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Woody Ornamentals

Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z ALL
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    Abelia x grandiflora 'Rose Creek' provides a wonderful presence in the landscape with its plentiful fragrant white flowers and red-tinged stems on new growth. 'Rose Creek' Abelia will bloom beginning in May and last through the summer into September.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    A spreading, rounded shrub, 'Little Richard' Abelia has glossy dark green leaves that sometimes will be tinged bronze. Provides wonderful white, fragrant flowers through the summer until frost.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Tropical looking, Variegated Fiveleaf Aralia offers ivory and green large palmate leaves on a tough dry site tolerant low maintenance plant; somewhat spiny. As wonderful plantsman Fred Spicer of The Chicago Botanic Garden says, "For your Garden of Pain".  New name to be Eleutherococcus.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Few trees are as showy as the Paperbark Maple, with its cinnamon colored exfoliating bark. The fine-textured leaves have 3 leaflets and change from dark green with silvery undersides in summer to shades of red and bronze in fall. Acer griseum makes a neat oval-shaped small tree which fits into both small and large scale landscapes well.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    October Glory® Red Maple has green leaves following the attractive red flowers which are one of the earliest signs of spring for us in the Northeast. The fall color of October Glory® is a deep rich red and occurs 2 weeks later than other cultivars. This oval-shaped, wet site tolerant tree was found by our father, William Flemer III and has proved to be one of the best cultivars for Southern hot summers.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Redpointe® ('Frank Jr') Red Maple is an attractive introduction of this very adaptable native tree, developed by J Frank Schmidt and Son Nursery in Oregon.  They chose this selection because of its broad but upswept branching pyramidal habit.  Acer rubrum Redpointe® has a strong central leaded and leathery dark green foliage.  The crowning glory is the vivid red early fall color, followed by a regular tidy silhouette in winter.

    Height: 45 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Winter Gold' Snakebark Maple is a small shade loving Asian Maple which is admired for its striking bark color. The green delicate foliage is held on greenish yellow branches in summer. As the leaves turn yellow in fall, the bark takes on colors of orange and gold, set off by vertical white stripes. Acer rufinerve 'Winter Gold' is particularly stunning in winter, where the bark's color deepens to reddish orange on the new growth.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Creamy white flowers on Aesculus parviflora appear in summer on long panicles. Bottlebrush Buckeye offers golden yellow fall color. Aesculus parviflora is a wonderful addition to the landscape to attract hummingbirds. Our neighbor nurseryman Dick Karkalits says it is an absolutely foolproof plant for just about any location, and we agree.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Rogers' Bottlebrush Buckeye has long white panicles that bloom even later than A. serotina. Aesculus parviflora var. serotina 'Rogers' is a wonderful J.C. McDaniel selection. These plants are on their own roots. A. parviflora var. serotina 'Rogers' is wet site tolerant, and the best blooming Bottlebush Buckeye by far.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4

    The Red Buckeye is named for its striking showy 5" red upright flower panicles, which appear on the ends of its branches in May. Aesculus pavia's foliage is dark green in summer, turning to yellow in early fall. It produces the lustrous brown chestnuts that we all loved as children and squirrels go crazy for them. It can be grown as a very large wide shrub or as a small slow growing tree.

    PRN Preferred:  We have selected for cleaner foliage and showier flowers.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    We grow our own selection of Red Buckeye, selected by us from a field of mature trees at Princeton Nurseries.  The characteristics that guided our choices were clean, disease-free foliage, very dark showy 5" upright panicles in May, and a strong tree-form habit.  We propagate our selection 'Splendens' from the seed of the five trees we moved to Pleasant Run Nursery.  The resulting plants have the outstanding qualities of their parents, and we grow them as tree-form.  Aesculus pavia 'Splendens' makes a tough beautiful small tree. Besides the flower display and the attractive dark green summer foliage, the fall color is a clean yellow and the brown chestnuts feed the wildlife.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Amelanchier laevis has white flowers in early April. The reddish purple fruit of Allegheny Serviceberry is loved by birds. Good reddish orange fall color of Amelanchier laevis makes it a wonderful landscape choice to provide interest for each season. A wet site tolerant plant.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Small white flowers of Amelanchier x grandiflora Autumn Brilliance® emerge from pink buds in April. Apple Serviceberry has berries in June that will turn magenta to purple. Its brilliant red foliage brightens up the landscape in fall. A wet site tolerant plant introduced by nurseryman Bill Wandell of Illinois.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Massachusetts' Bearberry has small shiny evergreen leaves with small pinkish white bell-like flowers in April and May, often followed by red fruits. Arctostaphylos is best in acid soil and sandy, well drained sites.  Grows well in poor infertile soils.  There are large colonies of Bearberry in the NJ Pinelands.  Selected by Bob Tichnor of Oregon from seed collected in Massachusetts. It is also salt tolerant.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' is a deciduous shrub with white flowers in May. The bright red fruit of this Red Chokeberry ripens in late summer and persists into winter. The glossy foliage turns brilliant red in fall. This cultivar forms a suckering colony and is wet site and salt tolerant.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Low Scape® 'Hedger' Black Chokeberry ('UCONNAM166') is a selection of our native Aronia, chosen for its compact upright habit. In mid spring Low Scape® 'Hedger' produces a quantity of showy white racemes held above the lustrous green foliage. During the summer the dense habit makes a good choice for short hedges. In the fall the leaves turn striking shades of orange and red, brightening up the landscape for a prolonged period before dropping. Fruit production is limited, but native pollinators benefit. Developed by Dr. Mark Brand and Dr. Bryan Connolly of U. Conn.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Low Scape® 'Mound' Black Chokeberry ('UCONNAM165') is an unusual Aronia melanocarpa form produced by Drs. Mark Brand and Bryan Connolly of U. Conn.  Low Scape® 'Mound' performs as a groundcover instead of an upright shrub, so it works well as an erosion control plant as well as an edger.  The green spring foliage is topped by lots of attractive white racemes.  The showy flowers are followed by shiny black fruit in late summer, providing important food for wildlife.  The fall color is a deep red, persisting for several weeks.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Viking' Black Chokeberry has glossy dark green leaves which turn a striking red in fall. The white, spring flowers are followed by large purplish black fruit, which birds love (and they are full of anti-oxidants). The site adaptability (Aronia melanocarpa 'Viking' likes both wet and dry conditions) and the suckering habit make it an excellent shrub for reclamation use, as well as an attractive landscape plant. Dr. Mark Brand of Connecticut found this native beauty.

    PRN Preferred:  A good shrub for wetland reclamation plantings, a more compact variety with very large glossy foliage.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Mango' Pawpaw is a slow growing tropical looking tree which bears delicious yellow fruit in October.  The fruit is large and smooth skinned, with delicious soft flesh surrounding a few brown seeds.  All Pawpaws are significant hosts for butterflies and moths, and are still commonly found in patches in old farmyards because settlers depended on Asimina triloba for the delicious fruit.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Pennsylvania Golden' Pawpaw is an early ripening form of our largest native fruit. The flesh is yellow and the taste is reminiscent of mango, banana and pineapple. Pawpaw ice cream is one of the greatest desserts we have ever eaten. Asiminas are important hosts for the larvae of the Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly, as well as the Pawpaw Sphinx Moth. Pawpaws are often found colonizing shady riverbanks along the Mid Atlantic and Southern plains.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Emily Rose' Aucuba is a dark green female selection with superior cold tolerance.  The slender lustrous leaves are evergreen , and make a great setting for the large shiny red fruit.  The berries color up in mid to late winter, and are retained well into the summer, providing a log lasting show.  Any male form planted nearby will provide adequate pollination.  Aucuba 'Emily Rose' was an introduction from Hines Nursery of California.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Rozannie' Aucuba is a compact evergreen form which has large, very lustrous green leaves.  They look almost artificial because they are so shiny and perfect.  Even more amazing are the enormous bright red berries which remain on 'Rozannie' for several months.  Since birds (and deer) do not eat the fruit, the show goes on for a long time.  A compact female form, tolerant of a wide range of soils. 

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Aucuba japonica 'Variegata' has shiny green leaves sprinkled with gold spots, and is evergreen. Variegated Japanese Aucuba is often called 'Gold Dust' Aucuba.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Heritage® ('Cully') Riverbirch is one of the best Birches for the Northeast, from extraordinary plantsman Earl Cully. Beautiful creamy exfoliating bark, disease and borer resistant, wet site tolerant, fast growth habit, we could go on and on...

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Black Knight' Butterfly Bush boasts fragrant purplish violet flowers starting in late June. This Buddleia has a vigorous and large habit, and blooms all summer into fall.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Pink Delight' Butterfly Bush boasts fragrant true pink flowers starting in late June.  All Buddleias are named after an English botanist, the Rev. Adam Buddle.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Flutterby Petite® 'Blue Heaven' ('Podaras #8') Butterfly Bush is a new introduction to the groundcover Buddleia world, with blue fragrant flowers all summer over low growing silvery foliage. It is largely sterile, and is a great nectar source for hummingbirds, butterflies and other insects. A Ball Ornamentals introduction from hybridizing work by Peter Podaras.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Pugster® 'Amethyst' ('SMNBDL') Butterfly Bush is a more cold tolerant compact Buddleia, with large lavender purple blooms on short sturdy stems.  Pugster® 'Amethyst' starts blooming in June and keeps on flowering until early fall.  A Spring Meadows introduction, this Buddleia is recommended for use in rock gardens, perennial beds and tighter sites than most Buddleia can handle.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    As many of you are already aware, the threat of Boxwood Blight is increasing in our area. At PRN, we are taking additional steps to provide healthy Boxwoods. First, we only source from growers who can provide Boxwood Compliance Certificates. Additionally, we are limiting access to our Boxwoods at the nursery. This is being done to reduce the risk of spreading the disease to healthy plants. Boxwood Blight is often transmitted through spores carried on shoes and clothing, and resistant but healthy Boxwoods have been shown to carry the disease as well. Customers will be able to view and order Boxwoods from PRN but they will be a “PRN Pull Only”. These extra precautions will keep PRN clean from Boxwood Blight so you can feel reassured that you are purchasing healthy, disease free Boxwoods which will thrive at your job site.

    'Little Missy' Little Leaf Boxwood is an excellent substitute for Buxus 'Justin Brouwers' is areas where Boxwood Blight is increasingly a problem.  The Buxus microphylla cultivars are much more resistant to the effects of the blight, and 'Little Missy', with it's compact mounding habit and diminutive size works well where really small Boxwoods are needed.  The leaves are lustrous dark green and tolerate sun well.  Buxus 'Little Missy' does well with trimming, so it can be used to make knot gardens and short formal hedges.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Dee Runk' Common Boxwood has glossy dark green foliage that makes its conical shape a standout. It is evergreen, disease resistant and slow growing and is an exciting newcomer to the Boxwood scene.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Justin Brouwers' Boxwood has a very tight habit, with dark green foliage that maintains excellent winter color. Since it is so compact and slow growing, it needs virtually no pruning. It performs very well in short formal hedges or as a small neat specimen in rock garden settings. More sun tolerant than many Boxwood cultivars.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Vardar Valley' Common Boxwood is an unusually tough Buxus sempervirens, with excellent insect and disease resistance coupled with attractive green foliage that has a distinctive bluish cast.  It was found by Edgar Anderson of the Arnold Arboretum and Missouri Botanical Garden in 1945, along a river in Macedonia.  After years of observation it was named and released by the Arnold Arboretum because of its proven excellence.  Slow growing and compact, it forms an excellent low maintenance shrub for shady locations.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    A cross between B. sinica var. insularis and B. sempervirens, 'Green Gem' Boxwood is a slow growing round evergreen that combines excellent hardiness with good winter color. An introduction by Sheridan Nurseries of Ontario, Canada.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Green Mountain' Little Leaf Boxwood has a pyramidal shape and small evergreen leaves that show some bronzing in winter. Buxus x 'Green Mountain' is from selections made at Sheridan Nurseries of Ontario.
    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Green Velvet' Boxwood is a very hardy selection from Sheridan Nurseries in Canada. Glossy evergreen foliage on a round maintenance free shrub.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Early Amethyst' Beautyberry abounds with large quantities of small lilac fruits in the fall. Originally from Brookside Gardens in Maryland.  This is the same plant as C. 'Issai', per Barry Yinger.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Calycanthus floridus has dark maroon flowers in May and June that are often fragrant. Fall color is yellow. Sweetshrub is wet site tolerant, as well as dry shade tolerant.  Calycanthus is distantly related to Magnolias.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Edith Wilder' Sweetshrub is a lovely selection of this adaptable native plant, first appearing at the Scott Arboretum of Swarthmore, PA. The reddish maroon flowers are strongly and consistently fragrant, and are displayed profusely on the upright branches. The foliage is rounder than many of the other forms, and is held at right angles to the stems. Fall color is a good clear yellow. Wet site and dry site tolerant, deer resistant and native, what more could you ask?
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Michael Lindsey' Sweetshrub has reddish brown flowers that are consistently, gorgeously fragrant, blooming for a prolonged period in April and May over dark, lustrous green foliage. Fall color of Calycanthus floridus 'Michael Lindsey' is a clear yellow. Selected by Allen Bush of Holbrook Farm & Nursery in North Carolina. It is also wet site tolerant. Extremely verticillium resistant per Rick Darke.

    PRN Preferred:  Heavy bloomer, fragrant flowers, lustrous foliage with good fall color.  Reblooms sporadically throughout the summer.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Burgundy Spice' Sweetshrub represents a radical color change in Calycanthus foliage, with lustrous deep burgundy leaves throughout the summer.  Richard Hesselein and Daryl Kobesky selected for darker foliage over a number of years, coming up with 2 beautiful purple colored sports.  We chose the best one to name Calycanthus floridus var purpureus 'Burgundy Spice'.  The maroon flowers appear in May and June, and have the classic mango and pineapple fragrance of good Sweetshrub selections.  The fall foliage adds another season of enjoyment, turning attractive shades of yellow and amber.

    PRN Preferred:  The deep burgundy foliage remains all summer, does not fade or bleach out in the sun. 

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Hartlage Wine' Sweetshrub has amazing reddish maroon flowers with yellow centers starting in May and continuing to fall. A very exciting Sweetshrub named after an extraordinary plantsman, Dr. J.C. Raulston, developed by Richard Hartlage and the JC Raulston Arboretum. It used to sport my favorite plant name, xSinocalycalycanthus x raulstonii.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Camellia japonica 'Greensboro Red' has semi-double, trumpet-shaped light red flowers on an upright plant in April and May. The original plant came from England in the early 1800's and was such a favorite in Greensboro, NC, that it was named the 'City Flower'. 'Greensboro Red' Camellia is evergreen and a spring bloomer.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia seed was given to William Flemer III by Dr. John L. Creech of the National Arboretum, who found it in the northernmost reaches of the island of Hokkaido, Japan. From the resulting seedlings, Richard Hesselein picked out 'Hokkaido Red' as the most promising selection.  Its extreme tolerance of cold combines with its plentiful production of bright red trumpet-shaped single flowers for a very extended period starting in late December. The yellow stamens add to the show, and the few hardy insect pollinators still around in the winter love them. Best of all, the glossy evergreen foliage turns a stunning shade of purple all winter. Richard Hesselein has been working with this selection of Camellia japonica to produce a range of flower types that also display the winter foliage coloration and the cold tolerance.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Camellia japonica 'Kumasaka' is a rosy pink peony form blooming in April and May. Evergreen and very cold tolerant. All Camellias are members of the Tea family.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'April Blush' has semi-double blush pink flowers in April and May. An introduction from Dr. Clifford Parks, 'April Blush' is an evergreen spring blooming Camellia.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'April Pink' Camellia has large double shell pink flowers with a very formal, perfect appearance. It is a Dr. Clifford Parks introduction, and one that is new to us. It is spring blooming and evergreen.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'April Rose' has double rosy pink formal flowers and blooms in April and May. 'April Rose' Camellia is an introduction from Dr. Clifford Parks and is evergreen.

    PRN Preferred:  Large perfect double flowers.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'Long Island Pink' has single pink flowers that bloom in the fall and a nice compact habit. 'Long Island Pink' Camellia was found on Long Island, NY and is evergreen.

    PRN Preferred:  A compact neat form, very cold tolerant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Northern Exposure' Camellia blooms for an extended period in late fall and early winter.  The pale pink flower buds open to large white blooms set off by bright yellow stamens.  'Northern Exposure' always sets multiple buds, and since they open progressively over several months, the flower display is a very showy addition to the late fall garden.  Like all Camellias, 'Northern Exposure' has lustrous green evergreen leaves and prefers shade and protection from winter winds.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'Spring's Promise' has single reddish salmon flowers in spring, with some blooms opening consistently in the fall. It has glossy evergreen foliage.

    PRN Preferred:  Blooms in both spring and fall.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Survivor' Camellia blooms in early fall, with large single white fragrant flowers that start out tipped by soft pink on the ends of the petals. It is evergreen and upright in habit. Its name indicates its excellent cold hardiness, and it results from a C. sasanqua and C. oleifera cross made by Dr. Clifford Parks.

