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Pleasant Run Nursery Plant Library - (WHOLESALE ONLY)

Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z ALL
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    Magnolia grandiflora 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' is a Southern Magnolia with large fragrant white flowers in June and July, and glossy dark green evergreen leaves with rusty undersides. One of the most cold tolerant, introduced by Ray Bracken Nursery. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Kay Parris' Southern Magnolia is an upright, columnar smaller form of our Southern Magnolia, with dark green leaves backed by brown undersides and white, fragrant flowers in July and August. A good evergreen tree for a tight location. It was named by its selector Kevin Parris of South Carolina for his deceased mother. It is also salt tolerant.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Little Gem' Southern Magnolia is a compact cultivar of our stately native evergreen Magnolia grandiflora.  The habit is tight and compact, with large lustrous dark green leaves which have a fuzzy brown indumentum on the undersides.  The large white flowers are fragrant and appear intermittently from late May through July.  Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem' needs to be planted in a sheltered location, with particular protection from the winter winds.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 7

    Teddy Bear® ('Southern Charm') Southern Magnolia has a tight pyramidal habit on a compact plant.  The dark green lustrous leaves have attractive brown indumentum and are evergreen.  Magnolia grandiflora Teddy Bear® produces large fragrant white flowers from June to August.  A Head Introductions, Teddy Bear® is an excellent choice for smaller locations.  Give it some protection from winter winds when possible.  They has thrived in containers in Center City Philadelphia and they are a favorite of theirs for the annual Wintergarden at Dilworth Park.

    PRN Preferred: The lustrous green leaves are much rounder in shape, and this compact selection tolerates zone 6 temperatures.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 12 Feet
    Zone: 7
    Bigleaf Magnolia has large creamy white single flowers in spring and big rose-colored fruits in summer. Magnolia macrophylla is well known for its huge tropical-looking leaves.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Ashe Magnolia is a smaller version of our native Bigleaf Magnolia. It blooms at a younger age with huge fragrant creamy white flowers followed by showy rose-colored fruit.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Chrysanthemiflora' Star Magnolia was selected by K. Wada, a great Magnolia breeder in Japan. It combines deep pink coloration in bud (changing to light pink when fully open) with an amazing number of petals (40 or more). The resemblance to the old fashioned "Football Mum" corsage justifies the name. The cold hardiness is excellent and we agree with Dr. Dirr's opinion that it is the best of the M. stellata "Rosea" selections.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Umbrella Magnolia is very tropical looking with huge single white flowers in summer and enormous leaves in an umbrella-like configuration. Magnolia tripetala's showy rose-red fruit appears in September.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Sweetbay Magnolia has fragrant white flowers starting in June that will bloom for much of the summer. In fall it has showy red fruit with orange seeds. Sweetbay Magnolia have high ecological value for birds, butterflies, moths, beetles.  It is also wet site tolerant, and is an important food source for the Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly larvae.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Green Mile™ ('MVHH') Sweetbay Magnolia has an unusually tight, upright form, with lustrous dark green semi-evergreen foliage.  The extremely fragrant white flowers start appearing in June and continue for much of the summer.  They are followed by attractive red fruit with orange seeds in the fall.  Green Mile™ Magnolia is a selection by Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee.  Wet site tolerant, and the larval host for the Sweetbay Silkmoth and the Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly.  NYBG has planted an allee of them bordering their native meadow.

    PRN Preferred: The upright habit makes this a great singlestem tree.

    Height: 35 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    The evergreen foliage of 'Green Shadow' Sweetbay Magnolia forms a tight oval tree with fragrant white flowers in summer. This Magnolia virginiana is a selection of M. virg. var. australis by the great Don Shadow from seedlings from the great Joe McDaniel. It is also wet site tolerant. Formerly named 'Greenbay'.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Henry Hicks' Sweetbay Magnolia has fragrant white flowers starting in June. It has evergreen foliage since it is an australis selection and is one of the hardiest forms of Magnolia virginiana. It is also wet site tolerant.  Another wonderful introduction by Dr. Joe McDaniels of Illinois.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Moonglow® ('Jim Wilson') Sweetbay Magnolia has white fragrant flowers in the summer and is very hardy, has rapid growth, is wet site tolerant and semi-evergreen. Magnolia virginiana Moonglow® is a great introduction by Earl Cully.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Ned's Northern Belle' Sweetbay Magnolia has larger than normal, fragrant, creamy white flowers that appear in June and July. Evergreen foliage and excellent cold tolerance make 'Ned's Northern Belle' an exceptional Sweetbay Magnolia. Attractive fruit is red with orange seeds in the fall. Found in Ohio at Coles Nurseries by Ned Radler (former home of the Sunburst® Locust).

