Fragrant Abelia has very fragrant pink tubular flowers with white centers that bloom in May and June. The glossy green foliage turns orangey red in fall. Abelia mosanensis is very hardy and easy to grow. This plant was introduced from Latvia.
Abelia x grandiflora 'Rose Creek' provides a wonderful presence in the landscape with its plentiful fragrant white flowers and red-tinged stems on new growth. 'Rose Creek' Abelia will bloom beginning in May and last through the summer into September. An introduction by Dr Michael Dirr.
Tropical looking, Variegated Fiveleaf Aralia offers ivory and green large palmate leaves on a tough dry site tolerant low maintenance plant; somewhat spiny. As wonderful plantsman Fred Spicer of The Chicago Botanic Garden says, "For your Garden of Pain". New name to be Eleutherococcus.
Few trees are as showy as the Paperbark Maple, with its cinnamon colored exfoliating bark. The fine-textured leaves have 3 leaflets and change from dark green with silvery undersides in summer to shades of red and bronze in fall. Acer griseum makes a neat oval-shaped small tree which fits into both small and large scale landscapes well.
Armstrong Gold® ('JFS-KW78') Columnar Red Maple comes from the extensive selection work done at J Frank Schmidt's nursery in Oregon. Acer rubrum Armstrong Gold® has bright golden orange fall foliage on a very tight upright form. Besides having good tolerance for a wide range of environmental conditions (as do Red Maples in general), Armstrong Gold® makes an excellent street tree because of the dense columnar form. The tiny red flowers appear in April and are followed by red winged samaras (seeds).
October Glory® Red Maple has green leaves following the attractive red flowers which are one of the earliest signs of spring for us in the Northeast. The fall color of October Glory® is a deep rich red and occurs 2 weeks later than other cultivars. This oval-shaped, wet site tolerant tree was found by our father, William Flemer III and has proved to be one of the best cultivars for Southern hot summers.
Redpointe® ('Frank Jr') Red Maple is an attractive introduction of this very adaptable native tree, developed by J Frank Schmidt and Son Nursery in Oregon. They chose this selection because of its broad but upswept branching pyramidal habit. Acer rubrum Redpointe® has a strong central leader and leathery dark green foliage. The crowning glory is the vivid red early fall color, followed by a regular tidy silhouette in winter. One of the fastest growing Red Maples in the marketplace.
'Winter Gold' Snakebark Maple is a small shade loving Asian Maple which is admired for its striking bark color. The green delicate foliage is held on greenish yellow branches in summer. As the leaves turn yellow in fall, the bark takes on colors of orange and gold, set off by vertical white stripes. Acer rufinerve 'Winter Gold' is particularly stunning in winter, where the bark's color deepens to reddish orange on the new growth.
Creamy white flowers on Aesculus parviflora appear in summer on long panicles. Bottlebrush Buckeye offers golden yellow fall color. Aesculus parviflora is a wonderful addition to the landscape to attract hummingbirds. Our neighbor nurseryman Dick Karkalits says it is an absolutely foolproof plant for just about any location, and we agree.
'Rogers' Bottlebrush Buckeye has long white panicles that bloom even later than A. serotina. Aesculus parviflora var. serotina 'Rogers' is a wonderful J.C. McDaniel selection. These plants are on their own roots. A. parviflora var. serotina 'Rogers' is wet site tolerant, and the best blooming Bottlebush Buckeye by far.
The Red Buckeye is named for its striking showy 5" red upright flower panicles, which appear on the ends of its branches in May. Aesculus pavia's foliage is dark green in summer, turning to yellow in early fall. It produces the lustrous brown chestnuts that we all loved as children and squirrels go crazy for them. It can be grown as a very large wide shrub or as a small slow growing tree.
PRN Preferred: We have selected for cleaner foliage and showier flowers.
Amelanchier laevis has white flowers in early April. The reddish purple fruit of Allegheny Serviceberry is loved by birds. Good reddish orange fall color of Amelanchier laevis makes it a wonderful landscape choice to provide interest for each season. A wet site tolerant plant, A. laevis has an added attribute of retaining its leaves throughout the summer unlike A. canadensis, and it also has heavier and fewer stems forming the clump.
Small white flowers of Amelanchier x grandiflora Autumn Brilliance® emerge from pink buds in April. Apple Serviceberry has berries in June that will turn magenta to purple. Its brilliant red foliage brightens up the landscape in fall. A wet site tolerant plant introduced by nurseryman Bill Wandell of Illinois. This Amelanchier has an added attribute of retaining its leaves throughout the summer unlike A. canadensis.
'Massachusetts' Bearberry has small shiny evergreen leaves with small pinkish white bell-like flowers in April and May, often followed by red fruits. Arctostaphylos is best in acid soil and sandy, well drained sites. Grows well in poor infertile soils. There are large colonies of Bearberry in the NJ Pinelands. Selected by Bob Tichnor of Oregon from seed collected in Massachusetts. It is also salt tolerant.
Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' is a deciduous shrub with white flowers in May. The bright red fruit of this Red Chokeberry ripens in late summer and persists into winter. The glossy foliage turns brilliant red in fall. This cultivar forms a suckering colony and is wet site and salt tolerant.
Ground Hog™ Black Chokeberry ('UCONNAM012') was developed in Connecticut by Dr Mark Brand, to answer the need for tough native groundcover shrubs. Aronia melanocarpa Ground Hog™ stays low while suckering to a wide, densely branched groundcover thicket. The delicate white spring flowers are followed by glossy black fruit in late summer (an important food source for wildlife). Then the crowning glory is the vivid orange and red fall foliage. Because of Ground Hog's™ vigorous spreading habit it would work well as a slope stabilizer.
Low Scape® 'Hedger' Black Chokeberry ('UCONNAM166') is a selection of our native Aronia, chosen for its compact upright habit. In mid spring Low Scape® 'Hedger' produces a quantity of showy white racemes held above the lustrous green foliage. During the summer the dense habit makes a good choice for short hedges. In the fall the leaves turn striking shades of orange and red, brightening up the landscape for a prolonged period before dropping. Fruit production is limited, but native pollinators benefit. Developed by Dr. Mark Brand and Dr. Bryan Connolly of U. Conn.
Low Scape® 'Mound' Black Chokeberry ('UCONNAM165') is an unusual Aronia melanocarpa form produced by Drs. Mark Brand and Bryan Connolly of U. Conn. Low Scape® 'Mound' performs as a groundcover instead of an upright shrub, so it works well as an erosion control plant as well as an edger. The green spring foliage is topped by lots of attractive white racemes. The showy flowers are followed by shiny black fruit in late summer, providing important food for wildlife. The fall color is a deep red, persisting for several weeks.
'Viking' Black Chokeberry has glossy dark green leaves which turn a striking red in fall. The white, spring flowers are followed by large purplish black fruit, which birds love (and they are full of anti-oxidants). The site adaptability (Aronia melanocarpa 'Viking' likes both wet and dry conditions) and the suckering habit make it an excellent shrub for reclamation use, as well as an attractive landscape plant. Dr. Mark Brand of Connecticut found this native beauty. 2020 PHS Gold Medal Plant!
PRN Preferred: A good shrub for wetland reclamation plantings, a more compact variety with very large glossy foliage.
We grow a broad selection of these wonderful but underutilized native Pawpaws. They are all ultimately 25' and perform best in full sun. Their delicious yellow fruits ripen in September or October and taste like a combination of mango and banana custard. The fruit production is the most prolific when they have a pollinator. The interesting tri-lobed purple brown flowers appear along the stems in mid spring. The beautiful Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly and the Pawpaw Sphinx Moth depend on Asiminas in order to reproduce. Contact us for our cultivar list.
'Emily Rose' Aucuba is a dark green female selection with superior cold tolerance. The slender lustrous leaves are evergreen , and make a great setting for the large shiny red fruit. The berries color up in mid to late winter, and are retained well into the summer, providing a log lasting show. Any male form planted nearby will provide adequate pollination. Aucuba 'Emily Rose' was an introduction from Hines Nursery of California.
'Hosoba Hoshifu' Aucuba is a showy evergreen for shady locations, with long narrow shiny green leaves speckled liberally with bright yellow spots. 'Hosoba Hoshifu' is a female Aucuba, which produces shiny red long lasting fruit when planted near a male form (most green and yellow Aucubas are male). The fruit is large and very showy as it persists throughout the winter. Plant in a sheltered spot protected from winter winds and afternoon sun.
'Rozannie' Aucuba is a compact evergreen form which has large, very lustrous green leaves. They look almost artificial because they are so shiny and perfect. Even more amazing are the enormous bright red berries which remain on 'Rozannie' for several months. Since birds (and deer) do not eat the fruit, the show goes on for a long time. A compact female form, tolerant of a wide range of soils.
Heritage® ('Cully') Riverbirch is one of the best Birches for the Northeast, from extraordinary plantsman Earl Cully. Beautiful creamy exfoliating bark, disease and borer resistant, wet site tolerant, fast growth habit, we could go on and on...
'Black Knight' Butterfly Bush boasts fragrant purplish violet flowers starting in late June. This Buddleia has a vigorous and large habit, and blooms all summer into fall.
'Miss Molly' Butterfly Bush starts blooming in July and continues all summer without deadheading. The fragrant flowers are pinkish rub red and plentiful. Buddleia davidii 'Miss Molly' is a midsized Butterfly Bush, so it works well in the back of perennial beds as well as a low hedge. Butterflies and hummingbirds consume the nectar all summer. Another beauty from Dr Dennis Werner of NC State, who crossed 'Miss Ruby' with 'Attraction' to produce 'Miss Molly'.
'Pink Delight' Butterfly Bush boasts fragrant true pink flowers starting in late June. All Buddleias are named after an English botanist, the Rev. Adam Buddle.
Flutterby Petite® 'Blue Heaven' ('Podaras #8') Butterfly Bush is a new introduction to the groundcover Buddleia world, with blue fragrant flowers all summer over low growing silvery foliage. It is largely sterile, and is a great nectar source for hummingbirds, butterflies and other insects. A Ball Ornamentals introduction from hybridizing work by Peter Podaras.
Flutterby Petite® 'Tutti Fruitti Pink' ('Podaras #13') Butterfly Bush has pinkish fuchsia fragrant blooms over low mounding green foliage. It blooms all summer and can be used effectively as a groundcover as well as an addition to perennial beds. A largely sterile hybrid from Peter Podaras' breeding work with Ball Ornamentals.
'Purple Haze' Butterfly Bush is an exciting new groundcover Buddleia with a low mounding habit and an all summer display of bluish purple fragrant flowers. The foliage is green, the flowering branches are arching, and the flowers are sterile. Another breakthrough from Dr. Dennis Werner of NCSU.
Lo & Behold® Ruby Chip™ (‘SMNBDD’) Butterfly Bush has the same shocking pink blooms as Buddleia ‘Miss Molly’, but on a dense compact habit. The flowers start in June and are produced all summer, especially if occasionally deadheaded. The green deer resistant foliage is dense and tight, so Buddleia Ruby Chip™ makes a great addition to sunny perennial borders. Megan Mathey of Spring Meadows Nursery is the breeder of this dwarf beauty.
Pugster™ 'Blue' ('SMNBDBT') Butterfly Bush blooms throughout the summer and into the fall, producing large blue flowers on sturdy short stems. The growth habit of Buddleia x Pugster® 'Blue' is very compact, making this a good candidate for containers and perennial borders. The blooms are fragrant, and attract butterflies and other pollinators all summer. The Pugster® series from Spring Meadow shows better winter cold tolerance than other dwarf Buddleias.
Pugster® 'Amethyst' ('SMNBDL') Butterfly Bush is a more cold tolerant compact Buddleia, with large lavender purple blooms on short sturdy stems. Pugster® 'Amethyst' starts blooming in June and keeps on flowering until early fall. A Spring Meadows introduction, this Buddleia is recommended for use in rock gardens, perennial beds and tighter sites than most Buddleia can handle.
As many of you are already aware, the threat of Boxwood Blight is increasing in our area. At PRN, we are taking additional steps to provide healthy Boxwoods. First, we only source from growers who can provide Boxwood Compliance Certificates. Additionally, we are limiting access to our Boxwoods at the nursery. This is being done to reduce the risk of spreading the disease to healthy plants. Boxwood Blight is often transmitted through spores carried on shoes and clothing, and resistant but healthy Boxwoods have been shown to carry the disease as well. Customers will be able to view and order Boxwoods from PRN but they will be a “PRN Pull Only”. These extra precautions will keep PRN clean from Boxwood Blight so you can feel reassured that you are purchasing healthy, disease free Boxwoods which will thrive at your job site.
NewGen™ Freedom® (‘SB300’) Boxwood comes from years of testing by Saunders Brothers Nursery of Virginia, in their Boxwood Blight resistance trials. Freedom® and Independence® are both highly resistant to both Blight and Boxwood Leafminer. Buxus NewGen™ Freedom® is the taller of the two, with a rounded but vigorous habit. It makes a beautiful green hedge or foundation planning, and benefits from a light yearly pruning to maintain the tight shape.
New Gen™ Independence (‘SB108’) Boxwood was found as a chance seedling near Williamsburg, VA. The Boxwood Kings of Saunders Brothers selected it after years of observing Independence® because of its proven excellent resistance to both Boxwood Blight and Boxwood Leafminer. Buxus New Gen™ Independence® is the best replacement for English Boxwood in size and shape. The evergreen foliage maintains its deep green color well in the winter.
'Little Missy' Little Leaf Boxwood is an excellent substitute for Buxus 'Justin Brouwers' is areas where Boxwood Blight is increasingly a problem. The Buxus microphylla cultivars are much more resistant to the effects of the blight, and 'Little Missy', with it's compact mounding habit and diminutive size works well where really small Boxwoods are needed. The leaves are lustrous dark green and tolerate sun well. Buxus 'Little Missy' does well with trimming, so it can be used to make knot gardens and short formal hedges.
'Winter Gem' Little Leaf Boxwood has large glossy evergreen leaves with bronze backs and an upright rounded habit. Winter color is a bronzy green.
'Dee Runk' Common Boxwood has glossy dark green foliage that makes its conical shape a standout. It is evergreen, disease resistant and slow growing and is an exciting newcomer to the Boxwood scene.
'Justin Brouwers' Boxwood has a very tight habit, with dark green foliage that maintains excellent winter color. Since it is so compact and slow growing, it needs virtually no pruning. It performs very well in short formal hedges or as a small neat specimen in rock garden settings. More sun tolerant than many Boxwood cultivars.
'Vardar Valley' Common Boxwood is an unusually tough Buxus sempervirens, with excellent insect and disease resistance coupled with attractive green foliage that has a distinctive bluish cast. It was found by Edgar Anderson of the Arnold Arboretum and Missouri Botanical Garden in 1945, along a river in Macedonia. After years of observation it was named and released by the Arnold Arboretum because of its proven excellence. Slow growing and compact, it forms an excellent low maintenance shrub for shady locations.
Variegata Boxwood has bright green and creamy white evergreen foliage. It brightens up a shady area and is a favorite of many gardeners. Very slow growing.
A cross between B. sinica var. insularis and B. sempervirens, 'Green Gem' Boxwood is a slow growing round evergreen that combines excellent hardiness with good winter color. An introduction by Sheridan Nurseries of Ontario, Canada.
'Green Velvet' Boxwood is a very hardy selection from Sheridan Nurseries in Canada. Glossy evergreen foliage on a round maintenance free shrub.
'Early Amethyst' Beautyberry abounds with large quantities of small lilac fruits in the fall. Originally from Brookside Gardens in Maryland. This is the same plant as C. 'Issai', per Barry Yinger.
Calycanthus floridus has dark maroon flowers in May and June that are often fragrant. Fall color is yellow. Sweetshrub is wet site tolerant, as well as dry shade tolerant. Calycanthus is distantly related to Magnolias.
'Athens' ('Katherine') Sweetshrub has yellow flowers in May and June that are consistently fragrant. A great introduction from Dr. Michael Dirr in Athens, Georgia; it was named after his daughter Katherine. It is wet site tolerant.
'Michael Lindsey' Sweetshrub has reddish brown flowers that are consistently, gorgeously fragrant, blooming for a prolonged period in April and May over dark, lustrous green foliage. Fall color of Calycanthus floridus 'Michael Lindsey' is a clear yellow. Selected by Allen Bush of Holbrook Farm & Nursery in North Carolina. It is also wet site tolerant. Extremely verticillium resistant per Rick Darke.
PRN Preferred: Heavy bloomer, fragrant flowers, lustrous foliage with good fall color. Reblooms sporadically throughout the summer.
'Burgundy Spice' Sweetshrub represents a radical color change in Calycanthus foliage, with lustrous deep burgundy leaves throughout the summer. We selected for darker foliage over a number of years, coming up with 2 beautiful purple colored sports. We chose the best one to name Calycanthus floridus var purpureus 'Burgundy Spice'. The maroon flowers appear in May and June, and have the classic mango and pineapple fragrance of good Sweetshrub selections. The fall foliage adds another season of enjoyment, turning attractive shades of yellow and amber.
'Hartlage Wine' Sweetshrub has amazing reddish maroon flowers with yellow centers starting in May and continuing to fall. A very exciting Sweetshrub named after an extraordinary plantsman, Dr. J.C. Raulston, developed by Richard Hartlage and the JC Raulston Arboretum. It used to sport my favorite plant name, xSinocalycalycanthus x raulstonii.
Camellia seed was given to William Flemer III by Dr. John L. Creech of the National Arboretum, who found it in the northernmost reaches of the island of Hokkaido, Japan. From the resulting seedlings, Richard Hesselein picked out 'Hokkaido Red' as the most promising selection. Its extreme tolerance of cold combines with its plentiful production of bright red trumpet-shaped single flowers for a very extended period starting in late December. The yellow stamens add to the show, and the few hardy insect pollinators still around in the winter love them. Best of all, the glossy evergreen foliage turns a stunning shade of purple all winter. Richard Hesselein has been working with this selection of Camellia japonica to produce a range of flower types that also display the winter foliage coloration and the cold tolerance.
Camellia japonica 'Kumasaka' is a rosy pink peony form blooming in April and May. Evergreen and very cold tolerant. All Camellias are members of the Tea family.