    PRN Preferred:  A very cold hardy, reliable bloomer.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Camellia x 'Winter's Joy' has a semi-double fuchsia pink flower on a narrow upright form. Makes a good hedge in shady locations. From Dr. William Ackerman, Camellia x 'Winter's Joy' is fall blooming and evergreen.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The flowers of 'Winter's Snowman' Camellia are a white, semi-double anemone-form. From Dr. William Ackerman, Camellia x 'Winter's Snowman' is fall blooming and evergreen with a narrow upright habit.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Fastigate European Hornbeam is an excellent tree for urban or formal sites because of its tight, extremely regular form and excellent disease resistance. When young, Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata' is narrow and very upright, but it broadens into a dense tight pyramidal oval as it matures. The leaves are neat and relatively small, and since the form never needs pruning, Carpinus is a maintenance-free tree. Even without foliage, the dense branching makes this an excellent screening tree in winter.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Frans Fontaine' European Hornbeam is more columnar than Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata', but is equally resilient in urban and suburban conditions.  The narrower habit makes Carpinus 'Frans Fontaine' a good candidate for narrower spaces or street tree applications.  The fall color of the tidy foliage is a clear yellow, and winter interest is provided by the upright, densely branched form.  Since all Carpinus varieties are a fall digging hazard, container production makes the planting season much longer.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    American Hornbeam is a tough, beautiful native tree which performs well in a wide variety of site conditions. Its green veined leaves and habit look somewhat like American Beech trees, and its interesting 2" hanging winged seed bracts add to its appeal in summer. It performs very well when transplanted from containers, and can be used in full sun or shade locations as well as sites which are periodically flooded. The fall color is attractive, varying from yellow through orange to reddish purple hues. It can be pruned to make a good tight hedge, like its European cousin, C. betulus.
    Height: 35 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Ball O' Fire™ ('J.N. Globe') Musclewood has a tight round shape, with clean green summer foliage that turns a vivid orange, bronze and red in the fall.  Found in the wild in Wisconsin, Ball O' Fire™ American Hornbeam was named and introduced by Michael Yanney of Johnson's Nursery. The color is more reliable when grown in cooler climates, and the compact size makes this tough, versatile native useful for smaller sites.  The hanging winged fruits also add to Carpinus Ball O' Fire™'s appeal.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Beyond Midnight™ Bluebeard ('CT-9-12') produces abundant deep cobalt blue flowers in late summer to early fall.  The foliage is lustrous and disease resistant, growing on a compact habit.  Caryopteris Proven Winners® Color Choice® Beyond Midnight™ need excellent drainage to thrive, and should not be cut back until spring.  The foliage has an attractive minty fragrance, which may be why deer and rabbits leave it alone.  A good plant for full sun containers.

    PRN Preferred:  The flower color is the deepest blue of any Caryopteris we grow, and the habit is neat and tight.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Longwood Blue' Bluebeard has bluish violet flowers and grayish green aromatic foliage. 'Longwood Blue' blooms later than other Caryopteris, in mid to late summer. Dry site tolerant.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    New Jersey Tea is a tough, adaptable native shrub with pretty white fluffy lilac-shaped flowers in June and July. The flowers have a lovely delicate fragrance.  The fruits of Ceanothus americanus are subtle but interesting 3-sided capsules and the seeds are consumed by turkeys and quail.  It does very well in seashore settings and dry sites.  The name New Jersey Tea was coined during the American Revolution because its leaves were used as a substitute for imported tea.

    PRN Preferred:  An adaptable native with showy fragrant flowers in summer.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Buttonbush is a native deciduous shrub found along rivers, in bogs and in swampy area.  Cephalanthus blooms in June, producing odd round balls of tiny white fragrant flowers displayed on long stalks.  They look like small round pincushions, and butterflies and native pollinators flock to them.  Cephalanthus is so wet site tolerant that it will flourish in standing water, and it is very helpful in preventing stream erosion.  A tough native which adds an interesting element for naturalizing along rivers and woodland edges.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Sugar Shack® ('SMCOSS') Buttonbush is a more compact version of our interesting native Cephalanthus.  The white puffball flowers appear in mid to late summer, attracting butterflies and other pollinators.  The blooms are followed by red mace shaped fruit and burgundy foliage in the fall, providing food for wildlife as well as visual interest.  Cephalanthus is very wet site tolerant (we first saw it while canoeing as little children), so it is an excellent bog, bioswale or rain garden shrub.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Duke Gardens' has dark evergreen foliage and a tight, compact form. 'Duke Gardens' Plum Yew is excellent in shade but will tolerate sun as well. Originally found at The Sarah P. Duke Gardens in North Carolina, as a branch sport of C. 'Fastigiata'.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Fastigiata' has evergreen foliage and a wide columnar habit. It makes a good pillar-like conifer for foundation and formal plantings. Fastigiate Plum Yew is a slow growing alternative to upright Taxus in deer country.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Prostrata' has dark evergreen foliage and looks like Taxus baccata 'Repandens' on steroids. Prostrate Plum Yew loves shady, dry locations. Best substitute for low growing Taxus in deer situations.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Drupacea Plum Yew is a broad, vase-shaped evergreen with coarse, dark green needles, like an enormous Taxus. Slow growing but eventually large, Cephalotaxus is a perfect solution to screening needs in deer country. A dioecious species, the female plants, when pollinated produce walnut-sized, fleshy fruits.  Per Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens, drupacea is the most winter hardy of them all.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cercis canadensis is a classic harbinger of spring, with pinkish lavender pea-shaped flowers covering its branches in April. The green heart-shaped leaves of this Eastern Redbud turn yellow in the fall, and the zigzag branching habit in the winter adds to the appeal of this large shrub or small tree.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Ace of Hearts' Eastern Redbud is a long-awaited dwarf form of Cercis canadensis with magenta pink flowers in April and May. It was found by Paul Woody of North Carolina.
    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Alley Cat' Eastern Redbud has foliage liberally splashed with white, and its striking variegation is stable and scorch resistant.  The dark pink pea-shaped flowers emerge in April just before the leaves begin to show in shades of copper pink and soft green.  As the foliage matures, the white emerges and makes a lovely contrast to the green.  Alan Bush found Cercis 'Alley Cat' in an alley near his home in Kentucky, and gave it to Harald Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery to introduce.

    PRN Preferred:  The best and most reliable variegation in Redbuds.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Appalachia' Red Eastern Redbud has deep reddish purple buds that open to bright neon pink flowers in April and May. Cercis canadensis 'Appalachia' was found by Dr. Max Byrkit in Maryland.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Burgundy Hearts® ('Greswan') Eastern Redbud is a refinement of the 'Forest Pansy' theme, with pinkish lavender April flowers followed by reddish purple lustrous foliage. The heart-shaped leaves hold their dark color longer in the summer, taking on reddish wine tones towards the fall. Introduced by Greenleaf Nurseries.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Forest Pansy' Eastern Redbud has rose purple flowers and reddish purple foliage in April and May changing to bronze by fall. The foliage is strikingly beautiful in spring and early summer.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Lavender Twist™ ('Covey') Eastern Redbud has purplish rose flowers in April and May on an umbrella-shaped crown. Lavender Twist™ is a great introduction from Tim Brotsman, found by him in New York State in the garden of Mrs. Covey.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Royal White' Eastern Redbud is a classic white flowering Cercis which was selected by the late great Dr. JC McDaniel of the University of Illinois. He chose it for the large, plentiful pea-shaped flowers produced abundantly in April. Since the parent tree was found in Bluffs, Illinois, the cold tolerance is excellent. 'Royal White' is vigorous and faster growing than other white forms, and we're glad to be able to keep this tried-and-true selection in circulation.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Ruby Falls' Redbud is a weeping form of 'Forest Pansy', long awaited by avid plantsmen and brought to us by Dr. Dennis Werner of NCSU. The velvety purple foliage is displayed on graceful weeping branches, making a spectacular show in spring and early summer before it ages to greenish bronze. Its rosy purple flowers emerge before the leaves unfold. The name was chosen by 5 year old Porter Neubauer of Tennessee, undoubtedly a great future nurseryman.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The Rising Sun™ ('JN2') Redbud is one of the most stunning plants we have ever seen, with foliage that starts as peachy apricot, maturing through chartreuse-yellow to a final deep green. Since all three color phases are present at the same time in late spring and summer, the effect is spectacular. The blooms are the classic Redbud lavender in April and May.  It was found and introduced by Ray Jackson of Belvidere, Tennessee.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5

    ‘Vanilla Twist’ Eastern Redbud is a cross between C. ‘Royal White’ and C. ‘Covey’, resulting in a weeping, white flowered Cercis. ‘Vanilla Twist’ combines the cold hardiness of one parent with the floriferousness of the other, and is stunning in April and May when covered with the white pea-shaped flowers. This exciting color breakthrough comes from the hard work and dedication of Tim Brotzman of Madison, Ohio (The introducer of C. ‘Covey’).

    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Whitewater' ('NC2007-8')  Redbud combines a more vivid form of variegation with a broadly weeping habit. The pea-shaped flowers in April and May are a deep rose-purple, displayed on the bare branches. They are quickly followed by the heart-shaped leaves which emerge mostly white with green flecks, and mature to mostly green with white flecks. The weeping habit is an exciting addition to the bright variegated foliage.  An unusual cross of 'Silver Cloud' and 'Covey' by Dr. Dennis Werner of NC State.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cercis chinensis 'Don Egolf' has branches that are absolutely covered with pinkish lavender flowers in April, followed by heart-shaped neat glossy foliage. It does not bear seed pods as much as other cultivars. 'Don Egolf' Chinese Redbud is a wonderful plant named after one of the world's greatest plantsmen, Dr. Don Egolf, who is much missed in the plant world.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Pink Pom Poms' Redbud is another beautiful introduction from the work of Dr Dennis Werner of NCSU and Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery.  The double flowered Cercis c. 'Flame' was crossed with Cercis r. Oklahoma, resulting in much bigger, showier double dark pink to purple flowers.  When in  bloom in April and May, 'Pink Pom Poms' is absolutely breath taking, and the huge flower display is not followed by seedpods because the blooms are completely sterile.  The green heart-shaped leaves appear after the blooms, and are glossy and attractive.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The Double Take™ Floweringquince series comes from the work of Dr. Tom Ranney of NCSU's Mountain Research Station in Ashville, N.C. 'Orange Storm' has very large bright orange double flowers on compact thornless plants. The blooms appear in April for an extended period, with some sporadic reblooming in summer.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Dragon's Blood' Floweringquince is a compact thornlessshrub with amazing flower power.  The double blood red flowers are produced in great quantity all along last year's branches in April and May, persisting for a long time since they are primarily sterile.  Chaenomeles 'Dragon's Blood' is not a particularly new cultivar but is very hard to find for some reason.  Dr. Tom Ranney used it with great results as one parent in the crosses that produced his spectacular Double Take™ Series of Floweringquinces.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Chionanthus retusus 'Tokyo Tower' becomes covered with white panicles in May and June. This Chinese Fringetree is a shiny leaved fastigiate form, with beautiful tan and gold exfoliating bark. Harald Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee brought it back from Japan, under the original name of 'Ivory Tower'.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    White Fringetree has intensely fragrant, fluffy white panicle flowers in May, followed by bird attracting bluish purple fruit if plant is female (dioecious). Although fruit only appears on the female plants, the flowers on the male plants are showier due to their longer petals.  Fall color ranges from a yellowish green to to a bright golden yellow.  Chionanthus virginicus is also wet site tolerant.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Tom's Compact' Summersweet is the most compact we have seen of the Summersweets. This fragrant white flowered beauty was found and introduced by a great nurseryman of our area, Tom Dilatush. We've been waiting a long time to get our hands on Clethra alnifolia 'Compacta' and to top it off, it is wet site and salt tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  Compact dense habit, never needs pruning.  Loved by pollinators.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Ruby Spice' Summersweet has very fragrant dark pink flowers in June and July. It is both wet site and salt tolerant. Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice' was found by Andy Brand of Broken Arrow Nursery in Connecticut.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Sixteen Candles' Summersweet has very fragrant white flowers in June and July. It is both wet site and salt tolerant. Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' was introduced by Dr. Michael Dirr and has an improved upright growth habit and is compact in size.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Sweetfern is a small but widely suckering shrub that energetically colonizes dry, acidic, sterile areas. Foliage is green and fragrant (it's in the Bayberry family), with a fern-like texture. The semi-evergreen leaves turn bronzy green in the winter.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 2

    Baton Rouge™ ('Minbat') Tatarian Dogwood is particularly attractive in winter, when the young twigs become a showy scarlet.  The clean green leaves in summer turn to an attractive dark red in the fall.  The creamy flat-topped flower clumps appear in May and June, and are followed by interesting white berries in late summer.  Baton Rouge™ Dogwood forms a large clump eventually because of its suckering habit.  Prune back last year's twigs each winter, as the new growth is the most colorful.  A sport of C. 'Elegantissima', Baton Rouge™ comes from Minier Nursery in France, by the way of Bailey's First Editions™ program.

    PRN Preferred:  Very dark red stems that color up early in fall.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Ivory Halo™ ('Bailhalo') Tatarian Dogwood has brightly variegated leaves that emerge in spring with green centers surrounded by large ivory white margins. The flat topped creamy flowers in May and June are followed by white summer fruit. The fall color is pink and reddish purple, and the winter stem color is dark red and showy. Prune out older canes in the spring to maintain the winter stem show.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Appalachian Spring' Flowering Dogwood has white flowers in April and May and good red fall foliage. 'Appalachian Spring' is resistant to Dogwood Anthracnose! Introduced by the University of Tennessee. Blooms heavily at a young age, but is a slow starter as a young tree.  The parent plant was found in the wild in Maryland, where all the surrounding C. floridas were dead of Anthracnose.

    PRN Preferred:  A more disease resistant native Dogwood cultivar.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cherokee Brave™ ('Comco No. 1') Flowering Dogwood blooms in mid to late spring, producing dark pink bracts with white centers.  The leaves emerge in shades of burgundy in early spring and mature to green in summer.  The fall color is attractive shades of maroon and red, accented by the bright red fall fruit, much prized by wildlife.  Cornus florida Cherokee Brave™ shows good resistance to mildew, which is one of the reasons why Commercial Nurseries of Tennessee selected it.  Cornus florida fruit is an important food source for migrating birds.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Cherokee Chief' Flowering Dogwood has ruby red flowers and reddish new growth in April and May. Cornus florida 'Cherokee Chief' has good resistance to Dogwood Anthracnose. Introduced by Hawkersmith Nursery in Tennessee.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Cherokee Princess' Flowering Dogwood is a vigorous disease resistant selection which has large white flowers followed by bright red bird-attracting fruit. The fall color is a good red, and plantsman Don Shadow says that it is his favorite classic white Dogwood because of its beauty and ease of growth. Introduced by J C Higden of Kentucky.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Greensleeves' Kousa Dogwood has dark green leaves with prominent veins, and is a heavy flowering rapid grower, with excellent red fall color. 'Greensleeves' is a selection by Polly Wakefield of Milton, Mass. A very heavy fruiting Dogwood, and wildlife love the fruit, as do our Labrador Retrievers.

    PRN Preferred:  A very heavy bloomer with excellent fall color and fruit.  Our Production Manager, Daryl Kobesky's favorite Kousa Dogwood.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Pam's Mountain Bouquet' Kousa Dogwood has unusual fused bracts, making the white flower display very showy in May and June.  The habit of this resilient small ornamental tree is spreading, with attractive exfoliating bark.  The clean green summer foliage turns attractive shades of orange and red in fall.  'Pam's Mountain Bouquet' is one of 3 new introductions selected from from hundreds of seedlings by Philip Wadl, Robert Trigiano, Mark Windham and Richard Evans.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Radiant Rose® ('Hanros') kousa Dogwood is ver y similar to 'Miss Satomi', with large bracts of a deeper pink, and somewhat greater cold tolerance.  The lustrous foliage emerges in shades of light bronze, and rapidly matures to large green leaves with a "seersucker" texture.  The pink bracts start appearing in June and deepen in color into July.  They are followed by round red fruit which birds and mammals love, and then comes the scarlet red fall color.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cornus kousa Samaritan® ('Samzam') is a wonderful introduction by Lake County Nursery of Ohio as one of their Biblical Series. Samaritan® has creamy white margins on the green leaves. Flowers in June are white bracts, but the striking variegated foliage is the eye catcher, especially when it turns pink, burgundy and red in the fall. The "Zam" refers to Jim Zampini.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Scarlet Fire® ('Rutpink') Kousa Dogwood is a lovely new introduction from Dr Tom Molnar's work at Rutgers University. The bracts, appearing in June, are a dark strong pink which hold up well in our hot summer weather and often are showy for up to 8 weeks. Cornus kousa Scarlet Fire® is a juvenile bloomer and vigorous grower, with clean disease resistant foliage. The classic red hanging fruit follows the flowers and the fall foliage color is also shades of red. This is the most pink, heaviest flowering Kousa Dogwood we know.

    PRN Preferred:  Plentiful dark pink flowers, heavy bloomer at an early age.  The best pink we have seen.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Snow Tower' Korean Dogwood is an upright form of Cornus kousa, which makes it ideal for a tight space.  The large white flowers (bracts) emerge in late May and June, a little later than most Korean Dogwoods.  The very showy flower display is followed by round red fruit in late summer which are very attractive to birds and mammals.  'Snow Tower' Dogwood has reddish purple fall color, and would make an excellent small street tree with several seasons of interest.  Found by Gary Handy of Handy Nursery in Oregon.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Wolf Eyes' Kousa Dogwood has white flowers in June and variegated white and green foliage with striking red and pink fall color. It is a Manor View Farms selection. It prefers a shady location.  This is Richard Hesselein's favorite variegated Dogwood.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Kintoki' Japanese Cornel Dogwood has small brilliant yellow flowers in March, interesting multi-colored bark, and vivid red fruit in fall. It blooms 2 weeks earlier than Cornus mas and was selected in Japan as an excellent cut flower plant. 'Kintoki' was introduced into the US by Barry Yinger through Brookside Gardens.