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4
    Magnolia virginiana var. australis Sweet Thing™ ('Perry Paige') was found by George Dodson and FC Boyd III, and is a truly dwarf evergreen Sweetbay Magnolia. It was selected for its extremely dense, compact form. It can be used as a big round shrub or a small tree. Like all virginianas, it has fragrant creamy white flowers in summer and showy seed pods.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 7 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Black Tulip™ ('Jurmag1') Saucer Magnolia has large cup shaped deep purple-pink flowers in April, before the leaves emerge. The thick, upright petals make the flowers look neat and crisp throughout the bloom period. A showy introduction by Monrovia Nurseries.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Blushing Belle' comes from the had work of Dennis Ledvina's Magnolia breeding program, with large pink flowers in late spring.  It is a cross between M. x 'Yellow Bird' and M. x 'Caerhays Belle' which has the greater hardiness of its yellow parent, and the luminous pink color of its pink parent.  The tepals are dark pink on the exterior and pale pink on the interior.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Magnolia x 'Butterflies' has deep yellow fragrant flowers appearing before leaves emerge. It has an upright pyramidal habit, and is one of the best yellow Magnolias, from legendary Magnolia breeder Phil Savage of Michigan.
    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Cleopatra' Magnolia is a beautiful introduction from New Zealand.  The 7" flowers are a complex mix of reddish purple opening to pink in April, with a goblet shape which is similar to Magnolia x 'Genie'.  The great Magnolia hybridizer Vance Hooper crossed 'Black Tulip' with 'Sweet Simplicity' to get this compact, reblooming plant.  Magnolia x 'Cleopatra' is an excellent choice for a smaller location because of the smaller size and the late summer rebloom.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 8 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Magnolia x 'Daybreak' has extremely fragrant large glowing pink cup-shaped flowers in May, on a narrow upright form. Hybridized by Dr. August Kehr, and said to be his favorite of all his many crosses.

    PRN Preferred:  No other color like this in the Magnolia world.  Your eye is drawn to it when it is in bloom.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5
    The enormous flowers of 'Frank's Masterpiece' Magnolia are soft pink on the inside and deep purple on the outside, making an amazing sight as the 10" flowers open. The habit is upright and the foliage is disease resistant. Dr. Frank Galyon hybridized it and it is appropriate that it bears his name.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Genie' Magnolia is a spectacular color breakthrough in the Magnolia world, with lots of black-red flower buds that open to small cup-shaped rose-purple blooms.  The tepals are the same color on both sides, which heightens the color intensity.  The flowers are lightly fragrant, and the bloom period is from April to May.  This stunning plant is the result of 15 years of hybridizing work in New Zealand.   2024 PHS Gold Medal Plant.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'Gold Finch' Magnolia is a complex cross from the late Phil Savage of Michigan.  The M. acuminata parentage can be seen in its habit (tall and upright) as well as its flower color (light yellow).  Magnolia x 'Gold Finch' is very cold hardy, and is a rather early bloomer.  The large showy blossoms are tulip or goblet shaped.

    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Pale yellow medium-sized blooms of 'Gold Star' age to ivory. New growth is an attractive bronze. Hybridized by Phil Savage of Michigan, who originally called it 'Bronze Leaf Baby Shoes' and luckily changed his mind. M. acuminata is one of its parents.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    'March til Frost' Magnolia has large upright tulip-shaped blooms of a beautiful deep rose-purple color. This introduction from Dr. August Kehr starts blooming in late March and early April, and continues to bloom sporadically throughout the summer into the fall. It was one of Dr. Kehr's favorites, and we have always loved the "surprise package" it makes when the large showy flowers open up in late summer and fall.

    PRN Preferred:  No other Magnolia comes close to putting out more flowers throughout the growing season.  The summer and fall flowers are not washed out.  Truly remarkable.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Purple Prince' Magnolia has very large deep purple upright flowers in mid to late spring. The parents are M. liliflora 'Darkest Purple' and M. x soulangeana 'Lennei', so the purple color is very intense without the floppy habit of 'Lennei', a Frank Galyon hybrid.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Zone: 5

    ‘Royal Purple’ Magnolia was hybridized by New Zealand Magnolia breeder Peter Cave. Thought to be a sprengeri var. ‘Diva’ seedling, this beautiful fastigiate tree produces large and luscious bright purple flowers. The tepals are a darker purple on the exterior, offset by a paler pinkish purple on the inside. Because of the upright narrow habit, this would be an excellent Magnolia for tighter spaces.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Sun Spire' Magnolia is another lovely introduction by the late Dr. August Kehr.  The flowers are deep yellow and held upright on the branches.  Since they appear late in the spring after the danger of frost, the display is consistently showy, like a tower of fat yellow candles.  The habit is distinctly upright, making Magnolia x 'Sun Spire' is a great candidate for smaller gardens and tight spots.  The parents are M. x 'Woodsman' and and M. x 'Elizabeth'.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Vulcan' is a spectacular recent introduction from Mark Jury of New Zealand. The lare spring flowers are a large, beautiful dark red, a color which has been impossible to find before for Zones 6 and colder. M. 'Vulcan' is recommended as a Zone 7 Magnolia, but we have had good success with it in Zone 6. The blooms are tulip-shaped and upright.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5
    'Yellow Lantern' Magnolia has very large lemon-yellow flowers which appear in late spring and last for a long time. Although M. acuminata is on of the parents, Magnolia x 'Yellow Lantern' is a relatively small ornamental tree. The flowers are upright and tulip-shaped.
    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Magnolia x 'Elizabeth' is one of the original "yellow breakthrough" Magnolias which shows its M. acuminata parentage in its upright vigorous form. Flowers are large pale yellow and fragrant, coming before leaves are out far enough to obscure them. A wonderful addition to the Magnolia world from the prolific Brooklyn Botanic Gardens breeding program.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Magnolia x brooklynensis 'Judy Zuk' is a spectacular and fitting tribute to the much missed former president of the Brooklyn Botanical Garden, Judy Zuk. Upward-facing fragrant flowers are a strong yellow, flushing to orange pink at the base. A very beautiful Magnolia coming from BBG's wonderful hybridizing work. M. acuminata is prominent in its ancestry.

