become darker as they age, making a vivid contrast between newer and older leaves. Flowers are pink and white on red stems, and appear throughout spring and summer.  Heuchera x 'Fire Cheif' is one of the Front & Center™ series of Coral Bells.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Frosted Violet’ Coral Bells is a resilient Heuchera which has been around for a while and still justifies its use in the garden. The leaves are violet-burgundy, with darker veins and a delicate silver overlay. The spring flower spikes are white and subtle. Heuchera ‘Frosted Violet’ was hybridized by Charles Oliver of The Primrose Path.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Obsidian' Coral Bells is the darkest Heuchera out there, with purple-black shiny leaves. The cream flowers appear above the foliage on purple stems in late spring and early summer. Amazing with gold foliage plants.
    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The large rosy red flowers of 'Paris' Coral Bells appear throughout the summer, floating over silver-green foliage. This Heuchera really reblooms.

    PRN Preferred:  Huge, eye-catching flowers held high above the foliage when in bloom.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Raspberry Regal' Coral Bells has large raspberry pink flower spikes which are held upright on strong stems in June and July.  The leaves are dark green overlaid with attractive silver mottling.  Heuchera x 'Raspberry Regal' tolerates sunny locations better than most Coral Bells, as long as the soil moisture is good.  The unusually full flower spikes make excellent cut flowers, and 'Raspberry Regal' reblooms well if deadheaded after the first flush of blooms.  Introduced by Busse Gardens of Minnesota.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Rave On' Coral Bells has a great production of deep pink flowers in spring, over purple and green leaves with a beautiful silver overlay.  Heuchera x 'Rave On' produces showy flowers over a long period of time, and is one of the Front & Center™ series of Coral Bells.  

    PRN Preferred:  Produces showy flowers for a very long period of time.

    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 8 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Silver Scrolls' Coral Bells has inconspicuous white flowers, beautiful silver-maroon foliage, and is quite sun tolerant. A Primrose Path introduction, resulting from Charles and Martha Oliver's groundbreaking work in hybridizing.
    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Southern Comfort' Alum Root is a lovely H. villosa hybrid with large peachy-amber leaves, topped by ivory flowers in late summer. The foliage picks up copper-orange hues in the late summer and fall, and is semi-evergreen.  This is a large Heuchera.

    PRN Preferred:  A large and vigorous grower, unique foliage color, very reliable and can handle some sun.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Stainless Steel’ Coral Bells comes from the excellent breeding work of the Olivers of the Primrose Path, so it copes very well with East Coast conditions. The large leaves are a steely silver with dark veins and stems. The undersides of the leaves are a beautiful deep purple, adding to the appeal of ‘Stainless Steel' when blown by breezes.  The attractive white flowers hover above the foliage in late spring and early summer.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Stoplight' Foamy Bells has chartreuse-yellow foliage with a red center blotch in spring which changes to straw and green with a burgundy center in summer. It is topped by white flowers in spring.
    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Tapestry' Foamy Bells has deeply lobed green leaves with a dramatic burgundy overlay in the center. Flower spikes are dusty pink in spring. A vigorous cross between Heuchera and Tiarella which resembles its Tiarella parentage most clearly.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Swamp Hibiscus has deep red flowers with separated petals in July, over light green dissected foliage. It loves wet sites. It is the most wild or native looking of the Mallows we grow.

    PRN Preferred:  Flowers look more natural and 'wild' than most Hibiscus.

    Height: 60 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 7

    White Swamp Hibiscus is similar to the Hibiscus coccineus in flower and foliage but the large summer flowers are pure white.  Hibiscus coccineus 'Alba' flourishes in moist to wet sites, so it is an excellent addition to sunny rain gardens and bioswales.  Since the petals are separated rather than overlapping, the white Swamp Mallow is more wild or natural looking than the hybrid Hibiscus.

    Height: 72 Inches
    Spread: 60 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Fleming's Crown Jewels™ Common Mallow has beautiful ruffled white flowers with showy red centers, displayed over burgundy maple shaped foliage.  Hibiscus Fleming's Crown Jewel™ is similar to their earlier introduction 'Kopper King' but has the advantage of being much more compact without sacrificing flower size of foliage beauty.  This makes it an excellent candidate for mid border displays, as well as in mixed summer containers.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Kopper King' Common Mallow has large white flowers with a red eye in July above striking copper-burgundy foliage. It loves wet sites, and is from the great Hibiscus people, the Fleming Brothers.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Luna™ 'Rose' Common Mallow produces quantities of 8" rose pink flowers on sturdy compact plants.  The foliage is green making a good setting for the vividly colored blooms in July and August.  Hibiscus are great mid to late summer food sources for Hummingbirds and pollinators.  Luna™ 'Rose' is a good choice for wet sites such as bioswales, rain gardens and wet meadows.  A Kieft Seed introduction.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Luna™ 'White' Common Mallow produces very large white flowers with bright red centers in July and August. The habit is compact, with clean green foliage on sturdy stems. Hummingbirds and butterflies love the flowers. Luna™ 'White' Hibiscus thrives in wet locations, but will also do well in somewhat dryer sites.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Midnight Marvel' Common Mallow is a beautiful combination of huge deep red flowers and deep burgundy foliage.  The large wine colored leaves are maple shaped, held on sturdy stems.  'Midnight Marvel' blooms for a prolonged period in July, attracting native insects to its pollen supply.  Like other common Mallows, Hibiscus 'Midnight Marvel' is highly wet site tolerant.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Summer in Paradise' Rose Mallow starts blooming in July and produces enormous deep pink flowers through the rest of the summer.  The blooms appear all over the green stems rather than just at the tips, making an impressive show.  The centers of the cerise pink flowers are set off by deep red eyezones.  'Summer in Paradise' flourishes in wet sites, and adds a striking tropical note to bog gardens, bioswales and pond edges.  From Walters Gardens.

    Height: 40 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Summerific® 'Ballet Slippers' Rose Mallow has 7" ruffled white flowers edged with soft pink and accented by a deep red eye.  The green maple-like foliage is clean and disease free.  Flowers are produced along the branches rather than just at the tips, making a showy tropical effect.  'Ballet Slippers' comes from Walters Gardens prolific breeding program, and is a wonderful addition to wet sites and large scale perennial gardens.

    Height: 52 Inches
    Spread: 52 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Hosta 'Big Daddy' has large, blue foliage, and white bell shaped flowers in summer.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 66 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Hosta 'Blue Angel' has large, blue-green foliage, and white bell-like flowers in mid-summer. A Paul Aden introduction, this cultivar is very resistant to Hosta Virus X.

    Height: 32 Inches
    Spread: 70 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Hosta 'Blue Cadet' has small, blue foliage, and lavender trumpet-shaped flowers in July. A compact, refined looking Hosta for small spaces.
    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 38 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Hosta 'Blue Mammoth' has large, blue foliage, nearly white flowers, and is found to be more slug resistant than most Hostas. A Paul Aden introduction.
    Height: 34 Inches
    Spread: 66 Inches
    Zone: 4
    The thick heart-shaped, grey-blue leaves of 'Blue Mouse Ears' grow in a perfect compact mound. The lavender flower spikes are also small and neat. This Plantain Lily is particularly attractive for a small shade garden. 'Blue Mouse Ears' is a sport of H. 'Blue Cadet'.
    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 4

    A lovely sport of 'Halcyon', but with showy white margins setting off the glaucous blue leaves. The flowers are lavender and appear in mid summer. We first saw this beauty at Meadowbrook Farms in Pennsylvania when it first came out, and bought every one for our own garden.

    PRN Preferred:  The contrast between the ivory margins and blue centers is beautiful.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Empress Wu' Plantain Lily is considered the largest Hosta available.  The enormous green leaves are corrugated and have a faint blue coating in spring.  Lavender flowers appear above the foliage in July and August, often attracting Hummingbirds.  Hosta 'Empress Wu' is a seedling of Hosta 'Big John', which was bred by Brian and Virginia Skaags.  Be patient, as it takes several years for 'Empress Wu' to reach its final amazing size.  Named after the only female empress of China (624 AD to 705 AD).

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 72 Inches
    Zone: 3
    The leaves of 'Fire and Ice' Hosta are very striking with wide, bright white centers surrounded by dark green margins. The blooms appear in July and are a pale lavender.
    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 42 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The vivid yellow textured leaves of Hosta 'Fire Island' have red petioles, especially showy in spring and early summer. Leaf color changes to a chartreuse-green as summer progresses, topped by lavender flowers in July.

    PRN Preferred:  We love the combination between the yellow leaves and red stems.  A great "pop" of color in spring.

    Height: 14 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The blue-green leaves of Hosta 'First Frost' have creamy-yellow margins which turn to white by mid summer. It has pale lavender flowers, and is a sport of 'Halcyon'. 2010 Hosta of the Year.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 28 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Hosta 'Francee' has medium-sized, green and white foliage with late season lavender flowers. A variegated Plantain Lily which is a real workhorse in the garden.
    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 50 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Hosta 'Frances Williams' has medium-sized yellow, blue and green foliage and white flowers in June. A mutation of H. sieboldiana 'Elegans', this cultivar is very resistant to Hosta Virus X.