    PRN Preferred:  Very showy early yellow blooms, exfoliating bark and brilliant fall color and bright red fruit, a true multi-season plant.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cornus sanguinea Proven Winners® Color Choice® Arctic Sun™ ('Cato') is a variety of Bloodtwig Dogwood that has great winter interest because twigs are bright yellow at base flushing to blood red. Leaves are a good bright yellow in fall. From Andre van Nijnatten, who also brought us 'Winter Flame'.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Winter Flame' Bloodtwig Dogwood, also known as 'Winter Beauty', has yellow fall color which is followed by amazing winter twig color, yellow at base of plant flushing to reddish orange at outer edges. Looks like it is lit by fire all winter. Cut back old wood every year for best effect. From Andre van Nijnatten of the Netherlands.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Cornus sericea 'Baileyi' has white flowers followed by bluish fruit. Excellent red fall foliage defoliates to expose reddish purple twigs for winter interest. 'Bailey' Redosier Dogwood is a Bailey Nurseries introduction. It is relatively salt tolerant. Cut the old wood back frequently to maintain the best winter color.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 2

    The light green disease-resistant summer foliage of 'Cardinal' Redosier Dogwood is followed by vivid, cherry red stems in winter. Developed by Dr. Pellet and the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, so you know it's tough. Most effective if the old wood is cut back yearly. It is relatively salt tolerant.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Celestial Shadow' ('Michael Steinhardt') Hybrid Dogwood is a mutation of C. Celestial™ with beautiful yellow and green variegation found, by the ever observant Don Shadow. He has named it after his good friend Michael Steinhardt from NY. The fall color is a spectacular combination of orange and red. Flowers are white and occur during May and June.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Celestial™ ('Rutdan') Hybrid Dogwood has profuse white flowers in May and is sterile. The reddish purple fall foliage and great disease resistance make it one of Dr. Elwin Orton's best introductions.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Buttercup Winterhazel has delicate lemon yellow panicles in March and April. The habit of Corylopsis pauciflora is broad but delicate, with small, neat leaves.

    PRN Preferred:  A smaller neater habit.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Spike Winterhazel has long yellow, very fragrant panicles in March and April. Corylopsis spicata makes a wonderful cut flower branch to bring inside in the late winter.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Veitch Winterhazel is a showy, fragrant addition to the winter garden with primrose yellow, 2" pendant flowers set off by reddish anthers. Corylopsis veitchiana blooms in March on bare branches and then produces foliage that starts out bronzy and turns to green, with glabrous undersides.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Black Velvet' Smokebush produces extremely dark purple leaves in late spring which serve as a perfect setting for the pink smoke-like flowers in June. Cotinus 'Black Velvet' retains its deep foliage color better in the summer heat than most purple Smokebushes. Selected by S. Campbell of Sebastopol, California.

    PRN Preferred:  The deepest purple foliage we’ve seen for a Cotinus, more heat resistant color.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Old Fashioned' Smokebush is a bluish green large leaf form of Cotinus, with new growth emerging in shades of dark pink and purple. The fall color is a combination of pink, orange and red. Fluffy 'smoky' panicles appear in May and June, and are a pale greenish pink. Cotinus 'Old Fashioned' was selected in Holland from many seedlings by nurseryman Henny Kolster.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Royal Purple' Smokebush has pink smoke-like flowers in June and July which are highlighted by brilliant purple leaves, which turn a reddish purple in fall.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    American Smoketree bluish to dark green leaves and unique greenish smoke-like flowers in July.  The fall color is spectacular, with shades of yellow, red and purple hues.  The bark is also a beautiful gray and mature trunks become scaly for additional winter interst.  Cotinus obovatus makes a very large shrub or an attractive small tree.

    PRN Preferred:  As noted by Dr. Dirr "may be the best of the all American shrub/trees for intensity of (fall) color." and we agree.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Grace' Smoketree has pink flowers in June and July with bronze new foliage which turns to purple. Cotinus x 'Grace' has luminous reddish purple fall foliage. From Peter Dummer, formerly at Hillier Nurseries in England.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Winter King' Green Hawthorn has white flowers in late spring, brilliant orange fruit well into the winter, and silver bark. Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' is one of our favorite multi-season small trees. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Alabama Croton is a very rare semi-evergreen native from the South, which has proved to be surprisingly hardy in zone 6. The light green leathery leaves have striking silver undersides in the summer, and the more mature foliage turns a lovely orange color in the fall. Croton alabamense prefers moist locations in semi-shade, and since it is a member of the Euphorb family, it is consistently deer resistant. The habit is loose and somewhat sprawling, so mix it in with other shrubs. Our first plant came from the generous hands of Rick Lewandowski, followed by a collection of plants from Fred Spicer of the Birmingham Botanic Gardens.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The blackish green evergreen foliage of 'Black Dragon' Japanese Cedar has an interesting irregular texture on an upright plant. Cryptomeria japonica 'Black Dragon' is much slower and smaller than C. 'Yoshino', so excellent for smaller spaces. It is also salt tolerant.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Dwarf Globe Japanese Cedar is a dense rounded evergreen which adds a lot of color to the year-round landscape. The tight needles are a vivid bright green in the summer. In the fall and winter, they turn bluish purple with shades of rust. Since it is both pest resistant and compact, 'Globosa Nana' works well as a foundation evergreen, especially where deer are a problem. Pruning will probably never be needed to keep its neat habit.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Radicans' Japanese Cedar is very similar to Cryptomeria 'Yoshino' in texture, habit and hardiness, but its habit is tighter and darker green, with more resistance to winter leader problems. A very useful and rewarding conifer, one that Doug Webber of Blue Sterling and John Stella both prefer to 'Yoshino'. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Yoshino' Japanese Cedar has dark green foliage and an upright habit. It is surprisingly shade and salt tolerant. It makes a large hedge very rapidly.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Nikko' Slender Deutzia has delicate white flowers in April and May. The low growing neat green leaves turn purple in fall. Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko' makes an excellent flowering groundcover for sun and shade. A wonderful National Arboretum introduction.

    PRN Preferred:  A three season groundcover shrub, a real garden workhorse.  Continues to perform year after year.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Yuki Cherry Blossom® (‘NCDX2’) Slender Deutzia is a color breakthrough by Dr. Tom Ranney of NCSU. Normally a white flowered groundcover shrub, Yuki Cherry Blossom® is covered with delicate soft pink flowers in April and May. The small green leaves are borne on graceful arching branches which root where they touch the ground, making Deutzia x Yuki Cherry Blossom® an excellent low maintenance groundcover. The fall color is bronzy purple, which adds another season of beauty.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Yuki Snowflake® ('NCDX1') Deutzia blooms heavily in April and May, covering this low mounding shrub with a multitude of bell-like white flowers.  The delicate green leaves are held on arching branches which root when touching the soil making Deutzia x Yuki Snowflake® an attractive shade tolerant groundcover.  The foliage turns shades of burgundy in fall and is most colorful when grown in full sud.  A lovely hybrid from the work of Dr Tom Ranney of NC State.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Nikko Blush' Slender Deutzia is a cross made by the US National Arboretum between Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko' and Deutzia x rosea 'Carminea'. The result is a plant long sought by plant lovers, with bright pink buds opening in April and May to abundant soft pink flowers on arching low growing branches. Like 'Nikko', 'Nikko Blush' makes an excellent groundcover, and would be particularly attractive growing down a wall. The fall color is shades of burgundy.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Copper' Bush Honeysuckle has sulfur yellow flowers in July, over copper colored new foliage. The fall color is shades of bronze, orange and red.  Diervilla lonicera 'Copper' is a very tough, maintenance-free plant, and tolerates dry shade well. Insects love the flowers.

    PRN Preferred:  A true multi-seasonal plant plus it is native and deer resistant.  That's impressive.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Troja Black' Georgia Bush-honeysuckle lights up the garden in both spring and summer.  The new foliage emerges in shades of burgundy and bronze maturing to a dark green in summer.  The trumpet-like deep yellow flowers appear in June and July on the tips of the new growth.  Diervilla 'Troja Black' attracts hummingbirds, butterflies and moths to its nectar supply.  Fall color is a strong red.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Butterfly' Southern Bush-honeysuckle has delicate bright yellow flowers June to July over green, disease-free foliage. The fall color of Diervilla sessifolia 'Butterfly' is shades of purple. It does well in dry, shady sites. A selection from Pieter Zwijnenburg of Holland.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Firefly™ Nightglow™ ('El Madrigal') Bush-honeysuckle comes from the Blomin' Easy® line of introductions, and is an exciting foliage color break.  The leaves are a dark reddish purple, making a striking setting for the sulfur yellow flowers in June and July.  The leaf color becomes more intensely red in fall before dropping.  The blooms are real pollinator attractants, so this is a good native shrub to light up the garden.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Kodiak® Orange Bush-honeysuckle puts out vivid orange new growth in he spring and summer.  Mature leaves are green, and are topped with bright sulfer yellow flowers throughout the summer, attracting butterflies, pollinators and hummingbirds.  Diervilla is a wonderful native for its compact neat habit and its showy orange red fall color.  Kodiak® Orange is also very versitile, as it does well in sun and shade, average and dry soils, and areas with deer pressure.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Paper Bush has amazingly fragrant clumps of little yellow tubular flowers (it's in the Daphne family!) on the tips of branches from January to March. Long tropical-looking deciduous green leaves, must be in a very protected site (and keep mulch away from the base of the plant) but the winter fragrance of Edgeworthia chrysantha flowers on a warm day makes it worth it.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    American Beech is one of our most stately native trees, and also one of the most problematic ones to transplant B&B. As a result, we are growing it in containers so everyone can have a chance to marvel at its beauty in their own landscape. The bark is beautiful all year, maintaining its silver-gray color throughout its lifespan. The summer leaves are a large and glossy dark green, often turning an attractive golden bronze in the fall. The juvenile beeches usually retain their foliage throughout the winter, turning to a soft whitish-tan after the fall. When Fagus grandifolia is mature enough to bear fertile nuts, it is a very important food source for birds and mammals.

    Height: 60 Feet
    Spread: 40 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Narrow green leaves emerge from tan culms in late spring, adding to previous season's foliage.  Vase-shaped, clumping, deer resistant and semi-evergreen.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Chicago Hardy' Fig has proven to be reliable as far north as Chicago with some protection, so it is an excellent choice for the Mid-Atlantic area.  It is thought to be originally named 'Bensonhurst Purple', and the fruit is sweet and green with a light brownish-purple blush.  Without any protection it will periodically die to the ground but will come back reliably.  With winter protection, you get fruit production much earlier in the summer.  The foliage is large, dramatic and subtly fragrant.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Dwarf Fothergilla has white fragrant bottlebrush flowers in April and May and its fall foliage is yellow, orange and red. It is wet site tolerant, but also does well in dryer woodland sites.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Fothergilla gardenii 'Suzanne' is a compact form of Dwarf Fothergilla from Dr. Michael Dirr, with beautiful white fragrant flowers in April and May, followed by lovely orange-red fall color. Named after his youngest daughter.

    PRN Prefered:  A true dwarf selection, amazing fall color.

    Height: 30 Inches
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Blue Shadow' Fothergilla has honey-scented white bottlebrush flowers in April and May, followed by dusty blue foliage. Fall color is a beautiful combination of yellow, orange and red. A selection by Gary Handy of Handy Nursery in Oregon.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Mount Airy' Fothergilla has fragrant white bottlebush flowers in April and May and boasts yellow, orange and red fall foliage. Selected by Dr. Michael Dirr at the Mount Airy Arboretum.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The Franklin Tree has white Camellia-like flowers in summer with striking red fall foliage. Franklinia alatamaha needs good organic matter and constant moisture in its planting location. Ours are from seed rather than cuttings and our experience is that Franklinias have more vigor and disease resistance when grown from seed.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Creeping Wintergreen is an evergreen groundcover that thrives in wooded, well drained locations. Gaultheria procumbens prefers acidic soils.  The delicate pink and white bells appear on the stems in early to mid summer and are followed by small red fruit in the fall (much loved by small woodland critters). The leaves when crushed have the lovely scent of wintergreen.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Carolina Silverbell is one of our loveliest native trees, becoming covered with 1" white bells hanging from branches in April and May.  The bark is an added element, varying from gray to brown with darker vertical striations.  The flowers are followed by interesting brown 4 winged fruits which are also pendent, persisting into the winter.  Halesia is a difficult B&B transplant, so we have focused on growing landscape sized plants in containers.  Carolina Silverbell grows particularly well in woodland settings and along stream sides.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Jersey Belle' Carolina Silverbell has very large white bell-shaped flowers that hang thickly under the branches in May. Foliage turns an attractive yellow in fall and the bark adds winter interest with its contrasting striations. Halesia carolina (formerly tetraptera) 'Jersey Belle' was named and introduced by Princeton Nurseries.
    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Grafted Witchhazels have often had a serious problem with the suckering of their understock. Our Hamamelis are all budded or on their own roots, specifically to avoid this maintenance problem. We carry a very large selection of beautiful species and cultivars of this essential winter landscape shrub.

    'February Gold' Chinese Witchhazel has bright yellow flowers, set off by red calyces. The fragrance is excellent, as is its habit of dropping its winter leaves well before it flowers. Credit for its reappearance in the gardening world goes to Paul Meyer of the Morris Arboretum of Philadelphia who had received it from our father, William Flemer III, a long time ago.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Sweet Sunshine' Chinese Witchhazel blooms profusely in February and March, with large lemon yellow fragrant flowers on last year's growth. The base of the flower is red, adding to the subtle appeal. The fall foliage color is yellow. The Chinese Witchhazels are generally the most fragrant of all the Hamamelis species.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Wisley Supreme' Chinese Witchhazel has bright yellow fragrant flowers in late winter and beautiful bluish-green disease-free foliage (cleanest leaves of all Hamamelis). Hamamelis mollis 'Wisley Supreme' came from England, named after Wisley Garden.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Amethyst' Vernal Witchhazel has fragrant lavender-purple flowers appearing in late winter and early spring, followed by coppery new growth. Good orange and yellow fall color. Hamamelis vernalis 'Amethyst' is also salt and wet site tolerant. Great as a cut branch in the house for a spring "pick-me-up". Found by Tim Brotzman of Ohio and named by Don Shadow.

    PRN Preferred:  The purple flowers are a very unusual color for Witchhazels.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Angelly' Witchhazel has light yellow fragrant flowers from February through March. It has a compact habit and yellow-orange fall foliage. From J.H.M. Van Heijningen in the Netherlands, and is considered by Tim Brotsman to be one of the best yellow Hamamelis.

    PRN Preferred:  One of the showiest yellow bloomers, compact habit.

    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Arnold Promise' Witchhazel has yellow fragrant flowers in early spring and yellow fall foliage. From the Arnold Arboretum. Hamamelis x intermedia 'Arnold Promise' has a distinctive upright habit.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Barmstedt Gold' Witchhazel has large golden yellow fragrant flowers in late winter. The fall foliage on Hamamelis x intermedia 'Barmstedt Gold' is yellow. This is considered to be one of the finest yellow Witchhazels available, and we agree.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Birgit' Witchhazel is one of the darkest of the winter and spring flowering cultivars, with dark purple fragrant flowers from January to March. Hamamelis x intermedia 'Birgit' was introduced by Mr. de Belder, and Kalmthout Arboretum of Belgium.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Diane' Witchhazel has orange-red fragrant flowers in late winter and orange and yellow fall foliage. On occasion Hamamelis x intermedia 'Diane' will produce yellow flowers in the fall, just to confuse you.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Jelena' Witchhazel has copper-orange fragrant flowers in late winter and yellow-orange fall foliage.  It was named for Jelena de Belder, and has won numerous awards in Europe.  This is our freind Andrew Bunting's favorite Hamamelis.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Sunburst' Witchhazel has large lemon-yellow fragrant flowers in late winter and early spring and yellow fall foliage. An interesting note from Scott Canning of Wave Hill is that winter leaf retention in Witchhazels is a juvenile characteristic, and all Hamamelis outgrow it after 8 or 10 years.
    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Seven-Son Flower has fragrant white flowers, followed by striking red calyxes in mid summer and fall. The exfoliating bark of Heptacodium miconioides adds winter interest. A good substitute for a Crapemyrtle in a more northern climate.  We have found Heptacodiums thriving in both Vermont and Maine.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Annabelle' Smooth Hydrangea has white snowball flowers in June and July, a classic plant from Joe McDaniel. Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle' is considered by many to be somewhat deer resistant! Bruce Cole recommends a late spring gentle trimming to delay the flower period and reduce the flopping.  Smooth Hydrangeas are salt tolerant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Haas Halo' Smooth Hydrangea was selected by Rick Ray of Pennsylvania for its extraordinarily large white lacecap flowers.  They are produced for a long period in mid summer, and are displayed on sturdy stems which do not flop, unlike many mopheads.  'Haas Halo' is tolerant of full sun as long as good moisture is consistently present, and its 14" flowers make lovely cut or dried flowers.  Excellent for a natural look along woodland edges.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    The very large white mophead flowers of Incrediball® ('Abetwo') Smooth Hydrangea appear in June and July. Flowers age to a lovely chartreuse-green before turning tan, and are great in dried arrangements.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Incrediball® 'Blush' ('NCHA4') Smooth Hydrangea is a color breakthrough, with large soft pink mophead flowers supported by strong stems.  As the blooms mature, they change to shades of light green.  Incrediball® 'Blush' is attractive as a cut flower as well as in dried arrangements.  All Smooth Hydrangeas benefit from a good pruning in late winter, since they bloom on new growth.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3

    BloomStruck® Endless Summer® Bigleaf Hydrangea ('PIIH-II') has large blue or rose-pink mophead flowers, depending on the soil pH.  Since it is a rebloomer, the flower display continues all summer.  The blooms are held on red-purple stems, and the glossy green foliage is set-off by dark red petioles and veins.  An excellent new introduction from Dr. Michael Dirr showing good mildew resistance as well as great flower power.