    PRN Preferred:  The combination of yellow flushing to orange is stunning, and this is our favorite deep yellow Magnolia.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 18 Feet
    Zone: 4
    The bright yellow flowers of 'Lois' Magnolia appear somewhat later in the spring than its parent, 'Elizabeth', so frost is less of an issue. The blooms open before the leaves emerge, so they make a spectacular show. Named by Dr. Lola Koerting (BBG's great Magnolia hybridizer) in honor of Lois Carswell, and one of our favorite yellow Magnolias.
    Height: 30 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Magnolia x brooklynensis 'Yellow Bird' is a late flowering Magnolia with deep yellow fragrant flowers that are seldom damaged by frost. One of Brooklyn Botanical Garden's great introductions, and one of Rick Darke's favorite yellows.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 5
    Magnolia x loebneri 'White Rose' has a great number of white petals that make this fragrant Magnolia look remarkably like its name. A seedling of JC McDaniel's 'Ballerina', it blooms in early April and is followed by bronzy new growth.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 5

    'Wada's Memory' Magnolia was named after Japanese nurseryman K. Wada, when it was discovered in a group of Japanese seedlings grown at the University of Washington Arboretum, Magnolia xkewensis 'Wada's Memory' is covered with narrow-petaled ivory-white 6" flowers in early April, to the degree that the tree is almost completely white when in bloom.  The new leaves emerge afterwards in shades of bronze which mature to green in summer.  The habit is a tight upright cone, and is one of the most attractive shaped Magnolias we have grown.  Go see the amazing specimen at Winterthur Museum in Delaware.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Leatherleaf Mahonia has lemon-yellow fragrant flowers in February and March, blue bird-attracting fruit in summer and is evergreen. Grow more than one shrub together for best fruit production.  The upright angular habit adds to its architectural interest all year.  Often used asa barrier plants due to it's spiny leaves.  Mahonias native to western China and in the same family (Berberaceae) as Barberries and Nandinas and share their characteristic deer resistance.  In fact, taxonomists now refer to Mahonia bealei as Berberis bealei (Beale's Barberry).  If looking for a native alternative, consider Daphniphyllum macropodum or Myrica pensylvanica.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 5

    Japanese Mahonia is often confused with Mahonia bealei, but the foliage is a darker, glossier green, and the texture is finer, with more leaves per stem. According to Michael Dirr, each flower is larger and brighter yellow than M. bealei.  It is evergreen, and produces fragrant yellow flower panicles in February and March. Bees and insects benefit from the blooms on warm winter days, and birds love the glaucous blue fruit in early summer.  The new taxonomist designation for Mahonia japonica is Berberis japonica.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Prairifire' Crabapple is a lovely small ornamental tree with multiseason interest. The showy rose-red flowers cover the branches in May. They are followed by burgundy foliage which remains attractive all summer since M. 'Prairifire' is one of the most resistant Crabapples for apple leaf scab, fire blight, and cedar apple rust. The fall color is shades of apricot, orange and red, making a good setting for the dark red fruit. Birds benefit from the fruit in fall and winter, and honeybees love the flowers in the spring. An introduction from Dan Dayton of the University of Illinois.
    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Prized for its multiple seasons of interest as well as its disease resistance and narrow form, Malus Ivory Spear® (‘JFS KW214MX’) is as showy in the spring as it is in the fall. This ornamental, columnar crabapple tree develops pinkish flower buds in early spring, opening to reveal white, lightly scented flowers resembling cherry blossoms with yellow stamens from April into May that cover the upright branches with blooms. Glossy, dark green foliage remains lush and disease-free throughout the summer and into the fall, when it begins to bronze and take on rusty orange and golden yellow hues which contrast beautifully against the cherry-red fruits that appear in late summer. The crabapples retain their ornamentality deep into the fall, and are notably apple scab disease resistant, making for a stunning seasonal display of attractive fruits.

    Height: 18 Feet
    Spread: 7 Feet
    Zone: 4

    The crème de la crème of crabapples! Malus Royal Raindrops® (‘JFS-KW5’)boasts deeply lobed purple foliage throughout the growing season, which maintains its color even at the height of summer. Magenta pink single flowers fully cover the branches in April, creating a breathtaking display against the contrasting newly-emerging dark purple leaves. Malus Royal Raindrops® acts as a lovely specimen planting with its upright, spreading habit and satisfyingly dense foliage, even when it’s not in flower. In summer, flowers are replaced by shiny, bright red fruits that will persist on the tree into the fall, as long as they aren’t scooped up by birds! The candy red crabapples make a striking fall display against the rainbow of orange-red, maroon, and bronzy purple foliage. Aside from its multiple seasons of interest, this particular crabapple selection is revered for its disease resistance, drought tolerance, and low maintenance attitude.