Camellia x 'April Blush' has semi-double blush pink flowers in April and May. An introduction from Dr. Clifford Parks, 'April Blush' is an evergreen spring blooming Camellia.
'April Pink' Camellia has large double shell pink flowers with a very formal, perfect appearance. It is a Dr. Clifford Parks introduction, and one that is new to us. It is spring blooming and evergreen.
'April Remembered' Camellia is an early spring blooming evergreen, at its peak in April. The large semi-double flowers are a creamy soft pink, with yellow stamens accenting the centers. This is another zone 6 beauty from Dr. Clifford Parks and Camellia Forest Nursery, and it is equally useful as a specimen or as a hedge. Just make sure it has wind and sun protection in the winter.
Camellia x 'April Tryst' has showy red anemone-form flowers, and is an introduction from Dr. Clifford Parks. It is spring blooming and evergreen.
Camellia x 'Long Island Pink' has single pink flowers that bloom in the fall and a nice compact habit. 'Long Island Pink' Camellia was found on Long Island, NY and is evergreen.
PRN Preferred: A compact neat form, very cold tolerant.
'Northern Exposure' Camellia blooms for an extended period in late fall and early winter. The pale pink flower buds open to large white blooms set off by bright yellow stamens. 'Northern Exposure' always sets multiple buds, and since they open progressively over several months, the flower display is a very showy addition to the late fall garden. Like all Camellias, 'Northern Exposure' has lustrous green evergreen leaves and prefers shade and protection from winter winds.
Camellia x 'Spring's Promise' has single reddish salmon flowers in spring, with some blooms opening consistently in the fall. It has glossy evergreen foliage.
PRN Preferred: Blooms in both spring and fall.
'Survivor' Camellia blooms in early fall, with large single white fragrant flowers that start out tipped by soft pink on the ends of the petals. It is evergreen and upright in habit. Its name indicates its excellent cold hardiness, and it results from a C. sasanqua and C. oleifera cross made by Dr. Clifford Parks.
PRN Preferred: A very cold hardy, reliable bloomer.
The flowers of 'Winter's Snowman' Camellia are a white, semi-double anemone-form. From Dr. William Ackerman, Camellia x 'Winter's Snowman' is fall blooming and evergreen with a narrow upright habit.
'Winter's Star' Camella has light pinkish lavender single flowers starting in October on an open habit. From Dr. William Ackerman, Camellia x 'Winter's Star' is fall blooming and evergreen. Makes an excellent hedge for shady locations.
European Hornbeam has been used often and very effectively as a tightly pruned hedge or screen in formal settings in Europe, and this application is being used increasingly here in the USA. Carpinus betulus is a tough, fine twigged tree which takes pruning very well and tolerates a wide variety of soil conditions. We are growing it as a low branched shrub for hedging and screening. Examples of this use can be found at Brooklyn Botanical Garden and also on Eastern Long Island.
Fastigate European Hornbeam is an excellent tree for urban or formal sites because of its tight, extremely regular form and excellent disease resistance. When young, Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata' is narrow and very upright, but it broadens into a dense tight pyramidal oval as it matures. The leaves are neat and relatively small, and since the form never needs pruning, Carpinus is a maintenance-free tree. Even without foliage, the dense branching makes this an excellent screening tree in winter.
'Frans Fontaine' European Hornbeam is more columnar than Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata', but is equally resilient in urban and suburban conditions. The narrower habit makes Carpinus 'Frans Fontaine' a good candidate for narrower spaces or street tree applications. The fall color of the tidy foliage is a clear yellow, and winter interest is provided by the upright, densely branched form. Since all Carpinus varieties are a fall digging hazard, container production makes the planting season much longer.
American Hornbeam is a tough, beautiful native tree which performs well in a wide variety of site conditions. Its green veined leaves and habit look somewhat like American Beech trees, and its interesting 2" hanging winged seed bracts add to its appeal in summer. It performs very well when transplanted from containers, and can be used in full sun or shade locations as well as sites which are periodically flooded. The fall color is attractive, varying from yellow through orange to reddish purple hues. It can be pruned to make a good tight hedge, like its European cousin, C. betulus. 2020 PHS Gold Medal Plant!
Beyond Midnight™ Bluebeard ('CT-9-12') produces abundant deep cobalt blue flowers in late summer to early fall. The foliage is lustrous and disease resistant, growing on a compact habit. Caryopteris Proven Winners® Color Choice® Beyond Midnight™ need excellent drainage to thrive, and should not be cut back until spring. The foliage has an attractive minty fragrance, which may be why deer and rabbits leave it alone. A good plant for full sun containers.
PRN Preferred: The flower color is the deepest blue of any Caryopteris we grow, and the habit is neat and tight.
'Dark Knight' Bluebeard has deep blue-purple flowers in mid summer and grayish green aromatic foliage. It has consistently shown good disease resistance.
'Longwood Blue' Bluebeard has bluish violet flowers and grayish green aromatic foliage. 'Longwood Blue' blooms later than other Caryopteris, in mid to late summer. Dry site tolerant.
New Jersey Tea is a tough, adaptable native shrub with pretty white fluffy lilac-shaped flowers in June and July. The flowers have a lovely delicate fragrance. The fruits of Ceanothus americanus are subtle but interesting 3-sided capsules and the seeds are consumed by turkeys and quail. It does very well in seashore settings and dry sites. The name New Jersey Tea was coined during the American Revolution because its leaves were used as a substitute for imported tea.
PRN Preferred: An adaptable native with showy fragrant flowers in summer.
Sugar Shack® ('SMCOSS') Buttonbush is a more compact version of our interesting native Cephalanthus. The white puffball flowers appear in mid to late summer, attracting butterflies and other pollinators. The blooms are followed by red mace shaped fruit and burgundy foliage in the fall, providing food for wildlife as well as visual interest. Cephalanthus is very wet site tolerant (we first saw it while canoeing as little children), so it is an excellent bog, bioswale or rain garden shrub.
Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Duke Gardens' has dark evergreen foliage and a tight, compact form. 'Duke Gardens' Plum Yew is excellent in shade but will tolerate sun as well. Originally found at The Sarah P. Duke Gardens in North Carolina, as a branch sport of C. 'Fastigiata'.
Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Fastigiata' has evergreen foliage and a wide columnar habit. It makes a good pillar-like conifer for foundation and formal plantings. Fastigiate Plum Yew is a slow growing alternative to upright Taxus in deer country.
Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Prostrata' has dark evergreen foliage and looks like Taxus baccata 'Repandens' on steroids. Prostrate Plum Yew loves shady, dry locations. Best substitute for low growing Taxus in deer situations.
Drupacea Plum Yew is a broad, vase-shaped evergreen with coarse, dark green needles, like an enormous Taxus. Slow growing but eventually large, Cephalotaxus is a perfect solution to screening needs in deer country. A dioecious species, the female plants, when pollinated produce walnut-sized, fleshy fruits. Per Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens, drupacea is the most winter hardy of them all.
Cercis canadensis is a classic harbinger of spring, with pinkish lavender pea-shaped flowers covering its branches in April ("cauliflory"). The green heart-shaped leaves of this Eastern Redbud turn yellow in the fall, and the zigzag branching habit in the winter adds to the appeal of this large shrub or small tree. The flowers are actually edible, so they make an attractive addition to spring salads.
'Alley Cat' Eastern Redbud has foliage liberally splashed with white, and its striking variegation is stable and scorch resistant. The dark pink pea-shaped flowers emerge in April just before the leaves begin to show in shades of copper pink and soft green. As the foliage matures, the white emerges and makes a lovely contrast to the green. Alan Bush found Cercis 'Alley Cat' in an alley near his home in Kentucky, and gave it to Harald Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery to introduce.
PRN Preferred: The best and most reliable variegation in Redbuds.
'Appalachia' Red Eastern Redbud has deep reddish purple buds that open to bright neon pink flowers in April and May. Cercis canadensis 'Appalachia' was found by Dr. Max Byrkit in Maryland.
Black Pearl™ (‘JN16’) Eastern Redbud produces heart-shaped leaves which are such a deep purple that they almost seem black in spring. The lavender peashaped flowers appear densely on the stems before the foliage appears. Cercis canadensis Black Pearl™ comes from the eagle-eyed Ray Jackson, the father of Cercis canadensis The Rising Sun™.
Burgundy Hearts® ('Greswan') Eastern Redbud is a refinement of the 'Forest Pansy' theme, with pinkish lavender April flowers followed by reddish purple lustrous foliage. The heart-shaped leaves hold their dark color longer in the summer, taking on reddish wine tones towards the fall. Introduced by Greenleaf Nurseries.
Carolina Sweetheart™ (NCCC1) Eastern Redbud is an unusual new Cercis, from NCSU in partnership with the North Carolina nurserymen. The heart-shaped leaves emerge in April, in shades of bronzy purple with vivid pink and white margins. The tricolor effect is striking, and since it follows the classic lavender purple flower display, Cercis Carolina Sweetheart™ is a dramatic standout in the landscape for a long period. By mid summer the foliage is primarily bronze green, but the new growth continues to be colorful.
Flame Thrower® (‘NC2016-2’) Eastern Redbud came from JC Raulston Arboretum in Raleigh, NC. They’re onto something new and different, as the leaves emerge reddish burgundy and rapidly mature to yellow and green, giving a multicolor effect. The pink pea-shaped blooms appear on the bare stems before the foliage emerges. A really striking small specimen tree, especially in late spring and early summer.
'Forest Pansy' Eastern Redbud has rose purple flowers and reddish purple foliage in April and May changing to bronze by fall. The foliage is strikingly beautiful in spring and early summer.
Lavender Twist™ ('Covey') Eastern Redbud has purplish rose flowers in April and May on an umbrella-shaped crown. Lavender Twist™ is a great introduction from Tim Brotsman, found by him in New York State in the garden of Mrs. Covey.
'Royal White' Eastern Redbud is a classic white flowering Cercis which was selected by the late great Dr. JC McDaniel of the University of Illinois. He chose it for the large, plentiful pea-shaped flowers produced abundantly in April. Since the parent tree was found in Bluffs, Illinois, the cold tolerance is excellent. 'Royal White' is vigorous and faster growing than other white forms, and we're glad to be able to keep this tried-and-true selection in circulation.
'Ruby Falls' Redbud is a weeping form of 'Forest Pansy', long awaited by avid plantsmen and brought to us by Dr. Dennis Werner of NCSU. The velvety purple foliage is displayed on graceful weeping branches, making a spectacular show in spring and early summer before it ages to greenish bronze. Its rosy purple flowers emerge before the leaves unfold. The name was chosen by 5 year old Porter Neubauer of Tennessee, undoubtedly a great future nurseryman.
The Rising Sun™ ('JN2') Redbud is one of the most stunning plants we have ever seen, with foliage that starts as peachy apricot, maturing through chartreuse-yellow to a final deep green. Since all three color phases are present at the same time in late spring and summer, the effect is spectacular. The blooms are the classic Redbud lavender in April and May. It was found and introduced by Ray Jackson of Belvidere, Tennessee.
‘Vanilla Twist’ Eastern Redbud is a cross between C. ‘Royal White’ and C. ‘Covey’, resulting in a weeping, white flowered Cercis. ‘Vanilla Twist’ combines the cold hardiness of one parent with the floriferousness of the other, and is stunning in April and May when covered with the white pea-shaped flowers. This exciting color breakthrough comes from the hard work and dedication of Tim Brotzman of Madison, Ohio (The introducer of C. ‘Covey’).
'Whitewater' ('NC2007-8') Redbud combines a more vivid form of variegation with a broadly weeping habit. The pea-shaped flowers in April and May are a deep rose-purple, displayed on the bare branches. They are quickly followed by the heart-shaped leaves which emerge mostly white with green flecks, and mature to mostly green with white flecks. The weeping habit is an exciting addition to the bright variegated foliage. An unusual cross of 'Silver Cloud' and 'Covey' by Dr. Dennis Werner of NC State.
The stems of White Chinese Redbud are covered in white flowers in April, followed by attractive heart-shaped leaves. Cercis chinensis 'Alba' ('Shirobana') is a hard-to-find Chinese Redbud.
Cercis chinensis 'Don Egolf' has branches that are absolutely covered with pinkish lavender flowers in April, followed by heart-shaped neat glossy foliage. It does not bear seed pods as much as other cultivars. 'Don Egolf' Chinese Redbud is a wonderful plant named after one of the world's greatest plantsmen, Dr. Don Egolf, who is much missed in the plant world.
'Kay's Early Hope' Chinese Redbud was named after NC State's wonderful Women's Basketball Coach Kay Yow, because its pinkish lavender flowers appear at the same time as NC State's basketball tournaments. Upright and vase-shaped in habit, 'Kay's Early Hope' is covered with blooms for a longer period than most Cercis chinensis cultivars. It was introduced by the JC Raulston Arboretum from a plant grown in their extensive collection for many years.
'Oklahoma' Redbud has rosy magenta flowers in April and May, followed by leathery green heart-shaped leaves. Coming originally from Oklahoma and Texas, it shows better heat and wind tolerance than other Cercis. Warren and Son Nursery first found this tough plant in the mountains of Oklahoma, which may explain its greater hardiness than other texensis varieties of Redbud.
'Pink Pom Poms' Redbud is another beautiful introduction from the work of Dr Dennis Werner of NCSU and Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery. The double flowered Cercis c. 'Flame' was crossed with Cercis r. Oklahoma, resulting in much bigger, showier double dark pink to purple flowers. When in bloom in April and May, 'Pink Pom Poms' is absolutely breath taking, and the huge flower display is not followed by seedpods because the blooms are completely sterile. The green heart-shaped leaves appear after the blooms, and are glossy and attractive.
The Double Take™ Floweringquince series comes from the work of Dr. Tom Ranney of NCSU's Mountain Research Station in Ashville, N.C. Orange Storm™ has very large bright orange double flowers on compact thornless plants. The blooms appear in April for an extended period, with some sporadic reblooming in summer.
Double Take™ Pink Storm™ Floweringquince is another beauty from Dr. Tom Ranney, with very large double deep pink flowers in April. The blooms resemble Camellias in their size and color intensity. The compact plants are thornless, and their branches make lovely cut flowers to bring inside in early spring.
Double Take™ Scarlet Storm™ Floweringquince is the third release from Dr. Tom Ranney's team in Ashville, NC, with very large dark red double flowers. The thornless plants bloom for an extended time in April, sporadically reblooming in summer.
'Dragon's Blood' Floweringquince is a compact thornlessshrub with amazing flower power. The double blood red flowers are produced in great quantity all along last year's branches in April and May, persisting for a long time since they are primarily sterile. Chaenomeles 'Dragon's Blood' is not a particularly new cultivar but is very hard to find for some reason. Dr. Tom Ranney used it with great results as one parent in the crosses that produced his spectacular Double Take™ Series of Floweringquinces.
'Jet Trail' White Floweringquince has white flowers in April with a compact habit. The yellow fruit is wonderfully fragrant when ripe. All Floweringquinces make great cut branches in late winter and early spring.
'Kingishi' Floweringquince has bright orange single flowers covering the previous year's stems in April. The show is long and impressive, with some late opening flowers in June. The blooms are followed by yellow fruit which have a wonderful fragrance when ripe (our friend Polly Burlingham of Princeton makes us delicious Quince jam from our Quinces). Prune after blooming to keep 'Kingishi' tighter.
'Texas Scarlet' Red Floweringquince has scarlet red flowers in April with a low and compact habit. The yellow fruit is fragrant.
'Cameo' Floweringquince has pinkish peach flowers in late April. Fruit when ripe has a delicious fragrance. We bring them into the office to keep them on our desks in the fall for the delicious scent.
White Fringetree has intensely fragrant, fluffy white panicle flowers in May, followed by bird attracting bluish purple fruit if plant is female (dioecious). Although fruit only appears on the female plants, the flowers on the male plants are showier due to their longer petals. Fall color ranges from a yellowish green to to a bright golden yellow. Chionanthus virginicus is also wet site tolerant.
American Yellowwood is a beautiful native tree that should be used in more landscapes. The flowers are very fragrant, with lovely white pea-shaped flowers appearing in May and June on long pendulous panicles. They provide excellent food for bees and other insects, and they resemble a more refined Wisteria flower. The foliage emerges in spring as a chartreuse green during the summer, finishing up as a bright yellow in fall. The bark is an attractive grayish brown, very smooth textured and closely resembling Beech bark. Cladrastis kentukea tolerates both acidic and alkaline soils, and prefers adequate moisture.
'Tom's Compact' Summersweet is the most compact we have seen of the Summersweets. This fragrant white flowered beauty was found and introduced by a great nurseryman of our area, Tom Dilatush. We've been waiting a long time to get our hands on Clethra alnifolia 'Compacta' and to top it off, it is wet site and salt tolerant.
PRN Preferred: Compact dense habit, never needs pruning. Loved by pollinators.
Einstein™ ('Novacleein') Summersweet blooms in July and August, producing 12" white flower spikes. The blooms are fragrant and somewhat curly because of their unusual length. Clethra alnifolia Einstein™ is a compact form of Summersweet, making a good deer resistant shrub groundcover. It gets its name from the curly flower habit, a little wild like Einstein's hair. Introduced by Star Roses in 2015.
'Sherry Sue' Summersweet has very fragrant white flower spikes which are displayed on pinkish red new growth stems. Clethra alnifolia 'Sherry Sue' blooms in July and August, providing nectar for a number of pollinators. It is found naturally in boggy areas throughout the Northeast, and is particularly useful because of its deer resistance and suckering habit. Introduced by the JC Raulston Arboretum in North Carolina.
Sweetfern is a small but widely suckering shrub that energetically colonizes dry, acidic, sterile areas. Foliage is green and fragrant (it's in the Bayberry family), with a fern-like texture. The semi-evergreen leaves turn bronzy green in the winter.
Baton Rouge™ ('Minbat') Tatarian Dogwood is particularly attractive in winter, when the young twigs become a showy scarlet. The clean green leaves in summer turn to an attractive dark red in the fall. The creamy flat-topped flower clumps appear in May and June, and are followed by interesting white berries in late summer. Baton Rouge™ Dogwood forms a large clump eventually because of its suckering habit. Prune back last year's twigs each winter, as the new growth is the most colorful. A sport of C. 'Elegantissima', Baton Rouge™ comes from Minier Nursery in France, by the way of Bailey's First Editions™ program.