    Height: 28 Inches
    Spread: 64 Inches
    Zone: 3
    Hosta 'Ginko Craig' has small green and white foliage, and dark blue flowers in August. The flowers make an excellent cut flower. A good Plantain Lily for a small garden.
    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3
    The fragrant lavender-white flowers of Hosta 'Guacamole' appear above apple-green leaves with dark green margins. The center of the leaves turn gold in summer. 2002 Hosta of the Year, a Bob Solberg introduction.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 54 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The thick silvery blue-green leaves of Hosta 'Halcyon' are more slug resistant than most Hostas. Flowers are pale lavender-blue in mid summer.

    PRN Preferred:  The thicker, upstanding leaves hold up well.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 28 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Hosta 'June' has medium sized gold, blue and green foliage, with lavender flowers in July. A sport of H. 'Halcyon' from England, 2001 Hosta of the Year.
    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 38 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Hosta 'Loyalist' has medium white-centered leaves with green margins, pale lavender flowers, sport of 'Patriot', similar in appearance to 'Fire and Ice', from Mobjack Nursery.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Hosta 'Patriot' has medium-sized white and green foliage, and lavender bell-like flowers in mid summer. A sport of H. 'Francee', found by Mobjack Nursery. 1997 Hosta of the Year, and more sun tolerant than most Hostas.
    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 50 Inches
    Zone: 4

    The medium green foliage of Hosta 'Royal Standard' is topped by fragrant white lily-like flowers in July and August. Makes a great cut flower.

    PRN Preferred:  We love the contrast of dark green leaves and showy fragrant white flowers.  Customers are often surprised when they discover how fragrant this variety is in the garden.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 64 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Hosta 'So Sweet' has fragrant white flowers in August above green and yellow foliage. A Paul Aden introduction and 1996 Hosta of the Year.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 50 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Hosta 'Stained Glass' was an introduction by the great Hosta breeder, Hans Hansen.  Found as a mutation of H. 'Guacamole', the large glossy leaves are a striking yellow-gold set off by a wide deep green margin.  The prominent veining is evidently what triggered the name 'Stained Glass'. This very showy large Hosta produces very fragrant pale lavender flowers in August and September.  Our Lisa Strovinsky first sang its praises and started us growing this beauty.

    PRN Preferred:  Very showy patterns of yellow and green on textured leaves.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 40 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Hosta 'Sum and Substance' has very large, chartreuse foliage and very tall (5') lavender bell-like flowers in midsummer. A Paul Aden introduction, and 2004 Hosta of the Year, and Lisa Strovinsky's son Ben's favorite Hosta (since he's a great plantsman, we take this seriously!)

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 70 Inches
    Zone: 4

    August Lily has huge white fragrant flowers, held above large, green foliage, hard to find! The flowers look like small white lilies, lighting up the shade garden in August. They perfume the evening air near them.

    Height: 28 Inches
    Spread: 58 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Huge, blue-gray corrugated leaves followed by tall white flowers in July. One of the best-beloved large blue Hostas, and one which has proved to be very resistant to Hosta Virus X.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 60 Inches
    Zone: 6

    The white flat hydrangea flowers of Climbing Hydrangea appear in mid summer. It is a vigorous woody vine for sun and shade locations. Fall color is yellow and exfoliating bark adds winter interest.

    Height: 60 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Annabelle' Smooth Hydrangea has white snowball flowers in June and July, a classic plant from Joe McDaniel. Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle' is considered by many to be somewhat deer resistant! Bruce Cole recommends a late spring gentle trimming to delay the flower period and reduce the flopping.  Smooth Hydrangeas are salt tolerant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Haas Halo' Smooth Hydrangea was selected by Rick Ray of Pennsylvania for its extraordinarily large white lacecap flowers.  They are produced for a long period in mid summer, and are displayed on sturdy stems which do not flop, unlike many mopheads.  'Haas Halo' is tolerant of full sun as long as good moisture is consistently present, and its 14" flowers make lovely cut or dried flowers.  Excellent for a natural look along woodland edges.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    The very large white mophead flowers of Incrediball® ('Abetwo') Smooth Hydrangea appear in June and July. Flowers age to a lovely chartreuse-green before turning tan, and are great in dried arrangements.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Incrediball® 'Blush' ('NCHA4') Smooth Hydrangea is a color breakthrough, with large soft pink mophead flowers supported by strong stems.  As the blooms mature, they change to shades of light green.  Incrediball® 'Blush' is attractive as a cut flower as well as in dried arrangements.  All Smooth Hydrangeas benefit from a good pruning in late winter, since they bloom on new growth.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3

    BloomStruck® Endless Summer® Bigleaf Hydrangea ('PIIH-II') has large blue or rose-pink mophead flowers, depending on the soil pH.  Since it is a rebloomer, the flower display continues all summer.  The blooms are held on red-purple stems, and the glossy green foliage is set-off by dark red petioles and veins.  An excellent new introduction from Dr. Michael Dirr showing good mildew resistance as well as great flower power.

    PRN Preferred:  The thicker leaf handles the heat/sun better than other macrophyllas, stronger stems and more intense flower color.  We prefer BloomStruck over Endless Summer®.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Hydrangea macrophylla 'Blue Wave' is a variety of Big Leaf Hydrangea that has large blue lacecap flowers in June and July. It is also salt tolerant. as are most Big Leaf Hydrangeas.  One of the great aspects of lacecap Hydrangeas is that, unlike 'Mopheads', their flowers never flop in the rain.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Endless Summer® ('Bailmer') The Original Hydrangea has large pink or blue mophead flowers and blooms all summer on new growth. The pH level in the soil largely determines the flower color.  From Dr. Dirr and Bailey Nurseries. It is also salt tolerant. 

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Glowing Embers' Bigleaf Hydrangea has larger crimson-purple mophead flowers over lustrous, thick textured leaves. Thought by many (including Dr. Michael Dirr) to be the same as H. 'Alpenglow' the depth of its flower color changes to more purple than red in the presence of higher soil acidity. Salt tolerant and sun tolerant.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Nikko Blue' Bigleaf Hydrangea has blue mophead flowers starting in June. It does beautifully at the shore since it is salt tolerant. Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nikko Blue' blooms reliably every year.
    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Pia' Bigleaf Hydrangea has big pink mophead flowers that cover this dwarf plant in July. Hydrangea macrophylla 'Pia' is great for smaller gardens where space is an issue, and it is also salt tolerant.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Summer Crush™ ('Bailmacfive') Endless Summer® Bigleaf Hydrangea blooms throughout the summer, producing lots of raspberry red to vivid purple mophead flowers.  The habit is compact, with glossy dark green leaves that tolerate sun well.  Hydrangea Summer Crush™ is a new exciting rebloomer form Bailey Nurseries, resulting from the work of  Dr Michael Dirr with reblooming Hydrangea.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Tokyo Delight' Bigleaf Hydrangea is a beautiful lacecap with large white sterile florets on the edge and blue fertile flowers in the center of the flowers. Blooms age to a lovely, long lasting rose color. Hydrangea macrophylla 'Tokyo Delight' is tough as nails and a reliable bloomer every year.

    PRN Preferred:  Very tolerant of cold winters, consistently blooming lacecap.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    A new exciting offering from Dr. Michael Dirr and Bailey Nurseries, Hydrangea macrophylla Twist 'n' Shout® ('PIIHM-I') Endless Summer® is a cross between Endless Summer® and Lady in Red™ and is a reblooming deep pink lacecap with red stems. Fall color is also colorful, turning a striking burgundy-red. Bruce Cole of Jackson, New Jersey finds that it is a very floriferous rebloomer. It is also salt tolerant.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Bobo® ('ILVOBO') Hardy Hydrangea is dwarf in habit without sacrificing the number of flowers it produces.  The rounded blooms start as large lime green balls in late June and progress through clear white to shades of soft pink as they mature.  The flowers persist through most of the summer, and the dwarf habit of Hydrangea paniculata Proven Winners® Color Choice® Bobo® makes it an excellent addition to mixed perennial borders as well as foundation plantings.  Developed in Belgium by Dr. Johan Van Huylenbroek.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Finally, a Pee Gee Hydrangea for a small garden space! Hydrangea paniculata 'Dharuma's flowers come very early in summer, and rapidly turn from white to rose. Like the plant, the flowers are smaller than other varieties of H. paniculata, and somewhat open. The RHS's recent trials put this as a hybrid between H. paniculata and H. heteromala.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Little Lime® ('Jane') Hardy Hydrangea has the lovely chartreuse-to-white flowers of H. 'Limelight', but on a more compact plant. Its diminutive size makes it a better choice for a small garden application without losing the striking effect of the large colorful panicles in July and August.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Little Quick Fire® ('SMHPLQF') Hardy Hydrangea is suited to smaller gardens because of its shorter statue.  The blooms start out white in June and age to dusty pink by late in the summer.  The color is more intense in cooler weather, so trimming Hydrangea paniculata Proven Winners® Color Choice® Little Quick Fire® back moderately in June will promote this by delaying the start of flowering.  Hardy Hydrangeas are valuable ornamentals because of their lengthy bloom period, and they also make excellent cut or dried flowers.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Quick Fire® ('Bulk') Hardy Hydrangea is a very early blooming Pee Gee Hydrangea. Flowers start out white in June and age to deep pink by mid summer. From Mark Bulk in Holland. Ronni Hock of Lawrenceville says it is her favorite because of the lovely red stems.  This is Dick Karkalits' favorite Pee Gee Hydrangea becasue it blooms very early and the aged panicles hold up well into October.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Strawberry Sundae® ('Rensun') First Editions® Hardy Hydrangea is a compact version of Bailey's beautiful Hydrangea Vanilla Strawberry™. The white cone-shaped panicles appear in July and rapidly take on lovely shades of deep strawberry pink as they age. Hydrangea paniculata blooms for an extended period, often up to the start of fall, so the bloom display often includes both white and vivid pink. Strawberry Sundae™ originated in France, from the breeding work of Jean Renault.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Vanilla Strawberry™ ('Renhy') First Editions® Hardy Hydrangea starts its bloom cycle with enormous creamy-white, cone-shaped panicles that age through soft pink to a bright reddish rose. Since the plant produces new blooms for an extended period, Vanilla Strawberry™ has a three-toned effect. From Bailey Nurseries, Inc. of Minnesota, who got it from the Renault Nursery in France.