    Height: 20 Feet
    Spread: 15 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Showtime™ (‘Shotizam’) Crabapple comes from the prolific breeding work of Jim Zampini of Lake County Nurseries in Ohio. The fuchsia pink flowers cover the branches in early spring before the bronzy new growth emerges. Malus Showtime™ has an upright oval habit and has shown good to excellent foliar disease resistance. The green summer foliage is followed by red crabapples in the fall, providing important food for Robins, Mockingbirds, and other migrating birds.

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 4

    Emerald Spire® (‘Jefgreen’) Flowering Crabapple came from the breeding work of Dr. David Lane of British Columbia. This is a very tight upright Crabapple which produces fuchsia pink flowers in mid spring. Malus x adstringens Emerald Spire® has large bright green foliage which is disease resistant. Emerald Spire® Crabapple has large bright red fruit in fall, adding another season of beauty. Since Emerald Spire® is slow growing as well as very upright, this is a good candidate for small gardens, narrow spaces and street trees.

    Height: 15 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 3

    Ostrich Fern has edible fiddleheads in the spring, followed by tall upward to arching green fronds.  The finely dissected sterile fronds exhibit a feathery appearance resembling long Ostrich plumes, hence the common name.   The fertile fronds appear in mid-summer and persist through the winter.  Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in part shade to full shade.  Matteuccia struthiopteris is very wet site tolerant and is a deciduous rapid spreader. Relatively sun tolerant, if in a wet location.

    PRN Preferred:  If space allows, Ostrich Fern is an excellent colonizer.  Very beautiful in the woodland garden or a container.  

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 60 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Creeping Mazus has tiny green leaves that form a dense mat, covered with delicate flowers in late spring.  The snapdragon-like purple-blue flowers' lower lips are spotted with yellow and red. Mazus reptans spreads by creeping stems which root at the nodes, filling in quickly without being aggressive. A great plant for rock gardens, walkways and walls.

    Height: 2 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 6
    White Creeping Mazus forms a thick mat of tiny green leaves, topped by delicate white flowers in late spring. Good for walls, walkways and rock gardens, does best in moist shade.
    Height: 2 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Meehan's Mint is a lovely native groundcover that thrives in shade.  But don't let the common name fool you, it does not exhibit the very aggressive tendencies of true mint.  The low trailing foliage is covered with bright blue flowers in late spring. The clean, neat leaves form a good green mat in average to moist locations. Native from western Pennsylvania to North Carolina, where it typically occurs in rich woods and wooded slopes.  Hummingbirds and bees are attracted to the flowers, and deer leave them alone. What could be better?  The genus name honors American horticulturist Thomas Meehan.

    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Virginia Bluebells are pink in bud and the nodding bells turn a bright lavender-blue as they open above blue-green foliage; flowering for about 3 weeks in early spring.  The leaves usually turn yellow and disappear by mid summer, so it is best to use these with other, later, shade perennials. In a moist setting they will slowly colonize a large area.  Mertensia virginica is native to eastern Canada and the central and eastern United States, typically found in nutrient-rich, moist soils of floodplain forests. 

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Amber Glow™ ('WAH-o8AG') Dawn Redwood is a deciduous conifer which produces showy golden foliage. It emerges with a bronzy color on the new growth, and matures to chartreuse yellow during the summer and orange in the fall before the needles drop. Metasequoia glyptostroboides Amber Glow™ is somewhat more compact than the species, but it still grows to be a beautiful pyramidal tree which grows happily in a wide variety of soils.

    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Russian Arborvitae is a soft, flat growing evergreen that has plum colored winter foliage. Microbiota decussata's summer color is delicate fern-like green. Great in dry shade, where it spreads extensively.  Native to the Sikhote-Alin mountains of far-eastern Russia where it grows above the timberline on bald peaks.   It will not tolerate wet conditions.  Foliage is bright green in summer changing to bronze-purple in fall and winter.

    Height: 1 Feet
    Spread: 10 Feet
    Zone: 2

    Celtic Pride® (‘Prides’) Russian Arborvitae is a Proven Winners® introduction. Microbiota decussata is an excellent evergreen groundcover for dry semi-shady locations, and Celtic Pride® shows improved vigor and disease resistance. Microbiotas look like groundcover Junipers, but the foliage is more fern-like and not prickly. An added benefit is the winter color, which is shades of plum and purple. Must have excellent drainage.

    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 5 Feet
    Zone: 2

    'Gracillimus' Maiden Grass has rose-red inflorescences in late summer over green foliage with a thin, white mid-rib. The old classic form of the Maiden Grasses, with attractive light tan winter color.   Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus'  blooms later than most Miscanthus cultivars, and tends not to set seed before the first frost. Flower plumes persist well into winter providing good winter interest.