Ivory Halo™ ('Bailhalo') Tatarian Dogwood has brightly variegated leaves that emerge in spring with green centers surrounded by large ivory white margins. The flat topped creamy flowers in May and June are followed by white summer fruit. The fall color is pink and reddish purple, and the winter stem color is dark red and showy. Prune out older canes in the spring to maintain the winter stem show.
Pagoda Dogwood is a lovely, subtle woodland native tree with attractively layered horizontal branching. The flat fluffy ivory flowers appear in late spring and are powerfully fragrant. They are followed by bluish black fruit in August which are attractive to birds. The fall color is often a mild reddish purple, followed by a winter interest element provided by the purplish horizontal twigs and branches.
'Appalachian Spring' Flowering Dogwood has white flowers in April and May and good red fall foliage. 'Appalachian Spring' is resistant to Dogwood Anthracnose! Introduced by the University of Tennessee. Blooms heavily at a young age, but is a slow starter as a young tree. The parent plant was found in the wild in Maryland, where all the surrounding C. floridas were dead of Anthracnose.
PRN Preferred: A more disease resistant native Dogwood cultivar.
Cherokee Brave™ ('Comco No. 1') Flowering Dogwood blooms in mid to late spring, producing dark pink bracts with white centers. The leaves emerge in shades of burgundy in early spring and mature to green in summer. The fall color is attractive shades of maroon and red, accented by the bright red fall fruit, much prized by wildlife. Cornus florida Cherokee Brave™ shows good resistance to mildew, which is one of the reasons why Commercial Nurseries of Tennessee selected it. Cornus florida fruit is an important food source for migrating birds.
'Cherokee Princess' Flowering Dogwood is a vigorous disease resistant selection which has large white flowers followed by bright red bird-attracting fruit. The fall color is a good red, and plantsman Don Shadow says that it is his favorite classic white Dogwood because of its beauty and ease of growth. Introduced by J C Higden of Kentucky.
‘Cloud 9’ Flowering Dogwood is a showy example of one of our most beautiful native trees. The flat flowers, consisting of 4 white overlapping 2” bracts, appear in quantity in April. The white flowers complement both Cercis and Prunus which bloom at the same time. The habit is somewhat ‘Japanese’ because the branching appears in tiers, like ‘cloud pruned’ trees. The green leaves are followed by reddish purple fall color and shiny red fruit (an important food source for wildlife). Cornus florida ‘Cloud 9’ was patented in 1961 by Chase Nursery of Alabama.
There have been a number of Flowering Dogwoods in the trade that have bloomed with multiple bracts, but this particular selection is one of the best. The white flowers are sterile, and are composed of 17 to 24 large bracts which make the extremely showy. The habit is slow growing and compact (probably because Cornus florida 'Plena' puts so much energy into blooming), so this classic Dogwood fits into small gardens as well as along the edges of woods. The fall color is an attractive reddish purple.
'Pumpkin Patch' Flowering Dogwood was found by nurseryman Don Shadow as a chance seedling. The dark pink flowering Dogwood sports a combination of light green (almost yellow) foliage crowned by burgundy new growth. What caught his eye in particular was the fall color, which is brilliant orange (hence "Pumpkin Patch"), followed by orange twigs in winter. 'Pumpkin Patch' has shown some susceptibility to mildew in hot humid weather, but it is still a very rare, cool collector's plant.
'Greensleeves' Kousa Dogwood has dark green leaves with prominent veins, and is a heavy flowering rapid grower, with excellent red fall color. 'Greensleeves' is a selection by Polly Wakefield of Milton, Mass. A very heavy fruiting Dogwood, and wildlife love the fruit, as do our Labrador Retrievers.
PRN Preferred: A very heavy bloomer with excellent fall color and lots of fruit. All around great landscape plant.
Cornus kousa Samaritan® ('Samzam') is a wonderful introduction by Lake County Nursery of Ohio as one of their Biblical Series. Samaritan® has creamy white margins on the green leaves. Flowers in June are white bracts, but the striking variegated foliage is the eye catcher, especially when it turns pink, burgundy and red in the fall. The "Zam" refers to Jim Zampini.
Scarlet Fire® ('Rutpink') Kousa Dogwood is a lovely new introduction from Dr Tom Molnar's work at Rutgers University. The bracts, appearing in June, are a dark strong pink which hold up well in our hot summer weather and often are showy for up to 8 weeks. Cornus kousa Scarlet Fire® is a juvenile bloomer and vigorous grower, with clean disease resistant foliage. The classic red hanging fruit follows the flowers and the fall foliage color is also shades of red. This is the most pink, heaviest flowering Kousa Dogwood we know.
PRN Preferred: Plentiful dark pink flowers, heavy bloomer at an early age. The best pink we have seen.
'Snow Tower' Korean Dogwood is an upright form of Cornus kousa, which makes it ideal for a tight space. The large white flowers (bracts) emerge in late May and June, a little later than most Korean Dogwoods. The very showy flower display is followed by round red fruit in late summer which are very attractive to birds and mammals. 'Snow Tower' Dogwood has reddish purple fall color, and would make an excellent small street tree with several seasons of interest. Found by Gary Handy of Handy Nursery in Oregon.
'Wolf Eyes' Kousa Dogwood has white flowers in June and variegated white and green foliage with striking red and pink fall color. It is a Manor View Farms selection. It prefers a shady location. This is Richard Hesselein's favorite variegated Dogwood.
'Kintoki' Japanese Cornel Dogwood has small brilliant yellow flowers in March, interesting multi-colored bark, and vivid red fruit in fall. It blooms 2 weeks earlier than Cornus mas and was selected in Japan as an excellent cut flower plant. 'Kintoki' was introduced into the US by Barry Yinger through Brookside Gardens.
PRN Preferred: Very showy early yellow blooms, exfoliating bark and brilliant fall color and bright red fruit, a true multi-season plant.
Cornus sanguinea Proven Winners® Color Choice® Arctic Sun® ('Cato') is a variety of Bloodtwig Dogwood that has great winter interest because twigs are bright yellow at base flushing to blood red. Leaves are a good bright yellow in fall. From Andre van Nijnatten, who also brought us 'Winter Flame'.
'Winter Flame' Bloodtwig Dogwood, also known as 'Winter Beauty', has yellow fall color which is followed by amazing winter twig color, yellow at base of plant flushing to reddish orange at outer edges. Looks like it is lit by fire all winter. Cut back old wood every year for best effect. From Andre van Nijnatten of the Netherlands.
Arctic Fire® 'Red' (‘Farrow’) Redosier Dogwood is a beautiful native shrub which lights up the winter landscape with bright red twigs (great for winter containers). Cornus Arctic Fire® 'Red' has green ovate leaves in spring which are topped with flat ivory flower clusters (cymes) in May and June. Ornamental white berries (good food for birds) and deep red leaves follow in the fall. Redosier Dogwoods should be pruned back hard every 1 to 2 years, because the new growth provides the winter color.
Cornus sericea 'Baileyi' has white flowers followed by bluish fruit. Excellent red fall foliage defoliates to expose reddish purple twigs for winter interest. 'Bailey' Redosier Dogwood is a Bailey Nurseries introduction. It is relatively salt tolerant. Cut the old wood back frequently to maintain the best winter color.
The light green disease-resistant summer foliage of 'Cardinal' Redosier Dogwood is followed by vivid, cherry red stems in winter. Developed by Dr. Pellet and the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, so you know it's tough. Most effective if the old wood is cut back yearly. It is relatively salt tolerant.
'Longwood Chimes' Fragrant Winterhazel produces 3" pendant clusters of soft yellow flowers in March and April. The blooms appear before the green foliage emerges, and are extremely fragrant as well as showy. Corylopsis glabrescens 'Longwood Chimes' becomes a large shrub with a broad habit. it was chosen for its excellent blooming characteristics by Longwood Gardens, from plants given to them by the US National Arboretum.
Buttercup Winterhazel has delicate lemon yellow panicles in March and April. The habit of Corylopsis pauciflora is broad but delicate, with small, neat leaves.
PRN Preferred: A smaller neater habit.
Veitch Winterhazel is a showy, fragrant addition to the winter garden with primrose yellow, 2" pendant flowers set off by reddish anthers. Corylopsis veitchiana blooms in March on bare branches and then produces foliage that starts out bronzy and turns to green, with glabrous undersides.
'Royal Purple' Smokebush has pink smoke-like flowers in June and July which are highlighted by brilliant purple leaves, which turn a reddish purple in fall.
Winecraft Black® Smokebush ('NCCO1') produces deep purple velvety leaves in spring which are topped by dark pink smoke-like inflorescences in June. The contrast between the flowers and foliage is striking. After blooming, Cotinus Winecraft Black® does not fade as many other purple leaf plants do, retaining its dark purple color until fall, when the leaves turn beautiful shades of yellow, orange and red. All Cotinus benefit from a periodic pruning to promote new growth.
American Smoketree bluish to dark green leaves and unique greenish smoke-like flowers in July. The fall color is spectacular, with shades of yellow, red and purple hues. The bark is also a beautiful gray and mature trunks become scaly for additional winter interst. Cotinus obovatus makes a very large shrub or an attractive small tree.
PRN Preferred: As noted by Dr. Dirr "may be the best of the all American shrub/trees for intensity of (fall) color." and we agree.
'Grace' Smoketree has pink flowers in June and July with bronze new foliage which turns to purple. Cotinus x 'Grace' has luminous reddish purple fall foliage. From Peter Dummer, formerly at Hillier Nurseries in England.
Alabama Croton is a very rare semi-evergreen native from the South, which has proved to be surprisingly hardy in zone 6. The light green leathery leaves have striking silver undersides in the summer, and the more mature foliage turns a lovely orange color in the fall. Croton alabamense prefers moist locations in semi-shade, and since it is a member of the Euphorb family, it is consistently deer resistant. The habit is loose and somewhat sprawling, so mix it in with other shrubs. Our first plant came from the generous hands of Rick Lewandowski, followed by a collection of plants from Fred Spicer of the Birmingham Botanic Gardens.
The blackish green evergreen foliage of 'Black Dragon' Japanese Cedar has an interesting irregular texture on an upright plant. Cryptomeria japonica 'Black Dragon' is much slower and smaller than C. 'Yoshino', so excellent for smaller spaces. It is also salt tolerant.
Dwarf Globe Japanese Cedar is a dense rounded evergreen which adds a lot of color to the year-round landscape. The tight needles are a vivid bright green in the summer. In the fall and winter, they turn bluish purple with shades of rust. Since it is both pest resistant and compact, 'Globosa Nana' works well as a foundation evergreen, especially where deer are a problem. Pruning will probably never be needed to keep its neat habit.
'Yoshino' Japanese Cedar has dark green foliage and an upright habit. It is surprisingly shade and salt tolerant. It makes a large hedge very rapidly.
'Nikko' Slender Deutzia has delicate white flowers in April and May. The low growing neat green leaves turn purple in fall. Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko' makes an excellent flowering groundcover for sun and shade. A wonderful National Arboretum introduction.
PRN Preferred: A three season groundcover shrub, a real garden workhorse. Continues to perform year after year.
Yuki Cherry Blossom® (‘NCDX2’) Slender Deutzia is a color breakthrough by Dr. Tom Ranney of NCSU. Normally a white flowered groundcover shrub, Yuki Cherry Blossom® is covered with delicate soft pink flowers in April and May. The small green leaves are borne on graceful arching branches which root where they touch the ground, making Deutzia x Yuki Cherry Blossom® an excellent low maintenance groundcover. The fall color is bronzy purple, which adds another season of beauty.
Yuki Snowflake® ('NCDX1') Deutzia blooms heavily in April and May, covering this low mounding shrub with a multitude of bell-like white flowers. The delicate green leaves are held on arching branches which root when touching the soil making Deutzia x Yuki Snowflake® an attractive shade tolerant groundcover. The foliage turns shades of burgundy in fall and is most colorful when grown in full sud. A lovely hybrid from the work of Dr Tom Ranney of NC State.
'Nikko Blush' Slender Deutzia is a cross made by the US National Arboretum between Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko' and Deutzia x rosea 'Carminea'. The result is a plant long sought by plant lovers, with bright pink buds opening in April and May to abundant soft pink flowers on arching low growing branches. Like 'Nikko', 'Nikko Blush' makes an excellent groundcover, and would be particularly attractive growing down a wall. The fall color is shades of burgundy.
'Copper' Bush Honeysuckle has sulfur yellow flowers in July, over copper colored new foliage. The fall color is shades of bronze, orange and red. Diervilla lonicera 'Copper' is a very tough, maintenance-free plant, and tolerates dry shade well. Insects love the flowers.
PRN Preferred: A true multi-seasonal plant plus it is native and deer resistant. That's impressive.
'Butterfly' Southern Bush-honeysuckle has delicate bright yellow flowers June to July over green, disease-free foliage. The fall color of Diervilla sessifolia 'Butterfly' is shades of purple. It does well in dry, shady sites. A selection from Pieter Zwijnenburg of Holland.
Firefly™ Nightglow™ ('El Madrigal') Bush-honeysuckle comes from the Blomin' Easy® line of introductions, and is an exciting foliage color break. The leaves are a dark reddish purple, making a striking setting for the sulfur yellow flowers in June and July. The leaf color becomes more intensely red in fall before dropping. The blooms are real pollinator attractants, so this is a good native shrub to light up the garden.
Kodiak® ‘Black’ (‘SMNORSF’) Bush-honeysuckle is one of the newer Proven Winners® introductions of this colorful adaptable native shrub. The name comes from the dark bronzy burgundy new growth which makes a dramatic setting for the sulfur yellow flowers which are produced at the tips of the branches for most of the summer. Diervilla rivularis Kodiak® ‘Black’ has something to offer everyone: native, colorful foliage in summer and fall, flowers for pollinators and deer resistance.
Kodiak® Orange Bush-honeysuckle puts out vivid orange new growth in he spring and summer. Mature leaves are green, and are topped with bright sulfer yellow flowers throughout the summer, attracting butterflies, pollinators and hummingbirds. Diervilla is a wonderful native for its compact neat habit and its showy orange red fall color. Kodiak® Orange is also very versitile, as it does well in sun and shade, average and dry soils, and areas with deer pressure.
Kodiak® 'Red' ('G2X885411') Bush-honeysuckle is a multi-purpose small shrub. The new growth emerges in shades or red and bronze in spring and summer. The spreading branches are tipped with sulfur yellow trumpet shaped flowers for an extended period, attracting butterflies, hummingbirds and other pollinators. Then in the fall, Diervilla Kodiak® 'Red' puts on an extraordinary show as its leaves turn bright red. Use as a specimen or a low hedge.
PRN Preferred: The coppery color of the new foliage is more intense than 'Copper', and the fall color is a gorgeous bright red.
Paper Bush has amazingly fragrant clumps of little yellow tubular flowers (it's in the Daphne family!) on the tips of branches from January to March. Long tropical-looking deciduous green leaves, must be in a very protected site (and keep mulch away from the base of the plant) but the winter fragrance of Edgeworthia chrysantha flowers on a warm day makes it worth it.
Erica x darleyensis 'Mediterranean Pink' is a Heath that has pink flowers in March and April. It has a low mounded habit and is salt tolerant and evergreen. It prefers a well-drained site.
Erica x darleyensis 'Mediterranean White' is a Heath that has white flowers in March and April. It has a low mounded habit and is salt tolerant and evergreen. Does not tolerate "wet feet".
Euscaphis japonica is called the Korean Sweetheart Tree because of its rose red fruit pods which look like little hearts as they open. The broad ivory yellow flower panicles appear in June, and are followed by the showy fruit displayed August through September. When the red pods open, they are made even more showy by revealing large shiny blue-black seeds. The bark is also attractive, with white striations on the purplish brown coloration. This was one of Dr JC Raulston's favorite exotic tree introductions.
American Beech is one of our most stately native trees, and also one of the most problematic ones to transplant B&B. As a result, we are growing it in containers so everyone can have a chance to marvel at its beauty in their own landscape. The bark is beautiful all year, maintaining its silver-gray color throughout its lifespan. The summer leaves are a large and glossy dark green, often turning an attractive golden bronze in the fall. The juvenile beeches usually retain their foliage throughout the winter, turning to a soft whitish-tan after the fall. When Fagus grandifolia is mature enough to bear fertile nuts, it is a very important food source for birds and mammals.
Narrow green leaves emerge from tan culms in late spring, adding to previous season's foliage. Vase-shaped, clumping, deer resistant and semi-evergreen.
'Chicago Hardy' Fig has proven to be reliable as far north as Chicago with some protection, so it is an excellent choice for the Mid-Atlantic area. It is thought to be originally named 'Bensonhurst Purple', and the fruit is sweet and green with a light brownish-purple blush. Without any protection it will periodically die to the ground but will come back reliably. With winter protection, you get fruit production much earlier in the summer. The foliage is large, dramatic and subtly fragrant.
Dwarf Fothergilla has white fragrant bottlebrush flowers in April and May and its fall foliage is yellow, orange and red. It is wet site tolerant, but also does well in dryer woodland sites.
Fothergilla gardenii 'Suzanne' is a compact form of Dwarf Fothergilla from Dr. Michael Dirr, with beautiful white fragrant flowers in April and May, followed by lovely orange-red fall color. Named after his youngest daughter.
PRN Prefered: A true dwarf selection, amazing fall color.
'Blue Shadow' Fothergilla has honey-scented white bottlebrush flowers in April and May, followed by dusty blue foliage. Fall color is a beautiful combination of yellow, orange and red. A selection by Gary Handy of Handy Nursery in Oregon.
'Mount Airy' Fothergilla has fragrant white bottlebush flowers in April and May and boasts yellow, orange and red fall foliage. Selected by Dr. Michael Dirr at the Mount Airy Arboretum.
The Franklin Tree has white Camellia-like flowers in summer with striking red fall foliage. Franklinia alatamaha needs good organic matter and constant moisture in its planting location. Ours are from seed rather than cuttings and our experience is that Franklinias have more vigor and disease resistance when grown from seed.
