'Snowflake' Candytuft is a neat little evergreen perennial which is excellent for rock gardens and walkways. The small lustrous green leaves and stems are topped by showy flat white flower clumps in April and May. Iberis sempervirens 'Snowflake' has a cascading habit, so it is a good choice for mixed containers or short walls.
Snowsation™ Candytuft is an evergreen groundcover which blooms heavily in mid to late spring. The large white flower clumps are flat and cover the green mat of foliage. Iberis sempervirens Snowsation™ is a good choice for rock gardens and walls because of its spreading habit and preference for good drainage. An introduction from Darwin Perennials.
‘Chesapeake’ Japanese Holly has a compact, upright, pyramidal shape, with small lustrous evergreen foliage. The dense habit makes Ilex ‘Chesapeake’ an excellent candidate for a neat short hedge which requires little pruning to maintain its shape. Similar in shape to Ilex ‘Steeds’, ‘Chesapeake’ also works well as a formal foundation plant.
PRN Preferred: Similar in shape to ‘Steeds’, but a tighter form with attractive lustrous foliage.
‘Compacta’ Japanese Holly has small shiny oval leaves on short dense branches. Since Ilex crenata ‘Compacta’ has a neat compact round habit, it seldom requires any pruning. A good choice for foundation plantings, as this is a Holly which will not get “out of control”. Evergreen and sun-loving, with good winter hardiness.
'Green Lustre' Japanese Holly has shiny small green leaves and has a flat-topped shrub habit, grows about twice as wide as toaa, making it excellent for low hedges. It does well at the seashore because it is salt tolerant. Evergreen and a female form introduced in the 1930s.
'Helleri' Japanese Holly is evergreen with tiny green leaves. on a dwarf, stiffly mounding plant. Our landscaper friend Martin Blackman says this is the only Japanese Holly he can use with success in deer-infested Princeton. A female introduced in the late 1930s by Newport Nursery.
'Hoogendorn' Japanese Holly has dark green delicate evergreen leaves on a low mounding habit. It is more graceful looking than Ilex c. 'Helleri' and has gotten high praise from Dr. Michael Dirr as one of the best of the small-leaf Japanese Hollies. It was found on Hoogendorn Nursery in Rhode Island, so it's clearly cold tolerant. This male form of Japanese Holly was found at Hoogendown Nursery and named by T. Dodd.
'Sky Pencil' Japanese Holly has a very upright columnar form and glossy evergreen foliage. It looks like an exclamation point in the landscape. It is also salt tolerant. Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' needs some babysitting after snowfall to avoid bending branches. A female form found in Japan and introduced by the US National Arboretum and W. Steeds.
'Soft Touch' Japanese Holly is an evergreen with shiny dark green tiny leaves on a dense beautiful shrub that needs little pruning. Branches are more flexible than I. c. 'Helleri', so it doesn't break easily (a better landscape choice, sometimes called 'Soft Helleri').
PRN Preferred: Similar in size to ‘Helleri’ but softer looking and less rigid (so less likely to have breaking branches).
'Steeds' Japanese Holly has an upright pyramidal form with dark green glossy evergreen foliage, excellent for hedging. Ilex crenata 'Steeds' is also salt tolerant. A male form, named and introduced by W. Steeds.
'Compacta' Inkberry Holly is a compact, tight form of Ilex glabra which also has fairly large round evergreen leaves. Wet site and salt tolerant, as are all of the Inkberry cultivars. A female found by our father William Flemer III in the Pine Barrens.
PRN Preferred: Habit is tight but full, with large attractive evergreen leaves.
Dark green leathery leaves of Ilex glabra 'Densa' are rounder and wider than I. g. 'Shamrock'. It will become a tall but dense-leafed shrub. Takes pruning well. Evergreen, it is also wet site and salt tolerant. The top performer in the recent shrub trials at Longwood Gardens. A female form found by our cousin Bert Flemer in 1938 at F&F Nurseries in NJ.
Proven Winners® Color Choice® Gem Box® ('SMNIGAB17') Inkberry Holly is an exciting alternative to Boxwoods. The habit is round and full to the ground, without the bare branch look which many Ilex glabras exhibit as they age. As Boxwood Blight becomes more of a regional problem, this tough native evergreen shrub will become more important for containers, low hedges and small round garden specimens. New growth is spring has reddish tips which mature to small dark green leaves.