    PRN Preferred:  We love the intensity of the pink color as the flowers age.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Amethyst' Oakleaf Hydrangea has upright white panicles that age to a gorgeous wine red, retaining this color even when used as a dried cut flower. The branching is denser and more upright than other Oakleafs, making this cultivar more suitable for smaller gardens.  The fall color is an added asset, turning a lovely burgundy-red. Another great selection by the Hydrangea king, Dr. Michael Dirr, which we first admired at the Scott Arboretum.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee' has white panicle flowers in June and July and is a compact form of the Oakleaf Hydrangea. It has burgundy-red fall foliage. Introduction by Aldrich Nursery in Alabama. Daryl Kobesky's favorite Oakleaf Hydrangea, because the foliage is so neat and clean.

    PRN Preferred:  All the great attributes of an Oakleaf Hydrangea but in compact form.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Snow Queen™ ('Flemygea') Oakleaf Hydrangea has upright white panicle flowers and burgundy-red fall foliage. Hydrangea quercifolia Snow Queen™ was introduced by noted plantsman, William Flemer III. All the Oakleaf Hydrangeas show some deer resistance.

    PRN Preferred:  Flowers have an upright habit so they stand out above the foliage.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Snowflake' ('Brido') Oakleaf Hydrangea has sterile younger florets which emerge from the older florets for an extended period, resulting in a strikingly long, multi-colored panicle. The new florets are white and the older ones are a dusty pink, working well as a unique landscape plant. Red-purple fall foliage. Makes an extraordinary dried flower.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Blue Bird' Sawtooth Hydrangea has blue lacecap flowers starting in June. The leaves are larger and rounder than H. 'Blue Billow'.  A very hardy Hydrangea, with excellent cold tolerance.

    PRN Preferred:  Very cold tolerant so the Hydrangea blooms reliably even after a bad winter.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Preziosa' (syn. 'Pink Beauthy') Sawtooth Hydragea has pink mophead flowers in June and July, followed by good burgundy fall foliage. The cold tolerance of Hydrangea serrata 'Preziosa' is excellent, as is its sun tolerance.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Tuff Stuff Ah-Ha™ ('SMNHSDD') Sawtooth Hydrangea is a very showy reblooming lacecap in the Tuff Stuff series.  The short statue does not limit the number of large flowers, as Hydrangea Ah-Ha™ is a heavy bloomer on both old and new wood.  Since it is a serrata, its cold tolerance is also an advantage.  The double sterile florets vary in color from pink to purple, depending on the soil pH and amount of aluminum sulfate.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Aaronsbeard St. Johnswort has blue-green foliage followed by small yellow flowers in summer. Once established, Hypericum calycinum is a good groundcover for poor, dry sites.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    The small yellow flowers of 'Gemo' St Johnswort are produced for an extended period through July and August, appearing in profusion on a neat compact shrub covered with narrow green leaves. The seed capsules sound like little rattles when brushed against or moved by the wind.  We love the delicate overall effect of this tough native.

    PRN Preferred:  Flowers for an extremely long period of time, a workhorse in the garden.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Dr. Paul Cappiello of Yew Dell Gardens in Kentucky selected Blue Velvet™ ('Cfflpc-1') St Johnswort, a blue-leaved seedling of H.kalmiatum. The attractive small-leaved foliage of Hypericum x Blue Velvet™ is set off by lovely bright yellow flowers for an extended period in mid summer.  The name 'Blue Velvet' fits the appearance of this lovely introduction perfectly.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Large yellow flowers bloom for an extended period starting in June. 'Hidcote' St Johnswort benefits from hard pruning in spring. Hypericum x 'Hidcote' is salt tolerant and does well at the seashore.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Snowflake' Candytuft is a neat little evergreen perennial which is excellent for rock gardens and walkways.  The small lustrous green leaves and stems are topped by showy flat white flower clumps in April and May.  Iberis sempervirens 'Snowflake' has a cascading habit, so it is a good choice for mixed containers or short walls.

    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Green Lustre' Japanese Holly has shiny small green leaves and has a flat-topped shrub habit, making it excellent for low hedges. It does well at the seashore because it is salt tolerant.  Evergreen and a female form introduced in the 1930s.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Helleri' Japanese Holly is evergreen with tiny green leaves. on a dwarf, stiffly mounding plant. Our landscaper friend Martin Blackman says this is the only Japanese Holly he can use with success in deer-infested Princeton.  A female introduced in the late 1930s by Newport Nursery.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Hoogendorn' Japanese Holly has dark green delicate evergreen leaves on a low mounding habit. It is more graceful looking than Ilex c. 'Helleri' and has gotten high praise from Dr. Michael Dirr as one of the best of the small-leaf Japanese Hollies. It was found on Hoogendorn Nursery in Rhode Island, so it's clearly cold tolerant. This male form of Japanese Holly was found at Hoogendown Nursery and named by T. Dodd.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Sky Pencil' Japanese Holly has a very upright columnar form and glossy evergreen foliage. It looks like an exclamation point in the landscape. It is also salt tolerant. Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' needs some babysitting after snowfall to avoid bending branches.  A female form found in Japan.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 1 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Soft Touch' Japanese Holly is an evergreen with shiny dark green tiny leaves on a dense beautiful shrub that needs little pruning. Branches are more flexible than I. c. 'Helleri', so it doesn't break easily (a better landscape choice, sometimes called 'Soft Helleri'). 

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Steeds' Japanese Holly has an upright pyramidal form with dark green glossy evergreen foliage, excellent for hedging. Ilex crenata 'Steeds' is also salt tolerant.  A male form, named and introduced by W. Steeds.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Compacta' Inkberry Holly is a compact, tight form of Ilex glabra which also has fairly large round evergreen leaves. Wet site and salt tolerant, as are all of the Inkberry cultivars.  A female found by our father William Flemer III in the Pine Barrens.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Dark green leathery leaves of Ilex glabra 'Densa' are rounder and wider than I. g. 'Shamrock'. It will become a tall but dense-leafed shrub. Takes pruning well. Evergreen, it is also wet site and salt tolerant. The top performer in the recent shrub trials at Longwood Gardens. A female form found by our cousin Bert Flemer in 1938 at F&F Nurseries in NJ.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Proven Winners® Color Choice® Gem Box® ('SMNIGAB17') Inkberry Holly is an exciting alternative to Boxwoods. The habit is round and full to the ground, without the bare branch look which many Ilex glabras exhibit as they age.  As Boxwood Blight becomes more of a regional problem, this tough native evergreen shrub will become more important for containers, low hedges and small round garden specimens.  New growth is spring has reddish tips which mature to small dark green leaves. 

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Shamrock' Inkberry is a compact upright form of Ilex glabra with small glossy leaves. It is wet site tolerant and great for evergreen hedges. A female form named and introduced in 1977 by John Tankard of Tankard Nurseries in Virginia.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Strongbox™ ('Ilexfarrowtracey') Inkberry Holly is a welcome introduction from Proven Winners offering a good native substitute for Boxwoods.  Ilex glabra Strongbox™ looks like a short round Buxus, but it is more sun tolerant and moisture tolerant., as well an unthreatened by Boxwood Blight.  Since this compact Inkberry stays full to the ground, it can be used in containers, for low hedges and in mass plantings.  The tight habit and small leaves make pruning rarely necessary.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Maryland Dwarf' American Holly is a very unusual female form of our wonderful native evergreen Holly.  It slowly forms a very wide mound, with dark green minimally spiny leaves and some red fruit production.  American Hollies are amazingly versatile in the North East, thriving from sunny swampy areas to dry shade locations, so 'Maryland Dwarf' can be used in a number of different locations.  It was introduced by in 1942 by E. Dilatush from Bunting Nursery.  Definitely an unusual, groundcover shrub.