'Kleim's Hardy' Cape Jasmine has large single white extremely fragrant flowers in July and August. Gardenia jasminoides 'Kleim's Hardy' has rounded glossy green foliage and is semi-evergreen. This plant needs a sheltered spot.
Creeping Wintergreen is an evergreen groundcover that thrives in wooded, well drained locations. Gaultheria procumbens prefers acidic soils. The delicate pink and white bells appear on the stems in early to mid summer and are followed by small red fruit in the fall (much loved by small woodland critters). The leaves when crushed have the lovely scent of wintergreen.
Espresso™ (‘JFS’) Kentucky Coffeetree produces large doubly compound green leaves quite late in the spring (May), on coarse branches. Gymnocladus dioicus Espresso™ is a male form, which is good because the females produce very large brown seedpods (used by early settlers as a substitute for coffee). The habit is somewhat lanky when young, but mature Kentucky Coffeetrees are very handsome and trouble free. An introduction by J Frank Schmidt and Son of Oregon.
'February Gold' Chinese Witchhazel has bright yellow flowers, set off by red calyces. The fragrance is excellent, as is its habit of dropping its winter leaves well before it flowers. Credit for its reappearance in the gardening world goes to Paul Meyer of the Morris Arboretum of Philadelphia who had received it from our father, William Flemer III, a long time ago.
'Amethyst' Vernal Witchhazel has fragrant lavender-purple flowers appearing in late winter and early spring, followed by coppery new growth. Good orange and yellow fall color. Hamamelis vernalis 'Amethyst' is also salt and wet site tolerant. Great as a cut branch in the house for a spring "pick-me-up". Found by Tim Brotzman of Ohio and named by Don Shadow.
PRN Preferred: The purple flowers are a very unusual color for Witchhazels.
'Jelena' Witchhazel has copper-orange fragrant flowers in late winter and yellow-orange fall foliage. It was named for Jelena de Belder, and has won numerous awards in Europe. This is our freind Andrew Bunting's favorite Hamamelis.
Seven-Son Flower has fragrant white flowers, followed by striking red calyxes in mid summer and fall. The exfoliating bark of Heptacodium miconioides adds winter interest. A good substitute for a Crapemyrtle in a more northern climate. We have found Heptacodiums thriving in both Vermont and Maine.
'Annabelle' Smooth Hydrangea has white snowball flowers in June and July, a classic plant from Joe McDaniel. Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle' is considered by many to be somewhat deer resistant! Bruce Cole recommends a late spring gentle trimming to delay the flower period and reduce the flopping. Smooth Hydrangeas are salt tolerant.
'Haas Halo' Smooth Hydrangea was selected by Rick Ray of Pennsylvania for its extraordinarily large white lacecap flowers. They are produced for a long period in mid summer, and are displayed on sturdy stems which do not flop, unlike many mopheads. 'Haas Halo' is tolerant of full sun as long as good moisture is consistently present, and its 14" flowers make lovely cut or dried flowers. Excellent for a natural look along woodland edges. 2020 PHS Gold Medal Plant!
The very large white mophead flowers of Incrediball® ('Abetwo') Smooth Hydrangea appear in June and July. Flowers age to a lovely chartreuse-green before turning tan, and are great in dried arrangements.
Incrediball® 'Blush' ('NCHA4') Smooth Hydrangea is a color breakthrough, with large soft pink mophead flowers supported by strong stems. As the blooms mature, they change to shades of light green. Incrediball® 'Blush' is attractive as a cut flower as well as in dried arrangements. All Smooth Hydrangeas benefit from a good pruning in late winter, since they bloom on new growth.
Invincibelle Garnetta™ (‘NCHA6’) Smooth Hydrangea comes from the work of Dr. Tom Ranney of NC State University. The blooms appear in early summer, emerging in garnet shades which mature to a good deep pink. Hydrangea arborescens Invincibelle Garnetta™ starts blooming somewhat later than other Smooth Hydrangeas, and will rebloom sporadically through the summer, especially if spent blooms are removed. The color is a standout, and the habit is neat and compact.
Invincibelle Wee White® (‘NCHA5’) Smooth Hydrangea is the first dwarf Annabelle Hydrangea, from the Proven Winners breeding program. The flowers emerge from soft pink buds which rapidly mature to white mopheads on strong short stems. Hydrangea Invincibelle Wee White® starts blooming in June and reblooms sporadically all summer, especially if deadheaded. The dried flower heads are attractive, and this compact mounding beauty would be a great patio container plant for partial shade locations.
BloomStruck® Endless Summer® Bigleaf Hydrangea ('PIIH-II') has large blue or rose-pink mophead flowers, depending on the soil pH. Since it is a rebloomer, the flower display continues all summer. The blooms are held on red-purple stems, and the glossy green foliage is set-off by dark red petioles and veins. An excellent new introduction from Dr. Michael Dirr showing good mildew resistance as well as great flower power.
PRN Preferred: The thicker leaf handles the heat/sun better than other macrophyllas, stronger stems and more intense flower color. We prefer BloomStruck over Endless Summer®.
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Blue Wave' is a variety of Big Leaf Hydrangea that has large blue lacecap flowers in June and July. It is also salt tolerant. as are most Big Leaf Hydrangeas. One of the great aspects of lacecap Hydrangeas is that, unlike 'Mopheads', their flowers never flop in the rain.
Endless Summer® ('Bailmer') The Original Hydrangea has large pink or blue mophead flowers and blooms all summer on new growth. The pH level in the soil largely determines the flower color. From Dr. Dirr and Bailey Nurseries. It is also salt tolerant.
'Forever Pink' Bigleaf Hydrangea has large pink mophead flowers in June and July with thick textured green leaves. The thick cuticle of the leaf margins makes Hydrangea macrophylla 'Forever Pink' more sun tolerant than many Hydrangeas. A lovely Hydrangea for seaside plantings.
'Glowing Embers' Bigleaf Hydrangea has larger crimson-purple mophead flowers over lustrous, thick textured leaves. Thought by many (including Dr. Michael Dirr) to be the same as H. 'Alpenglow' the depth of its flower color changes to more purple than red in the presence of higher soil acidity. Salt tolerant and sun tolerant.
Let’s Dance® Big Band™ (‘SMNHMP’) Bigleaf Hydrangea is a new reblooming mophead from Proven Winners®, combining excellent reblooming with a compact, disease resistant habit. The large mophead flowers are deep pink in high pH soils, and deep purple in acidic soils. Since Hydrangea Let’s Dance® Big Band™ is compact, it works well as a foundation planting, and will probably not need pruning (thereby not having its flowering reduced the next year). Big Band™ makes great dried flowers as the blooms age.
Blue Jangles® ('SMHMTAU’) Bigleaf Hydrangea is part of the Let’s Dance® series from Proven Winners®. The reblooming mophead flowers are a dark blue in acid soil, or a strong pink in alkaline soil. The habit of Hydrangea Blue Jangles® is compact, and since it blooms on both old and new wood, this reblooming Hydrangea does not need pruning.
Magical® ‘Ruby Red’ (‘Kolmaru’) has large red mophead flowers displayed over very dark green foliage from early summer up to fall. This beautiful sturdy Hydrangea is from Kolster BV in the Netherlands, and is introduced into the US by Plants Nouveau. Hydrangea macrophylla Magical® ‘Ruby Red’ is a rebloomer (old wood and new), and the flowers take on shades of dusty wine red and green as they age. The relatively compact habit and sun tolerant dark green foliage make this at home in a wide variety of sites.
'Pia' Bigleaf Hydrangea has big pink mophead flowers that cover this dwarf plant in July. Hydrangea macrophylla 'Pia' is great for smaller gardens where space is an issue, and it is also salt tolerant.
Summer Crush® ('Bailmacfive') Endless Summer® Bigleaf Hydrangea blooms throughout the summer, producing lots of raspberry red to vivid purple mophead flowers. The habit is compact, with glossy dark green leaves that tolerate sun well. Hydrangea Summer Crush® is a new exciting rebloomer form Bailey Nurseries, resulting from the work of Dr Michael Dirr with reblooming Hydrangea.
'Tokyo Delight' Bigleaf Hydrangea is a beautiful lacecap with large white sterile florets on the edge and blue fertile flowers in the center of the flowers. Blooms age to a lovely, long lasting rose color. Hydrangea macrophylla 'Tokyo Delight' is tough as nails and a reliable bloomer every year.
PRN Preferred: Very tolerant of cold winters, consistently blooming lacecap.
A new exciting offering from Dr. Michael Dirr and Bailey Nurseries, Hydrangea macrophylla Twist 'n' Shout® ('PIIHM-I') Endless Summer® is a cross between Endless Summer® and Lady in Red™ and is a reblooming deep pink lacecap with red stems. Fall color is also colorful, turning a striking burgundy-red. Bruce Cole of Jackson, New Jersey finds that it is a very floriferous rebloomer. It is also salt tolerant.
Bobo® ('ILVOBO') Hardy Hydrangea is dwarf in habit without sacrificing the number of flowers it produces. The rounded blooms start as large lime green balls in late June and progress through clear white to shades of soft pink as they mature. The flowers persist through most of the summer, and the dwarf habit of Hydrangea paniculata Proven Winners® Color Choice® Bobo® makes it an excellent addition to mixed perennial borders as well as foundation plantings. Developed in Belgium by Dr. Johan Van Huylenbroek.
PRN Preferred: We're impressed by the number and beauty of the blooms, especially when combined with its compact habit.
Finally, a Pee Gee Hydrangea for a small garden space! Hydrangea paniculata 'Dharuma's flowers come very early in summer, and rapidly turn from white to rose. Like the plant, the flowers are smaller than other varieties of H. paniculata, and somewhat open. We like it because even the young branches are strong enough to support the flowers, so they are upright and visible, not floppy. when in bloom. The RHS's recent trials put this as a hybrid between H. paniculata and H. heteromala.
Fire Light™ (‘SMHPFL’) Hardy Hydrangea is a compact form of Pee Gee Hydrangeas, with creamy white flowers starting in early July. The blooms age to striking shades of dark rose red, particularly if Hydrangeas Fire Light™ is trimmed a little in May (it postpones the bloom production). The cooler the weather and the shorter the daylight, the deeper the pink to red color. All Pee Gee Hydrangeas are very cold hardy, but the compact size of Fire Light™ makes this useful in tighter spaces that cannot take huge shrubs.
Lime-green panicle flowers of Hydrangea paniculata 'Limelight' emerge in July and age in August to white and rose-pink. One of the best of the Pee Gee Hydrangeas, from Pieter Zwijnenburg, Jr.
Little Lime® ('Jane') Hardy Hydrangea has the lovely chartreuse-to-white flowers of H. 'Limelight', but on a more compact plant. Its diminutive size makes it a better choice for a small garden application without losing the striking effect of the large colorful panicles in July and August.
Little Quick Fire® ('SMHPLQF') Hardy Hydrangea is suited to smaller gardens because of its shorter statue. The blooms start out white in June and age to dusty pink by late in the summer. The color is more intense in cooler weather, so trimming Hydrangea paniculata Proven Winners® Color Choice® Little Quick Fire® back moderately in June will promote this by delaying the start of flowering. Hardy Hydrangeas are valuable ornamentals because of their lengthy bloom period, and they also make excellent cut or dried flowers.
Quick Fire® ('Bulk') Hardy Hydrangea is a very early blooming Pee Gee Hydrangea. Flowers start out white in June and age to deep pink by mid summer. From Mark Bulk in Holland. Ronni Hock of Lawrenceville says it is her favorite because of the lovely red stems. This is Dick Karkalits' favorite Pee Gee Hydrangea becasue it blooms very early and the aged panicles hold up well into October.
Strawberry Sundae® ('Rensun') First Editions® Hardy Hydrangea is a compact version of Bailey's beautiful Hydrangea Vanilla Strawberry™. The white cone-shaped panicles appear in July and rapidly take on lovely shades of deep strawberry pink as they age. Hydrangea paniculata blooms for an extended period, often up to the start of fall, so the bloom display often includes both white and vivid pink. Strawberry Sundae™ originated in France, from the breeding work of Jean Renault.
Vanilla Strawberry™ ('Renhy') First Editions® Hardy Hydrangea starts its bloom cycle with enormous creamy-white, cone-shaped panicles that age through soft pink to a bright reddish rose. Since the plant produces new blooms for an extended period, Vanilla Strawberry™ has a three-toned effect. From Bailey Nurseries, Inc. of Minnesota, who got it from the Renault Nursery in France.
PRN Preferred: We love the intensity of the pink color as the flowers age.
'Amethyst' Oakleaf Hydrangea has upright white panicles that age to a gorgeous wine red, retaining this color even when used as a dried cut flower. The branching is denser and more upright than other Oakleafs, making this cultivar more suitable for smaller gardens. The fall color is an added asset, turning a lovely burgundy-red. Another great selection by the Hydrangea king, Dr. Michael Dirr, which we first admired at the Scott Arboretum.
Gatsby Pink® ('JoAnn') Oakleaf Hydrangea starts blooming in June, producing large white upright panicles. As the flowers age, they take on shades of pink which are attractive for a lengthy time throughout the summer. The disease free green foliage takes on shades of red and burgundy in the fall, and as Hydrangea Gatsby Pink® matures, the exfoliating tan bark adds winter interest.
Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee' has white panicle flowers in June and July and is a compact form of the Oakleaf Hydrangea. It has burgundy-red fall foliage. Introduction by Aldrich Nursery in Alabama. One of our favorite Oakleaf Hydrangeas, because the foliage is so neat and clean.
PRN Preferred: All the great attributes of an Oakleaf Hydrangea but in compact form.
Snow Queen™ ('Flemygea') Oakleaf Hydrangea has upright white panicle flowers and burgundy-red fall foliage. Hydrangea quercifolia Snow Queen™ was introduced by noted plantsman, William Flemer III. All the Oakleaf Hydrangeas show some deer resistance.
PRN Preferred: Flowers have an upright habit so they stand out above the foliage.
‘Snowcicle’ Oakleaf Hydrangea comes from Richard Davis, and has 12” panicles of double white florets. The long vigorous blooms change to a combination of creamy white, soft green and dusty rose as they mature, giving the flowers an interesting tricolor effect. Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snowcicle’ has sturdy stems supporting the very large inflorescences. Similar to Hydrangea Snowflake, it also makes a good dried flower.
'Snowflake' ('Brido') Oakleaf Hydrangea has sterile younger florets which emerge from the older florets for an extended period, resulting in a strikingly long, multi-colored panicle. The new florets are white and the older ones are a dusty pink, working well as a unique landscape plant. Red-purple fall foliage. Makes an extraordinary dried flower.
'Blue Billow' Sawtooth Hydrangea blooms in June, producing plentiful blue lacecap flowers for an extended period. The habit is compact, and the neat green foliage turns bronzy in fall. Hydrangea 'Blue Billow' is one of the most cold tolerant serratas. A lovely introduction from Dr. Dick Lightly formerly at Mt. Cuba Center.
'Blue Bird' Sawtooth Hydrangea has blue lacecap flowers starting in June. The leaves are larger and rounder than H. 'Blue Billow'. A very hardy Hydrangea, with excellent cold tolerance.
PRN Preferred: Very cold tolerant so the Hydrangea blooms reliably even after a bad winter.
'Preziosa' (syn. 'Pink Beauty') Sawtooth Hydragea has pink mophead flowers in June and July, followed by good burgundy fall foliage. The cold tolerance of Hydrangea serrata 'Preziosa' is excellent, as is its sun tolerance.
Tuff Stuff Ah-Ha™ ('SMNHSDD') Sawtooth Hydrangea is a very showy reblooming lacecap in the Tuff Stuff series. The short statue does not limit the number of large flowers, as Hydrangea Ah-Ha™ is a heavy bloomer on both old and new wood. Since it is a serrata, its cold tolerance is also an advantage. The double sterile florets vary in color from pink to purple, depending on the soil pH and amount of aluminum sulfate.
'Brigadoon' St. Johnswort has bright gold foliage, yellow flowers in summer and makes a good slow groundcover for dry shade.
Cobalt-n-Gold™ ('PIIHYP-I’) St. John’s Wort is a neat native shrub which has both attractive silver green foliage and bright yellow pincushion flowers. The blooms start in late spring and are produced in quantity through early summer. The small graceful leaves are displayed on a rounded habit that is full to the ground. The fall color of Hypericum kalmianum Cobalt-n-Gold™ is attractive shades of yellow, orange, and red. An introduction from the First Editions® program.
The small yellow flowers of 'Gemo' St Johnswort are produced for an extended period through July and August, appearing in profusion on a neat compact shrub covered with narrow green leaves. The seed capsules sound like little rattles when brushed against or moved by the wind. We love the delicate overall effect of this tough native.
PRN Preferred: Flowers for an extremely long period of time, a workhorse in the garden.
Dr. Paul Cappiello of Yew Dell Gardens in Kentucky selected Blue Velvet™ ('CCFLPC-1') St Johnswort, a blue-leaved seedling of H. kalmiatum. The attractive small-leaved foliage of Hypericum x Blue Velvet™ is set off by lovely bright yellow flowers for an extended period in mid summer. The name 'Blue Velvet' fits the appearance of this lovely introduction perfectly.
‘Chesapeake’ Japanese Holly has a compact, upright, pyramidal shape, with small lustrous evergreen foliage. The dense habit makes Ilex ‘Chesapeake’ an excellent candidate for a neat short hedge which requires little pruning to maintain its shape. Similar in shape to Ilex ‘Steeds’, ‘Chesapeake’ also works well as a formal foundation plant.
'Green Lustre' Japanese Holly has shiny small green leaves and has a flat-topped shrub habit, making it excellent for low hedges. It does well at the seashore because it is salt tolerant. Evergreen and a female form introduced in the 1930s.
'Helleri' Japanese Holly is evergreen with tiny green leaves. on a dwarf, stiffly mounding plant. Our landscaper friend Martin Blackman says this is the only Japanese Holly he can use with success in deer-infested Princeton. A female introduced in the late 1930s by Newport Nursery.
'Hoogendorn' Japanese Holly has dark green delicate evergreen leaves on a low mounding habit. It is more graceful looking than Ilex c. 'Helleri' and has gotten high praise from Dr. Michael Dirr as one of the best of the small-leaf Japanese Hollies. It was found on Hoogendorn Nursery in Rhode Island, so it's clearly cold tolerant. This male form of Japanese Holly was found at Hoogendown Nursery and named by T. Dodd.