'Shamrock' Inkberry is a compact upright form of Ilex glabra with small glossy leaves. It is wet site tolerant and great for evergreen hedges. It is slower growing than 'Compacta' and 'Nordic'. A female form named and introduced in 1977 by John Tankard of Tankard Nurseries in Virginia.
Strongbox® ('Ilexfarrowtracey') Inkberry Holly is a welcome introduction from Proven Winners offering a good native substitute for Boxwoods. Ilex glabra Strongbox® looks like a short round Buxus, but it is more sun tolerant and moisture tolerant., as well an unthreatened by Boxwood Blight. Since this compact Inkberry stays full to the ground, it can be used in containers, for low hedges and in mass plantings. The tight habit and small leaves make pruning rarely necessary.
'Dan Fenton' American Holly was selected by Rutgers' Dr Orton and named by him after South Jersey's "Mr Holly", in honor of his contribution to popularizing our Native Hollies. This has caused no end of teasing for Dr Orton, since 'Dan Fenton' is clearly a female Ilex opaca, chosen for its plentiful red fruit as much as its lustrous clean dark green foliage. 'Dan Fenton' American Holly is one of the most beautiful evergreens in the winter, providing bright red fruit over its lovely large leaves. Like all Ilex opacas, it prefers some shelter from the winter winds.
'Maryland Dwarf' American Holly is a very unusual female form of our wonderful native evergreen Holly. It slowly forms a very wide mound, with dark green minimally spiny leaves and some red fruit production. American Hollies are amazingly versatile in the North East, thriving from sunny swampy areas to dry shade locations, so 'Maryland Dwarf' can be used in a number of different locations. It was introduced by in 1942 by E. Dilatush from Bunting Nursery. Definitely an unusual, groundcover shrub.
PRN Preferred: Definitely an unusual groundcover shrub which we love because of its diversity.
'Satyr Hill' American Holly is considered by the American Holly Society to be one of the best female forms, for both foliage and fruit. The dark olive-green leaves are somewhat flatter than most opacas, and 'Satyr Hill' produces abundant red fruit from early October through the winter. Berries provide winter interest, high quality food, shelter and nesting habitat for birds. Its growth habit is an upright vigorous pyramid, so it makes an excellent specimen as well as a good choice for hedging. Introduced by S. McLean.
The smooth, lustrous evergreen leaves of Longstalk Holly set off the beautiful red berries held on long peduncles throughout the fall and winter. One of the hardiest evergreen red fruiting Hollies. A great cut green to bring into the house, especially since it's spineless. We've loved this Ilex for years and our selection often has 3 berries per peduncle, making it very showy and loved by winter birds.
Male Longstalk Holly is the proper pollinator for our female selection. In order to get the best fruit set possible, use at least 1 male for every 5 females. We originally received our Ilex pedunculosa seed from the Arnold Arboretum, which introduced this beautiful Holly to the US in 1892.
'Chrysocarpa' Winterberry has bright yellow fruit which lasts well into the winter (birds prefer to eat red fruit). Its deciduous leaves drop somewhat earlier than most red-fruited varieties, so that the fruit is visible early in the fall. The pollinator is I. 'Jim Dandy'. Like all Winterberries, it is wet site tolerant.
PRN Preferred: The best yellow fruited Winterberry we grow.
Jim Dandy' Winterberry is the early blooming pollinator for Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow', 'Chrysocarpa', 'Goldfinch', 'Maryland Beauty', 'Red Sprite' and 'Stoplight'. Deciduous.
Producing profuse amounts of large red fruit all winter on an extremely compact plant, Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite' never needs pruning! The pollinator for this deciduous Winterberry Holly is 'Jim Dandy'. It is also wet site and salt tolerant.
PRN Preferred: Can't say enough about this plant, it's compact, doesn't need pruning and has larger fruit and a longer berry display.
Southern Gentleman' Winterberry is the pollinator for Ilex verticillata Winter Red® and 'Winter Gold'.
Wildfire™ (‘Bailfire’) Winterberry Holly is part of Bailey Nurseries’ First Editions® series of introductions. Ilex verticillata Wildfire™ is a female Winterberry with good production of large red fruit. Wildfire™ is a vigorous, adaptable native which can be used as an excellent source of cut branches for decoration in the fall and early winter. The preferred pollinator is ‘Jim Dandy.’