    PRN Preferred:  Definitely an unusual groundcover shrub which we love because of its diversity.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The smooth, lustrous evergreen leaves of Longstalk Holly set off the beautiful red berries held on long peduncles throughout the fall and winter. A great cut green to bring into the house, especially since it's spineless. We've loved this Ilex for years and our selection often has 3 berries per peduncle, making it very showy.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Male Longstalk Holly is the proper pollinator for our female selection. In order to get the best fruit set possible, use at least 1 male for every 5 females.  We originally received our Ilex pedunculosa seed from the Arnold Arboretum, which introduced this beautiful Holly to the US in 1892.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Chrysocarpa' Winterberry has bright yellow fruit which lasts well into the winter (birds prefer to eat red fruit). Its deciduous leaves drop somewhat earlier than most red-fruited varieties, so that the fruit is visible early in the fall. The pollinator is I. 'Jim Dandy'. Like all Winterberries, it is wet site tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  The best yellow fruited Winterberry we grow.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Jim Dandy' Winterberry is the early blooming pollinator for Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow', 'Chrysocarpa', 'Goldfinch', 'Maryland Beauty', 'Red Sprite' and 'Stoplight'. Deciduous.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Ilex verticillata 'Maryland Beauty' has large red fruit which covers the branches thickly, and colors up early in the fall. This Winterberry Holly is often used for commercial cut branch production. It has a compact habit and is deciduous. 'Jim Dandy' is the pollinator. It is also wet site and salt tolerant.
    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Producing profuse amounts of large red fruit all winter on an extremely compact plant, Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite' never needs pruning! The pollinator for this deciduous Winterberry Holly is 'Jim Dandy'. It is also wet site and salt tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  Can't say enough about this plant, it's compact, doesn't need pruning and has larger fruit and a longer berry display.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Winter Gold' Winterberry has orange-gold fruit well into December. Ilex verticillata 'Winter Gold' is an introduction by Simpson Nursery. The pollinator is 'Southern Gentleman'. It is deciduous and also wet site and salt tolerant.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Winter Red® Winterberry has brilliant red long lasting fruit. An introduction by Simpson Nursery. Pollinator is 'Southern Gentleman'. It is deciduous and wet site tolerant, as our son Hans Hesselein has proven by planting it in our own swamp. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 9 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Christmas Jewel' ('HL10-90') Holly is a small pyramidal female Ilex with abundant red fruit at a very young age. Narrow dark shiny evergreen leaves, does not need a pollinator. It was introduced by Bob Head of Head-Lea Nursery.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Red Beauty® ('Rutzan') Holly is another introduction from Dr. Elwin Orton's lifelong work with the genus Ilex. The shiny dark green leaves are spiny, neat and small, covering its conical, pyramidal form. It is readily pollinated by Ilex x meserveae males, and the fruit is attractive on its evergreen setting all winter. Slow growing and narrow, it fits in well in smaller garden spaces. Most exciting of all, it has proved to be extremely deer resistant according to Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens.

    PRN Preferred:  Doesn't require a specific pollinator to produce red fruit.  Perfect size for smaller gardens.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Dragon Lady® ('Meschick') Holly is a very glossy, upright female plant, with an excellent fall and winter display of bright red fruit. Ilex x aquipernyi Dragon Lady® was hybridized by Kathleen Meserve. Evergreen and does not need a pollinator.  Ilex 'Dragon Lady' has proved to be very resistant to deer browse.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Woodland Ruby' Anise-tree has deep purple-red straplike flowers for an extended period in early to mid summer. Foliage is dark green and evergreen, somewhat reflexed in winter. Illicium x 'Woodland Ruby' needs protection from winter winds and is happiest in some shade, but will tolerate full sun as well. Per Bruce Crawford, it is happy in both wet and dry sites (as are many flood plain plants).
    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 7
    Indigofera amblyantha becomes covered with delicate pink flower spikes in early to late summer. Indigo has an extended showy flowering season. Indigofera does well in shady dry sites.
    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Chinese Indigo has clear pink flowers on slender racemes which are produced from June through the summer. Indigofera decora stays low but gets wide, because of its suckering habit. The flower display looks like short pink Wisteria blossoms.  Try it on walls, where you can see flowers more easily.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Flowers of this native woodland plant, Dwarf Crested Iris, are a soft delicate blue in May. They are displayed above the flat green leaves, and have a showy yellow crest. Iris cristata foliage almost disappears by mid summer.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5
    The delicate white flowers of White Dwarf Crested Iris have yellow crests and they bloom in May. Makes a slow-spreading ephemeral groundcover.
    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5
    With yellow-crested, powder blue flowers, 'Powder Blue Giant' is more vigorous and has larger flowers and leaves than most Dwarf Crested Iris. It starts blooming in May. A slow spreading groundcover.
    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Tennessee White' Dwarf Crested Iris is a long blooming, vigorous selection sent by Don Shadow to North Creek Nurseries. Lots of large white flowers accented by yellow crests appear in May. A moderate spreader and a real show-stopper in spring.
    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Cry of Rejoice' Japanese Iris has showy large flowers in June, in attractive shades of magenta red with yellow signals.  The green leaves are sword-like and remain upright through the summer.  All Iris ensatas tolerate average to dry soils, but really flourish is wet sites.

    Height: 32 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Crystal Halo' Japanese Iris has large dark purple flat flowers with white edges, blooming in June. All Iris ensata varieties are wet site tolerant.  They were formerly named Iris kaempferi.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Happy Awakening' Japanese Iris blooms in June, with flat magenta-pink flowers that have dark veins and contrasting yellow centers.  The excellent wet site tolerance and the deer resistance make this a great garden or bog plant.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Loyalty' Japanese Iris has large double flowers on long stems in June.  The petals are a showy deep purple with yellow stripes on the purple crests.  Excellent for use in wet site, along streams and around ponds.

    Height: 32 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Best Bet' German Bearded Iris produces tall spikes of large flowers with blue standards and purple falls.  The two toned effect is very showy, blooming first in May and June, and then reblooming in September and October.  The sword-like green foliage emerges before the flower spikes, and fades by late summer.  Good drainage is a must for Iris germanica cultivars.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Immortality' German Bearded Iris has very ruffled pure white flowers in May and June, with reliable late summer and fall re-blooming. The large flowers turn heads in September and October.
    Height: 28 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Superstition' Bearded Iris has such a dark purple flower that it almost looks black.  The blooms are fragrant and large, making a striking addition to cut flower arrangements (even though the individual flowers each last only a day).  The flowers spikes bloom above the wide straplike leaves in May and June.  All German Irises perform best in dry or well drained sites.  Iris germanica 'Superstition' is the darkest flowering germanica.   

    Height: 38 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'War Chief' German Bearded Iris blooms in May and June, producing lots of large velvety dark red flowers.  They are held above wide straplike green foliage, and are a good addition in the back of well drained perennial beds.  Iris germanica 'War Chief' is a useful and fragrant cut flower, since the stems have multiple buds that open in succession.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Black Gamecock' True Water Iris has deep purple-black flowers in June over strap-like foliage. This Iris loves water and warm temperatures and does very well in bogs and on the edges of ponds.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Butter and Sugar' Siberian Iris blooms in May, and is a striking bi-color combination of white and soft yellow.  The green sword-like leaves are clean and disease resistant.  All the Siberian Irises thrive in very wet sites as well as average soils.  Try it beside streams, ponds and bog gardens.  The long stems make 'Butter and Sugar' an excellent cut flower.

    Height: 28 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    The purple-blue flowers of 'Caesar's Brother' Siberian Iris appear in May. It is wet and dry site tolerant, and is the mainstay of so many perennial gardens.

    PRN Preferred:  This is the classic indistructable blue Iris which never needs "babysitting".