'Sky Pencil' Japanese Holly has a very upright columnar form and glossy evergreen foliage. It looks like an exclamation point in the landscape. It is also salt tolerant. Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' needs some babysitting after snowfall to avoid bending branches. A female form found in Japan and introduced by the US National Arboretum and W. Steeds.
'Steeds' Japanese Holly has an upright pyramidal form with dark green glossy evergreen foliage, excellent for hedging. Ilex crenata 'Steeds' is also salt tolerant. A male form, named and introduced by W. Steeds.
'Compacta' Inkberry Holly is a compact, tight form of Ilex glabra which also has fairly large round evergreen leaves. Wet site and salt tolerant, as are all of the Inkberry cultivars. A female found by our father William Flemer III in the Pine Barrens.
Dark green leathery leaves of Ilex glabra 'Densa' are rounder and wider than I. g. 'Shamrock'. It will become a tall but dense-leafed shrub. Takes pruning well. Evergreen, it is also wet site and salt tolerant. The top performer in the recent shrub trials at Longwood Gardens. A female form found by our cousin Bert Flemer in 1938 at F&F Nurseries in NJ.
Proven Winners® Color Choice® Gem Box® ('SMNIGAB17') Inkberry Holly is an exciting alternative to Boxwoods. The habit is round and full to the ground, without the bare branch look which many Ilex glabras exhibit as they age. As Boxwood Blight becomes more of a regional problem, this tough native evergreen shrub will become more important for containers, low hedges and small round garden specimens. New growth is spring has reddish tips which mature to small dark green leaves.
'Shamrock' Inkberry is a compact upright form of Ilex glabra with small glossy leaves. It is wet site tolerant and great for evergreen hedges. A female form named and introduced in 1977 by John Tankard of Tankard Nurseries in Virginia.
Strongbox™ ('Ilexfarrowtracey') Inkberry Holly is a welcome introduction from Proven Winners offering a good native substitute for Boxwoods. Ilex glabra Strongbox™ looks like a short round Buxus, but it is more sun tolerant and moisture tolerant., as well an unthreatened by Boxwood Blight. Since this compact Inkberry stays full to the ground, it can be used in containers, for low hedges and in mass plantings. The tight habit and small leaves make pruning rarely necessary.
'Maryland Dwarf' American Holly is a very unusual female form of our wonderful native evergreen Holly. It slowly forms a very wide mound, with dark green minimally spiny leaves and some red fruit production. American Hollies are amazingly versatile in the North East, thriving from sunny swampy areas to dry shade locations, so 'Maryland Dwarf' can be used in a number of different locations. It was introduced by in 1942 by E. Dilatush from Bunting Nursery. Definitely an unusual, groundcover shrub.
PRN Preferred: Definitely an unusual groundcover shrub which we love because of its diversity.
'Satyr Hill' American Holly is considered by the American Holly Society to be one of the best female forms, for both foliage and fruit. The dark olive-green leaves are somewhat flatter than most opacas, and 'Satyr Hill' produces abundant red fruit from early October through the winter. Its growth habit is an upright vigorous pyramid, so it makes an excellent specimen as well as a good choice for hedging. Introduced by S. McLean.
Male Longstalk Holly is the proper pollinator for our female selection. In order to get the best fruit set possible, use at least 1 male for every 5 females. We originally received our Ilex pedunculosa seed from the Arnold Arboretum, which introduced this beautiful Holly to the US in 1892.
'Chrysocarpa' Winterberry has bright yellow fruit which lasts well into the winter (birds prefer to eat red fruit). Its deciduous leaves drop somewhat earlier than most red-fruited varieties, so that the fruit is visible early in the fall. The pollinator is I. 'Jim Dandy'. Like all Winterberries, it is wet site tolerant.
PRN Preferred: The best yellow fruited Winterberry we grow.
Jim Dandy' Winterberry is the early blooming pollinator for Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow', 'Chrysocarpa', 'Goldfinch', 'Maryland Beauty', 'Red Sprite' and 'Stoplight'. Deciduous.
Producing profuse amounts of large red fruit all winter on an extremely compact plant, Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite' never needs pruning! The pollinator for this deciduous Winterberry Holly is 'Jim Dandy'. It is also wet site and salt tolerant.
PRN Preferred: Can't say enough about this plant, it's compact, doesn't need pruning and has larger fruit and a longer berry display.
Southern Gentleman' Winterberry is the pollinator for Ilex verticillata Winter Red® and 'Winter Gold'.
'Christmas Jewel' ('HL10-90') Holly is a small pyramidal female Ilex with abundant red fruit at a very young age. Narrow dark shiny evergreen leaves, does not need a pollinator. It was introduced by Bob Head of Head-Lea Nursery.
Red Beauty® ('Rutzan') Holly is another introduction from Dr. Elwin Orton's lifelong work with the genus Ilex. The shiny dark green leaves are spiny, neat and small, covering its conical, pyramidal form. It is readily pollinated by Ilex x meserveae males, and the fruit is attractive on its evergreen setting all winter. Slow growing and narrow, it fits in well in smaller garden spaces. Most exciting of all, it has proved to be extremely deer resistant according to Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens.
PRN Preferred: Doesn't require a specific pollinator to produce red fruit. Perfect size for smaller gardens.
Dragon Lady® ('Meschick') Holly is a very glossy, upright female plant, with an excellent fall and winter display of bright red fruit. Ilex x aquipernyi Dragon Lady® was hybridized by Kathleen Meserve. Evergreen and does not need a pollinator. Ilex 'Dragon Lady' has proved to be very resistant to deer browse.
'Woodland Ruby' Anise-tree has deep purple-red straplike flowers for an extended period in early to mid summer. Foliage is dark green and evergreen, somewhat reflexed in winter. Illicium x 'Woodland Ruby' needs protection from winter winds and is happiest in some shade, but will tolerate full sun as well. Per Bruce Crawford, it is happy in both wet and dry shade sites (as are many flood plain plants).
Chinese Indigo has clear pink flowers on slender racemes which are produced from June through the summer. Indigofera decora stays low but gets wide, because of its suckering habit. The flower display looks like short pink Wisteria blossoms. Try it on walls, where you can see flowers more easily.
'Henry's Garnet' Sweetspire has fragrant white flowers in June and burgundy-scarlet fall foliage. Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet' was named by the Scott Arboretum after Mary Henry. Per Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens, this is the most cold tolerant of all the Iteas. It is also wet site tolerant.
Itea virginica 'Merlot' is a Sweetspire with fragrant white flowers in June and has the most compact habit of our Iteas, with burgundy fall foliage. A wonderful native plant from Mark Griffith, and our favorite Sweetspire for color and habit. It is also wet site tolerant.
PRN Preferred: A true multi-season plant, colorful twigs in winter, fragrant flower spikes, dense deer resistant colonies in summer and long lasting burgundy foliage in fall.
Gin Fizz® (‘RIKAG’) Chinese Juniper gets its name from the showy blue green berries which add beauty to the evergreen foliage in the fall and winter. Juniperus Gin Fizz® has an upright pyramidal shape which requires little pruning. The name is a play on words because Juniper berries gave their characteristics flavor to Gin and Tonics. Birds also enjoy the berries in winter.
Hollywood Juniper ('Kaizuka') is a classic conifer because of its unusual irregular branching combined with its dark green needles. The open, sculpted shape makes this Juniper showy all year, whether planted as a screen of displayed as a specimen. Hollywood Junipers are quite cold tolerant, so they are particularly effective in large containers on desks or patios. We have heard from several customers that this is there 'go to' plant for seashore and urban roof top gardens since Hollywood Juniper handles salt and wind very well. The common name of "Hollywood" is because this versatile evergreen seems to be planted everywhere in California.
Eastern Redcedar is a highly variable native conifer, and the selection we offer comes from a seed source that provides columnar, uniform plants. The neat green evergreen foliage takes on attractive purplish hues in fall and winter. Juniperus virginiana is dioecius, and female plants bear blue-green "berries" (actually covered cones) which can be extremely showy in winter. Both wet site and salt tolerant, Eastern Redcedar is an extremely adaptable native, and an important food source for migrating birds. The wood has long been values for its beautiful color and rot resistance.
'Grey Owl' was selected in 1938 for its unusual habit and foliage color. This unusual form of Eastern Redcedar is a broad low shrub, bearing silver gray needles thickly on its horizontal branches. A female form, it will often have little round "berries" (cones) when mature. Juniperus virginiana 'Grey Owl' is an attractive addition the native conifer groundcover field, showing its rugged adaptability over many years.
PRN Preferred: A native, low growing Eastern Redcedar. Very adaptable.
'Taylor' Eastern Redcedar is a very narrow selection of Juniperus virginiana, found originally in Taylor, Nebraska. 'Taylor' has attractive silvery blue green needles and round berry-like cones which are an important food source for birds. "Taylor' Eastern Redcedar is considered to be the most dry site tolerant of the Juniperus virginiana selections available. It also has better than average resistance to Cedar Apple Rust.
'Carol' Mountain Laurel produces beautiful flower clumps in May and June. The buds are red but the ballet shirt shaped flowers are pale pink to white when fully open. The shiny green foliage is evergreen and somewhat leathery. Kalmia 'Carol' is particularly showy when naturalized and planted in mass. As Kalmias mature, they can become picturesquely open in habit, but if a tighter evergreen is desired, they can be pruned yearly, preferably soon after blooming.
'Carousel' Mountain Laurel blooms in May and June, with pink buds opening to white flowers accented by burgundy splotches and stripes. The habit is upright and dense, making Kalmia 'Carousel' an excellent candidate for an evergreen natural looking hedge or screen. Kalmia latifolia does well in acidic soils. The evergreen foliage is attractive all year because of its lustrous dark green appearance.
‘Pink Charm’ Mountain Laurel has vivid pink masses of flowers in May and June. The buds are dark red on the flower clumps, which open to the classic ballet skirt form New Englanders know and love. The foliage is evergreen and lustrous, making it attractive all year. Thrives best in well-drained acidic soil. Since Kalmia is a broadleaf evergreen, protection from winter winds is important.
'Raspberry Glow' Mountain Laurel comes from Dick Jaynes of Broken Arrow Nursery, and is a sibling of Kalmia 'Sarah'. The buds are raspberry red, opening to a vivd deep pink in May and June. The ballet skirt shaped flowers are borne in large clusters over deep green lustrous foliage. Kalmia 'Raspberry Glow' tolerates a wide range of light conditions, and is one of the few broadleaf evergreens that is deer resistant.
Dynamite® ('Whit II') Crapemyrtle flowers are cherry red in July and August on an upright form with good lustrous green foliage. Lagerstroemia x Dynamite® is another Dr. Carl Whitcomb introduction.
'Natchez' Crapemyrtle has white flowers in July and August, spectacular mottled exfoliating bark in shades of tan and chocolate, and yellow-red fall color. From Dr. Egolf and the US National Arboretum, Lagerstroemia x 'Natchez' is truly a four season plant. Per Phil Normandy of Brookside Gardens in Maryland, all the fauriei crosses like Natchez rebloom reliably after their first summer display.
PRN Preferred: Amazing bark color added to the excellent cold tolerance really make this Crapemyrtle a winner.
The red buds of Pink Velour™ ('Whit III') Crapemyrtle open mid-summer to dark pink flowers. The new foliage is a striking burgundy, changing to dark green. A great Dr.Carl Whitcomb introduction. Lagerstroemia x Pink Velour™ was formerly named 'Royal Velvet'.
Red Rocket® ('Whit IV') Crapermyrtle has bright red long blooming flowers on an upright small tree. An excellent introduction from Dr. Carl Whitcomb of Oklahoma.
'Tuscarora' Crapemyrtle has big coral-pink flowers blooming in July and August. A little more tender than the toughest of the Lagerstroemias, its flowers and open multi stem habit make it a show-stopper. Lagerstroemia x 'Tuscarora' is another winner from Dr. Don Egolf and the US National Arboretum.
Rose-purple pea-like flowers explode in August and September. 'Gibraltar' Bush Clover tolerates dry sites. Treat as cut-back shrub. Lespedeza thunbergii 'Gibraltar' was found by the great plantsman (and artist!) William Frederick, Jr. of Delaware. In our experience, Gibraltar is indistinguishable from Lespedeza 'Spring Grove'.
Coast Leucothoe is a lovely spring blooming broad leaf evergreen, with white flower racemes in April and May. Leucothoe axillaris's branching habit is an interesting zigzag. Prefers acid, moist soil.
The new growth of 'Rainbow' Doghobble is a striking blend of white, pink and green changing to cream and green as it matures, Leucothoe fontanesiana 'Rainbow' has white fragrant flowers in May. A selection by Girard Nursery in Ohio. Evergreen, turning plum colored in winter.
The leathery narrow green leaves of Greybush Spicebush turn the most spectacular combination of orange, red and purple in fall. Leaves are held throughout the winter, turning a very attractive tan. Since it holds its leaves, Lindera angustifolia (formerly glauca var. salicifolia) is a good screening alternative for traditional evergreens. Shiny black small fruit appears in the fall. It is Landscape Architect Michael Van Valkenburgh's newest favorite all-season shrub.
PRN Preferred: Super shrub! Attractive all four seasons. In the fall, many customers have asked "What's that shrub that looks like it is on fire?!". Truly, unbeatable fall color.
Lindera benzoin has delicate pale yellow flowers in early spring, a standout in leafless woodsy vistas. In the fall the lemon-yellow foliage lights up the woods. Plants are dioecious and female plants produce shiny red fruit which is an important food source for migrating birds. Our native Spicebush is wet site tolerant and deciduous.
Extremely narrow form, 'Slender Silhouette' American Sweetgum was introduced by that superb plantsman Don Shadow. It has beautiful glossy green leaves and is wet site tolerant. Liquidambar styraciflua 'Slender Silhouette's fall color is yellow to burgundy. It makes an amazing upright element in the landscape.
PRN Preferred: Amazing structure and trouble free foliage.
Privet Honeysuckle is a beautiful glossy small evergreen groundcover shrub. Lonicera pileata often produces glowing amethyst fruits in late summer on older plants. An excellent choice for shady deer-dominated areas.
PRN Preferred: Works much better than any Cotoneaster as a groundcover. This evergreen works well in dry sites.
'Little Gem' Southern Magnolia is a compact cultivar of our stately native evergreen Magnolia grandiflora. The habit is tight and compact, with large lustrous dark green leaves which have a fuzzy brown indumentum on the undersides. The large white flowers are fragrant and appear intermittently from late May through July. Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem' needs to be planted in a sheltered location, with particular protection from the winter winds.
Teddy Bear® ('Southern Charm') Southern Magnolia has a tight pyramidal habit on a compact plant. The dark green lustrous leaves have attractive brown indumentum and are evergreen. Magnolia grandiflora Teddy Bear® produces large fragrant white flowers from June to August. A Head Introductions, Teddy Bear® is an excellent choice for smaller locations. Give it some protection from winter winds when possible.
Sweetbay Magnolia has fragrant white flowers starting in June that will bloom for much of the summer. In fall it has showy red fruit with orange seeds. Magnolia virginiana is also wet site tolerant, and is an important food source for the Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly larvae.
Green Mile™ ('MVHH') Sweetbay Magnolia has an unusually tight, upright form, with lustrous dark green semi-evergreen foliage. The extremely fragrant white flowers start appearing in June and continue for much of the summer. They are followed by attractive red fruit with orange seeds in the fall. Green Mile™ Magnolia is a selection by Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee. Wet site tolerant, and the larval host for the Sweetbay Silkmoth and the Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly. NYBG has planted an allee of them bordering their native meadow.
PRN Preferred: The upright habit makes this a great singlestem tree.
The evergreen foliage of 'Green Shadow' Sweetbay Magnolia forms a tight oval tree with fragrant white flowers in summer. This Magnolia virginiana is a selection og M. virg. var. australis by the great Don Shadow from seedlings from the great Joe McDaniel. It is also wet site tolerant. Formerly named 'Greenbay'.
'Henry Hicks' Sweetbay Magnolia has fragrant white flowers starting in June. It has evergreen foliage since it is an australis selection and is one of the hardiest forms of Magnolia virginiana. It is also wet site tolerant. Another wonderful introduction by Dr. Joe McDaniels of Illinois.
Moonglow® ('Jim Wilson') Sweetbay Magnolia has white fragrant flowers in the summer and is very hardy, has rapid growth, is wet site tolerant and semi-evergreen. Magnolia virginiana Moonglow® is a great introduction by Earl Cully.
Black Tulip™ ('Jurmag1') Saucer Magnolia has large cup shaped deep purple-pink flowers in April, before the leaves emerge. The thick, upright petals make the flowers look neat and crisp throughout the bloom period. A showy introduction by Monrovia Nurseries.
'Blushing Belle' comes from the had work of Dennis Ledvina's Magnolia breeding program, with large pink flowers in late spring. It is a cross between M. x 'Yellow Bird' and M. x 'Caerhays Belle' which has the greater hardiness of its yellow parent, and the luminous pink color of its pink parent. The tepals are dark pink on the exterior and pale pink on the interior.
'Cleopatra' Magnolia is a beautiful introduction from New Zealand. The 7" flowers are a complex mix of reddish purple opening to pink in April, with a goblet shape which is similar to Magnolia x 'Genie'. The great Magnolia hybridizer Vance Hooper crossed 'Black Tulip' with 'Sweet Simplicity' to get this compact, reblooming plant. Magnolia x 'Cleopatra' is an excellent choice for a smaller location because of the smaller size and the late summer rebloom.
Magnolia x 'Daybreak' has extremely fragrant large glowing pink cup-shaped flowers in May, on a narrow upright form. Hybridized by Dr. August Kehr, and said to be his favorite of all his many crosses.
PRN Preferred: No other color like this in the Magnolia world. Your eye is drawn to it when it is in bloom.
'Genie' Magnolia is a spectacular color breakthrough in the Magnolia world, with lots of black-red flower buds that open to small cup-shaped rose-purple blooms. The tepals are the same color on both sides, which heightens the color intensity. The flowers are lightly fragrant, and the bloom period is from April to May. This stunning plant is the result of 15 years of hybridizing work in New Zealand.