    Height: 72 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Morning Light' Maiden Grass has rose inflorescences in late summer, above fine white and green striped leaves. The finest textured of the large Maiden Grasses, and one of our favorites in the landscape.  Blooms later than most Miscanthus cultivars, and tends not to set seed before the first frost. Beautiful all winter.

    Height: 60 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5

    'Skyracer' Purple Moor Grass has tall seedheads in mid summer that are very showy above short, green foliage which turns yellow in the fall. Introduced by Kurt Bluemel, it holds up well in the winter. Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens calls Molinia a 'ghost plant' because you can see things through the airy seedheads.  Molinias tolerate moist soils well.

    Height: 72 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Molinia caerulea ssp. arundinacea ‘Wind Chime’ is the tall, graceful accent grass that you’ve been looking for! This Purple Moor Grass is also known as ‘Windspiel’, which in German translates to “wind play”, and it’s no surprise as to why. In June, panicles of airy, dusty mauve inflorescences appear above linear, medium green blades, which make for a peaceful display when swaying gently in warm summer breezes. Come September, the entire plant takes on a golden amber tone, playing beautifully against a sunlight silhouette. The seedheads persist upright throughout the winter, providing textural interest to the landscape: the delicate seedheads covered in a light frost are truly a magical sight. As if its beauty wasn’t a reason enough to want to try this clumping cool season graminoid, ‘Wind Chime’ Purple Moor Grass is also highly salt tolerant, juglone and deer resistant, with inflorescences up to 7’ high at the height of the growing season – a true garden warrior!

    Height: 72 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Eastern Bee Balm produces pinkish-lavender flowers in early summer. The form is like a little lavender crown on the ends of the light purple stems. Butterflies and insects rely on this native member of the Mint family for food, so you get more than just flowers when Monarda bradburiana is in your garden. Dry site tolerant and fragrant foliage.  This is Stephanie Cohen's favorite Monarda particularly for meadow applications.  One of the native plants chosen by Piet Oudolf for the newly planted meadow garden at Delaware Botanic Gardens.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Revered for its glossy, deep burgundy foliage, Monarda bradburiana ‘Midnight Oil’ is the first North American cultivar of the species to be offered in the green industry, originally introduced in 2022 by Brent Horvath of Intrinsic Perennial Gardens in Illinois. Early flowering some three to four weeks prior to other tall Bee Balms, with blooms persisting from mid-May to late June. Spidery, two-lipped, light pink blooms with magenta splotches transform into ornamental seedheads that remain on the plant until the winter months, unless removed to prolong flowering in the late spring or early summer. Monarda bradburiana ‘Midnight Oil’ is a vigorous, easy growing, heat and drought tolerant selection that attracts hordes of pollinators over its blooming period, and is capable of handling some light shade.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 4
    Monarda didyma 'Coral Reef' has coral to salmon-pink flowers from July until frost on disease-resistant foliage. A breakthrough in Bee Balms from the Morden Research Experimental Station in Manitoba, Canada. Attractive to bees and butterflies.
    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Fireball' Bee Balm produces large fiery red blooms on a compact plant. It blooms from July to August, and is a mainstay for bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. All Monardas do well in dry to average sites. Like other Bee Balms, 'Fireball' spreads by rhizomes to make a large clump eventually.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Grand Parade™ ('ACrade') Bee Balm is a new Monarda introduction from those tireless folks at the Morden Research Experiment Station, with large magenta-purple flowers in July and August, over short disease resistant foliage. Butterfly and bee attractant.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    'Jacob Cline' Bee Balm has bright red flowers from June to August above fragrant foliage.  Loved by butterflies, bees and hummingbirds. Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline' is a mildew-resistant introduction from Itsaul Plants, found originally in Georgia and named for the son of Georgia plantsman and garden designer Jean Cline.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Petite Delight™ ('Acpetdel') Bee Balm has lavender-pink flowers in July and August on a compact disease-resistant plant. It is dry site tolerant when established. From Lynn Collicut of the Morden Research Station in Manitoba, Canada.

    Height: 12 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Sugar Buzz® 'Bubblegum Blast' Bee Balm has an amazing number of bright pink flowers starting in July.  The Sugar Buzz® series from Hans Hanson and Walters Gardens is notable for the compact habit and the excellent mildew resistance.  The 2" blooms are held on strong upright stems, so Monarda didyma 'Bubblegum Blast', works especially well in containers as well as perennial borders.  The showy flowers are a great source of nectar for both hummingbirds and pollinators.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 32 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Sugar Buzz® 'Cherry Pops' Bee Balm is one of a series of new showy Monardas from Walters Gardens of Michigan.  The large cherry red flowers are produced mid to late summer over disease resistant dark green foliage.  The stems are sturdy and upright, so Sugar Buzz® 'Cherry Pops' makes an excellent cut flower.  Pollinators and hummingbirds cluster around the blooms, and the aromatic foliage is also attractive.  Unlike some taller Monardas, Sugar Buzz® 'Cherry Pops' does not overrun the whole perennial bed.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Sugar Buzz® ‘Grape Gumballs’ Bee Balm is covered with magenta purple 2” flowers in mid to late summer. The foliage is dark green and very disease resistant, as well as deer resistant. Monarda didyma ‘Grape Gumballs’ comes from the Sugar Buzz® series developed by Hans Hansen and Walters Gardens.  Its compact clean habit makes this Bee Balm a great addition to perennial borders, as well as being a good candidate for summer containers.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Sugar Buzz™ 'Rockin' Raspberry' Bee Balm is another lovely selection from Hans Hansen's hybridizing work at Walters Gardens.  The vivid raspberry purple flowers appear in July and cover the compact green foliage into August, especially if deadheaded after the initial bloom.  The foliage is dark green, aromatic and mildew resistant.  Combined with the compact size and habit, these qualities make Monarda didyma Sugar Buzz™ 'Rockin' Raspberry' a great addition to perennial borders.