    Height: 28 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    White Japanese Roof Iris gets its name from its presence on thatched roofs in Japan.  Iris tectorum var. album has large white flowers with yellow throats, appearing in late April to early June.  All the Japanese Roof Irises spread to make wide patches eventually, and do best with adequate moisture but good drainage.  It is the Asian equivalent of Iris cristata 'Alba', but much bigger and not ephemeral.  A hard-to-find Iris.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5
    Blue Flag Iris blooms in May and June with beautiful blue-violet flowers that have yellow throats. Although it will grow happily in regular gardens, it is indispensable for bog gardens, wet meadows and streamsides. Iris versicolor's nutrient filtering ability makes it particularly useful in retention basins and bioswales.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 2

    'Henry's Garnet' Sweetspire has fragrant white flowers in June and burgundy-scarlet fall foliage. Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet' was named by the Scott Arboretum after Mary Henry. Per Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens, this is the most cold tolerant of all the Iteas.  It is also wet site tolerant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Itea virginica 'Merlot' is a Sweetspire with fragrant white flowers in June and has the most compact habit of our Iteas, with burgundy fall foliage. A wonderful native plant from Mark Griffith, and our favorite Sweetspire for color and habit. It is also wet site tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  A true multi-season plant, colorful twigs in winter, fragrant flower spikes, dense deer resistant colonies in summer and long lasting burgundy foliage in fall.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Winter Jasmine has soft yellow flowers appearing in February through March over shiny green leaves. The green stems of Jasminum nudiflorum add a note of interest in the winter, and are excellent for trailing over rock walls.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Hollywood Juniper ('Kaizuka') is a classic conifer because of its unusual irregular branching combined with its dark green needles.  The open, sculpted shape makes this Juniper showy all year, whether planted as a screen of displayed as a specimen.  Hollywood Junipers are quite cold tolerant, so they are particularly effective in large containers on desks or patios.  We have heard from several customers that this is there 'go to' plant for seashore and urban roof top gardens since Hollywood Juniper handles salt and wind very well.  The common name of "Hollywood" is because this versatile evergreen seems to be planted everywhere in California.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Blue Pacific' Shore Juniper's evergreen foliage is silvery-blue and very soft and fluffy in texture. Makes an excellent groundcover, especially in salt-affected sites. Not as prickly as most Junipers.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltoni' has bright blue evergreen foliage that forms a dense, slow growing mat. The 'Blue Rug' Juniper makes an excellent, colorful groundcover for salty, windy and rocky locations.
    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3
    The bluish-green foliage of Dwarf Japanese Garden Juniper forms a stiff, sculpted mat. Evergreen, salt tolerant and slow growing, Juniperus procumbens 'Nana' is particularly useful in combination with rocks. This is a Juniper commonly used to make Bonsai.
    Height: 1 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Eastern Redcedar is a highly variable native conifer, and the selection we offer comes from a seed source that provides columnar, uniform plants.  The neat green evergreen foliage takes on attractive purplish hues in fall and winter.  Juniperus virginiana is dioecius, and female plants bear blue-green "berries" (actually covered cones) which can be extremely showy in winter.  Both wet site and salt tolerant, Eastern Redcedar is an extremely adaptable native, and an important food source for migrating birds.  The wood has long been values for its beautiful color and rot resistance.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 3
    Emerald Sentinel™ ('Corcorcor') Eastern Redcedar has green needles that are set off by vivid blue fruit in fall and winter. Evergreen foliage takes on purple tones in winter and is salt tolerant. The berry set makes this a wonderful cut green for winter arrangements. An excellent Conard-Pyle introduction and our favorite J. virginiana, bar none. It is also wet site tolerant.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Grey Owl' was selected in 1938 for its unusual habit and foliage color.  This unusual form of Eastern Redcedar is a broad low shrub, bearing silver gray needles thickly on its horizontal branches.  A female form, it will often have little round "berries" (cones) when mature.  Juniperus virginiana 'Grey Owl' is an attractive addition the native conifer groundcover field, showing its rugged adaptability over many years.

    PRN Preferred:  A native, low growing Eastern Redcedar.  Very adaptable.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Taylor' Eastern Redcedar is a very narrow selection of Juniperus virginiana, found originally in Taylor, Nebraska.  'Taylor' has attractive silvery blue green needles and round berry-like cones which are an important food source for birds.  "Taylor' Eastern Redcedar is considered to be the most dry site tolerant of the Juniperus virginiana selections available.  It also has better than average resistance to Cedar Apple Rust.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Blue Star' Japanese Aster has pale blue Aster-like flowers held above deep green foliage, blooming from June to fall. Kalimeris incisa 'Blue Star' is a deservedly popular perennial in Europe. The habit is neat and compact, and it never flags in hot weather.

    PRN Preferred:  Blooms for a very long time, carefree compact plant.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5
    Kalmia latifolia 'Elf' is a compact form from Dick Jaynes of Broken Arrow Nursery in Connecticut, sporting light pink flower buds which open to white in June. This Mountain Laurel is tidy looking and evergreen.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Kalmia latifolia 'Little Linda' is considered a miniature Mountain Laurel with red buds opening to deep pink flowers in June. Much more regular and tight habit than most Kalmias. Another unique introduction by Dick Jaynes, (the Kalmia King) of Broken Arrow Nursery.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Raspberry Glow' Mountain Laurel comes from Dick Jaynes of Broken Arrow Nursery, and is a sibling of Kalmia 'Sarah'.  The buds are raspberry red, opening to a vivd deep pink in May and June.  The ballet skirt shaped flowers are borne in large clusters over deep green lustrous foliage.  Kalmia 'Raspberry Glow' tolerates a wide range of light conditions, and is one of the few broadleaf evergreens that is deer resistant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The bright red buds of 'Sarah' Mountain Laurel open to deep pink flowers in June with the classic ballet skirt shape. Medium shiny green foliage, another wonderful Dick Jaynes (the Kalmia King) cultivar, named for his wife (Sally to her friends).
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    The interesting thick-petaled yellow bell-like flowers of Kirengeshoma palmata appear on blackish stems in August and September, followed by weird three horned seed capsules (Dr. Alan Armitage calls them "Stephen King ... Fruit"). Slow to get established, Yellow Waxbells needs a moist woodland. Kirengeshoma comes from Japan, where it is considered highly endangered in the wild.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Dynamite® ('Whit II') Crapemyrtle flowers are cherry red in July and August on an upright form with good lustrous green foliage. Lagerstroemia x Dynamite® is another Dr. Carl Whitcomb introduction.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Muskogee' Crapemyrtle has lavender flowers in July and August and red-orange fall color. The mature bark is shades of tan and grey. Another Dr. Egolf and US National Arboretum winner.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Natchez' Crapemyrtle has white flowers in July and August, spectacular mottled exfoliating bark in shades of tan and chocolate, and yellow-red fall color. From Dr. Egolf and the US National Arboretum, Lagerstroemia x 'Natchez' is truly a four season plant. Per Phil Normandy of Brookside Gardens in Maryland, all the fauriei crosses like Natchez rebloom reliably after their first summer display.

    PRN Preferred:  Amazing bark color added to the excellent cold tolerance really make this Crapemyrtle a winner.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The red buds of Pink Velour™ ('Whit III') Crapemyrtle open mid-summer to dark pink flowers. The new foliage is a striking burgundy, changing to dark green. A great Dr.Carl Whitcomb introduction. Lagerstroemia x Pink Velour™ was formerly named 'Royal Velvet'.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Red Rocket® ('Whit IV') Crapermyrtle has bright red long blooming flowers on an upright small tree. An excellent introduction from Dr. Carl Whitcomb of Oklahoma.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6
    With fuchsia-red flowers in July and August, 'Tonto' Crapemyrtle is another great plant from Dr. Egolf and the US National Arboretum. The bark of Lagerstroemia x 'Tonto' is an attractive tan and grey.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Tuscarora' Crapemyrtle has big coral-pink flowers blooming in July and August. A little more tender than the toughest of the Lagerstroemias, its flowers and open multi stem habit make it a show-stopper. Lagerstroemia x 'Tuscarora' is another winner from Dr. Don Egolf and the US National Arboretum.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 7
    The large deep purple flowers of 'Purple Dragon' Spotted Nettle appear from April to June (reminiscent of snapdragons) above silvery foliage with green margins. Selected by Chris van Sanden of Hortech, Inc. Trim Lamium in summer for best appearance.
    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    ‘Phenomenal’ Lavender ('Niko') is a sport of L. ‘Grosso’, displaying greater disease resistance, vigor and winter hardiness. It was found and introduced by Peace Tree Farms of Pennsylvania, and has shown excellent flower production and survival in commercial Lavender farms. The flowers are tall and fragrant, set off by clear silver foliage. Blooms appear in mid summer and last a long time, making an excellent cut flower. Excellent drainage helps survival.  Semi-evergreen.

    PRN Preferred:  Proven to be the most hardy and reliable Lavender we have ever grown.  Great success in containers and in the landscape.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Rose-purple pea-like flowers explode in August and September. 'Gibraltar' Bush Clover tolerates dry sites. Treat as cut-back shrub. Lespedeza thunbergii 'Gibraltar' was found by the great plantsman (and artist!) William Frederick, Jr. of Delaware.  In our experience, Gibraltar is indistinguishable from Lespedeza 'Spring Grove'.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Becky' Shasta Daisy has white flowers over glossy green leaves for an extended summer bloom period. It was named for Becky Steward of Decatur, GA. 2003 Perennial Plant of the Year. Salt tolerant.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Snowcap' Shasta Daisy is a compact Leucanthemum which is covered with large bright white daisy flowers for an extended period in June and July.  The dark green foliage is attractive and disease free, making 'Snowcap' an excellent candidate for boarders or mass planting.  Deadheading spent flowers improves reblooming in Shasta Daisies.  Like L. 'Becky', 'Snowcap' is salt tolerant.