'Christmas Jewel' ('HL10-90') Holly is a small pyramidal female Ilex with abundant large red fruit at a very young age. Narrow dark shiny evergreen leaves, does not need a pollinator. It was introduced by Bob Head of Head-Lea Nursery.
With shiny dark green leaves and plentiful fruit, 'Nellie R. Stevens' Holly is a fast-growing pyramidal Ilex shrub. The small spring flowers are attractive to bees and other pollinators and the fall red fruit is consumed by birds. 'Nellie R. Stevens' is a hybrid cultivar of I. aquifolium and I. cornuta. It was released by G.A. Van Lennep, Jr., St. Michael, MD in 1954 and named for the owner Nellie R. Stevens.
Red Beauty® ('Rutzan') Holly is another introduction from Dr. Elwin Orton's lifelong work with the genus Ilex. The shiny dark green leaves are spiny, neat and small, covering its conical, pyramidal form. It is readily pollinated by Ilex x meserveae males, and the fruit is attractive on its evergreen setting all winter. Slow growing and narrow, it fits in well in smaller garden spaces. Most exciting of all, it has proved to be extremely deer resistant according to Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens.
Ilex x Robin™ ('Conin') is one of the best Red Holly selections, introduced jointly by Flowerwood and Evergreen Nurseries in the 1990s. Large leaved new foliage emerges red and matures to a lustrous dark green. The upright pyramidal plant becomes covered with bright red berries, and is self-pollinating. It is evergreen, and does best with some protection from winter winds.
Dragon Lady® ('Meschick') Holly is a very glossy, upright female plant, with an excellent fall and winter display of bright red fruit. Ilex x aquipernyi Dragon Lady® was hybridized by Kathleen Meserve. Evergreen and does not need a pollinator. Ilex 'Dragon Lady' has proved to be very resistant to deer browse.
Blue Prince® Meserve Holly is an excellent pollinator for most of the Blue Hollies because of its lengthy bloom period. The foliage is somewhat spiny, with beautiful lustrous blue-green foliage set off by dark purplish stems. Ilex x meserveae Blue Prince® is evergreen and compact, and does not need a lot of pruning to keep it neat. Like its matching relative, Blue Princess®, it makes an excellent hedge. In the winter the foliage takes on a somewhat purple cast.
Shiny dark blue-green leaves, excellent fruit set of bright red berries and compact growth habit makes Blue Princess® ('Conapry') Holly one of the best broadleaf evergreen Hollies. Blue Prince® is the preferred pollinator.
‘Pink Frost’ Florida Anise Tree was found as a branch sport in Georgia by Mickey Harp. The evergreen leaves are a somewhat crinkly cream and green, set off by pinkish petioles. In winter, the lustrous cream and light green foliage becomes pinkish rose. ‘Pink Frost’ needs winter protection from afternoon sun and winds.
‘Swamp Hobbit’ Florida Anise Tree is a very dwarf form of our native evergreen shrub. The lustrous green leaves and red sea-anemone like flowers are a normal size, but the branch internodes are very short, so Illicium floridanum ‘Swamp Hobbit’ is slow growing. It was found in Alabama by the great plantsman Dr. Ron Miller of Pensacola, Florida, but will survive in zone 7 winters if protected from afternoon sun and wind in winter.
‘Florida Sunshine’ Yellow Anise Tree is a beautiful sport of our native Anise Trees in Florida, found by Tony Avent on a trip with the JC Raulston Arboretum folks. The evergreen foliage is an amazing lustrous chartreuse yellow, with its most intense coloration in spring and fall. The new growth stems take on reddish tones particularly in the winter. Illicium parviflorum ‘Florida Sunshine’ not only lights up dark shade, but it also is very deer resistant. Wow!
‘Orion’ (‘NCIH2’) Anise Tree comes from the work of Dr. Tom Ranney of NCSU. He crossed Illicium floridanum with Illicium mexicanum to come up with the white flowered Illicium x ‘Orion’. The green lustrous foliage is evergreen and prefers some shade, especially in winter. All Illiciums bloom throughout most of the year with little sea anemone-like flowers. The foliage is both fragrant and highly deer resistant.