'Gold Finch' Magnolia is a complex cross from the late Phil Savage of Michigan. The M. acuminata parentage can be seen in its habit (tall and upright) as well as its flower color (light yellow). Magnolia x 'Gold Finch' is very cold hardy, and is a rather early bloomer. The large showy blossoms are tulip or goblet shaped.
'March til Frost' Magnolia has large upright tulip-shaped blooms of a beautiful deep rose-purple color. This introduction from Dr. August Kehr starts blooming in late March and early April, and continues to bloom sporadically throughout the summer into the fall. It was one of Dr. Kehr's favorites, and we have always loved the "surprise package" it makes when the large showy flowers open up in late summer and fall.
PRN Preferred: No other Magnolia comes close to putting out more flowers throughout the growing season. The summer and fall flowers are not washed out. Truly remarkable.
‘Royal Purple’ Magnolia was hybridized by New Zealand Magnolia breeder Peter Cave. Thought to be a sprengeri var. ‘Diva’ seedling, this beautiful fastigiate tree produces large and luscious bright purple flowers. The tepals are a darker purple on the exterior, offset by a paler pinkish purple on the inside. Because of the upright narrow habit, this would be an excellent Magnolia for tighter spaces.
'Sun Spire' Magnolia is another lovely introduction by the late Dr. August Kehr. The flowers are deep yellow and held upright on the branches. Since they appear late in the spring after the danger of frost, the display is consistently showy, like a tower of fat yellow candles. The habit is distinctly upright, making Magnolia x 'Sun Spire' is a great candidate for smaller gardens and tight spots. The parents are M. x 'Woodsman' and and M. x 'Elizabeth'.
Magnolia x brooklynensis 'Judy Zuk' is a spectacular and fitting tribute to the much missed former president of the Brooklyn Botanical Garden, Judy Zuk. Upward-facing fragrant flowers are a strong yellow, flushing to orange pink at the base. A very beautiful Magnolia coming from BBG's wonderful hybridizing work. M. acuminata is prominent in its ancestry.
PRN Preferred: The combination of yellow flushing to orange is stunning, and this is our favorite deep yellow Magnolia.
Magnolia x brooklynensis 'Yellow Bird' is a late flowering Magnolia with deep yellow fragrant flowers that are seldom damaged by frost. One of Brooklyn Botanical Garden's great introductions, and one of Rick Darke's favorite yellows.
Leatherleaf Mahonia has lemon-yellow fragrant flowers in February and March, blue bird-attracting fruit in summer and is evergreen. The upright angular habit adds to its architectural interest all year. Mahonias are in the same family (Berberaceae) as Barberries and Nandinas and share their characteristic deer resistance. In fact, taxonomists now refer to Mahonia bealei as Berberis bealei (Beale's Barberry).
Japanese Mahonia is often confused with Mahonia bealei, but the foliage is a darker, glossier green, and the texture is finer, with more leaves per stem. It is evergreen, and produces fragrant yellow flower panicles in February and March. Bees and insects benefit from the blooms on warm winter days, and birds love the glaucous blue fruit in early summer. The new taxonomist designation for Mahonia japonica is Berberis japonica.
'Winter Sun' Mahonia has stunning yellow upright flowers in January and February, over leathery dark green evergreen foliage. New growth in spring emerges a bronze color, adding to the charm. Blue fruit may appear in summer, to the delight of birds. Found and named in Ireland.
Green Gable™ ('NSUHH') Black Gum or Tupelo is a really amazing selection of this native tree. It has the classic brilliant red fall color we know and love, but its habit is a huge departure from regular Nyssas, with an upright pyramidal shape and extremely uniform branching. With its lustrous green foliage in summer, excellent fall color and perfect silhouette in winter, it is clearly the best answer we've seen to the Pear requests people still have. Alex Neubauer of Hidden Hollow Nursery in Tennessee found this exciting native, which is primarily a male form (but probably polygamo-dioecious, which means it will infrequently bear some fruit). Wet site and salt tolerant.
PRN Preferred: This tree has a wonderful upright habit and consistantly beautiful fall color.
'Sasaba' Holly Tea Olive has dramatic dark green deeply incised leaves on a compact, shade loving plant. Dr. Michael Dirr calls it "A plant handler's worst nightmare" because the leaves are very stiff and prickly. Of course, that is what makes it a wonderful evergreen for deer country. The insignificant flowers appear in November and are highly, deliciously fragrant. There is a lovely large plant at the Scott Arboretum, home of so many specimen plants. Slow growing, with good cold tolerance.
Sourwood has strands of bell-shaped white flowers in mid to late summer and brilliant red fall foliage. Oxydendrum arboreum is a wonderful tree for honeybees, producing excellent flavored honey. This is a multi-season beauty from the Ericaceae (Rhododendron family).
Ruby Vase® Persian Ironwood is an excellent choice as a street tree or a showy specimen for small spaces. The habit is a narrow vase shape with tight upright branching. New leaves emerge in spring with an attractive red margin. The green Hamamelis-like foliage is clean and disease resistant all summer, turning lovely shades of yellow, orange and red in fall. The small reddish purple spidery flowers are borne in winter on the twigs, providing food for winter pollinators, and the bark of older plants is attractive patches of green, tan and gray.
'Vanessa' Persian Ironwood was chosen for its upright, columnar form. Parrotia 'Vanessa' has multi-season appeal, starting in winter and spring when attractive mottled bark is offset by small red spidery flowers. The oval shaped foliage emerges in spring with burgundy edges to the scalloped leaves. By summer the foliage is a bright green, taking on stunning shades of red, purple, orange and gold in fall.
Chinese Parrotia or Ironwood is a very rare large shrub or small tree which is highly endangered in its original Chinese habitats. Brought to England by Roy Lancaster, who received this clone from Mikinori Ogisu, the Japanese Botanist. Tim Brotzman, the Ohio nurseryman who is a leading expert on Hamamelis, provided this rarity to us. The green leaves in summer often have a striking purple margin. The fall color is really spectacular, in shades of red, pink and burgundy. Parrotia subaequalis is more compact than P. persica, but has more showy exfoliating bark as it matures. The infrequently appearing red filamentous flowers in winter are similar to Parrotia persica.
Coppertina® ('Mindia') Ninebark has light pink flowers in June, copper-colored foliage and good red fall color. It comes from Minier Nursery in France. Physocarpus is also wet site tolerant, and the peeling winter bark increases in showiness as Ninebarks age.
Ginger Wine™ Ninebark ('SMNPOBLR') is a showy native shrub, offering attractive flowers and foliage from spring through fall. The leaves start as shades of orange and red in spring, and mature to burgundy in summer. The fall color is a mix of red and burgundy. The delicate pinkish white flower clusters appear in late spring and are followed by attractive red seedheads. Physocarpus Ginger Wine™ also offers winter interest with tan peeling bark on the older wood.
‘Panther’ (‘N5’) Ninebark is a beautiful columnar Physocarpus that combines deep purple foliage with a tight upright habit. The pink flower clusters appear in spring and provide food for pollinators. The purple disected leaves maintain their dark color all summer, taking on reddish hues in fall. An introduction from Bloomin’ Easy®, a program from Van Belle Nursery of British Columbia.
Summer Wine® ('Seward') Ninebark has pinkish white button-like flowers in June over a compact habit, and bright bronze-purple foliage. Physocarpus opulifolius Summer Wine® has a reddish-purple fall color and is also wet site tolerant.
PRN Preferred: Our favorite of the groundcover types. Best foliage and plentiful flowers for an extended period.
Summer Wine® 'Black' is the darkest Physocarpus on the market to date. The foliage is such a dark purple that it approaches black, and the delicate pink flower clumps really stand out in contrast when they appear in June. As the leaves mature throughout the summer, they take on some more bronzy tones, followed by showy reddish purple fall color. If desired, pruning is most appropriate right after blooming.
Sweet Cherry Tea™ (‘ZLEBiC5’) Ninebark has fine delicate leaves which emerge reddish orange and rapidly mature to deep purple. The flowers have dark pink buds which open to profuse pink clusters in June. The first heavy flowering period leads to the production of rather showy red fruit which feeds small birds. Fall color is shades of red and burgundy, and older plants have an interesting exfoliating bark. A Plants Nouveau introduction from Breeder David Zlasak.
Tiny Wine® ('SMPOTW') Dwarf Ninebark is a dwarf form of our native Physocarpus, with burgundy to bronze foliage. The flowers start opening in late spring, forming bunches of pink and white button-like flowers by June. The showy purple bronze summer foliage is followed by reddish purple fall shades. Does not need pruning, is deer resistant and wet site tolerant; Tiny Wine® is a big step forward for Physocarpus.
The fragrant white flowers of 'Mountain Fire' Japanese Pieris appear in March and April, with bright red new growth appearing on top of the shiny green, evergreen foliage almost all summer. The color of Pieris japonica 'Mountain Fire' make it look like a very refined Photinia.
Exclamation!™ ('Morton Circle') London Planetree is a hybrid selection by Dr George Ware at the Morton Arboretum. The controlled cross is between our native Sycamore and the Asian species. Platanus x acerifolia Exclamation!™ gets its name for its very upright pyramidal in the winter landscape. In addition to its very upright regular straight habit, Exclamation!™ is also resistant to both Anthracnose and frost cracking, so it makes a very versatile fast growing shade tree which tolerates a broad spectrum of site conditions. Introduced by Chicagolad Grows®.
Variegated London Planetree has green and white foliage, but the most striking characteristic is its brilliant white bark. Like the well-known street tree Platanus x acerifolius, the bark color is revealed when the exfoliating bark drops off. Platanus 'Suttneri' would perform well as a street tree, but the beauty of its bark makes it a great looking candidate as a specimen, displayed against a green backdrop. The first one we've seen has been grown for a number of years at Rare Find Nursery in Jackson, NJ.
Chinese Pearlbloom is a very unusual small tree originally brought from China by E H (‘Chinese’) Wilson to the Arnold Arboretum. A distant relative of Idesia, Poliothyrsis has wonderful late summer flower interest, with airy ivory pyramidal clusters crowning the clean green foliage. The showy flower racemes are produced on reddish stems in August and September on current year’s growth. The effect is similar to a very late-blooming tree Lilac. The fall color is an attractive yellow, with interesting brown lilac-like seed capsules. The winter bark is a brownish gray. The Scott Arboretum has several amazing specimens in their collection. Can be grown as a medium sized tree or a very large shrub.
'Flying Dragon' Hardy Orange (syn. 'Monstrosa') is a citrus that can actually be grown in the Northeast. The fruits are golf ball sized yellow-gold oranges in the fall that can be made into a very tart marmalade (lots of sugar needed). The deliciously fragrant white flowers are bourne on the deep green contorted, thorny stems in April and May. The twigs are ornamental for both structure and color in the winter. Just make sure Poncirus 'Flying Dragon' is not planted near play areas, as the thorns are significant.
Bush Cherry blooms in early spring, when its shrubby branches become covered with bright pink blossoms. The flower display is often followed by small red fruit which is attractive to wildlife. The fall color is a good yellow. Since Prunus jacqunemontii is a very early spring bloomer, it makes a great cut branch for early forcing. Another common name is 'Afghan Cherry'.
The dark green evergreen foliage of 'Otto Luykens' Common Cherry Laurel is compact, topped with highly fragrant white flowers in April and May. Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luykens' is an excellent broadleaf evergreen for shady locations with deer problems. It tolerates salt spray well. Introduced by Hesse Nurseries of Germany.
The first Cherry to bloom in the spring, 'Okame' has bright pink semi-double flowers which appear in late March to early April. Prunus x 'Okame' is a fine-textured cold hardy small tree that lights up the landscape at a time when we all need it. We first heard of this from Paul Meyer of the Morris Arboretum when it was introduced to the US, and it's still our favorite.
Prunus x yedoensis has soft pink flowers that open before the foliage emerges in early April. 'Yoshino' Cherry makes up the famous Cherry Blossom display in Washington DC along with 'Kwanzan' Cherry. Fall foliage is yellow to orange.
White Oaks are among our most beautiful native Oaks, starting out as upright young trees and maturing to magnificent specimens as broad as they are tall. Quercus alba retains its foliage late in the fall, changing from summer greens to shades of bronze red and brown. Young Oaks often carry their attractive tan leaves well into the winter. The acorns produced by mature White Oaks are a very important food source for many varieties of birds and mammals. Slow growing but well worth the investment.
The Swamp White Oak is one of our most beautiful native trees, growing to a magnificent broad tree that tolerates both wet and dry situations. When young, the bark is attractively mottled with scales of tan, gray and brown. The fall color is shades of yellow and orange, changing to a soft russet-tan in winter. Juvenile trees retain their winter foliage and are often confused with White Oaks, since the leaves are very similar. Acorns provide an important source of winter wildlife food (wild Turkeys in particular love them).
PRN Preferred: This is the most versitile Oak we know of for variable sites, and it is one of our favorite native trees.
Beacon® ('Bonnie and Mike') was discovered by Dr Michael Dirr, and named after him and his wife Bonnie when introduced by J Frank Schmidt and Son of Oregon. Quercus bicolor is one of the most adaptable Oaks for wet sites and urban conditions, and Beacon® had the added distinction of being tightly columnar. This enables it to be used in narrow spaces and as an excellent street tree. The lustrous dark green foliage turns and attractive golden yellow in fall. The tan acorns provide and important food source for wildlife, and as Dr Doug Tallamy points out, native Oaks are critical for bird survival.
Green Pillar® ('Pringreen') is one of the most fastigiate forms of Pin Oak we have seen, found by our nurseryman cousin Alan Jones, while he was at Princeton Nurseries. The branches are tight and upward pointing, giving it a striking appearance in all seasons. Fall color is a lovely reddish maroon and it is a very adaptable tree for a wide range of sites. Green Pillar® is tolerant of wet, dry, and tight sites.
Willow Oak is a lovely versatile native Oak which grows well in both country and city conditions. The habit is a broad oval, without the descending branch habit of Pin Oaks, so Quercus phellos makes a very attractive street tree. The Willow shaped leaves are much easier to deal with than those of other members of the Red Oak family because of their small size. The foliage turns an attractive dull gold in fall and is often retained for much of the winter as tan rustling leaves. The small acorns are an important food source for many birds and mammals.
Kindred Spirit® ('Nadler') Hybrid Oak is an interspecific hybrid of the Columnar English Oak (Q. robur fastigiata) and Swamp Oak (Q. bicolor). The habit is tightly columnar, and the foliage is clean and mildew resistant. The leaves are dark green with a silver underside, turning shades of yellow and bronze in fall. Quercus x Kindred Spirit® would make an excellent tall hedge, or be an attractive architectural element when used as a specimen. Although a cross between two different species, Kindred Spirit® does produce acorns which provide food for wildlife. This is another winner from Earl Cully of Heritage Trees.
'Blaauw's Pink' Azalea becomes covered with large salmon-pink hose-in-hose flowers in late spring. A very hardy standby for Northern gardens. A Gable Hybrid and evergreen.
'Conversation Piece' Azalea produces very large pink flowers with splotches of red and white coloring over compact evergreen foliage in mid to late May. Its dwarf habit is combined with excellent cold hardiness. Bred by Robert Gartrell at his New Jersey home named 'Robin Hill', from whence come many fine compact Azaleas.
Autumn Embers™ Hybrid Azalea ('Conleb') is one of the hardiest of this exciting group of fall blooming evergreen Azaleas. The flowers start in July and continue through the fall. The large blooms are a deep orange-red in both single and semi-double forms. The habit is low growing and tight, with dark green disease-resistant leaves. From the breeding work of Robert Lee and introduced by Flowerwood Nursery of Mobile, Alabama.
Autumn Royalty™ Hybrid Azalea ('Conlec') produces enormous magenta-purple booms from July through fall. The habit is tight but upright, with dark green evergreen foliage. Rhododendron Encore® Autumn Royalty™ was voted “Azalea of the Year” by the American Rhododendron Society.
‘Renee Michelle’ Azalea comes from the prolific hybridizing work of Girard Nurseries in Ohio, and is a beautiful compact evergreen Azalea. The flowers are large and a good clean pink in late spring, over glossy dark green foliage. An added beauty is the fall and winter color, when leaves take on shades of reddish-purple. The winter hardiness is excellent, as Dr. Michael Dirr found in his Illinois winter garden.
'Gumpo Pink' Azalea has large soft salmon pink flowers in June over tiny green foliage. The flowers look much bigger than you would expect for the leaf size. A Satsuki hybrid from Japan. Evergreen.
'Gumpo White' Azalea has large white flowers in June over tiny green foliage. When in bloom, the foliage is obscured by the white blooms. A Satsuki hybrid from Japan. Evergreen.
‘Klondyke’ Azalea produces large deep yellow flower trusses in May on the ends of the upright branches. The new foliage starts in shades of bronze, turning rapidly to a medium green. The habit of ‘Klondyke’ Azalea is upright and compact. It originated as one of the Knap Hill hybrids.
Hose-in-hose soft pink blooms appear on 'Nancy of Robin Hill' Azalea in mid-May. Foliage is evergreen and dense. This Azalea stays in bloom for an extended period. Hybridized by Robert Gartrell of New Jersey.
'My Mary' deciduous Azalea blooms in May, producing clusters of fragrant deep yellow blooms. The habit is loosely upright, and 'My Mary' lights up woodland settings when in bloom. This is a complex hybrid, combining excellent qualities from all three parents (austrinum, atlanticum and periclymenoides). Produced by the late George plantsman George Beasley who named it for his wife.
'Choice Cream' deciduous Azalea blooms in May and June. It is covered with extremely fragrant creamy-yellow flowers which are set off by pink tubes. This has long been a favorite of our dear friend Steven Kristoph, and has been a show-stopper at The Rutgers Gardens plant sale year after year.
PRN Preferred: Lots of very showy flowers with a wonderful fragrance.
'English Roseum' Catawba Rhododendron has large rose-pink flower trusses in May and June, displayed over large leathery evergreen leaves. 'English Roseum' is upright and somewhat compact in habit, with good tolerance for both heat and cold.