    Height: 15 Inches
    Spread: 15 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Coast Leucothoe is a lovely spring blooming broad leaf evergreen, with white flower racemes in April and May. Leucothoe axillaris's branching habit is an interesting zigzag. Prefers acid, moist soil.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The new growth of 'Rainbow' Doghobble is a striking blend of white, pink and green changing to cream and green as it matures, Leucothoe fontanesiana 'Rainbow' has white fragrant flowers in May. A selection by Girard Nursery in Ohio. Evergreen, turning plum colored in winter.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The wide powder blue leaves of 'Blue Dune' Lyme Grass combine with seedheads that look a little like barley. An aggressive spreader that likes dry sites. Salt and wind tolerant. Leymus arenarius 'Blue Dune' is good for erosion control because it's so vigorous.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Dwarf Blazing Star is a lovely native plant with delicate strap-like foliage topped by magenta-purple flower spikes in August and September. The shiny green leaves have an almost grass-like appearance. Butterflies and insects love the late season flowers, which also make good short cut flowers. Liatris microcephala tolerates dry sites well, so it would be a good choice for green roofs.

    PRN Preferred:  Tons of flowers on a compact plant.  When blooming it is covered with pollinators.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Floristan White' Gayfeather has white flower spikes in June and July. Liatris makes a good cut flower, and adds an attractive vertical note in the garden.
    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3
    'Kobold' Gayfeather has lavender-magenta flower spikes in June and July and makes a good cut flower. If deadheaded promptly, Liatris will rebloom.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3
    The bright yellow daisy-like flowers of 'Othello' Bigleaf Goldenray are held above big bronze-green leaves with purple undersides. Ligularia prefers moist sites.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    A stunning white Lily that is wonderfully fragrant, Formosa Lily blooms mid summer to early fall and can be grown from seed to flowering size in less than 2 years. Amazing! Flowers are the classic trumpet shape, with yellow-green interiors.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 6

    The leathery narrow green leaves of Greybush Spicebush turn the most spectacular combination of orange, red and purple in fall. Leaves are held throughout the winter, turning a very attractive tan. Since it holds its leaves, Lindera angustifolia (formerly glauca var. salicifolia) is a good screening alternative for traditional evergreens. Shiny black small fruit appears in the fall. It is Landscape Architect Michael Van Valkenburgh's newest favorite all-season shrub.

    PRN Preferred: Super shrub!  Attractive all four seasons.  In the fall, many customers have asked "What's that shrub that looks like it is on fire?!".  Truly, unbeatable fall color.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Lindera benzoin has delicate pale yellow flowers in early spring, a standout in leafless woodsy vistas. In the fall the lemon-yellow foliage lights up the woods. Plants are dioecious and female plants produce shiny red fruit which is an important food source for migrating birds.  Our native Spicebush is wet site tolerant and deciduous.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Extremely narrow form, 'Slender Silhouette' American Sweetgum was introduced by that superb plantsman Don Shadow. It has beautiful glossy green leaves and is wet site tolerant. Liquidambar styraciflua 'Slender Silhouette's fall color is yellow to burgundy. It makes an amazing upright element in the landscape.

    PRN Preferred:  Amazing structure and trouble free foliage.

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The lavender-blue flowers of 'Big Blue' Lily-turf appear in late summer. Liriope tolerates dry and difficult sites, and is an evergreen spreader. The flower spikes make good short cut flowers.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Royal Purple' Lily-turf produces purple flower spikes in August and September, held above dark green strap-like foliage.  Liriope 'Royal Purple' makes a tough, neat groundcover, slowly spreading to make wide, weed repelling patches.  The flower spikes make attractive long lasting cut flowers, and the evergreen leaves are a consistent source of winter color.  In the fall, Liriope 'Royal Purple' produces black shiny berries on the spent flower spikes.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Lavender-blue flowers in late summer appear over cream and green striped foliage. Variegated Lily-turf tolerates dry sites and is a showy evergreen clump.  Can be used in a mass planting or as a single perennial specimen.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 16 Inches
    Zone: 5

    The scarlet flowers of Cardinal flower appear in August and September. Lobelia cardinalis is wet site loving and attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.  Cardinal Flower seeds itself beautifully in wetlands.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Black Truffle' Cardinal flower has leaves which are purple to black, especially in spring and early summer.  Lobelia cardinalis 'Black Truffle' produces 4' spikes of vivid red flowers from July to September, attracting hummingbirds, butterflies and other pollinators like mad.  This very showy native is an introduction by Peter Heus of West Virginia, and is being marketed by Plants Nouveau and North Creek's American Beauties Program.

    Height: 40 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'New Moon Maroon' Cardinal flower comes from the sharp eye of James Brown, the native plant king of New Moon Nursery.  The deep maroon foliage is more consistently showy than Lobelia 'Fried Green Tomatoes'.  It makes a gorgeous setting for the tall scarlet spikes of flowers which appear in August and September.  Lobelia cardinalis is an essential ingredient for wildlife attraction in rain gardens, bioswales and wet areas.  Hummingbirds and sphinx moths go crazy over their blooms.

    PRN Preferred:  The contrast between the burgundy foliage and red flowers is amazing.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Big Blue Lobelia has clear blue flower spikes appearing in August and September, attracting hummingbirds, butterflies and insects. Does well in full sun, even more than L. cardinalis. Very wet site tolerant, and naturalizes well from seed.
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Privet Honeysuckle is a beautiful glossy small evergreen groundcover shrub. Lonicera pileata often produces glowing amethyst fruits in late summer on older plants. An excellent choice for shady deer-dominated areas.

    PRN Preferred:  Works much better than any Cotoneaster as a groundcover.  This evergreen works well in dry sites.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The coral-red flowers of 'Major Wheeler' Trumpet Honeysuckle bloom for a very long time from late spring through the summer when it is visited by hummingbirds. Lonicera sempervirens 'Major Wheeler' was found by Charles Wheeler of the NC Botanical Garden Foundation.

    PRN Preferred:  Very showy red flowers and disease free foliage, blooms for a very long time.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Golden Creeping Jenny has bright, golden-yellow leaves that hug the ground and form a dense, attractive mat. Small yellow flowers in spring are not conspicuous, but the leaves turn a bronzy-gold fall color. Lysimachia is great for rock gardens and walls, fast spreading.
    Height: 2 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3
    Magnolia grandiflora 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' is a Southern Magnolia with large fragrant white flowers in June and July, and glossy dark green evergreen leaves with rusty undersides. One of the most cold tolerant, introduced by Ray Bracken Nursery. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Little Gem' Southern Magnolia is a compact cultivar of our stately native evergreen Magnolia grandiflora.  The habit is tight and compact, with large lustrous dark green leaves which have a fuzzy brown indumentum on the undersides.  The large white flowers are fragrant and appear intermittently from late May through July.  Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem' needs to be planted in a sheltered location, with particular protection from the winter winds.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 7

    Teddy Bear® ('Southern Charm') Southern Magnolia has a tight pyramidal habit on a compact plant.  The dark green lustrous leaves have attractive brown indumentum and are evergreen.  Magnolia grandiflora Teddy Bear® produces large fragrant white flowers from June to August.  A Head Introductions, Teddy Bear® is an excellent choice for smaller locations.  Give it some protection from winter winds when possible.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 7
    Umbrella Magnolia is very tropical looking with huge single white flowers in summer and enormous leaves in an umbrella-like configuration. Magnolia tripetala's showy rose-red fruit appears in September.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Sweetbay Magnolia has fragrant white flowers starting in June that will bloom for much of the summer. In fall it has showy red fruit with orange seeds. Magnolia virginiana is also wet site tolerant, and is an important food source for the Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly larvae.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Green Mile™ Sweetbay Magnolia has an unusually tight, upright form, with lustrous dark green semi-evergreen foliage.  The extremely fragrant white flowers start appearing in June and continue for much of the summer.  They are followed by attractive red fruit with orange seeds in the fall.  Green Mile™ Magnolia is a selection by Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee.  Wet site tolerant, and the larval host for the Sweetbay Silkmoth and the Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly.  NYBG has planted an allee of them bordering their native meadow.

    Height: 35 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The evergreen foliage of 'Green Shadow' Sweetbay Magnolia forms a tight oval tree with fragrant white flowers in summer. This Magnolia virginiana is a selection og M. virg. var. australis by the great Don Shadow from seedlings from the great Joe McDaniel. It is also wet site tolerant. Formerly named 'Greenbay'.