'Woodland Ruby' Anise Tree has deep reddish strap-like flowers for an extended period beginning in early summer and blooming sporadically through fall. Anise-scented lush evergreen foliage is somewhat reflexed in winter. Illicium x 'Woodland Ruby' needs protection from winter winds and is happiest in some shade, but will tolerate more sun given enough moisture. Per Bruce Crawford, it is happy in both wet and dry shade sites (as are many flood plain plants). Illicium ‘Woodland Ruby’ is a hybrid cross between I. floridanum ‘Alba’ and I. mexicanum.
Indigofera amblyantha becomes covered with delicate pink flower spikes in early to late summer. Indigo has an extended showy flowering season. Indigofera does well in shady dry sites. Introduced from China in 1908.
Chinese Indigo has clear pink flowers on slender racemes which are produced from June through the summer. Indigofera decora stays low but gets wide, because of its suckering habit. The flower display looks like short pink Wisteria blossoms. Try it on walls, where you can see flowers more easily. Native to Japan and China
Himalayan Indigo has panicles of purple-pink flowers from June to fall. Prune to produce new shoots which result in more flowers. Indigofera gerardiana has delicate grayish-green foliage, and is happy in shady locations. Cultivated in 1840 from Northwest Himalaya.
Flowers of this native woodland plant, Dwarf Crested Iris, are a soft delicate blue in May. They are displayed above the flat green leaves, and have a showy yellow crest. Iris cristata foliage almost disappears by mid summer. Found growing in rich soil on wooded ravines or bluffs in portions of the eastern and southern United States.
‘Eco Bluebird’ Dwarf Crested Iris produces its showy lavender-blue flowers in April and May. They are displayed above the ground-hugging fans of light green blade-like leaves. Iris cristata ‘Eco Bluebird’ is very showy in spring, and less so as summer progresses because the foliage is ephemeral. The rhizomatous habit makes this delicate looking native a good seasonal groundcover for woodland settings and shady rock gardens.
'Cry of Rejoice' Japanese Iris has showy large flowers in June, in attractive shades of magenta red with yellow signals. The green leaves are sword-like and remain upright through the summer. All Iris ensatas tolerate average to dry soils, but really flourish is wet sites.
'Crystal Halo' Japanese Iris has large dark purple flat flowers with white edges, blooming in June. All Iris ensata varieties are wet site tolerant. They were formerly named Iris kaempferi.
PRN Preferred: One ofthe showiest Japanese Irises, with very large showy flowers in June.
'Happy Awakening' Japanese Iris blooms in June, with flat magenta-pink flowers that have dark veins and contrasting yellow centers. The excellent wet site tolerance and the deer resistance make this a great garden or bog plant.
'Loyalty' Japanese Iris has large double flowers on long stems in June. The petals are a showy deep purple with yellow stripes on the purple crests. Excellent for use in wet site, along streams and around ponds.
'Moonlight Waves' Japanese Iris blooms in June producing large flat white flowers with lime and yellow centers ('signals'). The strap-like green leaves are clean and dramatic all summer. When in bloom, Iris 'Moonlight Waves' looks like floating handkerchiefs above sword-like foliage. This is a favored plant in the famous "White Garden" of Sissinghurst in England.
'Rose Queen' Japanese Iris produces white and rose pink flowers in June in a somewhat more pendant form than most ensatas. The "falls" are white with dark pink veins and the "standards" are pink with a deep rose base. The narrow upright blades are attractive all summer. Deer resistant and wet site tolerant, 'Rose Queen' looks a little more "naturalistic" than most Iris ensatas.
Copper Iris blooms in late spring, producing flat-petaled flowers of an unusual copper color. Iris fulva is very water tolerant, growing happily in locations where it is periodically standing in water. The terra cotta flowers are held above straplike green leaves. An unusual addition to rain gardens, ponds and wet meadows, Iris fulva has the additional gift of deer resistance.
'Best Bet' German Bearded Iris produces tall spikes of large flowers with blue standards and purple falls. The two toned effect is very showy, blooming first in May and June, and then reblooming in September and October. The sword-like green foliage emerges before the flower spikes, and fades by late summer. Good drainage is a must for Iris germanica cultivars.