    PRN Preferred:  The thicker leaf handles the heat/sun better than other macrophyllas, stronger stems and more intense flower color.  We prefer BloomStruck over Endless Summer®.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Hydrangea macrophylla 'Blue Wave' is a variety of Big Leaf Hydrangea that has large blue lacecap flowers in June and July. It is also salt tolerant. as are most Big Leaf Hydrangeas.  One of the great aspects of lacecap Hydrangeas is that, unlike 'Mopheads', their flowers never flop in the rain.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Endless Summer® ('Bailmer') The Original Hydrangea has large pink or blue mophead flowers and blooms all summer on new growth. The pH level in the soil largely determines the flower color.  From Dr. Dirr and Bailey Nurseries. It is also salt tolerant. 

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Glowing Embers' Bigleaf Hydrangea has larger crimson-purple mophead flowers over lustrous, thick textured leaves. Thought by many (including Dr. Michael Dirr) to be the same as H. 'Alpenglow' the depth of its flower color changes to more purple than red in the presence of higher soil acidity. Salt tolerant and sun tolerant.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Nikko Blue' Bigleaf Hydrangea has blue mophead flowers starting in June. It does beautifully at the shore since it is salt tolerant. Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nikko Blue' blooms reliably every year.
    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Pia' Bigleaf Hydrangea has big pink mophead flowers that cover this dwarf plant in July. Hydrangea macrophylla 'Pia' is great for smaller gardens where space is an issue, and it is also salt tolerant.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Summer Crush™ ('Bailmacfive') Endless Summer® Bigleaf Hydrangea blooms throughout the summer, producing lots of raspberry red to vivid purple mophead flowers.  The habit is compact, with glossy dark green leaves that tolerate sun well.  Hydrangea Summer Crush™ is a new exciting rebloomer form Bailey Nurseries, resulting from the work of  Dr Michael Dirr with reblooming Hydrangea.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Tokyo Delight' Bigleaf Hydrangea is a beautiful lacecap with large white sterile florets on the edge and blue fertile flowers in the center of the flowers. Blooms age to a lovely, long lasting rose color. Hydrangea macrophylla 'Tokyo Delight' is tough as nails and a reliable bloomer every year.

    PRN Preferred:  Very tolerant of cold winters, consistently blooming lacecap.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    A new exciting offering from Dr. Michael Dirr and Bailey Nurseries, Hydrangea macrophylla Twist 'n' Shout® ('PIIHM-I') Endless Summer® is a cross between Endless Summer® and Lady in Red™ and is a reblooming deep pink lacecap with red stems. Fall color is also colorful, turning a striking burgundy-red. Bruce Cole of Jackson, New Jersey finds that it is a very floriferous rebloomer. It is also salt tolerant.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Bobo® ('ILVOBO') Hardy Hydrangea is dwarf in habit without sacrificing the number of flowers it produces.  The rounded blooms start as large lime green balls in late June and progress through clear white to shades of soft pink as they mature.  The flowers persist through most of the summer, and the dwarf habit of Hydrangea paniculata Proven Winners® Color Choice® Bobo® makes it an excellent addition to mixed perennial borders as well as foundation plantings.  Developed in Belgium by Dr. Johan Van Huylenbroek.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Finally, a Pee Gee Hydrangea for a small garden space! Hydrangea paniculata 'Dharuma's flowers come very early in summer, and rapidly turn from white to rose. Like the plant, the flowers are smaller than other varieties of H. paniculata, and somewhat open. The RHS's recent trials put this as a hybrid between H. paniculata and H. heteromala.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Little Lime® ('Jane') Hardy Hydrangea has the lovely chartreuse-to-white flowers of H. 'Limelight', but on a more compact plant. Its diminutive size makes it a better choice for a small garden application without losing the striking effect of the large colorful panicles in July and August.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Little Quick Fire® ('SMHPLQF') Hardy Hydrangea is suited to smaller gardens because of its shorter statue.  The blooms start out white in June and age to dusty pink by late in the summer.  The color is more intense in cooler weather, so trimming Hydrangea paniculata Proven Winners® Color Choice® Little Quick Fire® back moderately in June will promote this by delaying the start of flowering.  Hardy Hydrangeas are valuable ornamentals because of their lengthy bloom period, and they also make excellent cut or dried flowers.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Quick Fire® ('Bulk') Hardy Hydrangea is a very early blooming Pee Gee Hydrangea. Flowers start out white in June and age to deep pink by mid summer. From Mark Bulk in Holland. Ronni Hock of Lawrenceville says it is her favorite because of the lovely red stems.  This is Dick Karkalits' favorite Pee Gee Hydrangea becasue it blooms very early and the aged panicles hold up well into October.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Strawberry Sundae® ('Rensun') First Editions® Hardy Hydrangea is a compact version of Bailey's beautiful Hydrangea Vanilla Strawberry™. The white cone-shaped panicles appear in July and rapidly take on lovely shades of deep strawberry pink as they age. Hydrangea paniculata blooms for an extended period, often up to the start of fall, so the bloom display often includes both white and vivid pink. Strawberry Sundae™ originated in France, from the breeding work of Jean Renault.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Vanilla Strawberry™ ('Renhy') First Editions® Hardy Hydrangea starts its bloom cycle with enormous creamy-white, cone-shaped panicles that age through soft pink to a bright reddish rose. Since the plant produces new blooms for an extended period, Vanilla Strawberry™ has a three-toned effect. From Bailey Nurseries, Inc. of Minnesota, who got it from the Renault Nursery in France.

    PRN Preferred:  We love the intensity of the pink color as the flowers age.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Amethyst' Oakleaf Hydrangea has upright white panicles that age to a gorgeous wine red, retaining this color even when used as a dried cut flower. The branching is denser and more upright than other Oakleafs, making this cultivar more suitable for smaller gardens.  The fall color is an added asset, turning a lovely burgundy-red. Another great selection by the Hydrangea king, Dr. Michael Dirr, which we first admired at the Scott Arboretum.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee' has white panicle flowers in June and July and is a compact form of the Oakleaf Hydrangea. It has burgundy-red fall foliage. Introduction by Aldrich Nursery in Alabama. Daryl Kobesky's favorite Oakleaf Hydrangea, because the foliage is so neat and clean.

    PRN Preferred:  All the great attributes of an Oakleaf Hydrangea but in compact form.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Snow Queen™ ('Flemygea') Oakleaf Hydrangea has upright white panicle flowers and burgundy-red fall foliage. Hydrangea quercifolia Snow Queen™ was introduced by noted plantsman, William Flemer III. All the Oakleaf Hydrangeas show some deer resistance.

    PRN Preferred:  Flowers have an upright habit so they stand out above the foliage.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Snowflake' ('Brido') Oakleaf Hydrangea has sterile younger florets which emerge from the older florets for an extended period, resulting in a strikingly long, multi-colored panicle. The new florets are white and the older ones are a dusty pink, working well as a unique landscape plant. Red-purple fall foliage. Makes an extraordinary dried flower.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Blue Bird' Sawtooth Hydrangea has blue lacecap flowers starting in June. The leaves are larger and rounder than H. 'Blue Billow'.  A very hardy Hydrangea, with excellent cold tolerance.

    PRN Preferred:  Very cold tolerant so the Hydrangea blooms reliably even after a bad winter.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Preziosa' (syn. 'Pink Beauthy') Sawtooth Hydragea has pink mophead flowers in June and July, followed by good burgundy fall foliage. The cold tolerance of Hydrangea serrata 'Preziosa' is excellent, as is its sun tolerance.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Tuff Stuff Ah-Ha™ ('SMNHSDD') Sawtooth Hydrangea is a very showy reblooming lacecap in the Tuff Stuff series.  The short statue does not limit the number of large flowers, as Hydrangea Ah-Ha™ is a heavy bloomer on both old and new wood.  Since it is a serrata, its cold tolerance is also an advantage.  The double sterile florets vary in color from pink to purple, depending on the soil pH and amount of aluminum sulfate.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Aaronsbeard St. Johnswort has blue-green foliage followed by small yellow flowers in summer. Once established, Hypericum calycinum is a good groundcover for poor, dry sites.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    The small yellow flowers of 'Gemo' St Johnswort are produced for an extended period through July and August, appearing in profusion on a neat compact shrub covered with narrow green leaves. The seed capsules sound like little rattles when brushed against or moved by the wind.  We love the delicate overall effect of this tough native.

    PRN Preferred:  Flowers for an extremely long period of time, a workhorse in the garden.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Dr. Paul Cappiello of Yew Dell Gardens in Kentucky selected Blue Velvet™ ('Cfflpc-1') St Johnswort, a blue-leaved seedling of H.kalmiatum. The attractive small-leaved foliage of Hypericum x Blue Velvet™ is set off by lovely bright yellow flowers for an extended period in mid summer.  The name 'Blue Velvet' fits the appearance of this lovely introduction perfectly.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Large yellow flowers bloom for an extended period starting in June. 'Hidcote' St Johnswort benefits from hard pruning in spring. Hypericum x 'Hidcote' is salt tolerant and does well at the seashore.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Green Lustre' Japanese Holly has shiny small green leaves and has a flat-topped shrub habit, making it excellent for low hedges. It does well at the seashore because it is salt tolerant.  Evergreen and a female form introduced in the 1930s.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Helleri' Japanese Holly is evergreen with tiny green leaves. on a dwarf, stiffly mounding plant. Our landscaper friend Martin Blackman says this is the only Japanese Holly he can use with success in deer-infested Princeton.  A female introduced in the late 1930s by Newport Nursery.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Hoogendorn' Japanese Holly has dark green delicate evergreen leaves on a low mounding habit. It is more graceful looking than Ilex c. 'Helleri' and has gotten high praise from Dr. Michael Dirr as one of the best of the small-leaf Japanese Hollies. It was found on Hoogendorn Nursery in Rhode Island, so it's clearly cold tolerant. This male form of Japanese Holly was found at Hoogendown Nursery and named by T. Dodd.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Sky Pencil' Japanese Holly has a very upright columnar form and glossy evergreen foliage. It looks like an exclamation point in the landscape. It is also salt tolerant. Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' needs some babysitting after snowfall to avoid bending branches.  A female form found in Japan.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 1 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Soft Touch' Japanese Holly is an evergreen with shiny dark green tiny leaves on a dense beautiful shrub that needs little pruning. Branches are more flexible than I. c. 'Helleri', so it doesn't break easily (a better landscape choice, sometimes called 'Soft Helleri'). 

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Steeds' Japanese Holly has an upright pyramidal form with dark green glossy evergreen foliage, excellent for hedging. Ilex crenata 'Steeds' is also salt tolerant.  A male form, named and introduced by W. Steeds.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Compacta' Inkberry Holly is a compact, tight form of Ilex glabra which also has fairly large round evergreen leaves. Wet site and salt tolerant, as are all of the Inkberry cultivars.  A female found by our father William Flemer III in the Pine Barrens.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Dark green leathery leaves of Ilex glabra 'Densa' are rounder and wider than I. g. 'Shamrock'. It will become a tall but dense-leafed shrub. Takes pruning well. Evergreen, it is also wet site and salt tolerant. The top performer in the recent shrub trials at Longwood Gardens. A female form found by our cousin Bert Flemer in 1938 at F&F Nurseries in NJ.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Proven Winners® Color Choice® Gem Box® ('SMNIGAB17') Inkberry Holly is an exciting alternative to Boxwoods. The habit is round and full to the ground, without the bare branch look which many Ilex glabras exhibit as they age.  As Boxwood Blight becomes more of a regional problem, this tough native evergreen shrub will become more important for containers, low hedges and small round garden specimens.  New growth is spring has reddish tips which mature to small dark green leaves. 

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Shamrock' Inkberry is a compact upright form of Ilex glabra with small glossy leaves. It is wet site tolerant and great for evergreen hedges. A female form named and introduced in 1977 by John Tankard of Tankard Nurseries in Virginia.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Strongbox™ ('Ilexfarrowtracey') Inkberry Holly is a welcome introduction from Proven Winners offering a good native substitute for Boxwoods.  Ilex glabra Strongbox™ looks like a short round Buxus, but it is more sun tolerant and moisture tolerant., as well an unthreatened by Boxwood Blight.  Since this compact Inkberry stays full to the ground, it can be used in containers, for low hedges and in mass plantings.  The tight habit and small leaves make pruning rarely necessary.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Maryland Dwarf' American Holly is a very unusual female form of our wonderful native evergreen Holly.  It slowly forms a very wide mound, with dark green minimally spiny leaves and some red fruit production.  American Hollies are amazingly versatile in the North East, thriving from sunny swampy areas to dry shade locations, so 'Maryland Dwarf' can be used in a number of different locations.  It was introduced by in 1942 by E. Dilatush from Bunting Nursery.  Definitely an unusual, groundcover shrub.

    PRN Preferred:  Definitely an unusual groundcover shrub which we love because of its diversity.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The smooth, lustrous evergreen leaves of Longstalk Holly set off the beautiful red berries held on long peduncles throughout the fall and winter. A great cut green to bring into the house, especially since it's spineless. We've loved this Ilex for years and our selection often has 3 berries per peduncle, making it very showy.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Male Longstalk Holly is the proper pollinator for our female selection. In order to get the best fruit set possible, use at least 1 male for every 5 females.  We originally received our Ilex pedunculosa seed from the Arnold Arboretum, which introduced this beautiful Holly to the US in 1892.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Chrysocarpa' Winterberry has bright yellow fruit which lasts well into the winter (birds prefer to eat red fruit). Its deciduous leaves drop somewhat earlier than most red-fruited varieties, so that the fruit is visible early in the fall. The pollinator is I. 'Jim Dandy'. Like all Winterberries, it is wet site tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  The best yellow fruited Winterberry we grow.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Jim Dandy' Winterberry is the early blooming pollinator for Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow', 'Chrysocarpa', 'Goldfinch', 'Maryland Beauty', 'Red Sprite' and 'Stoplight'. Deciduous.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Ilex verticillata 'Maryland Beauty' has large red fruit which covers the branches thickly, and colors up early in the fall. This Winterberry Holly is often used for commercial cut branch production. It has a compact habit and is deciduous. 'Jim Dandy' is the pollinator. It is also wet site and salt tolerant.
    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Producing profuse amounts of large red fruit all winter on an extremely compact plant, Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite' never needs pruning! The pollinator for this deciduous Winterberry Holly is 'Jim Dandy'. It is also wet site and salt tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  Can't say enough about this plant, it's compact, doesn't need pruning and has larger fruit and a longer berry display.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Winter Gold' Winterberry has orange-gold fruit well into December. Ilex verticillata 'Winter Gold' is an introduction by Simpson Nursery. The pollinator is 'Southern Gentleman'. It is deciduous and also wet site and salt tolerant.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Winter Red® Winterberry has brilliant red long lasting fruit. An introduction by Simpson Nursery. Pollinator is 'Southern Gentleman'. It is deciduous and wet site tolerant, as our son Hans Hesselein has proven by planting it in our own swamp. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 9 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Christmas Jewel' ('HL10-90') Holly is a small pyramidal female Ilex with abundant red fruit at a very young age. Narrow dark shiny evergreen leaves, does not need a pollinator. It was introduced by Bob Head of Head-Lea Nursery.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Red Beauty® ('Rutzan') Holly is another introduction from Dr. Elwin Orton's lifelong work with the genus Ilex. The shiny dark green leaves are spiny, neat and small, covering its conical, pyramidal form. It is readily pollinated by Ilex x meserveae males, and the fruit is attractive on its evergreen setting all winter. Slow growing and narrow, it fits in well in smaller garden spaces. Most exciting of all, it has proved to be extremely deer resistant according to Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens.