    PRN Preferred:  Reliably evergreen.  The form is narrower than other cultivars.  Establishes a center leader more easily.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Moonglow® ('Jim Wilson') Sweetbay Magnolia has white fragrant flowers in the summer and is very hardy, has rapid growth, is wet site tolerant and semi-evergreen. Magnolia virginiana Moonglow® is a great introduction by Earl Cully.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Southern Sweetbay Magnolia has white fragrant flowers in summer, and showy red fruit with orange seeds in August and September. Magnolia virginiana var. australis is semi-evergreen and wet site tolerant.  Evidently, if a Magnolia virginiana is evergreen it comes from M. v. var. australis populations.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Magnolia x 'Daybreak' has extremely fragrant large glowing pink cup-shaped flowers in May, on a narrow upright form. Hybridized by Dr. August Kehr, and said to be his favorite of all his many crosses.

    PRN Preferred:  No other color like this in the Magnolia world.  Your eye is drawn to it when it is in bloom.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Genie' Magnolia is a spectacular color breakthrough in the Magnolia world, with lots of black-red flower buds that open to small cup-shaped rose-purple blooms.  The tepals are the same color on both sides, which heightens the color intensity.  The flowers are lightly fragrant, and the bloom period is from April to May.  This stunning plant is the result of 15 years of hybridizing work in New Zealand.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Gold Finch' Magnolia is a complex cross from the late Phil Savage of Michigan.  The M. acuminata parentage can be seen in its habit (tall and upright) as well as its flower color (light yellow).  Magnolia x 'Gold Finch' is very cold hardy, and is a rather early bloomer.  The large showy blossoms are tulip or goblet shaped.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'March till Frost' Magnolia has large upright tulip-shaped blooms of a beautiful deep rose-purple color. This introduction from Dr. August Kehr starts blooming in late March and early April, and continues to bloom sporadically throughout the summer into the fall. It was one of Dr. Kehr's favorites, and we have always loved the "surprise package" it makes when the large showy flowers open up in late summer and fall.

    PRN Preferred:  No other Magnolia comes close to putting out more flowers throughout the growing season.  The summer and fall flowers are not washed out.  Truly remarkable.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Yellow Lantern' Magnolia has very large lemon-yellow flowers which appear in late spring and last for a long time. Although M. acuminata is on of the parents, Magnolia x 'Yellow Lantern' is a relatively small ornamental tree. The flowers are upright and tulip-shaped.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Magnolia x brooklynensis 'Judy Zuk' is a spectacular and fitting tribute to the much missed former president of the Brooklyn Botanical Garden, Judy Zuk. Upward-facing fragrant flowers are a strong yellow, flushing to orange pink at the base. A very beautiful Magnolia coming from BBG's wonderful hybridizing work. M. acuminata is prominent in its ancestry.

    PRN Preferred:  The combination of yellow flushing to orange is stunning, and this is our favorite deep yellow Magnolia.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    These magnificent native Magnolias contradict their definite tropical look with reliable winter hardiness in the Northeast. They are being used on the High Line in NYC in a shady area between buildings to give the feeling of a cool tall forest area.
    Leatherleaf Mahonia has lemon-yellow fragrant flowers in February and March, blue bird-attracting fruit in summer and is evergreen. The upright angular habit adds to its architectural interest all year. Mahonias are in the same family (Berberaceae) as Barberries and Nandinas and share their characteristic deer resistance.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Japanese Mahonia is often confused with Mahonia bealei, but the foliage is a darker, glossier green, and the texture is finer, with more leaves per stem. It is evergreen, and produces fragrant yellow flower panicles in February and March. Bees and insects benefit from the blooms on warm winter days, and birds love the glaucous blue fruit in early summer.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Ostrich Fern has edible fiddleheads in the spring, followed by tall green fronds. It is very wet site tolerant and is a deciduous rapid spreader. Matteuccia struthiopteris is also relatively sun tolerant, if in a wet location.
    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 60 Inches
    Zone: 3
    Creeping Mazus has tiny green leaves that form a dense mat, covered with delicate, purple-blue flowers in late spring. A great plant for rock gardens, walkways and walls.
    Height: 2 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 6
    Meehan's Mint is a lovely native groundcover that thrives in shade. The low trailing foliage is covered with bright blue flowers in late spring. The clean, neat leaves form a good green mat in average to moist locations. Hummingbirds and bees are attracted to the flowers, and deer leave them alone. What could be better?
    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Virginia Bluebells are pink in bud and the nodding bells turn a bright lavender-blue as they open above blue-green foliage. The leaves usually turn yellow and disappear by mid summer, so it is best to use these with other, later, shade perennials. In a moist setting they will slowly colonize a large area.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Russian Arborvitae is a soft, flat growing evergreen that has plum colored winter foliage. Microbiota decussata's summer color is delicate fern-like green. Great in dry shade, where it spreads extensively. It will not tolerate wet conditions.
    Height: 1 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 2
    'Gracillimus' Maiden Grass has rose-red inflorescences in late summer over green foliage with a thin, white mid-rib. The old classic form of the Maiden Grasses, with attractive light tan winter color.
    Height: 72 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Morning Light' Maiden Grass has rose inflorescences in late summer, above fine white and green striped leaves. The finest textured of the large Maiden Grasses, and one of our favorites in the landscape. Also beautiful all winter.
    Height: 60 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Skyracer' Purple Moor Grass has tall seedheads in mid summer that are very showy above short, green foliage which turns yellow in the fall. Introduced by Kurt Bluemel, it holds up well in the winter. Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens calls Molinia a 'ghost plant' because you can see things through the airy seedheads.  Molinias tolerate moist soils well.

    Height: 72 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Eastern Bee Balm produces pinkish-lavender flowers in early summer. The form is like a little lavender crown on the ends of the light purple stems. Butterflies and insects rely on this native member of the Mint family for food, so you get more than just flowers when Monarda bradburiana is in your garden. Dry site tolerant and fragrant foliage.  This is Stephanie Cohen's favorite Monarda particularly for meadow applications.  One of the native plants chosen by Piet Oudolf for the newly planted meadow garden at Delaware Botanic Gardens.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Monarda didyma 'Coral Reef' has coral to salmon-pink flowers from July until frost on disease-resistant foliage. A breakthrough in Bee Balms from the Morden Research Experimental Station in Manitoba, Canada. Attractive to bees and butterflies.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Grand Parade™ ('ACrade') Bee Balm is a new Monarda introduction from those tireless folks at the Morden Research Experiment Station, with large magenta-purple flowers in July and August, over short disease resistant foliage. Butterfly and bee attractant.

    PRN Preferred:  Excellent mildew resistance, compact plant.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Jacob Cline' Bee Balm has bright red flowers in mid summer that attract butterflies, bees and hummingbirds. Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline' is a mildew-resistant introduction from Itsaul Plants, found originally in Georgia.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Petite Delight™ ('Acpetdel') Bee Balm has lavender-pink flowers in July and August on a compact disease-resistant plant. It is dry site tolerant when established. From Lynn Collicut of the Morden Research Station in Manitoba, Canada.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Sugar Buzz® 'Cherry Pops' Bee Balm is one of a series of new showy Monardas from Walters Gardens of Michigan.  The large cherry red flowers are produced mid to late summer over disease resistant dark green foliage.  The stems are sturdy and upright, so Sugar Buzz® 'Cherry Pops' makes an excellent cut flower.  Pollinators and hummingbirds cluster around the blooms, and the aromatic foliage is also attractive.  Unlike some taller Monardas, Sugar Buzz® 'Cherry Pops' does not overrun the whole perennial bed.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Sugar Buzz® 'Cotton Candy' Bee Balm comes from the tireless work of Hans Hansen of Walters Gardens.  The Sugar Buzz® series is a line of compact, disease resistant Monardas, and 'Cotton Candy' adds soft pink midsummer flowers to the line  These Monardas are good in perennial borders because they do not spread aggressively and they stay compact.  Hummingbirds and pollinators love the July and August food source and deer and rabbits leave the aromatic foliage alone.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Sugar Buzz™ 'Rockin' Raspberry' Bee Balm is another lovely selection from Hans Hansen's hybridizing work at Walters Gardens.  The vivid raspberry purple flowers appear in July and cover the compact green foliage into August, especially if deadheaded after the initial bloom.  The foliage is dark green, aromatic and mildew resistant.  Combined with the compact size and habit, these qualities make Monarda Sugar Buzz™ 'Rockin' Raspberry' a great addition to perennial borders.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Muhlenbergia capillaris has deep rose-purple inflorescences in September, and the effect makes people stop in their tracks and stare. It must have a well-drained site, especially in the winter.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 6

    'Morton Male' Northern Bayberry was selected by Tim Boland while at the Morton Arboretum to serve as a good pollinator for their Silver Sprite™ female selection.  Myrica pensylvanica 'Morton Male' has excellent winter hardiness and is semi-evergreen, turning an attractive eggplant purple color in winter.  Both selections are excellent colonizers because of their suckering habit.  They both tolerate a very large range of soil types and soil moisture conditions.  Males should be planted with females in proportions of 1 to 5 for good fruit production.  (New name is Morella pensylvanica)

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    At last, a predictably female Bayberry! Silver Sprite™ ('Morton') has all the qualities of seedling plants but with heavy fruit set as long as there are males nearby. According to Dr. Dirr, you need 20% male plants in the area to guarantee a heavy fruit set. From the Morton Arboretum in Illinois.  Our preferred pollinator is Myrica p. 'Morton Male'.  (New name is Morella pensylvanica)