'Beverly Sills' German Bearded Iris has large coral pink flowers with ruffled edges in late spring. Iris germanica 'Beverly Sills' has the added attraction of reblooming in early fall. Deer resistant and tolerant of a wide range of sunny site conditions.
‘Entitled’ German Bearded Iris blooms in late spring, producing large coral pink ruffled flowers on 36” stems above the green sword-like foliage. Like all German bearded Irises, Iris germanica ‘Entitled’ grows best in full sun with good drainage.
‘Firebreather’ German Bearded Iris is well-named, with beautiful orange standards and falls. The large flowers make a striking show in spring and fall gardens, since Iris germanica ‘Firebreather’ is a rebloomer. Best in sunny well-drained sites.
‘Fringe of Gold’ German Bearded Iris blooms in May and June. The large showy flowers have bright white falls with wide yellow bands on the edges, and the standards are the same bright yellow. A welcome addition to the late spring garden, in sunny well-drained spots.
‘Gypsy Lord’ German Bearded Iris blooms in mid to late spring, producing ruffled flowers with white standards and marbled violet and white falls on tall stems. Deer resistant, sun loving and winner of a number of Iris awards.
'Hemstitched' Bearded Iris produces large showy flowers in both late spring and fall. The blooms are white with purple ruffled borders, and white with wider borders on the standards. The combination is striking from both close up and farther away because of the tall flower spikes. Iris germanica 'Hemstitched' has the added delight of fragrant flowers.
‘Jurassic Park’ German Bearded Iris produces flowers with large yellow standards topping purple falls. Iris ‘Jurassic Park’ is a rebloomer, with a great bloom display in both late spring and early fall. Needs full sun and good drainage.
‘Lenora Pearl’ German Bearded Iris is a re-bloomer, producing ruffled salmon pink flowers in both spring and early fall. The blooms are held on strong compact stems above the green sword-like foliage. Iris germanica ‘Lenora Pearl’ thrives in sunny well-drained locations, and has the advantage of being deer resistant.
‘Speeding Again’ German Bearded Iris is a bicolor beauty. The large ruffled flowers have white centers surrounded by violet blue on the falls, and violet blue standards. The blooms of Iris germanica ‘Speeding Again’ are fragrant and appear in both late spring and early fall. All German Bearded Iris perform best in sunny well-drained sites.
'Superstition' Bearded Iris has such a dark purple flower that it almost looks black. The blooms are fragrant and large, making a striking addition to cut flower arrangements (even though the individual flowers each last only a day). The flowers spikes bloom above the wide straplike leaves in May and June. All German Irises perform best in dry or well drained sites. Iris germanica 'Superstition' is the darkest flowering germanica.
‘Violet Turner’ German Bearded Iris has large bicolor flowers, with lavender standards above dark purple falls. Iris germanica ‘Violet Turner’ is a good rebloomer, flowering in late spring and early fall. Deer resistant, salt tolerant and best in sunny well-drained sites.
'War Chief' German Bearded Iris blooms in May and June, producing lots of large velvety dark red flowers. They are held above wide straplike green foliage, and are a good addition in the back of well drained perennial beds. Iris germanica 'War Chief' is a useful and fragrant cut flower, since the stems have multiple buds that open in succession.
‘Night Thunder’ Eye Shadow Iris is a cross between Iris pseudacorus (‘Yellow Flag Iris’) and Iris ensata (Japanese Iris). This cross comes from Japanese Iris breeder Hiroshi Shimizu, and the species name indicates both parents. ‘Yarai’ means ‘Night Thunder,’ paying tribute to the unusual color combination of peach, yellow and dark purple veining. Iris pseudata ‘Yarai’ performs beautifully in wet sites, even standing water. The unusual flowers are borne above the green sword-like foliage in late May and June.
'Butter and Sugar' Siberian Iris blooms in May, and is a striking bi-color combination of white and soft yellow. The green sword-like leaves are clean and disease resistant. All the Siberian Irises thrive in very wet sites as well as average soils. Try it beside streams, ponds and bog gardens. The long stems make 'Butter and Sugar' an excellent cut flower.
The purple blue flowers of 'Caesar's Brother' Siberian Iris appear in May. It is wet and dry site tolerant, and is the mainstay of so many perennial gardens.