    PRN Preferred: Showy raspberry purple flowers crown the dark green disease resistant foliage.

    Height: 20 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Wild Beramot is a lovely native perennial that thrives in prairie conditions and poor soil sites.  The pinking lavender tube-like flowers are held in a circle around the bracts, and persist through mid to late summer.  The aromatic foliage is deer resistant and smells minty when brushed against.  Monarda fistulosa is a good addition to wild flower gardens and prairie gardens.  Wild Bergamot is a reliable self-seeder and a wonderful butterfly and hummingbird attractor. Attracts many pollinators, including clearwing hawk moths.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 30 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Horsemint or Spotted Bee Balm is a native which flourishes in sandy or well drained sites.  The tubular creamy pink flowers are spotted with purple, but their pinkish green lanceolate bracts are really the attention grabbers.  The circular flower clusters extend up the purplish stems for an extended time in July and August, providing important food for butterflies, pollinators and hummingbirds.  The leaves are narrow and fragrant when touched.  Monarda punctata gets the common name Horsemint because it used to be used as medicine for horses.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Muhlenbergia capillaris has deep rose purple inflorescences in September, and the effect makes people stop in their tracks and stare. Best grouped or massed for late season color.  It must have a well-drained site, especially in the winter.  Tolerant of heat, humidity, poor soils and urban conditions.  Well suited for green roofs too.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 6

    White Muhly Grass comes from Florida Superior Trees, and is only reliably hardy in Zone 7. However, this grass is so beautiful that it is well worth planting as an annual (like Pennisetum 'Rubrum'). The airy white inflorescences make a cloud above the fine green blades starting in late summer, continuing well into the fall. This makes Muhlenbergia ‘White Cloud’ a good fall container plant, and it also performs well in dry, sterile sites. Who knows, you might get lucky and have it survive the winter.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 7

    Undaunted® Ruby Muhley Grass ('PUND01S') is a warm season grass which comes into its glory in late summer and fall.  The fine green foliage is the setting for delicate airy pink plumes above the basal clump to make a stunning show in mass.  Muhlenbergia Undaunted® performs well in dry high pH sites, but also tolerates moist soil, unlike Muhlenbergia capillaris.  The showy seedheads are particularly striking when backlit by afternoon light, and they persist for winter interest long after the pink has faded.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Nova™ 'Flame' Mukgenia is an intergeneric cross between Bergenia and Mukdenia.  This amazing hybrid was accomplished by Terra Nova® Nurseries, with Bergenia fertilized by Mukdenia 'Crimson Fans'. Nova™ 'Flame' combines some of the best qualities of both parents, with the lustrous leathery leaf of Bergenia with the delicate and reddish margins of Mukdenia.  Because the leaves are thicker than those of Mukdenia, they last longer into late fall, with their lovely color intensifying with the cooler temperatures.  The flowers resemble those of Bergenia, with bright pink flower clumps on reddish stems in April and May.

    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 14 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Japanese Fiber Banana has glossy banana leaves up to 6' long in one season. The fruits of Musa basjoo are not edible, but the plant overwinters in a sheltered location if heavily, deeply mulched (the one time mulch volcanoes are appropriate...).  Per Bruce Crawford, the common name is deceptive because Japanese Fiber Banana is actually native to China.

    Height: 12 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6

    The dark green highly aromatic foliage of Northern Bayberry is semi-evergreen. It forms large colonies eventually. Myrica pensylvanica is especially useful in dry, salty sites. Native to northeast where it is primarily found growing along the eastern coast.  Gray waxy fruit borne on female plants (dioecious) in late summer and remain through the winter so grouping several plants will increase chance of having a male plant to establish fruit set. Myrica pensylvanica is not sexed.  (New name is Morella pensylvanica.)

    Per Yale University: "American colonists boiled the berries to extract the sweet-smelling wax coating, which they used to make clean-burning candles.  The wax coating on the northern bayberry fruit is indigestible for most birds, but a few species have adapted to be able to eat it, notably the yellow-rumped warbler and tree swallow in North America. As the wax is very energy-rich, this enables the yellow-rumped warbler to spend winter further north in cooler climates than any other American warbler if bayberries are present. The seeds are then dispersed in the birds’ droppings.