    PRN Preferred:  Doesn't require a specific pollinator to produce red fruit.  Perfect size for smaller gardens.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Dragon Lady® ('Meschick') Holly is a very glossy, upright female plant, with an excellent fall and winter display of bright red fruit. Ilex x aquipernyi Dragon Lady® was hybridized by Kathleen Meserve. Evergreen and does not need a pollinator.  Ilex 'Dragon Lady' has proved to be very resistant to deer browse.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Woodland Ruby' Anise-tree has deep purple-red straplike flowers for an extended period in early to mid summer. Foliage is dark green and evergreen, somewhat reflexed in winter. Illicium x 'Woodland Ruby' needs protection from winter winds and is happiest in some shade, but will tolerate full sun as well. Per Bruce Crawford, it is happy in both wet and dry sites (as are many flood plain plants).
    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 7
    Indigofera amblyantha becomes covered with delicate pink flower spikes in early to late summer. Indigo has an extended showy flowering season. Indigofera does well in shady dry sites.
    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Chinese Indigo has clear pink flowers on slender racemes which are produced from June through the summer. Indigofera decora stays low but gets wide, because of its suckering habit. The flower display looks like short pink Wisteria blossoms.  Try it on walls, where you can see flowers more easily.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Henry's Garnet' Sweetspire has fragrant white flowers in June and burgundy-scarlet fall foliage. Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet' was named by the Scott Arboretum after Mary Henry. Per Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens, this is the most cold tolerant of all the Iteas.  It is also wet site tolerant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Itea virginica 'Merlot' is a Sweetspire with fragrant white flowers in June and has the most compact habit of our Iteas, with burgundy fall foliage. A wonderful native plant from Mark Griffith, and our favorite Sweetspire for color and habit. It is also wet site tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  A true multi-season plant, colorful twigs in winter, fragrant flower spikes, dense deer resistant colonies in summer and long lasting burgundy foliage in fall.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Winter Jasmine has soft yellow flowers appearing in February through March over shiny green leaves. The green stems of Jasminum nudiflorum add a note of interest in the winter, and are excellent for trailing over rock walls.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Hollywood Juniper ('Kaizuka') is a classic conifer because of its unusual irregular branching combined with its dark green needles.  The open, sculpted shape makes this Juniper showy all year, whether planted as a screen of displayed as a specimen.  Hollywood Junipers are quite cold tolerant, so they are particularly effective in large containers on desks or patios.  We have heard from several customers that this is there 'go to' plant for seashore and urban roof top gardens since Hollywood Juniper handles salt and wind very well.  The common name of "Hollywood" is because this versatile evergreen seems to be planted everywhere in California.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Blue Pacific' Shore Juniper's evergreen foliage is silvery-blue and very soft and fluffy in texture. Makes an excellent groundcover, especially in salt-affected sites. Not as prickly as most Junipers.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltoni' has bright blue evergreen foliage that forms a dense, slow growing mat. The 'Blue Rug' Juniper makes an excellent, colorful groundcover for salty, windy and rocky locations.
    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3
    The bluish-green foliage of Dwarf Japanese Garden Juniper forms a stiff, sculpted mat. Evergreen, salt tolerant and slow growing, Juniperus procumbens 'Nana' is particularly useful in combination with rocks. This is a Juniper commonly used to make Bonsai.
    Height: 1 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Eastern Redcedar is a highly variable native conifer, and the selection we offer comes from a seed source that provides columnar, uniform plants.  The neat green evergreen foliage takes on attractive purplish hues in fall and winter.  Juniperus virginiana is dioecius, and female plants bear blue-green "berries" (actually covered cones) which can be extremely showy in winter.  Both wet site and salt tolerant, Eastern Redcedar is an extremely adaptable native, and an important food source for migrating birds.  The wood has long been values for its beautiful color and rot resistance.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 3
    Emerald Sentinel™ ('Corcorcor') Eastern Redcedar has green needles that are set off by vivid blue fruit in fall and winter. Evergreen foliage takes on purple tones in winter and is salt tolerant. The berry set makes this a wonderful cut green for winter arrangements. An excellent Conard-Pyle introduction and our favorite J. virginiana, bar none. It is also wet site tolerant.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Grey Owl' was selected in 1938 for its unusual habit and foliage color.  This unusual form of Eastern Redcedar is a broad low shrub, bearing silver gray needles thickly on its horizontal branches.  A female form, it will often have little round "berries" (cones) when mature.  Juniperus virginiana 'Grey Owl' is an attractive addition the native conifer groundcover field, showing its rugged adaptability over many years.

    PRN Preferred:  A native, low growing Eastern Redcedar.  Very adaptable.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Taylor' Eastern Redcedar is a very narrow selection of Juniperus virginiana, found originally in Taylor, Nebraska.  'Taylor' has attractive silvery blue green needles and round berry-like cones which are an important food source for birds.  "Taylor' Eastern Redcedar is considered to be the most dry site tolerant of the Juniperus virginiana selections available.  It also has better than average resistance to Cedar Apple Rust.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Kalmia latifolia 'Elf' is a compact form from Dick Jaynes of Broken Arrow Nursery in Connecticut, sporting light pink flower buds which open to white in June. This Mountain Laurel is tidy looking and evergreen.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Kalmia latifolia 'Little Linda' is considered a miniature Mountain Laurel with red buds opening to deep pink flowers in June. Much more regular and tight habit than most Kalmias. Another unique introduction by Dick Jaynes, (the Kalmia King) of Broken Arrow Nursery.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Raspberry Glow' Mountain Laurel comes from Dick Jaynes of Broken Arrow Nursery, and is a sibling of Kalmia 'Sarah'.  The buds are raspberry red, opening to a vivd deep pink in May and June.  The ballet skirt shaped flowers are borne in large clusters over deep green lustrous foliage.  Kalmia 'Raspberry Glow' tolerates a wide range of light conditions, and is one of the few broadleaf evergreens that is deer resistant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The bright red buds of 'Sarah' Mountain Laurel open to deep pink flowers in June with the classic ballet skirt shape. Medium shiny green foliage, another wonderful Dick Jaynes (the Kalmia King) cultivar, named for his wife (Sally to her friends).
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Dynamite® ('Whit II') Crapemyrtle flowers are cherry red in July and August on an upright form with good lustrous green foliage. Lagerstroemia x Dynamite® is another Dr. Carl Whitcomb introduction.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Muskogee' Crapemyrtle has lavender flowers in July and August and red-orange fall color. The mature bark is shades of tan and grey. Another Dr. Egolf and US National Arboretum winner.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Natchez' Crapemyrtle has white flowers in July and August, spectacular mottled exfoliating bark in shades of tan and chocolate, and yellow-red fall color. From Dr. Egolf and the US National Arboretum, Lagerstroemia x 'Natchez' is truly a four season plant. Per Phil Normandy of Brookside Gardens in Maryland, all the fauriei crosses like Natchez rebloom reliably after their first summer display.

    PRN Preferred:  Amazing bark color added to the excellent cold tolerance really make this Crapemyrtle a winner.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The red buds of Pink Velour™ ('Whit III') Crapemyrtle open mid-summer to dark pink flowers. The new foliage is a striking burgundy, changing to dark green. A great Dr.Carl Whitcomb introduction. Lagerstroemia x Pink Velour™ was formerly named 'Royal Velvet'.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Red Rocket® ('Whit IV') Crapermyrtle has bright red long blooming flowers on an upright small tree. An excellent introduction from Dr. Carl Whitcomb of Oklahoma.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6
    With fuchsia-red flowers in July and August, 'Tonto' Crapemyrtle is another great plant from Dr. Egolf and the US National Arboretum. The bark of Lagerstroemia x 'Tonto' is an attractive tan and grey.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Tuscarora' Crapemyrtle has big coral-pink flowers blooming in July and August. A little more tender than the toughest of the Lagerstroemias, its flowers and open multi stem habit make it a show-stopper. Lagerstroemia x 'Tuscarora' is another winner from Dr. Don Egolf and the US National Arboretum.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 7

    Rose-purple pea-like flowers explode in August and September. 'Gibraltar' Bush Clover tolerates dry sites. Treat as cut-back shrub. Lespedeza thunbergii 'Gibraltar' was found by the great plantsman (and artist!) William Frederick, Jr. of Delaware.  In our experience, Gibraltar is indistinguishable from Lespedeza 'Spring Grove'.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Coast Leucothoe is a lovely spring blooming broad leaf evergreen, with white flower racemes in April and May. Leucothoe axillaris's branching habit is an interesting zigzag. Prefers acid, moist soil.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The new growth of 'Rainbow' Doghobble is a striking blend of white, pink and green changing to cream and green as it matures, Leucothoe fontanesiana 'Rainbow' has white fragrant flowers in May. A selection by Girard Nursery in Ohio. Evergreen, turning plum colored in winter.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The leathery narrow green leaves of Greybush Spicebush turn the most spectacular combination of orange, red and purple in fall. Leaves are held throughout the winter, turning a very attractive tan. Since it holds its leaves, Lindera angustifolia (formerly glauca var. salicifolia) is a good screening alternative for traditional evergreens. Shiny black small fruit appears in the fall. It is Landscape Architect Michael Van Valkenburgh's newest favorite all-season shrub.

    PRN Preferred: Super shrub!  Attractive all four seasons.  In the fall, many customers have asked "What's that shrub that looks like it is on fire?!".  Truly, unbeatable fall color.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Lindera benzoin has delicate pale yellow flowers in early spring, a standout in leafless woodsy vistas. In the fall the lemon-yellow foliage lights up the woods. Plants are dioecious and female plants produce shiny red fruit which is an important food source for migrating birds.  Our native Spicebush is wet site tolerant and deciduous.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Extremely narrow form, 'Slender Silhouette' American Sweetgum was introduced by that superb plantsman Don Shadow. It has beautiful glossy green leaves and is wet site tolerant. Liquidambar styraciflua 'Slender Silhouette's fall color is yellow to burgundy. It makes an amazing upright element in the landscape.

    PRN Preferred:  Amazing structure and trouble free foliage.

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Privet Honeysuckle is a beautiful glossy small evergreen groundcover shrub. Lonicera pileata often produces glowing amethyst fruits in late summer on older plants. An excellent choice for shady deer-dominated areas.

    PRN Preferred:  Works much better than any Cotoneaster as a groundcover.  This evergreen works well in dry sites.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Magnolia grandiflora 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' is a Southern Magnolia with large fragrant white flowers in June and July, and glossy dark green evergreen leaves with rusty undersides. One of the most cold tolerant, introduced by Ray Bracken Nursery. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Little Gem' Southern Magnolia is a compact cultivar of our stately native evergreen Magnolia grandiflora.  The habit is tight and compact, with large lustrous dark green leaves which have a fuzzy brown indumentum on the undersides.  The large white flowers are fragrant and appear intermittently from late May through July.  Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem' needs to be planted in a sheltered location, with particular protection from the winter winds.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 7

    Teddy Bear® ('Southern Charm') Southern Magnolia has a tight pyramidal habit on a compact plant.  The dark green lustrous leaves have attractive brown indumentum and are evergreen.  Magnolia grandiflora Teddy Bear® produces large fragrant white flowers from June to August.  A Head Introductions, Teddy Bear® is an excellent choice for smaller locations.  Give it some protection from winter winds when possible.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 7
    Umbrella Magnolia is very tropical looking with huge single white flowers in summer and enormous leaves in an umbrella-like configuration. Magnolia tripetala's showy rose-red fruit appears in September.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Sweetbay Magnolia has fragrant white flowers starting in June that will bloom for much of the summer. In fall it has showy red fruit with orange seeds. Magnolia virginiana is also wet site tolerant, and is an important food source for the Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly larvae.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Green Mile™ Sweetbay Magnolia has an unusually tight, upright form, with lustrous dark green semi-evergreen foliage.  The extremely fragrant white flowers start appearing in June and continue for much of the summer.  They are followed by attractive red fruit with orange seeds in the fall.  Green Mile™ Magnolia is a selection by Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee.  Wet site tolerant, and the larval host for the Sweetbay Silkmoth and the Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly.  NYBG has planted an allee of them bordering their native meadow.

    Height: 35 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The evergreen foliage of 'Green Shadow' Sweetbay Magnolia forms a tight oval tree with fragrant white flowers in summer. This Magnolia virginiana is a selection og M. virg. var. australis by the great Don Shadow from seedlings from the great Joe McDaniel. It is also wet site tolerant. Formerly named 'Greenbay'.

    PRN Preferred:  Reliably evergreen.  The form is narrower than other cultivars.  Establishes a center leader more easily.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Moonglow® ('Jim Wilson') Sweetbay Magnolia has white fragrant flowers in the summer and is very hardy, has rapid growth, is wet site tolerant and semi-evergreen. Magnolia virginiana Moonglow® is a great introduction by Earl Cully.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Southern Sweetbay Magnolia has white fragrant flowers in summer, and showy red fruit with orange seeds in August and September. Magnolia virginiana var. australis is semi-evergreen and wet site tolerant.  Evidently, if a Magnolia virginiana is evergreen it comes from M. v. var. australis populations.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Magnolia x 'Daybreak' has extremely fragrant large glowing pink cup-shaped flowers in May, on a narrow upright form. Hybridized by Dr. August Kehr, and said to be his favorite of all his many crosses.

    PRN Preferred:  No other color like this in the Magnolia world.  Your eye is drawn to it when it is in bloom.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Genie' Magnolia is a spectacular color breakthrough in the Magnolia world, with lots of black-red flower buds that open to small cup-shaped rose-purple blooms.  The tepals are the same color on both sides, which heightens the color intensity.  The flowers are lightly fragrant, and the bloom period is from April to May.  This stunning plant is the result of 15 years of hybridizing work in New Zealand.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Gold Finch' Magnolia is a complex cross from the late Phil Savage of Michigan.  The M. acuminata parentage can be seen in its habit (tall and upright) as well as its flower color (light yellow).  Magnolia x 'Gold Finch' is very cold hardy, and is a rather early bloomer.  The large showy blossoms are tulip or goblet shaped.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'March till Frost' Magnolia has large upright tulip-shaped blooms of a beautiful deep rose-purple color. This introduction from Dr. August Kehr starts blooming in late March and early April, and continues to bloom sporadically throughout the summer into the fall. It was one of Dr. Kehr's favorites, and we have always loved the "surprise package" it makes when the large showy flowers open up in late summer and fall.

    PRN Preferred:  No other Magnolia comes close to putting out more flowers throughout the growing season.  The summer and fall flowers are not washed out.  Truly remarkable.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Yellow Lantern' Magnolia has very large lemon-yellow flowers which appear in late spring and last for a long time. Although M. acuminata is on of the parents, Magnolia x 'Yellow Lantern' is a relatively small ornamental tree. The flowers are upright and tulip-shaped.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Magnolia x brooklynensis 'Judy Zuk' is a spectacular and fitting tribute to the much missed former president of the Brooklyn Botanical Garden, Judy Zuk. Upward-facing fragrant flowers are a strong yellow, flushing to orange pink at the base. A very beautiful Magnolia coming from BBG's wonderful hybridizing work. M. acuminata is prominent in its ancestry.

    PRN Preferred:  The combination of yellow flushing to orange is stunning, and this is our favorite deep yellow Magnolia.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    These magnificent native Magnolias contradict their definite tropical look with reliable winter hardiness in the Northeast. They are being used on the High Line in NYC in a shady area between buildings to give the feeling of a cool tall forest area.
    Leatherleaf Mahonia has lemon-yellow fragrant flowers in February and March, blue bird-attracting fruit in summer and is evergreen. The upright angular habit adds to its architectural interest all year. Mahonias are in the same family (Berberaceae) as Barberries and Nandinas and share their characteristic deer resistance.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Japanese Mahonia is often confused with Mahonia bealei, but the foliage is a darker, glossier green, and the texture is finer, with more leaves per stem. It is evergreen, and produces fragrant yellow flower panicles in February and March. Bees and insects benefit from the blooms on warm winter days, and birds love the glaucous blue fruit in early summer.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Russian Arborvitae is a soft, flat growing evergreen that has plum colored winter foliage. Microbiota decussata's summer color is delicate fern-like green. Great in dry shade, where it spreads extensively. It will not tolerate wet conditions.
    Height: 1 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 2

    'Morton Male' Northern Bayberry was selected by Tim Boland while at the Morton Arboretum to serve as a good pollinator for their Silver Sprite™ female selection.  Myrica pensylvanica 'Morton Male' has excellent winter hardiness and is semi-evergreen, turning an attractive eggplant purple color in winter.  Both selections are excellent colonizers because of their suckering habit.  They both tolerate a very large range of soil types and soil moisture conditions.  Males should be planted with females in proportions of 1 to 5 for good fruit production.  (New name is Morella pensylvanica)

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    At last, a predictably female Bayberry! Silver Sprite™ ('Morton') has all the qualities of seedling plants but with heavy fruit set as long as there are males nearby. According to Dr. Dirr, you need 20% male plants in the area to guarantee a heavy fruit set. From the Morton Arboretum in Illinois.  Our preferred pollinator is Myrica p. 'Morton Male'.  (New name is Morella pensylvanica)

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4
    The white flowers of Heavenly Bamboo appear in June and July. They are followed by brilliant red fruit, persisting through the winter, and red fall and winter foliage. Nandina domestica is semi-evergreen, especially in a sheltered spot.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Fire Power' Heavenly Bamboo has a nice compact habit. Its leaves have shades of green and red, and it is semi-evergreen. The leaf structure differs from all other Nandinas, as does its fall color, in shades of orange. It does not produce fruit.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Gulf Stream™ Heavenly Bamboo is a semi-evergreen with blue-green foliage that turns red in fall and winter. It has small white flowers in July but does not produce fruit. This Nandina domestica has a very upright, tight habit.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Green Gable™ ('NSUHH') Black Gum or Tupelo is a really amazing selection of this native tree. It has the classic brilliant red fall color we know and love, but its habit is a huge departure from regular Nyssas, with an upright pyramidal shape and extremely uniform branching. With its lustrous green foliage in summer, excellent fall color and perfect silhouette in winter, it is clearly the best answer we've seen to the Pear requests people still have. Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee found this exciting native, which is primarily a male form (but probably polygamo-dioecious, which means it will infrequently bear some fruit).  Wet site and salt tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  This tree has a wonderful upright habit and consistantly beautiful fall color.