Rhododendron kaempferi 'Johanna' Azalea has large red flowers, and is one of the best red Azaleas available. Leaves are semi-evergreen. Winter color is a bronzy purple.
PRN Preferred: The winter foliage color is just as showy as the spring blooms.
'Roseum Bluestem' Rosebay Rhododendron blooms in late May and early June, producing pinkish lavender trusses over large narrow evergreen foliage. 'Roseum Bluestem' gets its name from the reddish stems, and is a selection by Rarefind Nursery of Jackson, NJ. Like other selections of Rhododendron maximum 'Roseum', Rhododendron 'Mr Blue Stem' flowers for a long time, in between R. catawbiense and R. maximum bloom time.
Pinxterbloom Azalea blooms April to early May and flower color ranges from white to pink. It is mildly fragrant, and tolerates dry sites and acidic soils. Deciduous.
'Betty Cummins' Swamp Azalea was found along a New Jersey road by Dave Lewis, who named it after the great Rhododendron breeder Betty Cummins. The fragrant bright pink flowers appear in June and July over dark green deciduous foliage. Pollinators and hummingbirds are drawn to them. Rhododendron viscosum 'Betty Cummins' is an easy to grow native, since it copes with a variety of acid soil condition, from average drainage to swampy sites.
'Millennium' Swamp Azalea comes from years of breeding work with deciduous native Azaleas at Weston Nurseries in Massachusetts. Rhododendron viscosum 'Millennium' produces small fragrant blooms in late May and June, starting with velvety red buds that open to dark pink flower clumps. The bloom period is a month or more, especially when the spent flowers are deadheaded. The foliage is green with a glaucous silver underside. Rhododendron 'Millennium' is happiest in moist, acidic soils in both sun and partial shade.
Pennsylvania Rhododendron is a late blooming deciduous Azalea resulting from a controlled cross made by Weston Nurseries between R. periclymenoides and tow other named cultivars. The flowers appear in June and July in shades of deep pink with orange yellow throats. Our friend Larry Kuser of Fernbrook Nursery recommends it for its great fragrance and its neat compact habit. The fall color is shades of copper red.
'Weston's Lemon Drop' is a lovely hybrid deciduous Azalea from Weston Nurseries' extensive breeding work. The buds are peach colored, and open to a soft yellow in May and June. The flowers of this interspecific hybrid are fragrant, and the bluish green foliage turns reddish maroon in fall. The Mezzit family of Hopkinton, MA has contributed a huge number of excellent Rhododendrons to the gardening world, and this one is one of the best ones.
'Tangerine Delight' Hybrid Flame Azalea is a result of a beautiful cross between R. calendulaceum and a Knaphill Azalea. The habit is mounded with deciduous foliage, topped by large showy clusters of fragrant orange and peach colored flowers in May and June. Although eventually large, Rhododendron 'Tangerine Delight' has dense branching, and would make an excellent hedge as well as a large specimen.
The Native Azaleas which flourish on the East Coast are wonderfully varied, growing in different habitats from warm coastal wetlands to rocky cold mountaintops, and everywhere in between. They are all deciduous, and an important nectar source for insects and butterflies. We have several decidous varieties, of different flower colors and bloom times. Please review our current availability for a complete list of varieties.
'Gro-Low' Fragrant Sumac has brilliant red fall foliage. An introduction from Synnestvedt Nursery, its summer foliage is green and somewhat lustrous. Great for dry locations and banks, especially in deer infested areas. Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low' is great for parking lot islands because it is so tough and salt tolerant.
PRN Preferred: This is an indistructable multi season groundcover.
'Creel's Quintet' Shining Sumac is a compact, landscape-worthy variety of this tough native plant. It has the beautiful burgundy-red coloration of the species, but it reaches a maximum height of only 8 to 10'. Its habit is suckering, so the clump will get wide eventually. Since it is a female form, the fruit it produces is an important food source in the winter for both birds and mammals. Mike Creel of Lexington, SC introduced it, and the "Quintet" refers to its set of 5 glossy leaflets per leaf, as opposed to the 9 or more produced on the species Rhus copallina. In the summer, the creamy yellow flower spikes add to the beauty of this dry site tolerant plant.
'Lanham's Purple' Shining Sumac is a mid sized selection with lustrous purple new growth in spring and early summer. By mid summer the color has matured to burgundy-green, and the fall color is a striking combination of purple, red, orange and yellow. It is very tolerant of poor dry sites, and colonizes banks, hillsides and rocky areas well with its suckering habit. It was found by the late Gary Lanham of Kentucky.
Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac has brilliant orange-red fall foliage with striking lacy leaves on fuzzy stems. Upright red fall seed clumps provide important food for many birds in winter. Rhus typhina 'Laciniata' ('Dissecta') is very tolerant of dry poor soils.
First Editions® Tiger Eyes® ('Bailtiger') Staghorn Sumac has chartreuse and brilliant yellow finely dissected leaves with red stems. Rhus typhina Tiger Eyes® has striking orange and red fall foliage, and is an exciting new native for tough sites, from Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota. Prefers a dry site.
PRN Preferred: Amazing foliage color both summer and fall, especially good in dry sites.
Bonica® ('Meidomonac') Rose has pastel pink double flowers and blooms all summer. An early Meidiland® introduction.
Carefree Wonder™ ('Meipitac') Rose has pink double flowers which are two-toned because the outsides of the petals are white. It blooms all summer.
Cloud 10™ ('Radclean') Climbing Rose produces pure white double flowers in spring and fall. The foliage is highly disease resistant and an attractive glossy green. The large blooms resemble English Roses and are attractive to pollinators. Rosa Cloud 10™ come from the hybridizing work of Will Radler and can be grown as a very large shrub as well as a mid sized climber.
Coral Drift® ('Meidriflora') is a semi-double deep coral-orange.
One of the newer exciting children of the Knock Out® program, Coral Knock Out® (formerly Carefree Celebration™), has double coral orange flowers all summer until frost. It has the same wonderful disease resistance that its other siblings have. From William Radler.
PRN Preferred: Blooms all summer whth beautifully clean foliage.
'Don Juan' Rose has deep crimson double flowers and is very fragrant. It reblooms well with clean shiny foliage. It is the result of a cross between a seedling 'New Dawn' and 'New Yorker'.
PRN Preferred: Wonderful red rebloomer, the deep red color is amazing.
Double Knock Out® ('Radtko') Rose is another amazing Rose from the Knock Out® series, with double cherry-red flowers all summer into fall, as well as the beautiful foliage of its parent, Knock Out®.
‘Hope for Humanity’ Shrub Rose produces clumps of semi-double velvety red flowers throughout the summer. The blooms are fragrant and can be used in cut flower arrangements. Rosa ‘Hope for Humanity’ was named for the Canadian Red Cross and is part of the Parkland Rose series, developed for their excellent tolerance of cold winters. The green foliage is relatively disease resistant, and pruning is best performed in early spring. Hybridized by Collicutt and Davidson.
‘John Cabot’ Climbing Rose was one of the original Explorer series of very hardy Roses from Canada. The fragrant double flowers are fuchsia red and produced throughout most of the summer. The foliage is a clean light green, with orange rose hips appearing in the fall. Rosa ‘John Cabot’ is a short vigorous climber, but it can also be a very large shrub rose. (8’ by 6’), which could be used for a stunning hedge.
Knock Out® ('Radrazz') Rose has cherry-red semi-double flowers on beautiful bronzy new growth and disease-free dark green foliage. A tremendous plant introduced by William Radler. It will never stop blooming for you throughout the summer and fall.
Knock Out® White Out™ ('Radwhite') Rose is another winner from William Radler. The glistening single white flowers cover the dark green disease-resistant foliage. Michael Bowell of 'Create a Scene' in Pennsylvania accurately likens the flower form to American Dogwood flowers.
Limoncello™ ('MEljecycka') Shrub Rose produces clear yellow flowers prolifically all summer, over dark green disease resistant foliage. The 3" blooms are single and very fragrant. This is the first strong yellow bloomer from the Meidiland® breeding program in France, introduced into the US by Star Roses. Because of its summer-long flowering performance and its excellent disease resistance, Limoncello™ is an excellent choice for large landscape plantings.
'New Dawn' Rose has small pink fragrant double flowers, great hardiness and is a good rebloomer. Per Stephen Scaniello, who knows all things rose-related, this was the first plant ever patented in the USA. It also showed good salt tolerance through the recent hurricanes on the Jersey shore.
One of the newest releases from William Radler. Pink Double Knock Out® ('Radtkopink') Rose is a bubblegum-pink Rose that has all the foliage attributes of its Knock Out® siblings and it's a double. Blooms all summer into the fall.
Pink Drift® ('Meijocos') Rose starts blooming in late spring and continues producing flowers all summer into fall. This neat, compact groundcover is covered with single pink blooms which are rendered more interesting by the white centers and yellow stamens. The foliage, like the other Drift® Series Roses we carry, is clean, green and disease resistant. Another introduction from Meilland Roses of France.
Fluorescent pink single to semi-double flowers on disease-free foliage, Pink Knock Out® ('Radcon') Rose has bronze new growth. Found by Conard-Pyle Nurseries, it blooms without stopping all summer.
Ruby Meidiland® ('Meipreston') Rose is covered with ruby-red double flowers. It blooms all summer, and has very clean foliage. One of our favorite small shrub Roses.
PRN Preferred: We love the compact size, disease resistance and summer long flowering. We also get great feedback from our customers on this variety.
Smiley Face™ ('Meilaclost') Climbing Rose has fragrant, double yellow flowers on clean, mildew resistant foliage. The intensity of its yellow color is really good, and does not fade into ivory, as so many other yellows do.
Sunny Knock Out® ('Radsunny') Rose is another long-awaited winner from William Radler's Knock Out® program, with single bright yellow flowers and the disease resistant foliage of its siblings. It blooms all summer, and the color is deeper in cooler weather.
Tequila™ ('Meipomolo') Shrub Rose produces semi-double apricot blooms for an extended period in summer. The foliage is a clean lustrous green, and tolerant of hot dry conditions. The growth habit of Tequila™ makes it a good candidate for compact hedges, as well as a lovely addition to the landscape for cut flowers. Introduced by Meilland International.
White Drift® ('Meizorland') Rose is a new ever blooming groundcover introduction with loads of diminutive white double flowers from early summer into fall. Like the other Drift® series of compact roses, White Drift® has excellent disease resistance. Excellent for rock gardens, flower bed borders and containers.
White Meidiland® ('Meicoublan') Rose has large double white flowers all summer and into fall over disease-free dark green foliage.
'William Baffin' Rose is a vigorous deep pink semi-double climbing rose. Its disease resistance and cold tolerance are excellent, and it reblooms on new wood. 'William Baffin' is mildly fragrant.
Winner's Circle™ ('Radwin') Rose is a lovely new everblooming Climbing Rose from the Knock Out® program of William Radler. The 7" semi-double flowers, which are produced throughout summer into fall, are fire engine red and are displayed over clean dark green foliage. The leaves take on shades of burgundy in the fall, and attractive orange hips are often present going into the winter.
'Zephirine Drouhin' Rose has cerise pink semi-double flowers which are very fragrant. The stems are virtually thornless. It reblooms in the fall.
PRN Preferred: A long lasting climber with virtually no thorns!
Carolina Rose is a tough native Rose, blooming in May with bright pink fragrant single flowers. Found in glades, swamps and pastures, Rosa carolina spreads by suckers to form a large patch eventually. The vivid pink blossoms are followed by red hips in the fall which are a good source of food and vitamin C for birds. Like most native Roses, Carolina or Pasture Rose is more disease resistant than most commercial Roses, including Rose Rosette disease.
Rugosa Rose has single magenta-pink highly fragrant flowers June through August, followed by large, bright orange rose hips in fall. Excellent colonizer of salty, sandy locations. The fruit is highly attractive to wildlife, but deer tend to leave the plants alone (too spiny).
PRN Preferred: A Rose that is both deer resistant and extremely fragrant.
‘Foxi Pavement’ (‘UHLater’) Rugosa Rose was developed as a groundcover version because of its shorter stature and vigorous suckering habit. The bright lavender pink flowers are very fragrant, with good reblooming especially if deadheaded. If not deadheaded, Rosa rugosa ‘Foxi Pavement’ produces large red hips in fall which is food for wildlife because of its excellent vitamin production. One of the older names for ‘Foxi Pavement’ is ‘Buffalo Gal,’ which is odd because this hybrid Rugosa actually came from Germany.
Rosa virginiana has fragrant single pink blooms in June on long prickly branches with glossy green leaves. Fall color is an attractive orange, red and yellow, accented by shiny red rose hips remaining into winter. Salt and seashore loving. Rose Rosette resistant per Bill Barnes.
Oso Easy Peasy™ Rose ('Phyllis Sherman') is a reblooming Shrub Rose, producing clusters of small deep pink semi double flowers from early summer through early fall. The bright green foliage is disease resistant, and Rosa x Oso Easy Peasy™ is low maintenance because the blooms are self-cleaning. Butterflies and other pollinators are drawn to the flower display. Because of its tight compact habit, Oso Easy Peasy™ Rose performs well in perennial beds and makes a good small hedge.
'Purple Pavement' ('Rotesmeer') Rose has reddish-purple semi-double blooms with excellent fragrance. 'Purple Pavement' reblooms periodically after its initial flush, and is crowned with large attractive dark red rosehips in the fall. Rosa rugosa varieties are highly salt tolerant.
These Roses are an exciting new offer from the Meidiland® Rose program, developed specifically to answer the need for very small Roses for groundcovers and containers. The Drift® Series grow to about 18" and bloom without stopping all summer. They have excellent disease resistance. Hot weather doesn't faze them; they just keep performing. We carry Apricot Drift®, Coral Drift®, Red Drift® and Sweet Drift® varieties.
We grow an extensive list of Shrub Roses, with different habits, eventual sizes and flower colors. For cultivars, descriptions and flower pictures, please consult our website’s plant library or contact us.
Coral Bark Willow ('Chermesina') has stunning orange to red bark coloration in winter on its first year stems, so in order to keep it looking its best, this is a Salix which needs to be cut back hard every spring. The summer foliage is the classic narrow green willow leaf we all know, but its color in the winter landscape will really stand out. Originally introduced from Germany. Wet site tolerant.
'Mt. Aso' Japanese Pussy Willow has beautiful bright pink male catkins appearing in March and April. The fuzzy flowers slowly elongate as they open, ending up almost 2" long by the time the pollen is exposed. Pussy Willows make great cut branches for forcing in January and February, and 'Mt Aso' is a particularly showy form. It is named for Japan's largest active volcano. Cut back the branches to 2' every 2 or 3 years to maintain good catkin production.
PRN Preferred: The prettiest and most showy of the Pussy Willows.
'Swizzlestick' Corkscrew Willow has twisted, upward-reaching orange-yellow stems that display themselves beautifully in fall, winter and spring. The narrow green leaves are attractive all summer, turning yellow in the fall. Salix 'Swizzlestick' thrives in wet locations and is also salt tolerant. The original plant was found and named by Darryll Probst, who saw it on a roadside and took cuttings. Cut back hard in spring to promote attractive new branches. They also make a great addition to cut flower arrangements.
PRN Preferred: Really fantastic as winter cut branches, for both color and structure.
‘Black Tower’ (‘Eiffel 1’) Elderberry is an upright shrub which offers several seasons of interest. The dark purple finely cut leaves emerge in spring and are crowned in May and June by two-toned pink flat flower clusters. In the fall Sambucus nigra ‘Black Tower’ displays reddish purple berries which birds consume with relish. The delicate leaf pattern and the columnar habit make ‘Black Tower’ an exciting element in the landscape. Can also be used as a hedge or screen. Bred by Kenneth Tobutt of England.
The new leaves of 'Sem' False Spirea emerge orange-red, set off by chartreuse yellow older foliage in spring and early summer. Large fluffy white panicles start in July when the foliage has turned a uniform light green. Texture of plant is light and airy with delicate pinnate leaf form. Suckering habit.
'Tor' Birchleaf Spirea is a little-used tough plant with several attractive attributes. The white flowers appear in compact dome-like clusters in May, above increasingly dark green clean foliage. The foliage turns to lovely shades of gold, bronze, and red in fall, and is one of the showiest Spireas by far for fall interest. Our friend, John Story first brought it to our attention for its fall color, and since it is deer-resistant as well as very hardy, it deserves more usage.
'Anthony Waterer' Spiraea has new growth that emerges reddish-purple in spring, turning to light green in summer and wine-red in fall. Flowers are rose-red and bloom for an extended period starting in June. Summer trimming increases the flower show. 'Anthony Waterer' shows good salt tolerance.
Candy Corn® ('NCSX1') Spiraea is a very showy addition to Spring Meadows's Double Play® series. The foliage emerges in early spring in shades of red, turning to yellow and orange as the leaves mature. The pinkish purple flowers appear in May and June. If trimmed lightly after blooming, Spiraea Candy Corn® will continue to produce to produce the beautiful contrasting new growth. Spiraea Double Play® Candy Corn® comes from the great breeding work done at NC State.
Magic Carpet™ Spirea has deep pink flowers that start in May and continue through summer if trimmed after blooming. The new red foliage ages to chartreuse. It has great fall foliage, in shades of yellow and orange. Introduced by David Tristram of the U.K.
'Neon Flash' Spirea has rose-red flowers in May through July with new foliage emerging with a purple tinge before turning green in summer. It reblooms well, especially if trimmed after blooming. An improved form of Anthony Waterer, it was introduced by Barry Yinger and Brookside Gardens.
Double Play® Blue Kazoo® ('SMSMBK') Spiraea produces dusty blue foliage, with bronzy new growth in spring and early summer. The delicate white flower clusters are produced in May and June, and make an attractive compliment to the bluish green leaves. In the fall the foliage of Spiraea media Double Play® Blue Kazoo® takes on attractive shades of red. A recent introduction from Spring Meadows, this Spiraea would be useful as a colorful low hedge or as a foundation plant.
'Ogon' Spirea has white flowers in March and April, with small narrow bright yellow leaves which turn to bronze in fall, odd but showy. It does best with repeated pruning. The deer resistance is excellent. This is our favorite Spiraea by far.