    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 3
    The white flowers of Heavenly Bamboo appear in June and July. They are followed by brilliant red fruit, persisting through the winter, and red fall and winter foliage. Nandina domestica is semi-evergreen, especially in a sheltered spot.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Fire Power' Heavenly Bamboo has a nice compact habit. Its leaves have shades of green and red, and it is semi-evergreen. The leaf structure differs from all other Nandinas, as does its fall color, in shades of orange. It does not produce fruit.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 2 Feet
    Zone: 6
    Gulf Stream™ Heavenly Bamboo is a semi-evergreen with blue-green foliage that turns red in fall and winter. It has small white flowers in July but does not produce fruit. This Nandina domestica has a very upright, tight habit.
    Height: 3 Feet
    Spread: 3 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Mexican Feather Grass has delicate, hair-like green foliage which is topped by airy tan seedheads in early summer. It is great in mixed containers. Formerly named Stipa. Plants may go dormant during periods of summer drought.   Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens has had it survive in North Jersey, so maybe it's hardier in the ground in a well-drained site.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 12 Inches
    Zone: 6

    ‘Cat’s Pajamas’ starts blooming in late spring and continues all summer if periodically sheared after blooming. The numerous flowers on this compact plant are an intense blue and this improved Catmint blooms from the soil to the tips of the dark stems.  Even when the flowers are past peak, the rosy purple calyxes add interest to the garden. The habit is compact and dense, making Nepeta x ‘Cat’s Pajamas’ a good “easy care” filler for sunny perennial borders and rock gardens. Nepetas are excellent pollinator attractants and are impervious to deer. From Walters Gardens’ breeding program.

    PRN Preferred: Compact habit plus very showy large blue flower spikes for an extended display.

    Height: 14 Inches
    Spread: 20 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Junior Walker™ Catmint ('Novanepjun') is a seedling of Nepeta 'Walker's Low' that was chosen because it has a neat compact habit and does not seed itself around the garden.  The violet-blue flowers start in early June, and continue all summer if deadheaded occasionally.  The compact habit of Junior Walker™ makes it an excellent candidate for containers and borders.  An introduction by Star Roses.

    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    ‘Purple Haze’ Catmint produces a multitude of lavender blue flower spikes, displayed on a mat of aromatic grayish green foliage. The bloom period of Nepeta x ‘Purple Haze’ is very long, especially if cut back after the first heavy flowering. This member of the Mint family is attractive to a variety of pollinators and unattractive to deer and rabbits. An introduction from Terra Nova® Nurseries. ‘Purple Haze’ would make a beautiful hanging basket plant because of its prostrate habit.

    Height: 10 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 5
    'Walker's Low' Catmint has lots of light blue flowers over gray-green aromatic foliage. It is dry site tolerant and named after the Irish Garden, 'Walker's Low', but it is also a low-growing Nepeta. 2007 Perennial Plant of the Year. Deadhead to make it rebloom.
    Height: 18 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Montauk Daisy has single white daisies that are borne profusely in September and October over glossy succulent-like foliage. New growth may be cut back slightly in spring to maintain plant compactness and encourage bushy form  Very salt tolerant. It went from Nipponanthemum to Chrysanthemum and then to Leucanthemum but we are staying with Nipponanthemum, to avoid confusion!

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 24 Inches
    Zone: 5

    Green Gable™ ('NSUHH') Black Gum or Tupelo is a really amazing selection of this native tree. It has the classic brilliant red fall color we know and love, but its habit is a huge departure from regular Nyssas, with an upright pyramidal shape and extremely uniform branching. With its lustrous green foliage in summer, excellent fall color and perfect silhouette in winter, it is clearly the best answer we've seen to the Pear requests people still have. Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee found this exciting native, which is primarily a male form (but probably polygamo-dioecious, which means it will infrequently bear some fruit).  Wet site and salt tolerant. 2023 PHS Gold Medal Plant.

    PRN Preferred:  This tree has a wonderful upright habit and consistantly beautiful fall color.

    Height: 50 Feet
    Spread: 25 Feet
    Zone: 4
    'Wildfire' Black Tupelo has spectacular red-tipped new growth into summer, followed by excellent red fall color. Introduced by Steve Hotevey of Beyond Green Nursery in Oregon. Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' is also wet site and salt tolerant.
    Height: 40 Feet
    Spread: 30 Feet
    Zone: 5

    ‘Siskiyou’ Evening Primrose has excellent tolerance of dry gravelly sites, and its vigorous spreading habit makes it a good groundcover for tough sunny sites. The finely dissected green foliage is crowned in summer by soft pink saucer shaped flowers which open in the evening. Since Oenothera berlanderi ‘Siskiyou’ blooms during the night, it is attractive to moths as well as butterflies. A good choice for green roofs, rock gardens and road sides, but it can be an aggressive groundcover.

    Height: 8 Inches
    Spread: 18 Inches
    Zone: 5

    The bronzy leaves of Oenothera fruticosa 'Fireworks' ('Fyrverkeri') are topped by bright yellow flowers in June and July. This Evening Primrose forms a burgundy rosette in winter.  'Fireworks' is a more compact cultivar, featuring red stems and red flower buds before opening.  Sphinx moths and other pollinator enjoy visiting this native plant.  Each flower is short-lived, but flowers bloom in succession over a fairly long period of two months.