PRN Preferred: This is the classic indistructable blue Iris which never needs "babysitting".
‘Cape Cod Boys’ Siberian Iris has showy periwinkle blue flowers in late spring and early summer. The ruffled petals have dark blue veins, adding contrast to the lighter blue, and centers of the flowers are a bright yellow. Siberian Irises bloom after German Irises and before Japanese Irises, making the Iris season in the garden extensive. Iris ‘Cape Cod Boys’ tolerates a wide range of soil conditions and moistures. The name ‘Cape Cod Boys’ is to make us think of the summer ocean color.
'Contrast in Styles' Siberian Iris has ruffled bi-colored petals, with white and yellow veined signals surrounded by large deep purple margins and styles. Iris sibirica 'Contrast in Styles' starts blooming in late May following German Irises and preceding Japanese Irises. Siberian Irises are very tolerant of a number of soil conditions, and are particularly attractive in rain gardens and around ponds.
PRN Preferred: A new exciting bicolorwith large ruffled flowers.
‘Sunfisher’ Siberian Iris has bright yellow flowers in May and early June, over green strap-like foliage. ‘Sunfisher’ is the deepest yellow Siberian Iris we have seen, with soft yellow standards topping deep yellow falls. Iris sibericas are very tough and versatile, tolerating a wide range of soil types as well as being deer resistant and Black Walnut tolerant.
'Wolong' China Roof Iris has light lavender flowers flecked with purple spots above fans of wide green strap-like leaves. The foliage is somewhat floppy but lasts all summer, unlike its North American relative Iris cristata. The flowering period is late April to June. It comes from Sichuan, China from a collection made by Jim Waddick. 'Wolong' Roof Iris won the 2010 American Iris Society's Award of Merit. Try it as a slow spreading groundcover or on a green roof that gets adequate moisture.
White Japanese Roof Iris gets its name from its presence on thatched roofs in Japan. Iris tectorum var. album has large white flowers with yellow throats, appearing in late April to early June. All the Japanese Roof Irises spread to make wide patches eventually, and do best with adequate moisture but good drainage. It is the Asian equivalent of Iris cristata 'Alba', but much bigger and not ephemeral. A hard-to-find Iris.
Blue Flag Iris blooms in May and June with beautiful blue-violet flowers that have yellow throats. The flower petals and sepals provide a bee-sized landing strip and the markings are like runway signs guiding numerous pollinators to the plant. Iris versicolor is visited by numerous bumblebees, mason bees, sweat bees digger bees and by syrphid flies. Although it will grow happily in regular gardens, it is indispensable for bog gardens, wet meadows and streamsides. Iris versicolor's nutrient filtering ability makes it particularly useful in retention basins and bioswales restoration projects because of its ability to decontaminate the soil by absorbing and storing harmful pollutants. Blue Flag Iris is a good native alternative to the invasive Yellow Flag Iris (I. pseudacorus).
‘Purple Flame’ Blue Flag Iris blooms in late spring, putting out dark blue flowers over unusual foliage which starts the season with vivid purple coloration. The blade-like leaves transition to green as the weather warms up, but the combination of purple foliage and dark blue flowers in spring is really unique. Iris versicolor ‘Purple Flame’ is a chance mutation found by a gardener at the Mt Cuba Center. All Iris versicolor will grow beside or in water, so this is a great addition to stream and pond edges.
'Henry's Garnet' Sweetspire has fragrant white flowers in June and burgundy-scarlet fall foliage. Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet' was named by the Scott Arboretum after Mary Henry. Per Bruce Crawford of The Rutgers Gardens, this is the most cold tolerant of all the Iteas. It is also wet site tolerant.
Little Henry® ('Sprich') Sweetspire has fragrant white flowers in June and burgundy-scarlet fall foliage. Itea virginica Little Henry® was introduced by Richard Feist. It is also wet site tolerant.
Itea virginica 'Merlot' is a Sweetspire with fragrant white flowers in June and has the most compact habit of our Iteas, with burgundy fall foliage. A wonderful native plant from Mark Griffith, and our favorite Sweetspire for color and habit. It is also wet site tolerant.
PRN Preferred: A true multi-season plant, colorful twigs in winter, fragrant flower spikes, dense deer resistant colonies in summer and long lasting burgundy foliage in fall.