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Wildfire' Black Tupelo has spectacular red-tipped new growth into summer, followed by excellent red fall color. Introduced by Steve Hotevey of Beyond Green Nursery in Oregon. Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' is also wet site and salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Goshiki' Holly Tea Olive has stunning bronze new growth that changes to shiny Holly-like green leaves liberally speckled with creamy white. Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Goshiki' provides late summer fragrance with its inconspicuous flowers. Introduced by Barry Yinger and Brookside Gardens. An evergreen that likes shady spots.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Gulftide' Holly Tea Olive is a lovely upright English Holly look-alike, with excellent shade tolerance and deer resistance. The evergreen leaves are lustrous, fine and spiny. Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Gulftide' can be used as a foundation plant, or as a hedge in shade. From Gulfstream Nursery, and the most cold tolerant Osmanthus.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Sasaba' Holly Tea Olive has dramatic dark green deeply incised leaves on a compact, shade loving plant. Dr. Michael Dirr calls it "A plant handler's worst nightmare" because the leaves are very stiff and prickly. Of course, that is what makes it a wonderful evergreen for deer country. The insignificant flowers appear in November and are highly, deliciously fragrant. There is a lovely large plant at the Scott Arboretum, home of so many specimen plants. Slow growing, with good cold tolerance.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Vanessa' Persian Ironwood was chosen for its upright, columnar form.  Parrotia 'Vanessa' has multi-season appeal, starting in winter and spring when attractive mottled bark is offset by small red spidery flowers.  The oval shaped foliage emerges in spring with burgundy edges to the scalloped leaves.  By summer the foliage is a bright green, taking on stunning shades of red, purple, orange and gold in fall.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Chinese Parrotia or Ironwood is a very rare large shrub or small tree which is highly endangered in its original Chinese habitats.  Brought to England by Roy Lancaster, who received this clone from Mikinori Ogisu, the Japanese Botanist.  Tim Brotzman, the Ohio nurseryman who is a leading expert on Hamamelis, provided this rarity to us.  The green leaves in summer often have a striking purple margin.  The fall color is really spectacular, in shades of red, pink and burgundy.  Parrotia subaequalis is more compact than P. persica, but has more showy exfoliating bark as it matures.  The infrequently appearing red filamentous flowers in winter are similar to Parrotia persica.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Coppertina® ('Mindia') Ninebark has light pink flowers in June, copper-colored foliage and good red fall color. It comes from Minier Nursery in France. Physocarpus is also wet site tolerant, and the peeling winter bark increases in showiness as Ninebarks age.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Ginger Wine™ Ninebark ('SMNPOBLR') is a showy native shrub, offering attractive flowers and foliage from spring through fall.  The leaves start as shades of orange and red in spring, and mature to burgundy in summer.  The fall color is a mix of red and burgundy.  The delicate pinkish white flower clusters appear in late spring and are followed by attractive red seedheads.  Physocarpus Ginger Wine™ also offers winter interest with tan peeling bark on the older wood.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Summer Wine® ('Seward') Ninebark has pinkish white button-like flowers in June over a compact habit, and bright bronze-purple foliage. Physocarpus opulifolius Summer Wine® has a reddish-purple fall color and is also wet site tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  Our favorite of the groundcover types.  Best foliage and plentiful flowers for an extended period. 

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Summer Wine® 'Black' is the darkest Physocarpus on the market to date.  The foliage is such a dark purple that it approaches black, and the delicate pink flower clumps really stand out in contrast when they appear in June.  As the leaves mature throughout the summer, they take on some more bronzy tones, followed by showy reddish purple fall color.  If desired, pruning is most appropriate right after blooming.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Tiny Wine® ('SMPOTW') Dwarf Ninebark is a dwarf form of our native Physocarpus, with burgundy to bronze foliage.  The flowers start opening in late spring, forming bunches of pink and white button-like flowers by June.  The showy purple bronze summer foliage is followed by reddish purple fall shades.  Does not need pruning, is deer resistant and wet site tolerant; Tiny Wine® is a big step forward for Physocarpus.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    The fragrant white flowers of 'Mountain Fire' Japanese Pieris appear in March and April, with bright red new growth appearing on top of the shiny green, evergreen foliage almost all summer. The color of Pieris japonica 'Mountain Fire' make it look like a very refined Photinia.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Variegated London Plane Tree has green and white foliage, but the most striking characteristic is its brilliant white bark. Like the well-known street tree Platanus x acerifolius, the bark color is revealed when the exfoliating bark drops off. Platanus 'Suttneri' would perform well as a street tree, but the beauty of its bark makes it a great looking candidate as a specimen, displayed against a green backdrop. The first one we've seen has been grown for a number of years at Rare Find Nursery in Jackson, NJ.

    Height: 80 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Chinese Pearlbloom is a very unusual small tree originally brought from China by E H (‘Chinese’) Wilson to the Arnold Arboretum. A distant relative of Idesia, Poliothyrsis has wonderful late summer flower interest, with airy ivory pyramidal clusters crowning the clean green foliage. The showy flower racemes are produced on reddish stems in August and September on current year’s growth. The effect is similar to a very late-blooming tree Lilac. The fall color is an attractive yellow, with interesting brown lilac-like seed capsules. The winter bark is a brownish gray.  The Scott Arboretum has several amazing specimens in their collection. Can be grown as a medium sized tree or a very large shrub.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Flying Dragon' Hardy Orange (syn. 'Monstrosa') is a citrus that can actually be grown in the Northeast.  The fruits are golf ball sized yellow-gold oranges in the fall that can be made into a very tart marmalade (lots of sugar needed).  The deliciously fragrant white flowers are bourne on the deep green contorted, thorny stems in April and May.  The twigs are ornamental for both structure and color in the winter.  Just make sure Poncirus 'Flying Dragon' is not planted near play areas, as the thorns are significant. 

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Bush Cherry blooms in early spring, when its shrubby branches become covered with bright pink blossoms.  The flower display is often followed by small red fruit which is attractive to wildlife.  The fall color is a good yellow.  Since Prunus jacqunemontii is a very early spring bloomer, it makes a great cut branch for early forcing.  Another common name is 'Afghan Cherry'.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The dark green evergreen foliage of 'Otto Luykens' Common Cherry Laurel is compact, topped with highly fragrant white flowers in April and May. Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luykens' is an excellent broadleaf evergreen for shady locations with deer problems.  It tolerates salt spray well.  Introduced by Hesse Nurseries of Germany.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Skip Laurel has large smooth shiny green leaves on a broad upright evergreen plant. Prunus laurocerasus 'Schipkaensis' has strongly scented white flowers in April and May. Believed to have come from Bulgaria in the 1880s.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6
    The large deep pink double flowers of 'Kwanzan' Cherry hang from branches in April as the coppery new growth is emerging. Blossoms are so full that they look like ballet skirts. The foliage of Prunus serrulata 'Kwanzan' is a good green in summer, turning to lovely shades of yellow and orange in fall.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Autumn Flowering Cherry has dark pink buds that open in early April to pale pink semi-double flowers. It will lightly rebloom in the fall. Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis' is an unusual small ornamental tree, with neat, small leaves.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Prunus x yedoensis has soft pink flowers that open before the foliage emerges in early April. 'Yoshino' Cherry makes up the famous Cherry Blossom display in Washington DC along with 'Kwanzan' Cherry. Fall foliage is yellow to orange.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    White Oaks are among our most beautiful native Oaks, starting out as upright young trees and maturing to magnificent specimens as broad as they are tall.  Quercus alba retains its foliage late in the fall, changing from summer greens to shades of bronze red and brown.  Young Oaks often carry their attractive tan leaves well into the winter.  The acorns produced by mature White Oaks are a very important food source for many varieties of birds and mammals.  Slow growing but well worth the investment.

    Height: 60 Feet
    Spread: 60 Feet
    Zone: 3

    The Swamp White Oak is one of our most beautiful native trees, growing to a magnificent broad tree that tolerates both wet and dry situations. When young, the bark is attractively mottled with scales of tan, gray and brown. The fall color is shades of yellow and orange, changing to a soft russet-tan in winter. Juvenile trees retain their winter foliage and are often confused with White Oaks, since the leaves are very similar. Acorns provide an important source of winter wildlife food (wild Turkeys in particular love them).

    PRN Preferred:  This is the most versitile Oak we know of for variable sites, and it is one of our favorite native trees.

    Height: 60 Feet
    Spread: 60 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Green Pillar® ('Pringreen') is one of the most fastigiate forms of Pin Oak we have seen, found by our nurseryman cousin Alan Jones, while he was at Princeton Nurseries. The branches are tight and upward pointing, giving it a striking appearance in all seasons. Fall color is a lovely reddish maroon and it is a very adaptable tree for a wide range of sites. Green Pillar® is tolerant of wet, dry, and tight sites.

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Our state tree in New Jersey and one of the loveliest natives in the forest. Northern Red Oak is adaptable and fast-growing. Its foliage is a lustrous dark green in summer, turning to a deep red in fall. Salt tolerant, so it works in urban settings well. Fall transplanting is not a problem with an Oak grown in a container.
    Height: 80 Feet
    Spread: 60 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Kindred Spirit® ('Nadler') Hybrid Oak is an interspecific hybrid of the Columnar English Oak (Q. robur fastigiata) and Swamp Oak (Q. bicolor).  The habit is tightly columnar, and the foliage is clean and mildew resistant.  The leaves are dark green with a silver underside, turning shades of yellow and bronze in fall.  Quercus x Kindred Spirit® would make an excellent tall hedge, or be an attractive architectural element when used as a specimen.  Although a cross between two different species, Kindred Spirit® does produce acorns which provide food for wildlife.  This is another winner from Earl Cully of Heritage Trees. 

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Blaauw's Pink' Azalea becomes covered with large salmon-pink hose-in-hose flowers in late spring. A very hardy standby for Northern gardens. A Gable Hybrid and evergreen.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Conversation Piece' Azalea produces very large pink flowers with splotches of red and white coloring over compact evergreen foliage in mid to late May. Its dwarf habit is combined with excellent cold hardiness. Bred by Robert Gartrell at his New Jersey home named 'Robin Hill', from whence come many fine compact Azaleas.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Autumn EmbersHybrid Azalea ('Conleb') is one of the hardiest of this exciting group of fall blooming evergreen Azaleas. The flowers start in July and continue through the fall. The large blooms are a deep orange-red in both single and semi-double forms. The habit is low growing and tight, with dark green disease-resistant leaves. From the breeding work of Robert Lee and introduced by Flowerwood Nursery of Mobile, Alabama.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Autumn Royalty™ Hybrid Azalea ('Conlec') produces enormous magenta-purple booms from July through fall. The habit is tight but upright, with dark green evergreen foliage. Rhododendron Encore® Autumn Royaltywas voted “Azalea of the Year” by the American Rhododendron Society.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Sangria™ Hybrid Azalea ('Roblee') is another spring-fall bloomer from Flowerwood Nursery, producing very large dark pink single blooms in April and August through fall. Our friend Fred Judith from Plainfield, NJ first turned us on to the repeat blooming qualities of the Encore Azaleas and we were amazed by the brilliance of the fall display.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Pleasant White' Azalea has large bright white flowers over deep green evergreen foliage. The flowers open in late spring and cover the plant. Hybridized in Ohio by Girard Nurseries, the producer of so many beautiful and hardy Azaleas and Rhododendrons.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 5

    ‘Renee Michelle’ Azalea comes from the prolific hybridizing work of Girard Nurseries in Ohio, and is a beautiful compact evergreen Azalea. The flowers are large and a good clean pink in late spring, over glossy dark green foliage. An added beauty is the fall and winter color, when leaves take on shades of reddish-purple. The winter hardiness is excellent, as Dr. Michael Dirr found in his Illinois winter garden.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Gumpo Pink' Azalea has large soft salmon pink flowers in June over tiny green foliage. The flowers look much bigger than you would expect for the leaf size.  A Satsuki hybrid from Japan. Evergreen.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Gumpo White' Azalea has large white flowers in June over tiny green foliage. When in bloom, the foliage is obscured by the white blooms.  A Satsuki hybrid from Japan. Evergreen.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Single crimson-red flowers in May over compact, shiny green foliage which turns an attractive bronze in winter. 'Hino-Crimson' Azalea is a Kurume hybrid. Evergreen.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Hose-in-hose soft pink blooms appear on 'Nancy of Robin Hill' Azalea in mid-May. Foliage is evergreen and dense. This Azalea stays in bloom for an extended period.  Hybridized by Robert Gartrell of New Jersey.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Sweet Azalea has light pink to white fragrant flowers from May through June, displayed over lustrous green leaves. The fall color is shades of red, and often showy. It prefers moist sites and does well along stream banks. Rhododendron arborescens is one of our most hardy native Azaleas.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Marydel' Coast Azalea is a selection of the native Coast Azalea made by the wonderful plantswoman Polly Hill of Massachusetts. Its fragrant flowers are deep pink in bud maturing to a pink-tinged white in April. It is wet site tolerant and deciduous.
    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    ‘Choptank Rose’ Azalea is a lovely combination of both its Native Azalea parents. The fragrant flowers are a combination of rose, white and yellow and make a show in late May and June. ‘Choptank Rose’ does well in moist to wet sites, and naturalizes well in woodland settings. The great plantswoman Polly Hill found it naturally occurring along the banks of the Choptank River in Maryland and Delaware.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'My Mary' deciduous Azalea blooms in May, producing clusters of fragrant deep yellow blooms.  The habit is loosely upright, and 'My Mary' lights up woodland settings when in bloom.  This is a complex hybrid, combining excellent qualities from all three parents (austrinum, atlanticum and periclymenoides).  Produced by the late George plantsman George Beasley who named it for his wife.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Choice Cream' deciduous Azalea blooms in May and June.  It is covered with extremely fragrant creamy-yellow flowers which are set off by pink tubes.  This has long been a favorite of our dear friend Steven Kristoph, and has been a show-stopper at The Rutgers Gardens plant sale year after year.  

    PRN Preferred:  Lots of very showy flowers with a wonderful fragrance. 

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Flame Azalea has yellow to orange flowers in May and June, followed by yellow to orange fall color. Rhododendron calendulaceum is great for a mass planting. Deciduous.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The white flower trusses of Rhododendron catawbiense 'Chionoides' have yellow centers, and are held above the green-leafed compact plant in May. A tidy, handsome shrub year-round, with attractive, neat evergreen foliage.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Lavender-pink flowers on a disease-resistant, heat and cold tolerant plant. Rhododendron catawbiense 'Roseum Elegans' is a tough, reliable broadleaf evergreen, blooming in May and June dependably, year after year. My favorite nickname I've heard for it is 'Rosie O'Mulligan Roadie'.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Rhododendron kaempferi 'Johanna' Azalea has large red flowers, and is one of the best red Azaleas available. Leaves are semi-evergreen. Winter color is a bronzy purple.

    PRN Preferred:  The winter foliage color is just as showy as the spring blooms.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Rhododendron maximum 'Roseum' is sometimes known as 'Mr Blue Stem', a name that has fascinated us until we finally realized that 'Mr' refers to maximum 'Roseum', and 'Blue Stem' refers to the bluish color of the flower stems.  Who knew??  The flower clusters appear in June, and a delicate pink, over leathery evergreen foliage. In our experience R. maximum 'Roseum' is a much easier plant to grow than R. maximum, and later bloom season is a welcome addition to the Rhododendron world.  Makes an excellent hedge in shade.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Roseum Bluestem' Rosebay Rhododendron blooms in late May and early June, producing pinkish lavender trusses over large narrow evergreen foliage.  'Roseum Bluestem' gets its name from the reddish stems, and is a selection by Rarefind Nursery of Jackson, NJ.  Like other selections of Rhododendron maximum 'Roseum', Rhododendron 'Mr Blue Stem' flowers for a long time, in between R. catawbiense and R. maximum bloom time.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Pinkshell Azalea has shades of pink flowers in early to mid-May, no fragrance but very showy. Fall color is often an excellent red.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Betty Cummins' Swamp Azalea was found along a New Jersey road by Dave Lewis, who named it after the great Rhododendron breeder Betty Cummins.  The fragrant bright pink flowers appear in June and July over dark green deciduous foliage.  Pollinators and hummingbirds are drawn to them.  Rhododendron viscosum 'Betty Cummins' is an easy to grow native, since it copes with a variety of acid soil condition, from average drainage to swampy sites.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Millennium' Swamp Azalea comes from years of breeding work with deciduous native Azaleas at Weston Nurseries in Massachusetts.  Rhododendron viscosum 'Millennium' produces small fragrant blooms in late May and June, starting with velvety red buds that open to dark pink flower clumps.  The bloom period is a month or more, especially when the spent flowers are deadheaded.  The foliage is green with a glaucous silver underside.  Rhododendron 'Millennium' is happiest in moist, acidic soils in both sun and partial shade.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Pennsylvania Rhododendron is a late blooming deciduous Azalea resulting from a controlled cross made by Weston Nurseries between R. periclymenoides and tow other named cultivars.  The flowers appear in June and July in shades of deep pink with orange yellow throats.  Our friend Larry Kuser of Fernbrook Nursery recommends it for its great fragrance and its neat compact habit.  The fall color is shades of copper red.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Weston's Lemon Drop' is a lovely hybrid deciduous Azalea from Weston Nurseries' extensive breeding work.  The buds are peach colored, and open to a soft yellow in May and June.  The flowers of this interspecific hybrid are fragrant, and the bluish green foliage turns reddish maroon in fall.  The Mezzit family of Hopkinton, MA has contributed a huge number of excellent Rhododendrons to the gardening world, and this one is one of the best ones.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Tangerine Delight' Hybrid Flame Azalea is a result of a beautiful cross between R. calendulaceum and a Knaphill Azalea.  The habit is mounded with deciduous foliage, topped by large showy clusters of fragrant orange and peach colored flowers in May and June.  Although eventually large, Rhododendron 'Tangerine Delight' has dense branching, and would make an excellent hedge as well as a large specimen.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Compact Korean Azalea blooms heavily in May and is covered with light lavender purple slightly fragrant flowers.  The green leaves turn shades of orange and burgundy in the fall, and persist throughout most of the winter.  Rhododendron poukhanense 'Compacta' has dark purple specks at the base of the petals, which may be one of the reasons bees are attracted to the flowers.  Some fall blooming can occur.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The Native Azaleas which flourish on the East Coast are wonderfully varied, growing in different habitats from warm coastal wetlands to rocky cold mountaintops, and everywhere in between. They are all deciduous, and an important nectar source for insects and butterflies.  We have several decidous varieties, of different flower colors and bloom times. Please review our current availability for a complete list of varieties.

    The Evergreen Azaleas which light up our landscapes in the spring come in a huge range of colors, sizes, bloom times and foliage shapes. We offer ones that we know are proven to do well in our geographical area, including a number that are our own personal favorites. Some of them even offer showy winter foliage in additional to their spring flower display.
    We have selected a few cultivars of Rhododendrons that we have found to be practically indispensable to the Northeast landscapes. Our focus has been on disease resistance and site flexibility, as well as flower beauty.