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4
    The white flowers of Heavenly Bamboo appear in June and July. They are followed by brilliant red fruit, persisting through the winter, and red fall and winter foliage. Nandina domestica is semi-evergreen, especially in a sheltered spot.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Fire Power' Heavenly Bamboo has a nice compact habit. Its leaves have shades of green and red, and it is semi-evergreen. The leaf structure differs from all other Nandinas, as does its fall color, in shades of orange. It does not produce fruit.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Gulf Stream™ Heavenly Bamboo is a semi-evergreen with blue-green foliage that turns red in fall and winter. It has small white flowers in July but does not produce fruit. This Nandina domestica has a very upright, tight habit.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Mexican Feather Grass has delicate, hair-like green foliage which is topped by airy tan seedheads in early summer. It is great in mixed containers. Formerly named Stipa. Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens has had it survive in North Jersey, so maybe it's hardier in the ground in a well-drained site.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Junior Walker™ Catmint ('Novanepjun') is a seedling of Nepeta 'Walker's Low' that was chosen because it has a neat compact habit and does not seed itself around the garden.  The violet-blue flowers start in early June, and continue all summer if deadheaded occasionally.  The compact habit of Junior Walker™ makes it an excellent candidate for containers and borders.  An introduction by Star Roses.

    PRN Preferred:  A wonderful flower display on a neater, more compact plant.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Walker's Low' Catmint has lots of light blue flowers over gray-green aromatic foliage. It is dry site tolerant and named after the Irish Garden, 'Walker's Low', but it is also a low-growing Nepeta. 2007 Perennial Plant of the Year. Deadhead to make it rebloom.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5
    Montauk Daisy has single white daisies that are borne profusely in September and October over glossy succulent-like foliage. Very salt tolerant. It went from Nipponanthemum to Chrysanthemum and then to Leucanthemum but we are staying with Nipponanthemum, to avoid confusion!
    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Green Gable™ ('NSUHH') Black Gum or Tupelo is a really amazing selection of this native tree. It has the classic brilliant red fall color we know and love, but its habit is a huge departure from regular Nyssas, with an upright pyramidal shape and extremely uniform branching. With its lustrous green foliage in summer, excellent fall color and perfect silhouette in winter, it is clearly the best answer we've seen to the Pear requests people still have. Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee found this exciting native, which is primarily a male form (but probably polygamo-dioecious, which means it will infrequently bear some fruit).  Wet site and salt tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  This tree has a wonderful upright habit and consistantly beautiful fall color.

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Wildfire' Black Tupelo has spectacular red-tipped new growth into summer, followed by excellent red fall color. Introduced by Steve Hotevey of Beyond Green Nursery in Oregon. Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' is also wet site and salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Black Mondo Grass or Lily Turf is a slow growing groundcover with interesting blackish purple strap-like leaves.  The habit is clumping but slowly spreading.  The short flower spikes have subtle lavender bell-shaped flowers which are followed by small shiny purple berries.  The blooms appear in July and August, emerging from the foliage clumps.  Leaf color is darkest in full sun, although O. 'Nigrescens' tolerates shade well.  This is the same plant as O. 'Nigra'.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 6
    'Goshiki' Holly Tea Olive has stunning bronze new growth that changes to shiny Holly-like green leaves liberally speckled with creamy white. Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Goshiki' provides late summer fragrance with its inconspicuous flowers. Introduced by Barry Yinger and Brookside Gardens. An evergreen that likes shady spots.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Gulftide' Holly Tea Olive is a lovely upright English Holly look-alike, with excellent shade tolerance and deer resistance. The evergreen leaves are lustrous, fine and spiny. Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Gulftide' can be used as a foundation plant, or as a hedge in shade. From Gulfstream Nursery, and the most cold tolerant Osmanthus.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Sasaba' Holly Tea Olive has dramatic dark green deeply incised leaves on a compact, shade loving plant. Dr. Michael Dirr calls it "A plant handler's worst nightmare" because the leaves are very stiff and prickly. Of course, that is what makes it a wonderful evergreen for deer country. The insignificant flowers appear in November and are highly, deliciously fragrant. There is a lovely large plant at the Scott Arboretum, home of so many specimen plants. Slow growing, with good cold tolerance.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cinnamon Fern has medium green somewhat coarse foliage. The fertile fronds are cinnamon colored, and very upright. Osmunda cinnamomea is very wet site tolerant, and a deciduous creeper. Great in rain gardens.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 2

    Royal Fern is a tall broad fronded fern that thrives in wet, shady sites.  At 48", it towers over other native ferns and stands out because of its coarse open texture.  Osmunda regalis is a deciduous spreader, slowly colonizing moist woodland settings.  When provided with consistent moisture, Royal Fern ever tolerates full sun.  An excellent tall addition to stream sides, ponds, rain gardens and wet meadows.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 3
    'Festiva Maxima' Herbaceous Peony has fragrant double white flower with red speckles. This is a classic Peony which has come back into popular use. It was originally bred for the cut flower trade.
    Height: 34 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3
    'Karl Rosenfield' Garden Peony has double red blooms. It blooms early in the season (May and June), which makes the double flowers last better because of the cooler temperatures.
    Height: 34 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3
    'Shirley Temple' Garden Peony has double white flowers which are very showy. The fragrance is excellent, and since it blooms early in May and June, the double flower performance is dependably good.
    Height: 34 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Sunshine Festival' Herbaceous Peony blooms in mid spring with large white Japanese form flowers.  The white outer or guard petals surround the bright yellow stamenoids, making Paeonia 'Sunshine Festival' well named and a stunning cut flower.  Hybridized by Roger Anderson.

    Height: 28 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Bartzella' Itoh Hybrid Peony has sulfur yellow double flowers in May and June, held on short stems above green disease-resistant foliage.  The blooms have red center flares on petals, and 'Bartzella' makes a lovely short cut flower.  Rodger Anderson of Wisconsin introduced Paeonia x 'Bartzella' in 1986, after years of hybridizing work.

    PRN Preferred:  A heavy bloomer with bright yellow flowers.  Since is it an Itoh, the foliage looks good all season long.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Border Charm' Itoh Hybrid Peony has bright yellow single flowers made more showy by red flares at the base of the petals.  Paeonia x 'Border Charm' blooms profusely in May and June, and makes a lovely short cut flower.  Since Tree Peony is one of the parents, the foliage is a good disease-resistant green, on short woody stems.  'Border Charm' was hybridized by Don Hollingsworth.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Cora Louise' Itoh Hybrid Peony is one of the more vigorous Itoh introductions, bred by Roger Anderson of Wisconsin.  It combines excellent hardiness with extremely large showy blooms.  The 10" flowers have white petals which are maroon at the base, surrounding the yellow stamens.  The form is semi-double and the flower production in May is plentiful.  Like all the intersectional Peony hybrids, Paeonia 'Cora Louise' is a wonderful tough addition to the perennial garden. 

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 40 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Hillary' Itoh Hybrid Peony blooms for an extended period in May and June.  The semi-double flowers are large and showy, in shades of creamy pink and copper.  Paeonia Itoh 'Hillary' is an intersectional hybrid between herbaceous and tree peonies, and has cleaner, more disease resistant foliage than either of the parent plants.  Introduced in 1999 by the renowned Itoh Peony hybridizer, Roger Anderson.  'Hillary' makes a large, upright vigorous clump, with short wooden stems remaining after leaf drop in fall.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Old Rose Dandy' Itoh Hybrid Peony blooms in May and June, with large single copper petals enhanced by brick-red flares and yellow stamens.  Since 'Old Rose Dandy' is an intersectional hybrid between Tree Peonies and Herbaceous Peonies, the woody stems are quite short and are vigorously covered with handsome disease-resistant foliage.  A cross by Chris Laning in 1993.

    Height: 32 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    We grow an outstanding selection of unique Garden Peonies, many of which we have grown for years in our own gardens with great delight. Heights range between 2 and 3' and plants are hardy to zone 3 and 4. Unusual flower forms, both double and single, make great cut flowers. All are deer resistant!  Please visit the website for specific varieties and descriptions.

    The Peony World has found a significant Holy Grail with the introduction of beautiful crosses between Tree and Garden Peonies. Toichi Itoh of Japan made the original breakthroughs in 1948, but selections resulting from this work have only recently become available. The flowers range from semi-double to double, in clear bright colors from pink, yellow, and lavender to orange, rose and red. The habit is somewhere between the two species, with short woody stems and vigorous green deciduous foliage. See our availability list for specific varieties.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 4

    'Heavy Metal' Switchgrass has blue-green foliage that is very upright, with attractive seedheads appearing in July and lasting throughout the winter. One of the earliest Switchgrasses introduced to the trade like all the Panicums this is an important seed source to feed winter birds.  Selected by Kurt Bluemel.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4