    Height: 16 Inches
    Spread: 22 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Onoclea sensibilis, also called Sensitive Fern as its specific epithet might imply, is an Eastern North American native fern with broad, almost tropical-looking fronds throughout the growing season. The fronds emerge as reddish crosiers, unfurling and maturing to be light, limey green in color, standing out on long stiples (stalks) against the dark forest floor. Small fertile fronds rise above the lime green sterile fronds in mid-summer, beginning to take on a dark brown tone by August and September. The individual bead-like segments of these fertile fronds make for an interesting addition to a seasonal floral arrangement, or even just as a textural component in the fall and winter gardens. It’s not just called Sensitive Fern for no reason, however: this fern is notorious for being quite dramatic about winter damage, and will die back to the ground immediately upon the first frost. If allowed to thrive in its preferred environment with wet, consistently moist soil, Onoclea sensibilis will happily spread by rhizome and naturalize itself in its habitat, providing a dense canopy of fronds that frogs, toads, and salamanders use for shelter.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4

    Dwarf Mondo Grass is an excellent evergreen groundcover between stepping stones because it has good tolerance for moderate foot traffic.  The delicate strap-like leaves are dark green and very uniform.  This plant is a good grass-like substitute for lawns in shady areas.  Dwarf Mondo Grass is very useful for water run off in shade, as well as water absorption on shady green roofs.  A member of the Asparagus family (as you can tell by the occasional blue fruit).

    Height: 3 Inches
    Spread: 8 Inches
    Zone: 6

    Black Mondo Grass or Lily Turf is a slow growing groundcover with interesting blackish purple strap-like leaves.  The habit is clumping but slowly spreading.  The short flower spikes have subtle lavender bell-shaped flowers which are followed by small shiny purple berries.  The blooms appear in July and August, emerging from the foliage clumps.  Leaf color is darkest in full sun, although O. 'Nigrescens' tolerates shade well.  This is the same plant as O. 'Nigra'.

    Height: 6 Inches
    Spread: 10 Inches
    Zone: 6

    ‘Drops of Jupiter’ has a combination of beautiful flowers over colorful foliage. The late summer flower clumps are mauve pink with purple calyxes, and are very attractive to butterflies and other pollinators. The mat of foliage is chartreuse yellow, providing a nice contrast. Origanum x ‘Drops of Jupiter’ loves full sun and well-drained soils, so it can help with erosion issues as it expands. An introduction by Walters Gardens, ‘Drops of Jupiter’ is edible but not as flavorful as the regular herb Oregano.

    Height: 24 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 4
    'Goshiki' Holly Tea Olive has stunning bronze new growth that changes to shiny Holly-like green leaves liberally speckled with creamy white. Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Goshiki' provides late summer fragrance with its inconspicuous flowers. Introduced by Barry Yinger and Brookside Gardens. An evergreen that likes shady spots.
    Height: 8 Feet
    Spread: 6 Feet
    Zone: 6
    'Gulftide' Holly Tea Olive is a lovely upright English Holly look-alike, with excellent shade tolerance and deer resistance. The evergreen leaves are lustrous, fine and spiny. Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Gulftide' can be used as a foundation plant, or as a hedge in shade. From Gulfstream Nursery, and the most cold tolerant Osmanthus.
    Height: 10 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    'Sasaba' Holly Tea Olive has dramatic dark green deeply incised leaves on a compact, shade loving plant. Dr. Michael Dirr calls it "A plant handler's worst nightmare" because the leaves are very stiff and prickly. Of course, that is what makes it a wonderful evergreen for deer country. The insignificant flowers appear in November and are highly, deliciously fragrant. There is a lovely large plant at the Scott Arboretum, home of so many specimen plants. Slow growing, with good cold tolerance.

    Height: 6 Feet
    Spread: 4 Feet
    Zone: 6

    Cinnamon Fern has medium green somewhat coarse foliage. The fertile cinnamon-colored fronds appear in early spring, and very upright. Osmunda cinnamomea is very wet site tolerant, and a deciduous creeper. Osmunda fiber used in the potting of orchids comes from the roots of these ferns. Great in rain gardens.

    Height: 36 Inches
    Spread: 36 Inches
    Zone: 2

    Royal Fern is a tall broad fronded fern that thrives in wet, shady sites.  At 48", it towers over other native ferns and stands out because of its coarse open texture.  Osmunda regalis is a deciduous spreader, slowly colonizing moist woodland settings.  When provided with consistent moisture, Royal Fern ever tolerates full sun.  An excellent tall addition to stream sides, ponds, rain gardens and wet meadows.  Osmunda fiber used in the potting of orchids comes from the fibrous roots of these ferns.

    Height: 48 Inches
    Spread: 48 Inches
    Zone: 3

    Sourwood has strands of bell-shaped white flowers in mid to late summer and brilliant red fall foliage. Oxydendrum arboreum is a wonderful tree for honeybees, producing excellent flavored honey.  Leaves have a sour taste, hence the common name.   This is a multi-season beauty from the Ericaceae.  Try planting it with other acid loving plants like Azaleas and Rhododendrons. 

    Height: 25 Feet
    Spread: 20 Feet
    Zone: 5
Botanical Name     Common Name
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