    'Gro-Low' Fragrant Sumac has brilliant red fall foliage. An introduction from Synnestvedt Nursery, its summer foliage is green and somewhat lustrous. Great for dry locations and banks, especially in deer infested areas. Our Production Manager, Daryl Kobesky says Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low' is great for parking lot islands because it is so tough and salt tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  This is an indistructable multi season groundcover.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Creel's Quintet' Shining Sumac is a compact, landscape-worthy variety of this tough native plant.  It has the beautiful burgundy-red coloration of the species, but it reaches a maximum height of only 8 to 10'.  Its habit is suckering, so the clump will get wide eventually.  Since it is a female form, the fruit it produces is an important food source in the winter for both birds and mammals.  Mike Creel of Lexington, SC introduced it, and the "Quintet" refers to its set of 5 glossy leaflets per leaf, as opposed to the 9 or more produced on the species Rhus copallina.  In the summer, the creamy yellow flower spikes add to the beauty of this dry site tolerant plant.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Lanham's Purple' Shining Sumac is a mid sized selection with lustrous purple new growth in spring and early summer. By mid summer the color has matured to burgundy-green, and the fall color is a striking combination of purple, red, orange and yellow. It is very tolerant of poor dry sites, and colonizes banks, hillsides and rocky areas well with its suckering habit. It was found by the late Gary Lanham of Kentucky.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Prairie Flame™ ('Morton') Shining Sumac is a compact male selection of this tough midsized Rhus, with glossy dark green leaves that turn a vivid orange red in fall. The chartreuse inflorescences appear in July. Prairie Flame™ spreads slowly by suckers to form a large clump, and does very well in dry, rocky areas. It is a good option for banks and hillsides. Introduced by Chicagoland Grows® and the Morton Arboretum of Illinois, so you know it's very hardy.

    PRN Preferred:  We love the intensity of the fall color.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Smooth Sumac has shiny young stems supporting the long green pinnate leaves which have glaucous undersides. The fall color is spectacular yellow-orange-red, and the leaf petioles are often a showy red as well. Rhus glabra is extremely tough, prospering in dry, infertile sites as well as good sites. Excellent for mass planting and hillsides because of its suckering habit.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 3
    Cutleaf Smooth Sumac has delicately dissected dark green leaves which turn orange-red in fall. The petioles are an attractive red in summer as well. It has a suckering habit and great tolerance for dry, poor soil sites.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac has brilliant orange-red fall foliage with striking lacy leaves on fuzzy stems. Upright red fall seed clumps provide important food for many birds in winter. Rhus typhina 'Laciniata' ('Dissecta') is very tolerant of dry poor soils.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 3

    First Editions® Tiger Eyes® ('Bailtiger') Staghorn Sumac has chartreuse and brilliant yellow finely dissected leaves with red stems. Rhus typhina Tiger Eyes® has striking orange and red fall foliage, and is an exciting new native for tough sites, from Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota. Prefers a dry site.

    PRN Preferred:  Amazing foliage color both summer and fall, especially good in dry sites.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Bonica® ('Meidomonac') Rose has pastel pink double flowers and blooms all summer. An early Meidiland® introduction.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Canyon Road™ ('Meiscarlebo') Shrub Rose produces beautiful brick red double flowers in late spring and early summer.  The showy blooms are held over dark green glossy disease resistant leaves.  Rosa Canyon Road™ is a florabunda Rose, so the flowers appear in large clusters.  A Meilland International introduction from Star® Roses.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The pink single flowers of Carefree Delight® ('Meipotal') Rose have white centers and it blooms all summer. A great rose for mass plantings.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Carefree Wonder™ ('Meipitac') Rose has pink double flowers which are two-toned because the outsides of the petals are white. It blooms all summer.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    One of the newer exciting children of the Knock Out® program, Coral Knock Out® (formerly Carefree Celebration™), has double coral orange flowers all summer until frost. It has the same wonderful disease resistance that its other siblings have. From William Radler.

    PRN Preferred:  Blooms all summer whth beautifully clean foliage.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Don Juan' Rose has deep crimson double flowers and is very fragrant. It reblooms well with clean shiny foliage.  It is the result of a cross between a seedling 'New Dawn' and 'New Yorker'.

    PRN Preferred:  Wonderful red rebloomer, the deep red color is amazing.

    Height: 12 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Double Knock Out® ('Radtko') Rose is another amazing Rose from the Knock Out® series, with double cherry-red flowers all summer into fall, as well as the beautiful foliage of its parent, Knock Out®.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Icecap™ ('Meiradena') is a compact repeat blooming Rose that produces a great quantity of white semi-double flowers.  The foliage is clean and disease resistant.  Rosa Icecap™ is a result of a partnership between Will Radler (the father of the Knock Out® Rose) and the french hybridizers, Meilland.  An excellent choice for mass plantings.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Knock Out® ('Radrazz') Rose has cherry-red semi-double flowers on beautiful bronzy new growth and disease-free dark green foliage. A tremendous plant introduced by William Radler. It will never stop blooming for you throughout the summer and fall.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Knock Out® White Out™ ('Radwhite') Rose is another winner from William Radler. The glistening single white flowers cover the dark green disease-resistant foliage. Michael Bowell of 'Create a Scene' in Pennsylvania accurately likens the flower form to American Dogwood flowers.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Limoncello™ ('MEljecycka') Shrub Rose produces clear yellow flowers prolifically all summer, over dark green disease resistant foliage.  The 3" blooms are single and very fragrant.  This is the first strong yellow bloomer from the Meidiland® breeding program in France, introduced into the US by Star Roses.  Because of its summer-long flowering performance and its excellent disease resistance, Limoncello™ is an excellent choice for large landscape plantings.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'New Dawn' Rose has small pink fragrant double flowers, great hardiness and is a good rebloomer. Per Stephen Scaniello, who knows all things rose-related, this was the first plant ever patented in the USA.  It also showed good salt tolerance through the recent hurricanes on the Jersey shore.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    One of the newest releases from William Radler. Pink Double Knock Out® ('Radtkopink') Rose is a bubblegum-pink Rose that has all the foliage attributes of its Knock Out® siblings and it's a double. Blooms all summer into the fall.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Pink Drift® ('Meijocos') Rose starts blooming in late spring and continues producing flowers all summer into fall.  This neat, compact groundcover is covered with single pink blooms which are rendered more interesting by the white centers and yellow stamens.  The foliage, like the other Drift® Series Roses we carry, is clean, green and disease resistant.  Another introduction from Meilland Roses of France.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Fluorescent pink single to semi-double flowers on disease-free foliage, Pink Knock Out® ('Radcon') Rose has bronze new growth. Found by Conard-Pyle Nurseries, it blooms without stopping all summer.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Ruby Meidiland® ('Meipreston') Rose is covered with ruby-red double flowers. It blooms all summer, and has very clean foliage. One of our favorite small shrub Roses.

    PRN Preferred:  We love the compact size, disease resistance and summer long flowering.  We also get great feedback from our customers on this variety.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Sunny Knock Out® ('Radsunny') Rose is another long-awaited winner from William Radler's Knock Out® program, with single bright yellow flowers and the disease resistant foliage of its siblings. It blooms all summer, and the color is deeper in cooler weather.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Tequila™ ('Meipomolo') Shrub Rose produces semi-double apricot blooms for an extended period in summer.  The foliage is a clean lustrous green, and tolerant of hot dry conditions.  The growth habit of Tequila™ makes it a good candidate for compact hedges, as well as a lovely addition to the landscape for cut flowers.  Introduced by Meilland International.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'The Fairy' Rose has small double light pink flowers in huge numbers. It has disease-resistant foliage, and is a polyantha form with mild fragrance. Ever-blooming, shrub Rose or groundcover Rose.
    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    White Drift® ('Meizorland') Rose is a new ever blooming groundcover introduction with loads of diminutive white double flowers from early summer into fall.  Like the other Drift® series of compact roses, White Drift® has excellent disease resistance.  Excellent for rock gardens, flower bed borders and containers.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Winner's Circle™ ('Radwin') Rose is a lovely new everblooming Climbing Rose from the Knock Out® program of William Radler.  The 7" semi-double flowers, which are produced throughout summer into fall, are fire engine red and are displayed over clean dark green foliage.  The leaves take on shades of burgundy in the fall, and attractive orange hips are often present going into the winter.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Zephirine Drouhin' Rose has cerise pink semi-double flowers which are very fragrant. The stems are virtually thornless. It reblooms in the fall.

    PRN Preferred:  A long lasting climber with virtually no thorns!

    Height: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Carolina Rose is a tough native Rose, blooming in May with bright pink fragrant single flowers.  Found in glades, swamps and pastures, Rosa carolina spreads by suckers to form a large patch eventually.  The vivid pink blossoms are followed by red hips in the fall which are a good source of food and vitamin C for birds.  Like most native Roses, Carolina or Pasture Rose is more disease resistant than most commercial Roses, including Rose Rosette disease.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Rugosa Rose has single magenta-pink highly fragrant flowers June through August, followed by large, bright orange rose hips in fall. Excellent colonizer of salty, sandy locations. The fruit is highly attractive to wildlife, but deer tend to leave the plants alone (too spiny).

    PRN Preferred:  A Rose that is both deer resistant and extremely fragrant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3
    Rosa rugosa 'Alba' flowers from June through August, with single white very fragrant flowers. The blooms are followed by attractive orange hips and good foliage fall color. Very salt tolerant.
    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Rosa virginiana has fragrant single pink blooms in June on long prickly branches with glossy green leaves. Fall color is an attractive orange, red and yellow, accented by shiny red rose hips remaining into winter. Salt and seashore loving.  Rose Rosette resistant per Bill Barnes.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3
    Our Climbing Roses are all trellised and available in 3 gallon containers. They cover a broad range of sizes and colors, and we have selected varieties that have good foliage disease resistance.
    Our Groundcover Roses are all under 3' in mature heights and are available in 3 gallon containers. We have selected the cultivars we grow for long bloom period and disease resistance. Many of them have proven themselves for years in our display beds, blooming throughout the summer and into the fall.

    These Roses are an exciting new offer from the Meidiland® Rose program, developed specifically to answer the need for very small Roses for groundcovers and containers. The Drift® Series grow to about 18" and bloom without stopping all summer.  They have excellent disease resistance. Hot weather doesn't faze them; they just keep performing.  We carry Apricot Drift®, Coral Drift®, Red Drift® and Sweet Drift® varieties.    

    We grow an extensive list of Shrub Roses, with different habits, eventual sizes and flower colors. For cultivars, descriptions and flower pictures, please consult our website’s plant library or contact us.

    Creeping Raspberry is a fast growing groundcover with leathery green leaves with small white flowers in late spring. They are followed by red fruit in late summer. The evergreen foliage turns reddish-burgundy in the fall and winter. The rapid, dense growth of Rubus calycinoides makes it particularly effective for erosion control or for cascading over walls.
    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Coral Bark Willow ('Chermesina') has stunning orange to red bark coloration in winter on its first year stems, so in order to keep it looking its best, this is a Salix which needs to be cut back hard every spring. The summer foliage is the classic narrow green willow leaf we all know, but its color in the winter landscape will really stand out. Originally introduced from Germany. Wet site tolerant.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 3
    The large red flower buds of Japanese Pussy Willow open in early spring with long showy pink and silver fuzzy male catkins. Should be cut back hard every spring for best flower production. Salt and wet site tolerant.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Mt. Aso' Japanese Pussy Willow has beautiful bright pink male catkins appearing in March and April.  The fuzzy flowers slowly elongate as they open, ending up almost 2" long by the time the pollen is exposed.  Pussy Willows make great cut branches for forcing in January and February, and 'Mt Aso' is a particularly showy form.  It is named for Japan's largest active volcano.  Cut back the branches to 2' every 2 or 3 years to maintain good catkin production.

    PRN Preferred:  The prettiest and most showy of the Pussy Willows.

    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Spring male catkins are purple-black with red anthers, making a very showy combination. The twigs are also reddish-purple in winter, for added interest. Like other shrub willows, Black Pussy Willow benefits from being cut back hard in spring. It is also salt and wet site tolerant.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4
    The narrow green leaves of 'Flame' Willow turn yellow in fall on curly tipped stems. The stem color is remarkable in fall and winter, turning an increasingly vivid orange-red as the weather cools. Found by Melvin Bergeson of Fertile(!), Minnesota. It is also salt and wet site tolerant. Cut back yearly for best winter color.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Swizzlestick' Corkscrew Willow has twisted, upward-reaching orange-yellow stems that display themselves beautifully in fall, winter and spring. The narrow green leaves are attractive all summer, turning yellow in the fall. Salix 'Swizzlestick' thrives in wet locations and is also salt tolerant. The original plant was found and named by Darryll Probst, who saw it on a roadside and took cuttings. Cut back hard in spring to promote attractive new branches. They also make a great addition to cut flower arrangements.

    PRN Preferred:  Really fantastic as winter cut branches, for both color and structure.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Adams' American Elder is a fruit-bearing native with a long history of use in our country. The green pinnate leaves are borne on long pithy stems which grow in a suckering clump. The flowers are large flat white cymes blooming in June and July, covering the tips of the arching branches. They are followed by purple-black edible fruit in August and September. S. 'Adams' was selected by William Adams of NY for the size and quantity of the fruit, which has been an excellent source of wine, jam, and pies. Sambucus tolerates both wet and dry sites, and provides an important source of fall food for birds. It would be more attractive as an addition to the landscape if cut back hard every spring.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4

    The showy pink and white flat topped cymes on Sambucus nigra Black Lace® ('Eva') appear in June, contrasting vividly with the lacy purple-black foliage. From the renowned plant breeders at East Malling, England. Profits from cutting back periodically to prevent legginess.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Fragrant Mountain™ ('SarSid2') Sweetbox is a very uniform selection from Canada which grows tall enough to make an excellent shade replacement for Skimmia since it is much more tolerant of varied conditions. The small white fragrant flowers appear in spring above the shiny dark green evergreen foliage. A fairly vigorous spreading groundcover for dry shade.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5
    Fragrant Valley™ ('SarSid1') Sweetbox is also a very uniform selection from Canada, but its compact, thick habit is much lower growing, and makes a wonderful low evergreen groundcover. Its fragrant white flowers appear in spring over dark green shiny leaves, and its disease-resistant and deer-resistant qualities make it ideal for shady dry sites.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5
    Skimmia japonica 'Female' has white flowers in spring, red fruit in fall and winter, and is evergreen. Needs male to fruit. Must have dry and shady locations.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Pink flowers in spring over evergreen foliage. Pollinator for female, and showy when in bloom. Must be in a dry and shady location.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The new leaves of 'Sem' False Spirea emerge orange-red, set off by chartreuse yellow older foliage in spring and early summer. Large fluffy white panicles start in July when the foliage has turned a uniform light green. Texture of plant is light and airy with delicate pinnate leaf form. Suckering habit.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Tor' Birchleaf Spirea is a little-used tough plant with several attractive attributes. The white flowers appear in compact dome-like clusters in May, above increasingly dark green clean foliage. The foliage turns to lovely shades of gold, bronze, and red in fall, and is one of the showiest Spireas by far for fall interest. Our friend, John Story first brought it to our attention for its fall color, and since it is deer-resistant as well as very hardy, it deserves more usage.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Anthony Waterer' Spiraea has new growth that emerges reddish-purple in spring, turning to light green in summer and wine-red in fall. Flowers are rose-red and bloom for an extended period starting in June. Summer trimming increases the flower show.  'Anthony Waterer' shows good salt tolerance.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Double Play® 'Red' ('SMSJMFR') Spiraea has red to deep pink delicate flower clusters in May and June.  The foliage is burgundy as it emerges, and it matures to green.  In the fall the leaves of Spiraea japonica Double Play® 'Red' takes on lovely shades of red.  Since the habit is compact, Double Play® 'Red' Spiraea works well as a foundation plant or used for a short hedge.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Gold Mound' Spirea has pink delicate flowers in May and June. Its yellow-gold foliage remains colorful throughout the summer, turning orange-red in the fall.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Goldflame' Spirea foliage emerges in spring in shades of bronze and red, maturing to yellow-green. Since it produces new growth well into summer, it has a striking two toned effect. Flowers are pale pink in May through July. Fall color is a vivid orange bronze.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Little Princess' Spirea has small green leaves with pale pink flowers in May through June. This Spirea has a very compact, tidy habit.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Magic Carpet™ Spirea has deep pink flowers that start in May and continue through summer if trimmed after blooming. The new red foliage ages to chartreuse. It has great fall foliage, in shades of yellow and orange.  Introduced by David Tristram of the U.K.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Neon Flash' Spirea has rose-red flowers in May through July with new foliage emerging with a purple tinge before turning green in summer. It reblooms well, especially if trimmed after blooming. An improved form of Anthony Waterer, it was introduced by Barry Yinger and Brookside Gardens.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Double Play® Blue Kazoo® ('SMSMBK') Spiraea produces dusty blue foliage, with bronzy new growth in spring and early summer.  The delicate white flower clusters are produced in May and June, and make an attractive compliment to the bluish green leaves.  In the fall the foliage of Spiraea media Double Play® Blue Kazoo® takes on attractive shades of red.  A recent introduction from Spring Meadows, this Spiraea would be useful as a colorful low hedge or as a foundation plant.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Snowmound' Spirea is covered with beautiful delicate white flowers May to early June. The foliage is a clean dark bluish-green. It is a carefree classic shrub.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Ogon' Spirea has white flowers in March and April, with small narrow bright yellow leaves which turn to bronze in fall, odd but showy. It does best with repeated pruning. The deer resistance is excellent.  This is our favorite Spiraea by far.