Vanhoutte Spiraea is a classic Victorian garden staple, blooming reliably every year is April and May, while adding graceful arching green branches to the landscape in summer. When in bloom in mass, Spiraea x vanhouttei looks like "a cresting wave of white", to quote our sister Louise Gross. Blooming on new growth, Vanhoutte Spiraea performs very well to periodic trimming, and can be used to make a tough but showy hedge, as well as a stand alone specimen. The small leaves are fine textured and very clean. Resulting from a cross between S. trilobata and S. cantoniensis.
A fast growing shrub with delicate maple-like leaves, Cutleaf Stephanandra makes a very tough groundcover for banks, masses and shady locations. The new growth is bronze, turning to a clear light green. Flowers are an inconspicuous ivory white in June. It is used as a bank stabilizer at UVA.
Korean Stewartia features white Camellia-like flowers which appear in June. Based on our experience, the flower of S. koreana is more upright and slightly larger than S. pseudocamellia. Stewartia has exfoliating bark in shades of tan and gray and beautiful burgundy-red fall foliage. A wonderful plant in all four seasons.
Japanese Stewartia is almost identical to Stewartia koreana in habit and exfoliating back characteristics. The only difference we have observed is that Stewartia pseudocamellia's lovely white flowers appear somewhat later in June, and are a little bit smaller. The Camellia-like flowers are accented by showy yellow stamens, and are produced for several weeks. They are a source of pollen for a number of native pollinators, and are followed by interesting printed brown seed capsules in fall. The fall foliage is shades of yellow, red and purple, and the patchy multi-colored bark is beautiful all winter.
'Evening Light' Japanese Snowbell is an exciting new color break for this lovely small ornamental tree. The leaves emerge for a glossy purple in spring, followed be graceful hanging white bells. The growth habit is slow, resulting in an upright, vase shaped tree which fits well into small, sunny spots in the garden. When Styrax 'Evening Light' is in bloom, pollinators flock to the fragrant flowers. Found as a chance seeding by Henry Kolster of the Netherlands.
Magical® Mandy (‘Kolmaman’) Snowberry produces small pink flowers in early summer all along the stems. These are followed by large soft pink berries which resemble pearls. The fruits of Symphoricarpos Magical® Mandy appear in early fall and persist into early winter, making a showy addition to the autumn landscape. Magical® Mandy makes a dramatic hedge for fall, or can be used as a specimen plant. The heavily berried branches are great in cut flower arrangements. Hybridized by Kolster BV of the Netherlands.
Proud Berry™ ('Sophie') Coralberry is an improved version of Amethyst™ Coralberry, bred by Catharina Hoekstra-Arisz of the Netherlands. This lovely upright shrub produces round neat foliage in shades of blue green, which makes an attractive backdrop for the pink bell-shaped flowers in late summer. The showy large berries are produced in fall in vivid shades of pink. The color deepens as the weather cools, and the remaining fruit often provides food for birds in late winter. Symphoricarpos Proven Winners® Color Choice® Proud Berry™ fruits most prolifically after an early spring pruning.
'Ivory Silk' Japanese Tree Lilac has creamy white flower clusters in June that are displayed on top of dark green lustrous foliage. Makes a lovely, summer-interest small tree. Bark on the branches is an attractive reddish-brown in winter. An introduction from Sheridan Nursery of Ontario, Canada. We grow them treeform only.
Proven Winners® Color Choice® Bloomerang® Dark Purple ('SMSJBP7') Lilac is a compact rebloomer, producing purple flower clumps in late spring and then again in late summer to early fall. The fragrant flowers are plentiful, attracting butterflies and pollinators. The leaves are small and neat, without the foliar problems of French Lilacs, and Syringa x Bloomerang Dark Purple can be pruned to make a neat, showy hedge as well as being used as a specimen.
Debonair® ('Morris') Pondcypress has delicate ferny foliage and a very perfect upright habit. Taxodium ascendens Debonair® is a deciduous conifer and was introduced by Earl Cully and the Morris Arboretum, where the huge parent plant is. It is wet site tolerant.
National Road™ Pondcypress was found by Earl Cully (the father of Betula nigra Heritage®) growing beside the old National Road in Norwich, Ohio. He chose it for its obvious excellent cold tolerance (it had been there since the 1830s) and beautiful pyramidal shape. The deciduous foliage is fern-like and a soft green. The fall color is shades of amber and tan, falling to make a delicate tan rug under the tree. Taxodium National Road™ is tolerant of a wide range of conditions, from wet to dry and sun to partial shade.
'Nutans' Pondcypress has short, horizontal branching with pendulous, delicate fern-like foliage. Taxodium ascendens 'Nutans' has an upright and narrow habit, very unusual and showy in the landscape. A deciduous conifer with beautiful orange buff fall color. It is wet site tolerant.
PRN Preferred: The most beautiful fern-like foliage of all the Pondcypresses we grow.
'Emerald Shadow' was found by the great nurseryman Don Shadow in a block of seedlings on his nursery while hunting rabbits with his grandson Elijah. He was struck by its extremely uniform upright habit, as well as its beautiful deep green foliage color. The deciduous ferny foliage turns a lovely amber yellow in the fall before dropping, leaving behind a beautifully uniform silhouette in winter. Taxodium 'Emerald Shadow' is both salt and wet site tolerant.
Lindsey's Skyward™ Bald Cypress is a very columnar deciduous conifer that is considered a dwarf Taxodium. The fern-like needles emerge in lovely shades of soft green, displayed on very upward facing branches. As the summer progresses the foliage deepens to dark green, followed by amber and copper colors for an extended period in autumn. Winter interest is provided by the dramatic symmetrical columnar habit, after the needles have fallen to make a showy bronze carpet. Taxodium distichum Lindsey's Skyward™ is an excellent choice for compact sites as well as wet sites. It has a non-aggressive root system with no surface roots or knees. Found as a chance seedling by the Oklahoma nurseryman Robert Michael Lindsey.
Shawnee Brave™ ('Mickelson') Baldcypress is a beautiful deciduous conifer, with soft green foliage in spring and summer. The leaves turn an attractive, reddish tan in fall before dropping. Form is very attractive in winter because of its extreme regularity and perfect straight trunk. Extremely tolerant of salt and wet sites, also makes an excellent narrow street tree. An Earl Cully introduction.
‘Green Mountain’ Silver Linden is a beautiful shade tree, with dark green leaves that have showy silver undersides. The oval silhouette is very regular, and makes a handsome street tree or specimen shade tree. Tilia tomentosa ‘Green Mountain’ blooms in July, producing plentiful inconspicuous flowers which have a lovely strong fragrance, very attractive to bees and pollinators. Silver Lindens have excellent tolerance of urban conditions, and good resistance to Japanese beetles and aphids. This is Dr. Michael Dirr’s favorite Tilia tomentosa. Introduced by William Flemer III.
'Princeton' American Elm is one of the best Ulmus for the classic vase-shaped habit and good resistance to both Elm leaf beetle and Dutch Elm disease. Its fast growing upright characteristics were what made our grandfather, William Flemer Sr., select it in the 1920s and the subsequent excellent D.E.D. resistance was a marvelous unexpected bonus. Salt and wet site tolerant.
Allee® ('Emer II') Lacebark Elm was selected by Dr Dirr on the campus of the University of Georgia at at Athens. Ulmus parviflora Allee® has a beautiful vase-shaped habit similar to the classic American Elm, but it also has excellent resistance to Dutch Elm and Phloem Necrosis. The foliage is smaller and the bark is attractively mottled in shades of green, orange, tan and gray. Allee® handles urban conditions well, and has proved to be an excellent addition to urban street street tree choices.
'Blue Jay' Highbush Blueberry produces delicious fruit in June and July, making it a mid season Blueberry. The delicate waxy bell-shaped flowers are white and are attractive to pollinators in May. The fall color of Vaccinium 'Blue Jay' is bright shades of red and orange, and the winter twigs are also attractive as cut branches. Plant with another cultivar for good fruit production.
'Bluecrop' Highbush Blueberry is a mid-season fruit producer, bearing lots of glaucous blue fruit in early to mid July. The bell-shaped white flowers appear in May and are attractive to butterflies and pollinators. The green disease free foliage turns attractive shades of red tones in fall, and the twigs maintain the red tones throughout the winter. Vaccinium 'Bluecrop' is a good commercial cultivar which performs best when planted near another cultivar. Blueberries thrive in wet, acid sites.
'Jersey' Highbush Blueberry was selected for its commercial fruit value in the mid Atlantic region, producing large high quality berries in late June and July. It is considered a mid to late season Blueberry, and is a great cross pollinator for other Highbush Blueberries. The waxy white bell-shaped flowers appear in May in pendant racemes. The fall color is attractive shades of yellow, orange and red, followed by attractively colored winter twigs. All Vacciniums prefer constant moisture and acid soils.
'Sunshine Blue' Southern Highbush Blueberry offers great possibilities as a landscape plant in addition to its fruit producing qualities. The glaucous blue foliage emerges in spring in shades of bronze and ends up in fall in shades of red and burgundy. The drooping racemes of delicate soft pink bell like flowers appear in May, and are followed in June and July by glaucous blue edible fruit (birds will clean them out if you do not net your plants). 'Sunshine Blue' is self fertile so it does not need a pollinator.
Mapleleaf Viburnum is a tough, adaptable plant which thrives in shady, dry sites. Creamy white flat-topped flowers in May are followed by purple fruit in late summer and fall. Foliage is green in summer, changing to subtle shades of pink, rose, red and purple in fall. Will become a broad colony eventually because of its suckering habit. Deciduous.
PRN Preferred: Exhibits so many great attributes: a broad site conditions range, attractive flowers & foliage, food for wildlife and deer resistance.
Koreanspice Viburnum has wonderfully fragrant white flowers in April and May, followed by red and burgundy fall color. Deciduous. This and V. x juddii produce the classic scent we love so much from Viburnums. An added attraction is that V. carlesii actually thrives under Black Walnuts.
Spice Girl® ('Spito') Koreanspice Viburnum blooms in April and May, producing extremely fragrant flower clumps that are pink in bud turning to white snowballs when open. The medium green foliage is more deer resistant than most Viburnums, and the leaves turn attractive shades of red in fall. Viburnum carlesii Spice Girl® does well in sun and partial shade. It would make a lovely fragrant hedge as well as an attractive specimen.
Chicago Lustre® ('Synnesvedt') Arrowwood Viburnum has beautiful glossy foliage that is topped with white flat flowers in May and June, followed by stunning cymes of bright blue fruit in late summer. Fall color is a nice reddish purple. An excellent introduction by Chicagoland Grows®. This is a great substitute for Euonymus alatus 'Compacta'. Important food source for migrating birds. Deciduous.
PRN Preferred: A multi-season Viburnum, offering showy flowers, fruit and fall color.
Chinese Snowball Viburnum produces an enormous quantity of lovely sterile blooms. The snowball flowers hang from the branches in May to June, changing from lime green to white as they mature. Viburnum macrocephalum makes a large vase-shaped plant which bears a close resemblance to a Pee Gee Hydrangea when in bloom. The green dentate foliage is attractive and disease resistant and somewhat pubescent. Since the flowers are sterile, there is no fruit. Pruning for a tighter shape is best done just after the bloom period. A native of China.
The white fertile flowers of Brandywine™ ('Bulk') Smooth Witherod appear in summer over glossy dark green leaves. Fruit display in fall is a stunning mix of rosy pink and dark blue, over deep reddish maroon leaves which persist for a long time. Best pollination results are achieved by planting it with V. 'Winterthur'. From plantsman Mark Bulk. It is wet site tolerant and deciduous.
'Popcorn' Doublefile Viburnum produces large quantities of big white snowball blooms in April. The sterile flowers start lime green before maturing to white, and make a stunning show for a month. The habit is upright and somewhat compact. Introduced by David Leach of Ohio, and Dr. Michael Dirr's favorite of the Snowball Doublefile Viburnums. Deciduous, with dark green leathery foliage which stands up to heat better than many of its cousins.
PRN Preferred: The snowball flowers last for a very long time and gradually change from green to white.
'Mariesii' Doublefile Viburnum boasts showy white lacecap flowers in May and June often followed by red fruit in fall. Flowers profusely. It does best in a moist, partially shady spot. Deciduous.
'Watanabei' Doublefile Viburnum has beautiful white lacecap flowers starting in May and intermittently continuing throughout the summer. The habit is significantly more compact than other Viburnum plicatum tomentosum cultivars and the reblooming attribute, while requiring consistent soil moisture, makes Viburnum 'Watanabei' particularly useful. 'Watanabei' was found near Mt Fuji by famous Japanese nurseryman Mr. Watanbe and introduced by Wada Nursery in the 1950s. Red fruit is sparely produced in late summer, followed by nice reddish burgundy fall color.
Blackhaw Viburnum has white spring flowers which are very showy in mass, followed by bluish black fruit which birds love. The fall color of Viburnum prunifolium is a handsome mix of orange, red and purple. Can be grown as a very large shrub or a beautiful small ornamental tree. There is a spectacular treeform example of this versatile native at William Frederick's home in Delaware, which convinced us to grow it as a small ornamental tree as well as a shrub. Deciduous.
'Green Trump' Leatherleaf Viburnum is a wonderful compact form of Leatherleaf Viburnum from Holland, with a rounder more lustrous dark green evergreen foliage, white flowers in summer and much welcomed unattractiveness to deer. This is our favorite Viburnum rhytidophyllum.
'Nantucket' Viburnum came from a cross made by the late Dr. Egolf between V. x 'Eskimo' and V. macrocephalum f. keteleeri at the National Arboretum in 1988. For some reason this excellent plant only recently got the notice it deserves. The large white ball-shaped flowers appear in April and are mildly fragrant. The neat dark green leaves are semi-evergreen, and Viburnum 'Nantucket' has shown excellent heat resistance, according to Dr. Michael Dirr. The habit is somewhat upright, and would be effective as a hedge as well as a specimen plant.
Prague Viburnum has white flat-topped flowers in May, but the glossy dark green foliage is what makes this Viburnum notable. The leaves are smaller and more lustrous than Leatherleaf Viburnums. Semi-evergreen and very cold tolerant.
'Alleghany' Lantanaphyllum Viburnum comes from the breeding work done by the legendary Dr Don Egolf of the National Arboretum. The creamy white flat flowers clumps appear in May and June. They are followed by attractive red fruit in summer which ripens to blue black and is rapidly consumed by birds. The leaves are dark green and broader and shorter than V. rhytidophylloides. 'Alleghany' is a cross between rhytidophyllum and Lantana, so it makes a dense semi-evergreen hedge.
'Dart's Duke' ('J.N. Select') Lantanaphyllum Viburnum has very large showy white flowers in early summer and bright red fruit in fall. The beautiful dark green leathery semi-evergreen foliage makes this Viburnum from Darthuizer Nursery in Holland a real winner. Foliage is very clean and disease-free, and does not droop in the winter as other rhytidophylloides do.
PRN Preferred: We love the lustrous green leaves that do not droop in winter.
Chicagoland Blues™ (‘Daniel Searle’) Chastetree is a beautiful compact Vitex with silvery green leaves held on dark stems. The blue flower spikes appear in mid summer and are produced throughout the rest of the summer. Vitex Chicagoland Blues™ was selected by Kris Jarantowski of the Chicago Botanical Garden from a group of Vitex crosses, and has proven to be sterile, so invasiveness will not be an issue.
'Shoal Creek' Chastetree has bluish violet flowers in July and August over aromatic grayish green foliage. Butterflies love this plant and it is also dry site tolerant. Vitex agnus-castus 'Shoal Creek' should be cut back hard like a Buddleia in spring.
Fine Wine® ('Bramwell') Weigela is one of the newest burgundy Weigelas with a tight compact habit and a profuse display of rosy pink flowers in May and June. The foliage color holds its intensity well in the summer.
Sonic Bloom® Pearl ('Bokasopea') Weigela is another exciting rebloomer from Proven Winners. The tubular blooms open white in May, and turn soft pink as they mature. Sonic Bloom® 'Pearl' blooms throughout the summer, especially if lightly pruned after the first heavy flush of flowers. Since this Weigela is easy to maintain and prune, Sonic Bloom® 'Pearl' works well as a foundation shrub or a short hedge. The attractive green foliage is clean and disease free.
Sonic Bloom® Pink ('Bokrasopin') Weigela is a reblooming shrub which produces a series of bright pink trumpet shaped flowers. Sonic Bloom® Pink starts blooming heavily in May, and continues well into the summer months. The green foliage makes a good setting for the blooms. A light pruning after the initial explosion of flowers will make for a stronger rebloom, but it is not essential. Good as a foundation shrub or in mass plantings.
Sonic Bloom® 'Red' ('Verweig6') Weigela produces a multitude of vivid red trumpet shaped flowers in May, followed by repeat waves of flowers until early fall. The green foliage makes a showy setting for the lipstick red blooms, and a light pruning after the first flush will increase the rebloomimg. Pollinators will love this adaptable, long blooming shrub, and Sonic Bloom® 'Red' makes an excellent hedge or foundation plant.
Spilled Wine® (‘Bokraspiwi’) Weigela has a multitude of deep pink funnel shaped flowers in mid spring and early summer, they cover the deep purple foliage and the compact, wide habit makes Weigela Spilled Wine® look almost like a rose and purple carpet. The flower display is lovely, and so is the purple foliage color which remains all summer after the bloom period is done. Because of the wide but tight habit, Weigela Spilled Wine® does not need pruning to keep its attractive performance.
Wine & Roses® ('Alexandra') Weigela has rosy red flowers in June over burgundy foliage. Pruning keeps this plant neater and maintains the foliage color later into the summer. From Herman Geers of Holland.
Yellowroot has interesting tiny brownish purple flowers in spring and later produce star-shaped fruit enjoyed by birds and small animals. The foliage of Xanthoriza ia bright green and celery-like, it forms a dense carpet innumerous types of conditions. Yellowroot has long been used by Native Americans as a dye. Fall color starts off yellow and changes to a reddish purple later in the season. Yellowroot spreads to make an excellent colonizing groundcover. Good for banks and soil stabilization.
'Color Guard' Adam's Needle has a creamy-yellow center stripe that turns rose colored in cooler weather. The white long blooming flower spikes appear in June and July. Yucca filamentosa 'Color Guard' is evergreen and salt tolerant.