Leatherleaf Mahonia has lemon-yellow fragrant flowers in February and March, blue bird-attracting fruit in summer and is evergreen. Grow more than one shrub together for best fruit production. The upright angular habit adds to its architectural interest all year. Often used asa barrier plants due to it's spiny leaves. Mahonias native to western China and in the same family (Berberaceae) as Barberries and Nandinas and share their characteristic deer resistance. In fact, taxonomists now refer to Mahonia bealei as Berberis bealei (Beale's Barberry). If looking for a native alternative, consider Daphniphyllum macropodum or Myrica pensylvanica.