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 4

    A fast growing shrub with delicate maple-like leaves, Cutleaf Stephanandra makes a very tough groundcover for banks, masses and shady locations. The new growth is bronze, turning to a clear light green. Flowers are an inconspicuous ivory-white in June. Daryl Kobesky was struck by its perfect use as a bank stabilizer at U.V.A.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Japanese Stewartia is almost identical to Stewartia koreana in habit and exfoliating back characteristics.  The only difference we have observed is that Stewartia pseudocamellia's lovely white flowers appear somewhat later in June, and are a little bit smaller.  The Camellia-like flowers are accented by showy yellow stamens, and are produced for several weeks.  They are a source of pollen for a number of native pollinators, and are followed by interesting printed brown seed capsules in fall.  The fall foliage is shades of yellow, red and purple, and the patchy multi-colored bark is beautiful all winter.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Found in Korea by the late, great plantsman, Dr. J.C. Raulston. 'Emerald Pagoda' ('Sohuksan') Japanese Snowbell leaves are bigger, glossier, and more leathery than typical S. japonicus. Growth is more rapid and tree-like, and the pendant slightly fragrant white bell flowers in May are larger and showier. This great ornamental tree also shows more heat and cold tolerance than the species.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Evening Light' Japanese Snowbell is an exciting new color break for this lovely small ornamental tree. The leaves emerge for a glossy purple in spring, followed be graceful hanging white bells. The growth habit is slow, resulting in an upright, vase shaped tree which fits well into small, sunny spots in the garden. When Styrax 'Evening Light' is in bloom, pollinators flock to the fragrant flowers. Found as a chance seeding by Henry Kolster of the Netherlands.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Proud Berry™ ('Sophie') Coralberry is an improved version of Amethyst™ Coralberry, bred by Catharina Hoekstra-Arisz of the Netherlands.  This lovely upright shrub produces round neat foliage in shades of blue green, which makes an attractive backdrop for the pink bell-shaped flowers in late summer.  The showy large berries are produced in fall in vivid shades of pink.  The color deepens as the weather cools, and the remaining fruit often provides food for birds in late winter.  Symphoricarpos Proven Winners® Color Choice® Proud Berry™ fruits most prolifically after an early spring pruning.

     

    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3
    The lavender flowers of 'Palibin' Meyer Lilac appear in April and May with a mild fragrance, dwarf habit, and clean mildew resistant foliage. The leaves are much smaller and more attractive than S. vulgaris foliage.
    Height: 4 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Proven Winners® Color Choice® Bloomerang® Dark Purple ('SMSJBP7') Lilac is a compact rebloomer, producing purple flower clumps in late spring and then again in late summer to early fall.  The fragrant flowers are plentiful, attracting butterflies and pollinators.  The leaves are small and neat, without the foliar problems of French Lilacs, and Syringa x Bloomerang Dark Purple can be pruned to make a neat, showy hedge as well as being used as a specimen.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Nutans' Pondcypress has short, horizontal branching with pendulous, delicate fern-like foliage. Taxodium ascendens 'Nutans' has an upright and narrow habit, very unusual and showy in the landscape. A deciduous conifer with beautiful orange buff fall color. It is wet site tolerant.

    PRN Preferred:  The most beautiful fern-like foliage of all the Pondcypresses we grow.

    Height: 60 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Emerald Shadow' was found by the great nurseryman Don Shadow in a block of seedlings on his nursery while hunting rabbits with his grandson Elijah.  He was struck by its extremely uniform upright habit, as well as its beautiful deep green foliage color.  The deciduous ferny foliage turns a lovely amber yellow in the fall before dropping, leaving behind a beautifully uniform silhouette in winter.  Taxodium 'Emerald Shadow' is both salt and wet site tolerant.

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Lindsey's Skyward™ Bald Cypress is a very columnar deciduous conifer that is considered a dwarf Taxodium.  The fern-like needles emerge in lovely shades of soft green, displayed on very upward facing branches.  As the summer progresses the foliage deepens to dark green, followed by amber and copper colors for an extended period in autumn.  Winter interest is provided by the dramatic symmetrical columnar habit, after the needles have fallen to make a showy bronze carpet.  Taxodium distichum Lindsey's Skyward™ is an excellent choice for compact sites as well as wet sites.  It has a non-aggressive root system with no surface roots or knees.  Found as a chance seedling by the Oklahoma nurseryman Robert Michael Lindsey.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Peve Minaret' Baldcypress is a tight, compact form of our native Baldcypress with interesting dense, fern-like foliage which turns brownish orange in the fall. Taxodium distichum 'Peve Minaret' is a rare deciduous conifer, perfect for smaller gardens or tight spaces. It is also salt and wet site tolerant.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Green Giant' Arborvitae is probably a cross between T. plicata and T. standishii, with an excellent habit and rate of growth. This Thuja makes a tight, uniform evergreen hedge in record time. Becomes a broad pyramid when it has the space. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Princeton' American Elm is one of the best Ulmus for the classic vase-shaped habit and good resistance to both Elm leaf beetle and Dutch Elm disease. Its fast growing upright characteristics were what made our grandfather, William Flemer Sr., select it in the 1920s and the subsequent excellent D.E.D. resistance was a marvelous unexpected bonus. Salt and wet site tolerant.

    Height: 60 Feet
    Spread: 40 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Allee® ('Emer II') Lacebark Elm was selected by Dr Dirr on the campus of the University of Georgia at at Athens.  Ulmus parviflora Allee® has a beautiful vase-shaped habit similar to the classic American Elm, but it also has excellent resistance to Dutch Elm and Phloem Necrosis.  The foliage is smaller and the bark is attractively mottled in shades of green, orange, tan and gray.  Allee® handles urban conditions well, and has proved to be an excellent addition to urban street street tree choices.

    Height: 60 Feet
    Spread: 40 Feet
    Zone: 4
    The small white bell-like flowers of Lowbush Blueberry in May are followed by delicious glaucous blue fruit in late summer. This suckering native shrub will mature to make a wide patch. It tolerates rocky, dry sites. Fall color is a spectacular combination of reds, bronzes and oranges.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 2

    Highbush Blueberry has white flowers in May, powder blue delicious fruit in summer, and good scarlet fall foliage. Vaccinium corymbosum tolerates acidic soils, very wet sites as well as salty sites. We have chosen varieties that perform particularly well in the Mid Atlantic Region: 'Berkeley', 'Blue Jay' and 'Jersey'. For best fruit production, use two or more cultivars.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Blue Jay' Highbush Blueberry produces delicious fruit in June and July, making it a mid season Blueberry.  The delicate waxy bell-shaped flowers are white and are attractive to pollinators in May.  The fall color of Vaccinium 'Blue Jay' is bright shades of red and orange, and the winter twigs are also attractive as cut branches.  Plant with another cultivar for good fruit production.

    Height: 7 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Bluecrop' Highbush Blueberry is a mid-season fruit producer, bearing lots of glaucous blue fruit in early to mid July.  The bell-shaped white flowers appear in May and are attractive to butterflies and pollinators.  The green disease free foliage turns attractive shades of red tones in fall, and the twigs maintain the red tones throughout the winter.  Vaccinium 'Bluecrop' is a good commercial cultivar which performs best when planted near another cultivar.  Blueberries thrive in wet, acid sites.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Jersey' Highbush Blueberry was selected for its commercial fruit value in the mid Atlantic region, producing large high quality berries in late June and July.  It is considered a mid to late season Blueberry, and is a great cross pollinator for other Highbush Blueberries.  The waxy white bell-shaped flowers appear in May in pendant racemes.  The fall color is attractive shades of yellow, orange and red, followed by attractively colored winter twigs.  All Vacciniums prefer constant moisture and acid soils.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Sunshine Blue' Southern Highbush Blueberry offers great possibilities as a landscape plant in addition to its fruit producing qualities.  The glaucous blue foliage emerges in spring in shades of bronze and ends up in fall in shades of red and burgundy.  The drooping racemes of delicate soft pink bell like flowers appear in May, and are followed in June and July by glaucous blue edible fruit (birds will clean them out if you do not net your plants).  'Sunshine Blue' is self fertile so it does not need a pollinator.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Mapleleaf Viburnum is a tough, adaptable plant which thrives in shady, dry sites. Creamy white flat-topped flowers in May are followed by purple fruit in late summer and fall. Foliage is green in summer, changing to subtle shades of pink, rose, red and purple in fall. Will become a broad colony eventually because of its suckering habit. Deciduous.

    PRN Preferred:  Exhibits so many great attributes: a broad site conditions range, attractive flowers & foliage, food for wildlife and deer resistance.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Koreanspice Viburnum has wonderfully fragrant white flowers in April and May, followed by red and burgundy fall color. Deciduous. This and V. x juddii produce the classic scent we love so much from Viburnums.  An added attraction is that V. carlesii actually thrives under Black Walnuts.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Spice Girl® ('Spito') Koreanspice Viburnum blooms in April and May, producing extremely fragrant flower clumps that are pink in bud turning to white snowballs when open.  The medium green foliage is more deer resistant than most Viburnums, and the leaves turn attractive shades of red in fall.  Viburnum carlesii Spice Girl® does well in sun and partial shade.  It would make a lovely fragrant hedge as well as an attractive specimen.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Chicago Lustre® ('Synnesvedt') Arrowwood Viburnum has beautiful glossy foliage that is topped with white flat flowers in May and June, followed by stunning cymes of bright blue fruit in late summer. Fall color is a nice reddish purple. An excellent introduction by Chicagoland Grows® and Daryl Kobesky's favorite Viburnum. This is a great substitute for Euonymus alatus 'Compacta'. Important food source for migrating birds. Deciduous.

    PRN Preferred:  A multi-season Viburnum, offering showy flowers, fruit and fall color.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Chinese Snowball Viburnum produces an enormous quantity of lovely sterile blooms.  The snowball flowers hang from the branches in May to June, changing from lime green to white as they mature.  Viburnum macrocephalum makes a large vase-shaped plant which bears a close resemblance to a Pee Gee Hydrangea when in bloom.  The green dentate foliage is attractive and disease resistant and somewhat pubescent.  Since the flowers are sterile, there is no fruit.  Pruning for a tighter shape is best done just after the bloom period.   A native of China.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The white fertile flowers of Brandywine™ ('Bulk') Smooth Witherod appear in summer over glossy dark green leaves. Fruit display in fall is a stunning mix of rosy pink and dark blue, over deep reddish maroon leaves which persist for a long time. Best pollination results are achieved by planting it with V. 'Winterthur'. From plantsman Mark Bulk. It is wet site tolerant and deciduous.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Winterthur' Smooth Witherod has white flowers, beautiful pink and purple fruit in summer, and burgundy fall color. Selected by Bill Frederick, with his usual impeccable taste. It is also wet site tolerant and deciduous. Needs a pollinator like V. Brandywine™ for best fruit production.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Popcorn' Doublefile Viburnum produces large quantities of big white snowball blooms in April.  The sterile flowers start lime green before maturing to white, and make a stunning show for a month.  The habit is upright and somewhat compact.  Introduced by David Leach of Ohio, and Dr. Michael Dirr's favorite of the Snowball Doublefile Viburnums.  Deciduous, with dark green leathery foliage which stands up to heat better than many of its cousins.

    PRN Preferred:  The snowball flowers last for a very long time and gradually change from green to white.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Mariesii' Doublefile Viburnum boasts showy white lacecap flowers in May and June often followed by red fruit in fall. Flowers profusely. It does best in a moist, partially shady spot. Deciduous.

    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Shasta' Doublefile Viburnum becomes covered with showy flat white flowers in May and June. Another extraordinary plant from Dr. Don Egolf of the US National Arboretum. Plant in moist, partial shade locations for best results. Deciduous.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Watanabei' Doublefile Viburnum has beautiful white lacecap flowers starting in May and intermittently continuing throughout the summer.  The habit is significantly more compact than other Viburnum plicatum tomentosum cultivars and the reblooming attribute, while requiring consistent soil moisture, makes Viburnum 'Watanabei' particularly useful.  'Watanabei' was found near Mt Fuji by famous Japanese nurseryman Mr. Watanbe and introduced by Wada Nursery in the 1950s.  Red fruit is sparely produced in late summer, followed by nice reddish burgundy fall color.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Blackhaw Viburnum has white spring flowers which are very showy in mass, followed by bluish black fruit which birds love. The fall color of Viburnum prunifolium is a handsome mix of orange, red and purple. Can be grown as a very large shrub or a beautiful small ornamental tree. There is a spectacular treeform example of this versatile native at William Frederick's home in Delaware, which convinced us to grow it as a small ornamental tree as well as a shrub. Deciduous.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Leatherleaf Viburnum is a staple shrub for deer county, because the somewhat hairy puckered leaves are not tasty to deer.  The foliage is evergreen, and is topped by flat creamy white cymes (flower clumps) in late spring.  The long lasting fruit bunches turn red in early fall and mature to glossy black, often persisting into December.  Viburnum rhytidophyllum makes an excellent large hedge when planted in masses, and is dense enough to serve as a green fence.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Green Trump' Leatherleaf Viburnum is a wonderful compact form of Leatherleaf Viburnum from Holland, with a rounder more lustrous dark green evergreen foliage, white flowers in summer and much welcomed unattractiveness to deer. This is our favorite Viburnum rhytidophyllum.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Bailey Compact' American Cranberrybush flowers are showy white flat-topped cymes in May, followed by glowing red fruit which persists well into winter. Foliage changes to deep red in fall. Found at Bailey Nurseries in St. Paul, Minnesota, combining extreme cold tolerance with landscape beauty. It is also wet site tolerant, and deciduous.
    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 2

    'Nantucket' Viburnum came from a cross made by the late Dr. Egolf between V. x 'Eskimo' and V. macrocephalum f. keteleeri at the National Arboretum in 1988.  For some reason this excellent plant only recently got the notice it deserves.  The large white ball-shaped flowers appear in April and are mildly fragrant.  The neat dark green leaves are semi-evergreen, and Viburnum 'Nantucket' has shown excellent heat resistance, according to Dr. Michael Dirr.  The habit is somewhat upright, and would be effective as a hedge as well as a specimen plant.

    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The highly fragrant pink and white flowers of Burkwood Viburnum have an extended bloom period, glossy foliage is semi-evergreen.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Prague Viburnum has white flat-topped flowers in May, but the glossy dark green foliage is what makes this Viburnum notable. The leaves are smaller and more lustrous than Leatherleaf Viburnums. Semi-evergreen and very cold tolerant.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Alleghany' Lantanaphyllum Viburnum comes from the breeding work done by the legendary Dr Don Egolf of the National Arboretum.  The creamy white flat flowers clumps appear in May and June.  They are followed by attractive red fruit in summer which ripens to blue black and is rapidly consumed by birds.  The leaves are dark green and broader and shorter than V. rhytidophylloides.  'Alleghany' is a cross between rhytidophyllum and Lantana, so it makes a dense semi-evergreen hedge.

    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Dart's Duke' ('J.N. Select') Lantanaphyllum Viburnum has very large showy white flowers in early summer and bright red fruit in fall. The beautiful dark green leathery semi-evergreen foliage makes this Viburnum from Darthuizer Nursery in Holland a real winner. Foliage is very clean and disease-free, and does not droop in the winter as other rhytidophylloides do.

    PRN Preferred:  We love the lustrous green leaves that do not droop in winter.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Fine Wine® ('Bramwell') Weigela is one of the newest burgundy Weigelas with a tight compact habit and a profuse display of rosy pink flowers in May and June. The foliage color holds its intensity well in the summer.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Sonic Bloom® Pearl ('Bokasopea') Weigela is another exciting rebloomer from Proven Winners.  The tubular blooms open white in May, and turn soft pink as they mature.  Sonic Bloom® 'Pearl' blooms throughout the summer, especially if lightly pruned after the first heavy flush of flowers.  Since this Weigela is easy to maintain and prune, Sonic Bloom® 'Pearl' works well as a foundation shrub or a short hedge.  The attractive green foliage is clean and disease free.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Sonic Bloom® Pink ('Bokrasopin') Weigela is a reblooming shrub which produces a series of bright pink trumpet shaped flowers. Sonic Bloom® Pink starts blooming heavily in May, and continues well into the summer months. The green foliage makes a good setting for the blooms. A light pruning after the initial explosion of flowers will make for a stronger rebloom, but it is not essential. Good as a foundation shrub or in mass plantings.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Sonic Bloom® 'Red' ('Verweig6') Weigela produces a multitude of vivid red trumpet shaped flowers in May, followed by repeat waves of flowers until early fall.  The green foliage makes a showy setting for the lipstick red blooms, and a light pruning after the first flush will increase the rebloomimg.  Pollinators will love this adaptable, long blooming shrub, and Sonic Bloom® 'Red' makes an excellent hedge or foundation plant.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Wine & Roses® ('Alexandra') Weigela has rosy red flowers in June over burgundy foliage. Pruning keeps this plant neater and maintains the foliage color later into the summer. From Herman Geers of Holland.

    Height: 5 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Yellowroot has interesting tiny brownish purple flowers in spring and later produce star-shaped fruit enjoyed by birds and small animals.  The foliage of Xanthoriza ia bright green and celery-like, it forms a dense carpet innumerous types of conditions.  Yellowroot has long been used by Native Americans as a dye.  Fall color starts off yellow and changes to a reddish purple later in the season.  Yellowroot spreads to make an excellent colonizing groundcover. Good for banks and soil stabilization.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 3

    'Color Guard' Adam's Needle has a creamy-yellow center stripe that turns rose colored in cooler weather. The white long blooming flower spikes appear in June and July. Yucca filamentosa 'Color Guard' is evergreen and salt tolerant.

    Height: 2 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 5
Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z ALL